Page 2-Friday, December 3, 1982-The Michigan Daily
'U' teaches kids how
to operate computers
By AMY KORMAN Next, Andre tells the children to pun-
No one can dispute that today is the ch in any characters or command they
age of computers, and the University is want so they can discover what the
preparing for it in a unique way- computer can do.
teaching children to run the machines. Andre teaches the class in three
Steve Andre, of the University's stages. "First," he said, "it is impor-
Children's Center, teaches classes to tant to think of programming in terms
elementary school children in com- of steps. Second, by learning simple
puter literacy, beginning program- graphics and traditional number
ming, and creative programming. guessing games, children can learn
"FOUR AND five-year-olds are quite how to understand the computer. And
capable of interacting with the com- third, they can explore on their own,
puter," Andre said. "The computer is without examples, to exercise their
like a set of blocks, or a puzzle. It's no creativity."
less important." "While (the computer's) purpose is
He added, "It wouldn't surprise me if not to resolve social issues," Andre
most of these kids knew more about said, "the computer will demonstrate
microcomputers than their parents at the adaptability of people as did Gut-
the end of the program." tenbuerg's printing press."
The center-based in the School of "Our society will be changed by com-
Education-is equipped with TRS 80s, puters in a fundamental way," he said.
Atari and Apple computers. While the Computers can exchange information,
kids experiment on their own in an in- simulate information (as in test
formal environment, center Director crashes), hold vast amounts of infor-
Steve Sternberg and Andre explain and mation, and help people communicate
demonstrate the capabilities of com- over great distances, he explained.
puters to the parents.
ANDRE WALKS the children through
the class step by step, starting with a
basic program and giving explicit in- hyis
structions on how to modify it. This
allows them to discover "the enormous
flexibility of computers," he said. optim istic i
(Continued from Page 1)
and the plastic heart was implanted.
But later he was kept heavily sedated
and unconscious to prevent any
movement that might open his stitches.
At a news conference, Dr. William
De ries, who performed the operation,
said Clark, who was listed in critical
but stable condition, was "doing very
.. "It was almost a spiritual experience
for the whole team," DeVries said of 15
doctors, nurses and attendants who
Fg iwere in the operating room.
When the team removed Clark's
diseased heart, it "was just like tissue
paper. It would tear and we had to be very
very careful," DeVries said.
The implantation of the first per-
manent artificial heart is a riveting
example of how a machine can be used
to save and extend a life, but the
promise of artificial organs and other
products of biomedical engineering
goes far beyond such dramatic treat-
Last month, a 22-year-old Ohio
woman with paralyzed legs stood, tot-
tered and walked, her legs wired to a
> ? roomful of electronic machinery. Doc-
T tors in Boston are healing burn victims
with patches of manufactured skin.
The mechanical heart replaces the
left and right ventricles, or lower
rl chambers of the heart. It is stitched to
the natural heart's upper chambers, or
atria, and to the aorta and pulmonary
artery. Two air-driven diaphragms
mimic the beating action of the ven-
p DeVries said Clark's new heart,
powered by compressed air, was
beating at about 112 beats per minute,
*;'compared to DeVries' own heart rate of
. about 72. However, he said the high
heart beat is not abnormal considering
Clark's age and condition.
DeVries appeared weary from the
grueling seven-hour operation, perfor-
med earlier than originally scheduled
when Clark's condition began to rapidly
deteriorate Wednesday night.
'He said he performed two
operations Wednesday and had taken
just a 15-minute nap in 36 hours. "I'm
tired but I'm too excited to sleep," he
Dr. Chase Peterson, vice president
_> a# for health sciences at the University of
Utah Medical Center, said of the heart,
"Mechanically, it's entirely a success
now. This thing is doing what it is sup-
Jarvik said a second artificial heart
may be implanted within two or three
months. Eight people with diseased
hearts already have been identified as
IN BRIEF *
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Pentagon officials want more
U.S. advisers in El Salvador
WASHINGTON- Senior Pentagon officials have urged dropping the fixed
limit of 55 U.S. military advisers in El Salvador and using instead an "an-
nual average" that would permit more advisers to go to the Central
Defense Department officials who discussed the plan on the condition that
they not be identified said the proposal would allow the United States to send
in more than 55 advisers at times as long as the average for the year was 55
The officials said the proposal would not mean a significant increase in the
number of U.S. advisers in El Salvador, but would allow "greater
flexibility" in responding to Salvadoran training needs.
