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December 02, 1982 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1982-12-02

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Rhetoric
for Rio
See Editorial, Page 4

C I
hr

Ninety-three Years of Editorial Freedom

IEIUIIQ

December?
Mostly cloudy, breezy and con-
tinued mild today with a chance
of showers and thundershowers
and a high in the 60s.

Vol. XCIII, No. 69 Copyright 1982, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, December 2, 1982 Ten Cents Ten Pages

Dems scramble to replace

From AP and UPI
WASHINGTON- Sen. Edward Ken-
nedy's announcement yesterday that he
will not run for president in 1984 sent
Democratic hopefuls scrambling to
redraw battle plans for the upcoming
campaigns.
Kennedy had been considered the
front-runner for the Democratic
nomination. In his announcement, the
Massachusetts senator made it clear
that he would neither run nor accept a
draft for the 1984 nomination.
THE DECISION jleft former Vice
President Walter Mondale as the fron-
* trunner in an already crowded field of
unannounced Democratic candidates.
Other liberals, including Rep. Morris
Udall of Arizona, may now be en-
couraged to step in and bid for the Ken-
nedy constituency. Udall told reporters
that Kennedy's move "forces everyone,
including myself, to re-evaluate what
role I might play.
"I will talk with my wife, my family,
Study says
women
grads gain
higher pay
before men
WASHINGTON (AP)- Does college
pay?
A follow-up government survey of
people from high school classes of 1972
found that the answer was "yes" for
young women, but "not yet" for young
men.
"After graduating from college, the
wage rates of young women quickly
catch up to and overtake those of their
female high school classmates who did
n attend college," said the report
released Tuesday by the National Cen-
ter for Education Statistics.
"In contrast, the wage rates of young
men who did not attend college remain
higher than their college-educated
classmates for at least eight years after
high school," it said.
THE CENTER has surveyed mem-
bers of the Class, of 1972 on five oc-
casions, the latest in 1979, when 18,630
were contacted. Andrew Kolstad, the
project officer, said in an interview, "It
just takes longer than people may
See FEMALE, Page 6

my colleagues . . . as to whether I
should become an active candidate,"
Udall said. In Atlanta, former
President Carter said "I am sure the
other candidates will be relieved" that
Kennedy is out of the contest. But "I'm
not a candidate and I have no plans to
run for office again, and this doesn't
change my plans," he said.
Mondale, expected to make his can-
didacy official after Jan. 1, said in a
statement that "every Democrat is in-
debted to (Kennedy) for the respon-
sibility he has shown in making his in-
tentions known at this early date."
MONDALE said Kennedy's announce-
ment will not change his own plans to
"speak out against an administration
that is leading usin the wrong direc-
tion" and he will "continue to explore
the possibility of running for president,
with the intention of reaching a final
decision in the near future."
Sen. John Glenn (D-Ohio), another
potential presidential contender, said,

"It's always nice when one ahead of you
drops out." He added it might be better
politically not to be the frontrunner this
early in the race.
Aides said Kennedy talked with both
men by telephone Tuesday night as he
informed dozens of acquaintances of his
decision.
IN BRAZIL, President Reagan told
reporters that Kennedy's withdrawal is
"a problem for the Democratic Party,
and they are welcome to it." Asked if
he might follow Kennedy's example
and bow out of the 1984 contest himself,
Reagan quipped that "I do not believe
that there is much of a record of me
imitating Teddy Kennedy."
Vice President George Bush said at
the White House that Kennedy "han-
dled that very, very well-a lot of class.
And I thought he spoke from the heart. I
understand exactly what he was
saying. I know Ted Kennedy very well
indeed and I obviously respect his
decision."

