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December 02, 1982 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1982-12-02

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Page 2-Thursday, December 2, 1982-The Michigan Daily
Debate over gas tax


From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON - Despite bipartisan
support, problems began cropping up
yesterday for the Reagan ad-
ministration's proposed gasoline tax
Some legislators said their states will
not get a fair share of the 5-cent-a-
gallon hike in the federal gasoline tax,
now at 4 cents, to finance $5.5 billion
worth of highway, bridge and mass
transit repairs.
OTHERS, looking out for pet projec-
ts, said they were unhappy with restric-
tions on the money.
Congress' chief economist, mean-
while, cautioned that the measure
would do little to combat unem-
The administration hopes the
program will generate more than
300,000 jobs nationwide, with about
170,000 of them in the recession-
wracked constructiontand building
materials industries.
In addition, industry representatives
complained that they would be hit with

too much of the burden in recommen-
ded changes in excise and sales taxes.
Lewis told the House Ways and Means
Committee that unless there is action
on the bill, the interstate highway
system "will fall down around our
Rep. Dan Rostenkowski (D-Ill.)
chairman of the committee, warned
Lewis that Congress may not act as fast
as the administration wants in enacting
the program.
"It's going to be difficult to do
anything as expeditiously as you expect
us to do it," he said.
BUT HIS committee scheduled a bill-
drafting session for today. The Senate
Finance Committee held a similar
hearing Tuesday but has not scheduled
a follow-up session.
The administration wants Congress
to complete action on the plan during
the lame-duck session that ends Dec.
Lewis said it could be implemented
within 90 days of enactment, "more
quickly than any of the kinds of

programs enacted by Congress" - a
thinly veiled reference to more am-
bitious Democratic public works jobs
LEWIS acknowledged that the
federal government will "have to be in
a positin of always having some
discrepancy" in allocating such funds.
he noted that 11 states get back less
than $1 for every dollar they contribute
to the highway fund while several
states get substantially more than they
pay in.
Rep. Bill Archer (R-Texas) whose
home state gets 76 cents for every
dollar it pays in, complained "we have
been kicked around for too long by
these distribution formulas."
Meanwhile, Archer also expressed
the sentiments of several legislators
when he said he would not support the
legislation unless provision was made
for the start of new rail systems, such
as one sought by Houston.
The administration has opposed new
rail systems, but Lewis told Archer that
the administraton position may change

. . .highway system
unless bill passes.

in danger

Are you thinking about the

Overcrowded prisons
expect early release

in order to be considered for programs that
start next summer, you should apply NOW.
We are looking for people in all areas of agri-
culture, education, civil and environmental
engineering, health, natural resources, and
vocational training.
For information, applications, or interviews contact:

LANSING (UPI) - Somewhat sur-
prised corrections officials said yester-
day they now expect prison crowding to
trigger late this month an emergency
release of inmates-possibly the third of
"I can't imagine that we wouldn't
trigger a sentence-slashing move, said
Gail Light, a spokeswoman for the
Corrections Department.
A CRUCIAL census will be taken
Dec. 16. If the prison population
remains over capacity at that time, the
governor will be required to issue a sen-
tence-slashing order to reduce the
inmate population.
As recently as September, Correc-
tions Director Perry Johnson said he
did not believe another crowding
emergency would arise this year. He
did say, however, that one was
inevitable" in 1983, probably early in
the year.
Ms. Light said a higher than expected
number of new admissions apparently
is responsible for the crowding

Under a controversial 1980 law, the
governor is required to slash the
minimum sentences of most inmates by
90 days whenever the prison population
exceeds capacity for 30 consecutive
IF THE population remains about 95
percent of capacity 90 days later,
another order is issued.
Two orders have been issued so far
this year, one in May andiasecone one
in August.
The orders gave early freedom to
about 1,000 inmates each.
According to Light, the prison
system had 13,146 inmates as of Nov. 24
- 99 over its capacity of 13,047.
While noting the fall is usually a busy
period for new admissions, Light
said "I don't think they thought it would
be this high."
While Milliken's 15-day period for
issuing the order may run close to the
end of his term, spokesman Al Sandner
said the governor likely would "do what
he had to do" even if it meant acting on
has last day in office - Jan. 1.

