Page 2 - The Michigan Daily - Wednesday, October 12, 1983
On the Wagon AP Photo
A relaxed James Watt chuckles as he rides along in Los Olivos, California, two days after he ended his stormy reign as
secretary of the interior. Aides to President Reagan said yesterday they expect to have a new secretary confirmed by
Congress by mid-November.
L.A. blackout hits clothing district
WASHINGTON (UPI) - Secret
meetings between corporate officials
and Reagan administration regulators
have influenced health and safety rules
and policy at five major agencies, a
research group said Monday.
Administration officials "in their zeal
to deregulate.. .have encouraged if not
institutionalized a process of secret and
one-sided business influence," said a
report by Democracy Project, a non-
profit research group.
ALTHOUGH SIMILAR meetings took
place in previous administrations, such
contacts are "business as usual for
Reagan's regulators," said the report.
It charged, among other things, that
on three occasions, the National High-
way Traffic Safety Association's Office
of Defects Investigation shared test
results with the auto industry but not
with the public. Two instances concer-
ned brake problems with General
Motors' X-cars and one involved a
crash test failure by Ford's EXP.
IN THE CASE of Ford, NHTSA Ad-
ministrator Raymond Peck phoned
Ford Chairman Philip Caldwell to warn
him of the test failure and "invited
Ford engineers to Washington to help
the agency look for errors that would
invalidate the test," the report said.
"Occupational Health and Safety
Agency deputy assistant secretary
Mark Cowan gave Scott Railton, an at-
torney representing companies that
deal with dockworkers, a copy of the
agency's final draft of a proposed lead
exposure standard, which led to the in-
dustry's exemption from the standard
in the final rule.
Rep. Richard Ottinger (D-N.Y.),
commenting on the report, said, "The
time has come for Congresstoin-
vestigate the full scope of improper
business influence onthe regulatory
LOS ANGELES (AP) - A power
station explosion blacked out a 2-
:quare-mile section of the downtown
business area for up to 17 hours, idling
thousands of workers yesterday and
osting companies millions of dollars in
Hardest hit was the city's bustling
'garment district, which may have lost
millions of dollars in production, said
Bernard Brown, chairman of the
garment district, which may have lost
3C a COPY
(base overnight price for
millions of dollars in production, said
Bernard Brown, chairman of the state
Coalition of Apparel Industries and vice
president of Koret of California.
"WITHOUT electricity to operate our
machines, our industry's dead," Brown
Garment worker Ismael Perez said
he lost $45 in wages because he wasn't
able to work yesterday. "I don't know
what I will tell my wife and my kid,"
said Perez, 26.
The power failure plunged the area
into darkness at 7:20 p.m. Monday,
stopping elevators between floors and
knocking out traffic lights. It lingered
in some areas for more than 17 hours
through midday yesterday, said Barry
Tuller, spokesman for the city-owned
Department of Water and Power.
WORKERS in offices that remained
without power hiked up stairways, hud-
dled by windows or candles to do their
work and functioned without electric
typewriters, calculators and com-
An estimated 8,000 power customers
in the 2-square-mile area were affected
by the blackout, which began with a
fiery explosion at an old power
distribution station. The cause of the
explosion had not yet been determined,
Work crews worked to restore power
section by section, using undamaged
parts of the substation and rerouting
electricity from other stations, Tuller
Virtually all of southern California's
$2 billion-a-year garment industry's
production is done by contractors who
work out of small shops - many of
them crowded into the area affected by
Most production employees work for
piece rates and it is unlikely that any of
the workers - about 90 percent of
whome are non-union - were paid for
the day, Brown said.
"There are 300 people out of work at
my stores, and they've lost $10,000 in
labor," said Sol Lieber, who owns two
buildings next to the damaged power
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Iran threatens to close straits
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Iran yesterday threatened to close the strategic
Hormuz strait if Iraq or the two superpowers hindered Iranian oil exports in
the Persian Gulf.
The Iraqi regime immediately warned it had "the right to strike mer-
cilessly and by all means" to force Iran to negotiate an end to the 3-year war
between the Moslem neighbors.
The verbal blasts between the warring nations followed reports that Fran-
ce delivered five Super Etendard planes to Iraq on Monday.
The respected French newspaper Le Monde, however, said the planes
were intended as a bargaining chip to facilitate U.N. efforts to end the Gulf
"The Persian Gulf is secure as long as Iran carries out the normal activity
of exporting its oil throughthe waterway," Hashemi Rafsanjani, Khomeini's
representative and Parliament speaker, said.