Kennedy
"Of course," Bush added, "I've got a
candidate. He happens to be in South
America right now."
KENNEDY HAD geared up to run,
spending $750,000 on television com-
mercials in Massachusetts even though
his Senate re-election was assured,
beefing up his political and fundraising
staff and authorizing aides to solicit ad-
vice from campaign veterans about set-
ting up another bid for the White House.
In addition, two aides disclosed, Ken-
nedy had commissioned polls in New
Hampshire, Iowa, and Illinois. They
said he made his decision not to run
without knowing the results of the Mid-
western polls.
Kennedy referred to none of this in
his announcement, saying instead, "I
feel that we would have made a strong
challenge for the Democratic
nomination. I'm personally convinced
that it could have been gained."
Kennedy said he would continue to
See DEMS, Page 2

AP Photo
Sen. Edward Kennedy (D-Mass.) announced yesterday that he will not seek
the Democratic Party's presidential nomination in 1984. His announcement
has sent shock waves through the national political scene, as other hopeful
Democrats scramble to re-evaluate their prospects for the White House.

U.S. loans,
$ 1.2 billion

to

Brazil

BRASILIA, Brazil (AP)- President
Reagan conferred with Brazil's chief
executive yesterday about the coun-
try's troubled economy, and agreed to
make an emergency $1.2-billion loan to
help pay urgent foreign bills until
longer term financing is arranged.
The U.S. loan is intended to permit
Brazil to continue buying foreign goods
until it negotiates a $5-billion to $6-
billion loan from the International
Monetary Fund in exchange for belt-
tightening measures to stabilize.its
economy.
"LET'S SAY that it was a nice thing
for us to do," said Treasury Secretary
Donald Regan. "It was helpful to Brazil
and it furthers the relationships bet-
ween both countries.
"Obviously this is a sign to banks,
private lenders, that the United States
and Brazil are standing together in this
time that Brazil needs help," Regan
said. "Everyone knows that Brazil is
having problems."
In an exchange of toasts after dinner,
Reagan and Firgueiredo differed on
policies toward troubled Central
America. Reagan denounced "counter-
feit revolutionaries" in the region,
while Figueiredo decried external in-
terference and said the guerrillas in El
Salvador should be brought into the
negotiating process.

IN A VERBAL slipup, Reagan
toasted the people of Bolivia-instead
of Brazil-and then compounded the
error by saying, "That's where I'm
going." Bolivia is not on the agenda for
his Latin American trip.
Meanwhile, 1,500 demonstrators
screaming "Down with imperialism"
r'oared approval in Sao Paulo, 500 miles
away, as a life-size effigy of Reagan
was burned at a rally protesting his trip
to Brazil. Reagan will travel to Sao
Paulo today.
Along with Mexico and Argentina,
Brazil is among the Third World's most
heavily indebted nations. The prospect
of Brazilian default on an estimated $80
billion in foreign debt, and defaults by
other similarly troubled countries, has
prompted talk in international banking
circles of a global credit crisis.
REAGAN ALSO agreed to ease the
impact of U.S. sugar quotas for Brazil,
the world's largest sugar producer. In
Washington, an Agriculture Depar-
tment official said the proclamation
covers imports from all sugar-
producing countries, and was chiefly
intended to help put idle sugar refinery
capacity to work in the United States.
Reagan met with Brazilian President,
Joao Baptista Figueiredo at the Palacio
See U.S., Page 2

AP Photo

All systems down
This block in Van Nuys, Calif., was especially hard hit by the storm which hit the Southern California coast Tuesday.
Firemen and utilities crewmen ponder the task of repairing the fifteen poles which were downed by high winds.

'U' prof fights for black ed.

By GLEN YOUNG
Unifying the millions of black
teachers across the country is very im-
portant to Charles Moody. It's so im-
portant to the University education
professor that in 1968 he started an
organization that was to become the
National Association of Black School
Educators, one of the most influential
teaching groups in the country.
For that accomplishment the NABSE
honored Moody last week in Memphis,
Tenn. at the association's tenth annual
conference. Although Moody, 50, was
humble about the special award given
him, he was anything but quiet about
the problems facing black teachers in
America.
MOODY SAID the idea for the
organization - originally called the
National Association of Black School
Superintendents - came to him when
he was superintendent of schools in
Harvey, Ill. "I began to wonder about
other black superintendents and
whether their experiences were the
same as mine,' Moody said. "At that

