By JIM SPARKS
Last of a three-part series
When the state began its drive to become a
center for high technology industry two years
ago, jobs were thought to be the reward for
For a state with the highest unemployment
rate in the nation, word that 150,000 jobs were
created in California's Silicon Valley between
1950 and 1975 is good news.
Michigan's versions of the California Silicon
chip are the industrial robot and the cloned
* tree. To hasten the development of these
products, research institutes have been set up
near the state's two major universities. The
state also began a high-powered "Say Yes to
Michigan" ad campaign, with developmental
money and other incentives to go along with the
public relations blitz.
BUT CRITICS of Michigan's high
technology effort contend that the drive may
fail in its central mission; Finding work for the
state's 700,000 unemployed workers.
"The problem is that high technology, if you
think of it in standard terms, will not provide
that kind of employment ... you're not going to
take an auto worker out of Detroit and say
design us a new T.V. game," says David
Merkowitz, communications director for the
Northeast-Midwest Congressional Alliance, a
regional lobbying group. The group is spon-
soring forums this spring and summer on the
future of the workplace.
One disturbing forecast is that while
Michigan's effort to become a "world-class
center for robotics" will create jobs, it may
take away more than it contributes.
A RECENT study by the W. E. Upjohn In-
stitute for Employment Research predicts
Michigan's robotics industry will create bet-
ween 5,000 and 18,000 jobs by 1990 but displace
13,500 to 24,000 workers in the process - the
vast majority in the auto industry.
Michigan's other stake in high-technology
centers on developing better forest products,
such as coning pine trees and discovering new
chemicals from forest products.
But large numbers of jobs in firms marketing
these discoveries may be long in coming. "It is
not going to create 100,000 jobs tomorrow,"
said Jack Russell, a consultant to the state
Senate Committee for Corporations and
Russell, who works for Sen. John Kelly (D
Detroit), said the impact of biotechnology fir-
ms would not be felt until the 1990s.
LEADERS IN Michigan's high-technology
movement hope that new robotics and
biotechnology firms will also lead to companies
springing up to supply those firms, and new
service jobs which encompass just about
anything that does not involve direct manufac-
Arch Naylor, head of the state's Ann Arbor-
based Industrial Technology Institute, which
focuses on robotics and computerized
manufacturing points to the Texas oil industry
as an example of what he thinks could happen
"Look at the number that are directly in-
volved. It's not that many ... but it has all sorts
of indirect effects on the economy."
NAYLOR ALSO thinks that the Institute will
develop new jobs directly: "I hope that (the
researchers) get all sorts of good ideas and
say, 'I know a wonderful idea, why don't we
start a company.' "
David Birch, Director of the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology's Program on Neigh-
borhood and Regional Change also thinks
Michigan can turn things around despite its
current woes. "My dad- always said buy at the
bottom and sell at the top," he says.
Birch compares Michigan today to
Massachusetts transition in the 70s from its
heavy dependence on munitions making and
textile industry to its current burgeoning high-
See THE, Page 5
Ninety-Three Years Pernicious
of CI.lEI I L II L I ~ Ioudy today with a good chance of
Editorial FreedomcaWeWfW1Wdtoil red mshowers; high in the mid-50s.
Vol. XCIII, No. 154 Copyright 1983, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan- Thursday, April 14, 1983 Ten Cents Eight Pages
By JERRY ALIOTTA
Thirty-three University students walked out of
Rackham auditorium yesterday pocketing $30,300 in
prize money after winning awards in the 52nd annual
Hopwood creative writing competition.
The ceremony was highlighted by novelist Maxine
Hong Kingston, author of The Woman Warrior and
China Men, who lectured to a crowd of over 500 and
read pieces of her work.
THE HOPWOOD awards began in 1931 after
University graduate and Broadway playwright
Avery Hopwood left money from his estate to be
awarded to recognize the literary talents of Univer-
Each year the Hopwood Committee awards cash
prizes in four writing categories: drama, essay, fic-
tion, and poetry.
The amount of money awarded is based on the
ranking submitted by the judges, said Prof. John
Aldridge, chairman of the Hopwood committee.
THE MONEY IS awarded from the interest gained
on the initial bequest of Hopwood, Aldridge said, ad-
ding that there has been a steady increase each year.
"We don't spend the capital. We just spend the in-
The highest award, $2,500, was given to Laura
Seager-Baddeley of Ann Arbor for her short story
"Martin's Project." "I'm very proud," said Seager-
Baddeley, a graduate student in English. "I was sur-
prised by the amount."
This Hopwood competition, unlike the contest held
in January, which consists of only undergraduate
competitors, includes both undergraduates and
See 33, Page 2
From AP and UPI
CHICAGO - While Chicago Democrats scram-
bled yesterday to heal the wounds of a bitter and
divisive campaign, national party leaders and
blacks cheered Harold Washington's narrow elec-
tion as the city's first black mayor.
But Republican Bernard Epton declined to con-
cede and said he was leaving yesterday afternoon
for a vacation in West Palm Springs, Fla.
WITH ALL BUT 29 of the city's 2,914 precincts
tallied, Washington had 656,727 votes - 51.5 per-
cent; Epton 617,159 - 48.5 percent.