"But if any power - Saddam (Iraqi President Saddam Hussein) or the
superpowers (United States and Soviet Union) - attempted to prevent Iran
from exporting its oil, then the Persian Gulf has no importance for us,"
Tehran radio quoted him as saying.
Soviet radar failures, confusion
behind downing of Korean jet
MOSCOW - An official source said yesterday that two Soviet radar
failures and confusion by defense commanders allowed a South Korean
jetliner to fly through Soviet airspace unnoticed for more than two hours
before it was shot down.
The source, who spoke on the condition that he not be identified, contradic-
ted the official government version of events that led a Soviet warplane to
destroy the Korean Air Lines Boeing 747 near Sakhalin Island in the Sea of
He said two of three radar stations on the Kamchatka peninsula that should
have detected the plane Sept. 1 were not working and that the plane's in-
trusion was not confirmed until it reached the Sakhalin Island, 400 miles
southwest of Kamchatka.f
Air defense commanders reacted in confusion to the intruding airliner, the
source said, and Soviet commanders and pilots involved in downing the
plane did not know it was a civilian craft carrying 269 people.
Former Japan prime minister
guilty in Lockheed scandal
TOKYO- A Japanese lower court found former Prime Minister Kakuei
Tanaka guilty yesterday of accepting more than $2 million in bribes to
promote the sale of Lockheed Corp. aircraft in Japan, according to Japanese
news reporters in the courtroom.
The Tokyo District Court ruling culminated a seven-year trial in which 16
government and airline officials and Lockheed agents were charged in
Japan's biggest postwar scandal.
Prosecutors in the tokyo District Court trial demanded the maximum sen-
tence for Tanaka - five years in prison and a $2 million fine.
Tanaka resigned as premier in 1974 in the wake of another unrelated
financial scandal. But he was re-elected to the Diet parliament in 1980 and
remained Japan's tp political power broker as leader of the governing
Liberal Democratic Party's largest faction.
The Lockheed scandal surfaced in testimony before a U.S. Senate sub-
committee in February 1976 when it was disclosed that the Burbank, Calif.-
based aerospace firm had set aside $12 million to purchase influence in
Soviets want to halt arms talks
GENEVA, Switzerland - Western officials said yesterday that the Soviet
Union wants to suspend all nuclear arms negotiations with the United States
because of imminent NATO deployient of new medium-range nissiles in
The officials said the Soviets demanded an immediate recess at the Inter-
mediate Nuclear Forces or Euromissile talks and an early break at te
parallel Strategic Arms Reduction Talks.
In both cases, the officials said, Soviet negotiators rejected the fixing of
any resumption date.
Western diplomats noted that Moscow was carefully demanding a
mutually agreed recess rather than threatening a unilateral walk-out which
would expose it to charges it did not want an accord.
In Washington, White House spokesmanLarry Speakes told reporters the
U.S. government "will do everything in its power to see that the talks con-
tinue and we will strive for some sort of agreement."
Lebanese factions turn down
proposals for peace talks site
BEIRUT, Lebanon - President Amin Gemayel and leftist Druse rebels
yesterday rejected each other's proposals for a peace conference site, dim-
ming hopes the talks would begin soon.
The latest impasse came a day after Syria, which backs the Druse militia
of Walid Jumblatt, tentatively approved Gemayel's proposal to hold the
talks at the presidential palace outside Beirut.
But Jumblatt reversed his decision yesterday and rejected the palace as a
site. Gemayle's administration quickly turned down the leftist leader's
alternative for a meeting on a Greek ship anchored offshore.
In other Beirut developments, the Pentagon announced that an emergency
force of about 2,000 U.S. Marines aboard three American ships had sailed out
of Lebanese waters toward the Indian Ocean. The 1,200 Marines who are
part of the multi-national peace-keeping force in Lebanon reamined at their
posts near Beirut airport.
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Scientists and en-
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carrying on in the tradition of
Maxwell's genius. Today,
they are solving some of the
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in electronically steered
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using his findings as tools.
E-Systems is main-
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that are often the first-of-a-
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For a reprint of the
Maxwell illustration and
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write: Lloyd K. Lauderdale,
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An equal opportunty employer M F H V
Wednesday, October 12, 1983
Vol. XCIV - No. 31
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