'Black students don't get formal or infor-
mal mentors like white students do. You
have to be competent, but it also helps to
have someone open doors for you.'
-Charles Moody,
.University education professor

for everyone to get comfortable about
talking with one another about these
types of things."
The organization met a few more
times in various cities, and in 1973
decided to expand their scope and
renamed themselves the NABSE.
"NABSE gives a sense of unity to
black educators," Moody said, "and
this in turn makes its way to black
students."
BLACK students, although many
times as competent or more competent
than their white counterparts, are not
given the same job opportunities upon
completion of their formal schooling,
Moody said. "Black students don't get
formal or informal mentors like white
students do. You have to be competent,
but it also helps to have someone open
doors for you."
In his research overthe years, Moody
said he has found that black superin-
tendents are more likely to inherit
school districts that are "no longer
attractive to aspiring white superinten-
See UNIVERSITY, Page 6

t
l_

Conservation saves
'U' $3.8 million

point, I began to try to identify other
black superintendents around the coun-
try."
Moody said it was two years later
that he received a call from Harland
Lewis, who at the time was in charge of
the grant program for a national
research corporation. Lewis asked
Moody to New York to discuss the for-
mation of a network by which black
superintendents could meet and discuss
black concerns.

While in New York, Moody told Lewis
he didn't want money to travel to see
different superintendents or to send out
questionnaires. Instead, he wanted to
set up meetings for those interested so
they could get together and discuss
their problems. They agreed to set up
the first such meeting in Chicago that
year.
THE MEETING in Chicago turned
out to be a success, Moody said, but he
added, "it really took a couple of days

By HALLE CZECHOWSKI
University efforts to trim the fat in
utility bills paid off last year to the tune
of nearly $4 million, according to a
report by the University General Fund
Energy Management Programs.
Conservation measures targeting the
residence halls and the Dental Building
made energy bills $3.8 million lower
than they would otherwise have been
during the 1981-82 school year, the
report said.
"WHILE reduction in energy use is
important, it is not the intent of the
(Energy Management) department to
do so at the sacrifice of safety, comfort,
or work performance," stated the

report, compiled by Utilities Engineer
Gregory Metz. "These programs are
intended to provide long term solutions,
not short term energy savings."
Since the 1972-73 academic year,
when the University started its conser-
vation program with a matching grant
of $500,000 from the Department of
Energy, it has avoided paying $19.8
million, according to Metz.
Last year's projects were divided into
two groups, "quick fixes" and more
comprehensive - also more expensive
- energy conservation measures.
The Housing Division alone avoided
$1 million in energy bills last year,
See CONSERVATION, Page 6

TODAY
A marriage made in the heavens
F E.T. had been around he would have made a great ring
I bearer. Robert and Lynne Hess of Seattle got married
looking as strange as the science-fiction characters they
sought to emulate at the fourth annual Oregon Science Fic-,
tion Convention. The vows were a bit more stringent than
the usual " 'til death do us part." The wedding celebrant
warned the couple that "the result is death" if they should

Co., was clad in a black military-type uniform. Paul
Wrigley, a convention chairman, said the convention was
designed to provide a setting for science-fiction writers and
artists to meet with their fans. But he said it has since
become something of a costume party, besides the
scheduled exhibits, lectures and sales booths. Q
Students phone home
ONS AND daughters aren't the only ones phoning home
to mom and pop asking for money this week. Several
campus groups began a phone-a-thon Monday night to

If you can find a better coat.. .
TIRED OF that old winter coat? Buy a new one from
Edward Chudik and get a shiny new prize. The prize is
a Cadillac. The coat, it turns out, is a golden sable priced at
$65,000 and it's part of a promotion offered by Chudik's, a
posh clothing store in the Detroit suburb of Birmingham.
The offer is limited to the first two purchasers of a coat.
"We have two people who are very interested and many
telephone calls," Chudik said. "It may be a recession for
some, but it's boom time for others." Chudik said last week
---r. ... t,.. - --, .rw- . -....a .r.a a ..a

stereotypers shut down the city's major newspapers. Over
3,000 papers were sold.
Also on this date:
A 1909-The University decided not to allow the football
team a post-season trip to the west coast.
* 1953-President Eisenhower sent his regrets to the
University since he could not attend its Union Opera, but he
did include some hints for the show's Ike impersonator.
" 1957-Pi Lambda fraternity was fined $400 and placed
on social probation for holding a party at which liquor was
served.El

}

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