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January 19, 1983 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1983-01-19

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The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, January 19, 1983-Page 3

Supreme Court to decide
on home video taping law

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Supreme
Court, soon to decide whether millions
of Americans are illegally taping
television shows, was told yesterday
that makers of home video recorders
"have infected this country with the
knowledge that causes copyright in-
fringement."
Stephen Kroft, a lawyer for two
copyright-owning movie companies
locked in a billion-dollar dispute with
the Sony Corp., contended that virtually
all home use of video recorders violates
federal copyright laws.
AND, KROFT added, Sony and other
makers of the popular machines must
be held legally responsible for such ar-
mchair piracy.
But Sony lawyer Dean Dunlavey
urged the justices to rule that the taping
of a TV program or televised movie is a
legal "fair use" of copyright materials.
"The issue is whether all Americans.
*.are to be denied the benefit of time-
shift home television viewing because a
few program owners object," he said.
THE RECORDERS make it possible
to store on tape a televised show and

view it later, giving rise to the "time-
shift" label.
The justices must decide whether a
federal appeals court was right in
ruling that video recorder makers like
Sony can be forced to pay continuing
royalties - or even made to stop selling"
the machines - because more than 5
millin U.S. families already are
violating copyright laws.
The lower court ruling theoretically
allows copyright owners to sue home
viewers, but the chance of such legal
actions is considered remote.
A HUGE AMOUNT of money is at
stake. American sales of home video
recorders were estimated at more than
$1 billion is 1982. Nearly 4 million
recorders are expected to be in use in
the United States by 1999.

Dunlavey conceded that videotapes}
are "copies," adding, "Thereby comes
the rub."
He argued, however, that at-home
recording represents a "fair use" ex-
ception to copyright laws, most recen-
tly revamped by Congress in 1976.
Dunlavey said that soon after Sony
was sued in 1976 by Universal City's
Studios Inc. and Walt Disney Produc-
tions, it changed its advertising to
warn consumers about the possible
legal problems.
Justice William Rehnquist noted,
however, that the warning is packaged
so consumers see it only after buying:
the machines.
And Kroft charged that Sony cannot
escape "contributory liability" by
merely changing its ads.

AP Photo,
Flying high
Jeff Sanders, a high school student in San Antonio, Tex., performs for a photographer in his driveway. Sanders has been
doing stunts for over a year.

r

woj man are
of ypsilanti
" Private medical practice " Community seminars

Rate hike recommended by'U' Housing Committee

(Continued from Page 1)
contract could cut $238 from their bills.
In past years, the housing division
said it couldn't allow students out of
their meal contracts because it would
drive up costs for students still eating in
the cafeterias.
HOUSING OFFICIALS are also ex-
ploring the possibility of giving studen-
ts limited credit on their meal cards for
food at existing dorm snack bars.
"There are a lot of people in the dor-
ms with a lot of different meal' habits
who didn't fit into the 13-meal plan,"
said committee member Jeff Spear-
man, treasurer of the Residence Hall
Association.
Committee members also reaffirmed
current housing policy on dorm dues
collection, which leaves it up to in-
dividual halls and houses to set and
collect dues.
SEVERAL COMMITTEE members

said they felt that the wide variation in
house activities and the differences in
how much revenue dorms can generate
through vending machines, the
primary source of dorm funds, let to a
unanimous decision to keep the money
in dorm hands.
"If it's their (the residents') money
going into the machine, they want to
keep it," said committee member
Larry Maloney, treasurer of Bursley.
"People here are pretty money con-
scious - they're not as ready for a par-
ty every weekend," said Fletcher
resident Bryan Fox.
NON-TRADITIONAL residence hall
and family housing rates will see a
higher increase of 9.95 percent because
a larger portion of their budget goes to
pay for rapidly increasing utility costs,
the report said.
The family housing committee

studied the possibility of building a
community center and of metering
utility usage of individual apartments
instead of entire units as ways of giving
residents more for their money.
But Sunstad said the committee

members decided that the residents
would not be willing to pay higher rents
to cover the cost of the community cen-
ter, and that putting new meters in the
family housing complexes would not be
cost effective.

" Abortions
" Free pregnancy testing
* Birth control
E
~ 1llZF~i Evening ani

" Routine gynecological
care
" Free VD testing
" Counseling
" Marriage license testing
483-3r000
id Saturday Appointments available