Peace Corps Coordinator
U-M international Center, Rm. 18


Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
Oil glut hurts OPEC revenue
VIENNA, Austria- Oil sales by the 13 members of OPEC fell more than
$25 billion in 1981 as a steep decline in production more than offset an in-
crease in prices, the cartel said yesterday.
The drop in oil income, which analysts believe has accelerated this year,
reflects the emergence in early 1981 of a worldwide oversupply of oil-a glut
that has persisted and is putting intense pressure on the Organization of
Petroleum Exporting Countries to reduce prices.
The situation is expected to create friction when the cartel holds its
regular winter meeting Dec. 19 in Vienna. Although there appears to be
general agreement among the ministers that OPEC's official benchmark
price of $34 a barrel must be kept, the members strongly disagree on how to
combat the glut.
Hussain Najadi, chairman of the Arab Asian Bank, said in Singapore
yesterday that oil prices could tumble to between $25 and $28 a barrel if the
cartel fails to allocate production among its members. Such a system was
created last spring, but it fell apart four months later after some members
began cheating.
Israeli journalist contradicts
foreign minister on massacre
TEL AVIV, Israel- A journalist challenged the testimony of Foreign
Minister Yitzhak Shamir yesterday, saying he heard another Cabinet mem-
ber tell Shamir that Phalange militiamen were carrying out a slaughter of
Palestinians in Beirut refugee camps.
Ze'ev Schiff, the first Israeli journalist to learn of the killings, met with
Communications Minister Mordechai Zippori at 11 a.m. Friday, Sept. 17-
the morning after the militiamen had entered the camps-and told him he
received a report they were slaughtering civilians.
"I received a report there is a slaughter," Schiff said. "In my presence
Zippori passed the warning on, using the same words."
Shamir said last week he could not recall his Cabinet colleague using the
word "slaughter," but did remember Zippori saying the Phalange were
"running wild."
Moslem leader escapes bomb
BEIRUT, Lebanon- Terrorists detonated a remote-controlled car bomb
yesterday in a failed attempt to assassinate leftist Moslem leader Walid
Jumblatt, and the state radio said the fiery blast killed six other people.
Hospital authorities said four were killed and 38 wounded. The differing
reports on thenumber of deaths could not be reconciled.
Emergency room attendants at American University Hospital said Jum-
blatt had several shrapnel wounds in his forehead, but was released from the
hospital after doctors cleaned and bandaged his injuries.
His wife, Gervette, was being treated at the hospital for shock, but was ex-
pected to be released soon, medical attendants said.
No group claimed responsibility for the attack in Moslem-populated West
Beirut. The right-wing Christian Phalange Party denounced the bombing as
"an effort to rekindle sectarian warfare and block the march toward
peace. "
But Jumblatt, whose Druse Moslem militiamen have been battling
Maronite Christians in the central mountains during the past five weeks,
vowed the bombing "will not affect the general peacemaking efforts,
especially in the mountain areas."
U.S. troops caught smuggling
family out of East Germany
BERLIN- A child's crying defeated an attempt by two U.S. soldiers to
smuggle an East German family to the West in a car trunk, resulting in the
GIs' court-martial, the U.S. Army said yesterday.
A military court sentenced Pfc. Austin Stockmann, 22, of Wilmington,
Del., and Pfc. David Pearce, 18, of Flint, Mich., in June for hiding a family in
the car with U.S. military license plates and attempting to drive into West
Berlin, said a spokesman for the army in West Berlin.
"All soldiers are briefed not to get involved in illegal activities when they
arrive here," the spokesman said.
The U.S. Army made no mention of the case at the time of the court mar-
tial, waiting until a civilian court had acted on the cases of two civilians in-
The soldiers were promised $7,200 by two West Berlin law students who
have masterminded a series of escapes from East Germany with the help of
U.S. soldiers.
Mexican president inaugurated
MEXICO CITY- Vowing not to "allow our homeland to crumble through
our fingers," Miguel de la Madrid became president of Mexico yesterday
and announced a 10-point program to combat a deepening recession and
widespread official corruption.
"Mexico is undergoing a grave crisis," he said in an hour-long inaugural
speech. "This is an emergency ... the situation is intolerable."
De la Madrid, a 47-year-old Harvard-educated economist, took the

ceremonial red, white and green sash of office from outgoing President Jose
Lopez Portillo during a ceremony at the new House of Representatives.
He said he planned to reduce the growth in public spending, redirect job
programs to rural and depressed urban areas, cancel "unnecessary" public
works projects and strive for "efficiency and scrupulous honesty" in gover-
nment spending.
01 e fiidbigan lBalug
Vol. XCIII, No. 69
Thursday, December 2, 1982
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
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U.S. loan rescues Brazil



Job Huntinq

r __..... f111 l

sr I
/ fy


(Continued from Page 1)
do Planalto, the modernistic presiden-
tial palace, and later went horseback
"We have come to some agreements
about future cooperation," Reagan said
after the palace meeting.
REAGAN, WHO arrived Tuesday
night to begin a four-nation Latin
American tour to promote democracy
and strengthen relations, said he looked
forward to "working with Brazil on
their economic problems as well as our
own." he did not elaborate.
However, as the two leaders met, the
traveling White House press office an-
nounced that Reagan had signed a
proclamation waiving U.S. quotas for
sugar used to produce gasohol and
alcohol for industrial purposes.
Although Reagan administration of-
ficials had warned in advance that I this
would not be a trip in which there would
be U.S. handouts at every stop, the
gesture was seen as symbolic of the
administration's efforts to ease the
trade protectionism Figueiredo had

axe tVi iizy
1;zd/ ny
J7ernif Yes

,,~ Nr Ac-rTvivr 0rI ES a VQt' oP,6visdenir iernces)
I U ________________

As the world's largest sugar produc-
er, Brazil complained that the quotas
Regan imposed last May to protect the
U.S. sugar market would cost up to $400
million in exports this year. This is just
a fraction of Brazil's total annual ex-
ports of $22 billion, but the issue typifies
the South American nation's complain-
ts about U.S. restraints on its trade.
In the capital city, Reagan walked
through a double file of ceremonial
guards outfitted in white tunics and
plumed helmets to enter the palace for
his formal discussions with Figueiredo,
who has blamed the industrialized
nations for causing the world recession
that has taken such an enormous toll
Yesterday's agenda also included a
reception hosted by Reagan for about
100 Brazilian politicians, including
members of both government and op-
position parties that vied Nov. 15 in
Brazil's first free elections in 17 years.
That event was followed by a dinner at
the Foreign Ministry hosted by Brazil.
Dems seek
replaemen t
for Kennedy
(Continued from Pagei1)
speak out for what amounted to the
issues he would have run on had he
sought the nomination-a verifiable
freeze in nuclear arms and an alter-
native to "Reaganomics" that "would
be based on equity and fairness and
justice and social progress."
As a smile creased his face for the
only time during his five-minute
prepared statement, Kennedy quipped:
"Let me add one last thing. Actually I
enjoyed campaigning in Iowa in 1980.
And who knows, I may do it again."
Kennedy, while leaving the door open
for another try at the presidency in
1988, said he believes the Democrats
will beat Reagan in 1984 and he will be
supporting a Democrat's re-election bid
six years from now.


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