The chances for President Reagan's approval of the change, however, ap-
It is opposed by the State Department, which fears that any move to in-
crease the number of advisers would spark a negative reaction in Congress,
where U.S. aid to El Salvador is already under attack.
The limit of 55 advisers was set in March 1981 when Reagan stepped up
military aid to El Salvador. The ceiling has remained unchanged since then,
a stability that some officials feel has helped quiet public fears about a Viet-
Jobless payments set record u
WASHINGTON- A record 4.84 million Americans are drawing unem-
ployment checks, but Labor Department analysts said the grim statistic
released yesterday merely reflects substantial rises in the number of people
insured against the loss of work.
On the eve of the government's release of the national unemployment rate
for November, the department's Employment and Training Administration.,
reported a substantial rise of 196,000 in the number of people drawing jobless
checks under state unemployment insurance programs for the week ending
The total of 4,841,000 was the highest since the unemployment compen-.
sation program was enacted in 1935 and was 156,000 higher than the previous
record 4,685,000 for the week ending Oct. 16.
Several private economists said the unemployment claims report signaled
further rises in the overall jobless rate, which hit a post-Depression high of
10.4 percent in October. That translates to some 11.6 million people out of
Gunman surrenders to police
GRAND BLANC- A heavily-armed man who transformed himself into a
walking bomb and took two police officers hostage because he didn't want to
go back to prison surrendered yesterday, ending a 17-hour siege on a quiet
Doug Perreault, 26, surrendered at about 1:45 a.m. when police fired tear'
gas into his parent's house. Eleven hours earlier, he had released the two of-
ficers he took hostage when they tried to arrest him for parole violation.
Less than three hours later, the gunman was arraigned on a charge of
assault with intent to murder and sent to the State Center for Forensic
Psychiatry at Ypsilanti. Bond was set at $500,000 by 67th District Judge
No one was hurt during the siege but 25 to 30 families in a half-mile radius
in the residential suburb south of clint were evacuated from their homes as
a precautionary measure.
Chrysler expected to offer
wage increases to UAW
TORONTO- Chrysler Canada has agreed to set forth a new money offer
yesterday to its 10,000 striking workers, both company and United
Autoworkers Union spokesmen said.
Asked whether the package would include a new wage offer, Chrysler
Canada spokesman Walt McCall said only: "It will be an economic
In Detroit, UAW President Douglas Fraser said he expected a wage offer
for the company's 43,000 U.S. employees imminently. There were reports
Fraser had met Chrysler Corp. President Lee Iacocca during the day.
McCall said Fraser's entry into the Detroit talk was an indication the U.S.
bargainers may have reached the money issue.
Meanwhile, there were reports more American Chrysler plants are
producing parts previously made by striking Canadian workers, despite the
union's contention it has no evidence that such "struck" work is being per-
Reagan criticizes trade curbs
SAO PAULO, Brazil- President Reagan called economic growth "a
crucial pillar of peace" yesterday and denounced the spread of international
trade restrictions as "an ugly specter stalking the world" destroying jobs.
"The aim of these actions may be to protect jobs, but the practical result,
as we know from historical experience, is the destruction of jobs," Reagan
told U.S. and Brazilian business leaders.
The president, on the third day of a five-day Latin American tour, con-
tinued to criticize what he described as a "counterfeit revolution" afoot in
the world bent on territorial conquest. Although he did not name the Soviet
Union or Cuba, aides said he was referring to them as the exporters and sup-
porters of leftist guerrilla movements in Central America.
Reagan flew to Sao Paulo, the largest and most industrialized city in Latin
America, to deliver his speech and was returning to the capital city of
Brasilia for the night. He will visit Bogota, Colombia, today.
Vol. XCIII, No. 70
Friday, December 3, 1982
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