Draft law may threaten
male financial aid students

-APPENINGS-
Highlightk
Tonight's 8 p.m. meeting of the Ann Arbor Democratic Socialists of
America will feature a talk by Professor Thomas Weisskopf of the
economics department on "Beyond the Wasteland," which is also the title of
Weisskopf's forthcoming novel. The talk will concern itself with the origins
of the economic crisis.
Films
Hill St. Cinema - The Bridge over the River Kwai, 8 p.m.
Cinema 2 - Orde, 7 p.m., MLB 3.
Cinema 2 - Ride the High Country, 9:10 p.m., MLB 3.
Cinema Guild - Hamlet, 7 p.m. and 9:20 p.m., Lorch Hall.
CFT - Stolen Kisses, 7:30 p.m., Michigan Theatre.
CFT --Small Change, 9:15 p.m., Michigan Theatre.
Performances
Ann Arbor Council for Traditional Music and Dance - Country blues by
Bob Schetter of the Bonnevilles, 8 p.m., 826 W. Huron.
38th Annual Midwestern Conference on School Vocal and Instrumental
Music, contact George Cavender, 600 Burton Tower.
Speakers
"Developments in Molecular Genetics at the University of Michigan,"
Professor Dale Oxender, "A Rating of the Ratings of Graduate Programs,"
Professor Alfred Sussman, Rackham W.Conference Rm., 8p.m.
Russian and East European Studies - Brown bag, Simian Guo, "Dual
. Status of Ukranians in the USSR," Commons Rm., Lane Hall, noon.
Chemical Engineering - Lecture, James Wilkes, "Fortran IV Program-
ming Language-II," Nat. Sci. Aud., 7 p.m.
Chemistry - Analytical Seminar, Adon Gordue, "A Dozen or So Tricks in
Solving Weak Acid and Ksp Equilibria," 1200 Chem., 4 p.m.
Ind. and Opers. Eng. - Seminar, Tom Baker, "Scheduling," 421 W. Eng.,
4 p.m.
Dept. of Statistics - Seminar, Robert Keener, "Asymptotic Distribution
of the MLE for the Probit and related models," 451 Mason, 4 p.m.
Human Resources Development - Seminar, Written Communications,
Professor Mary Bromage, LSA Rms., 130A, 130B, 9 a.m.-noon, 1-4 p.m.
Meetings
U-M Kayak-Canoe Club - Indoor Pool Session Open House, 8 p.m., NCRB.
Women in Communications - Guest speaked Tavi Fulkerson, 12 p.m., 2012
Frieze Bldg.
Mortar Board -7 p.m., Crofoot Room, Union.
Michigan Solar Energy Association - Membership meeting of Ann Arbor
chapter, 7:30 p.m., Ecology Center of Ann Arbor, 417 Detroit St.
Nurse's Christian Fellowship - 4 p.m., Rm. 2703, Furstenburg.
U-M Faculty Women's Group - Newcomers group Winter Welcoming
Party, 8 p.m, 2282 Delaware.
Miscellaneous
UAC - Laugh Track, 9 p.m., 'U' Club.
UAC - Mini Course Registration, Union Ticket Office.
Museum of Art - Art Break, Christa Janecke, "The Nude," exhibition,
12:10 p.m.
WCBN - "Radio Free Lawyer," discussion of legal issues, 88.3, 6 p.m.
Tae Kwon Do Club - Practice, Martial Arts Rm., CCRB, 6 p.m.
To submit items for the Happenings Column, send them in care of
Ihappenings, The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI. 48109.
LS&A SCHOLARSHIP

(Continued from Page 1)
"It is such a serious matter that we
(the financial aid office and the exec-
tuive officers) want to give it a well-
thought out response," said Grotrian,
"and we want to make sure that the law
will go into effect before deciding on our
position."
GROTRIAN was referring to a suit
filed in December by the Minnesota
Public Interest Research Group
(MPIRG) requesting an injunction on
enforcement of the law until a full trial
can take plaft.
THE SUIT filed in Minnesota District
Court charges the Selective Service and
the Department of Education with
denying applicants a trial before
punishment guaranteed under due
process of law and with discrimination.
The University of Minnesota Regents
and other state colleges backed
MPIRG's action in court.
"THE NEW LAW determines guilt
and punishment without trial," said
MPIRG attorney Dan Lass, "The law
assumes the person is guilty of failing
to register unless he proves he is in-
nocent."
Lass added that the law is
discriminatory on the basis of age, sex,
and race. the large numbers of blacks
and individuals from poor economic
backgrounds who depend on financial
aid would be disproportionately affec-
ted by the law, he said.
"It openly discriminates on the basis
of wealth," Lass said, "if you can afford
to pay your tuition this law doesn't ef-
fect you."
GROTRIAN echoed: "I do not think it
is fair to single out needy students for
disparate treatment. There must be a
better means for the federal gover-
nment to enforce the Selective Service
Act."
The Minnesota court decision is ex-
pected early next week, Lass said. If
the court rules in favor of the Selective
Service, the University of Michigan will
have to decide if it wants to come up

with the funds to replace lost federal
aid.
"It is more difficult to make the
decision because we are a public in-
stitution," Grotrian said. "Private in-
stitutions like Yale are truly separate
from taxpayers."
THE PRIVATE schools have made
their plans public for "notoriety's sake"
to prove they do not have to do what the
government tells them, Grotrian ad-
ded.
The expected loss in state aid to the
University this year will make it even
more difficult to find the funds to sub-
sidize students who fail to register, he
said.
Another factor holding up the Univer-
sity's decision, Grotrian said, is the
release of the Department of
Education's guidelines for implemen-
ting the law. The guidelines will detail
the procedure financial aid applicants
will have to follow when applying for
federal grants for the 1983-84 school
year.
GROTRIAN has received a
preliminary copy of the guidelines
which say all financial aid applicants -
including women - will have to com-
plete an additional form, checking off
that they are registered or are exempt
along with an explanation of the
reasons why.
Registered males also must enclose
proof of their registration in order to
receive federal funds.
Out of the 9.2 million men required to
register in the United States, an
estimated 700,000 have failed to do so,
and Grotrian said he is unsure how
many men at the University haven't
registered.
Subscribe to The
Michigan Daily
764-0558

SUMMER CAMP POSITIONS
TAMARAK INTERVIEWS
Wednesday, January 26
Career Planning & Placement
Call For Appointment 764-7456

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SUMMER.

If you have at least
two years of college left,
you can spend six weeks at
our Army ROTC Basic
Camp this summer and earn
approximately $600.
And if you qualify, you
can enter the ROTC 2-
Year Program this fall and
receive up to $1,000 a year.
But the big payoff
happens on graduation day.
That's when you receive
an officers commission.
So get your body in
shape (not to mention your
bank account).

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