Vote patterns were clear. Black wards went for
Washington, white wards for Epton. And although
Epton carried the largely white, normally indepen-
dent lakefront wards north of the Loop, Washington
ran a strong second -just what he needed for a vic-
The 60-year-old Washington captured virtually
unanimous black support but won the backing of
only 18 percent of white voters, according to an
Associated Press-WMAQ-TV poll of voters leaving
polling places. He said people are "a little tired" of
the tensions that surfaced in his contest with Epton
and promised to move swiftly to bring the city
"THE DAMAGE I think can be assuaged very
quickly by an open-hand, healing unifying at-
titude," Washington said on CBS Morning News. "It
will take a little more time, it won't go on ad in-
See WASHINGTON, Page 2
.x~. . . . . . ...S iii:?::: 3i :'. ... .. . .......
Caucus criticizes'U' ne quality
By DAN GRANTHAM their findings to the entire viersity created certain titles "to
Faculty and staff members Caucus - a coalition of women establish a cadre of career-
who devote their time to research professors and research staff - oriented researchers . . . a
rather than teaching have less at a meeting yesterday. special group of people," who
esteem and are considered PRIMARY researchers across were self-motivated and able to
"second-class members of the.he... University are un- work independently. But the
university," says an organization der represented on executive and titles were given to many in-
of campus women. promotion committees, said dividuals "with haphazard
Although University guidelines Kilham, who conducted a review regard to these principles," she
call for equality between primary of the status of researchers over said.
researchers and instructors, the last four months. In her research, Kilham said
many schools and colleges ignore Lois Verbrugge, another mem- she . also found that female
that principle, said Susan ber of the task force, said the researchers are making less
Kilham, a member of the University has failed in its efforts money than their male counter-
Academic Women's Caucus. to give primary researchers parts. "Female primary resear-
Kilham and two other members special status by spreading job chers are grossly underpaid
^f i l t k fn eresented titles too widely. She said the Un- See CAUCUS, Page 3
Daily Photo by ELIZABETH SCOTT
Novelist Maxine Hong Kingston, author of The Woman Warrior and China Men,
speaks to an audience of over 500 yesterday during the 52nd annual Hopwood
awards at Rackham. Thirty-three University students were awarded $30,300
in prize money. For a listing of this year's winners see page 2.
Of a spec~a Las ir pejtubi
Teaching center gets
support at open forum
By GLEN YOUNG University's Coalition for the Use of
A small but supportive audience tur- Learning Skills.
ned out last night for a public hearing Shure praised the workshops directed
on the University's Center for Research by the center, and concluded by saying
on Learning and Teaching, which is "I have found CRLT extremely
currently being reviewed. professional, extremely flexible, eager
The hearing, held in the Regent's to help, and eager to follow-up (on
room of the Fleming Administration people who come to them with
Building, drew only about 20 people,all problems).
of whom voiced their support for the Psychology Prof. Richard Mann
center and their hopes for its con- also praised the center, especially,
tinuation. data they gather regarding instructor
The center, which helps faculty and course evaluations. "The data has
members and teaching assistants with surpassed my wildest expectations,"e
teaching problems through workshops Mann said. Mann said analyzing the
and student evaluations, is being data has helped him to more clearly
reviewed because its current director, define course and faculty shor-
Wilbert McKeachie, is resigning in tcomings.
A uThe reiwcm itei. en ROBERT KAPLAN, also a professor
The review d by Economics Prof. John of psychology, echoed Mann's praise of
Cross. the evaluations. Kaplan said after he
"THE ASPECT I like best is that the received low scores from students in.
center is a forum for people interested one course evaluation, he began to at-
in teaching from all over the Univer-
sity," said Pat Shure, a lecturer at the See 'U', Page 3
By KRISTIN STAPLETON
Thirty-five opponents of the Univer-
sity's South African investment policy
stood silently in front of President
Harold Shapiro's house last night to
"apply pressure" on the Regents to
vote for divestment at their meeting
The Regents were at Shapiro's house
for a closed dinner meeting to discuss
today's vote. An informal Daily poll
earlier this week showed four regents
favoring divestment and three opposing
it. Regent Robert Nederlander (D-
Detroit) said he was undecided.
Five Regent's votes are necessary to
carry the divestment measure.
See PROTESTERS, Page 3
John Powell of Trotter House ties a black armband on LSA Senior Rick Jones yesterday in front of President Shapiro's
house. Jones and Powell were part of a protest to encourage University divestment from companies doing business in
Give a little bit
WE HAVE ALL got to start putting a little more
of ourselves into this term's blood drive, Red
Cross spokespeople say, or Washtenaw County
will fall far short of its collection goals for this
time of year. Red Cross coordinator Neal Fry noted with
alarm yesterday that nurses took only 15 pints of blood from
Y OU READ all that stuff about defense budgets and
welfare and the environment and you just don't know
who to believe. Well, let ol' Woody Hayes be your guide.
Here's the old man's political philosophy as spoken at a
high school football banquet in Ann Arbor last Saturday:
"(Eisenhower) was the only president since the Second
World War that went out of office with 50 percent popularity.
All the rest went out with 27 percent or less. Why? Well, the
time, we don't get our play off. That's why we've had so
damn much trouble." So Mr. President, next time you feel
the urge, call the play, grab that football, push the button,
PROF. MARY ANN Swain, chairwoman of the budget
committee responsible for cutting away large chunks
of several schools, will be the guest at the final
edition nf amnus Meet the Press. today at 3
ted by the state because it was "impossible for Communists
to teach objectively."
Also on this date in history:
s1952 - Athletic director Fritz Crisler announced that
reserve ticket prices for football games would rise to $4.00.
Students would still be admitted free.
* 1964 - President Lyndon Johnson accepted the Univer-
sity's offer to speak at the commencement exercises. He
was the first chief executive to deliver an address at the
University's graduation ceremony.
* 1975 - Ann Arbor Renublicans filed suit in Washtenaw