-Thursday, October 21, 1982-The Michigan Daily
Flu more likely for
m AP and UPI
QSTON - People who smoke
tettes are more likely than non-
kers to catch the flu, and they also
sicker when they fall victim to that
tertime misery, a study shows.
he risk and severity of the flu in-
ased with the number of cigarettes
)ed daily, Israeli doctirs reported
the New England Journal of
Ocine. The report also said non-
kers confined to smoky rooms in
winter run a greater risk of contrac-
,HE RISK for all influenza both
d and severe increased from 47 per-
tin non-smokers to 72 percent in the
by smokers" who puff more than a
k a day, the study said.
nsidering the enormous annual
den of influenza," they worte, "par-
Parly during epidemic years, the
fications for prevention r are
king. The price paid in terms of
east quad/res. college
entrance on Church St.
Guest Artist from
Iso music and poetry with local per-
'rmers from Venezuela and other So.
Saturday, Oct. 23,
work days lost is often so large that
economic considerations alone should
stimulate anti-smoking intervention
policies in large industrial and service
The doctors said that the link between
smoking and flu might be even stronger
than what they measured, because
breathing other people's cigarette
smoke may have increased the flu rate
among the non-smokers.
SOME HAVE argued that smokers
are more susceptible to a variety of
diseases, including cancer, because of
some underlying physical weakness,
But the doctors wrote, "We consider
it highly unlikely that, the association
reflects the "constitutional" charac-
teristics of smokers rather than the ef-
fects of smoking."
They said possible differences bet-
ween smokers and non-smokers, such
as education or ethnic background,
coula not expiam e contrast in their
EVEN THOUGH the smokers had
more flu, their bodies did not produce
significant levels of antibodies to
protect them against later outbreaks.
"It seems that not only are smokers
at an increased risk of influenza during
the first season of activity of a new sub-
type," the researchers wrote, "but
their susceptibility to attack during the
next year is not commensurately
The results back up previous resear-
ch in the Israeli military that found
female recruits who smoked had a sick
rate 44 percent higher than their non-
smoking counterparts during an
epidemic of an influenza-like illness.
IN A separate study in the journal,
Boston doctors found that smoking
women produce less estrogen. This
discovery may explain why smokers go
through menopause earlier and seem to
be less likely to get breast cancer.
The Harvard University researchers
discovered that smoking women have
one-third less estrogen than psual
during one phase of their menstrual
cycle. The doctors said this may ex-
plain earlier research that found that
smoking women go through menopause
earlier than non-smokers.
Other research has found that women
with high estrogen levels are more
likely to develop breast cancer. And
some scientists believe that smoking
women are less likely to get breast can-
cer, although this trend has not been
They recommended more study to
measure the risk of breast cancer in
smokers and non-smokers and to "test
the possibility of lowering the risk of
breast cancer by lowering estrogen
stimulus, if an acceptable way to do so
Hey, Wally -
(Continued from Page 1)
parent to some members of the audien-
ce at the Anderson Room that they
CLEAVER USED to preach social
change by violent revolution. Yester-
day'he preached conservatism to the
Homemade Soup and Sandwich $1.00
FRIDAY, OCT. 22
U-M Affirmative Action:
"Update on Women's
Issues at U-M"
GUILD HOUSE-S02 Monroe
- Cleaver changed his tune
120 people in the audience.
"I support Reagan's policy. He said
he would cut down spending," Cleaver
said. "I've been a severe critic of
welfare. I want to see black people plug
into the economy on a healthy basis,
through jobs and ownership."
Cleaver fled to Cuba in 1968 to escape
being imprisoned for parole violations.
He moved to Algeria several months
later and has travelled in the Soviet
Union, Czechoslovakia, North Vietnam,
Korea, Poland, East Germany, and
France, he said.
He returned and surrendered to the
United States government in 1975 and
was on parole until 1980. He said his
change in perspective came after ex-
periencing other cultures.
"I WAS shocked at what I was fin-
ding," Cleaver said. "I found
totalitarian regimes which were
repressive to the people and that the
people wanted to get rid of the dictator-
ships." He concluded that the
"democratic system is desirable."
He spoke out, however, against the
banking system in the United States.
"We have an unconstitutional banking
system," he said. "It gives the private
bankers the authority to spend our
"(The bankers) drain money out of
the Federal treasury and buy up the
economy with the money," he said.
He acknowledged problems in the
American government and offered
some idealistic solutions. "I believe we
have overcome a lot of racism," he
said. "The only way to overcome
racism is to reach out to the hearts of
Cleaver is three weeks into a two-
month tour sponsored by the Collegiate
Association for the Research of Prin-
ciples, which is a college campus bran-
ch of Rev. Sun' Myung Moon's
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Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Chicago conservative wins
Nobel economics prize
University of Chicago Professor George Stigler, whose economic research
warns that government regulation can cause unintended side-effects, won
the 1982 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Science yesterday.
Stigler, 71, a professor at Chicago since 1958 and for years a leading can-
didate for the prize, is considered a pioneer in the field of market and in-
dustrial organization. He is the second American to win a Nobel this year
and the 11th American to win the economics prize.
STIGLER refers to himself as "quite conservative" in his economic views.
but unlike other prominent economists he has never advised a president. He
saia ne supports President Reagan's efforts to cut government spending and
deregulate the economy but that he could not make substantive comment
"I really don't understand Reaganomics very much. It's not an orthodox
branch of economics. To the extent that it says 'don't' interfere with produc-
tion very much,' it's just common sense. In the sense that it means
unleashing the forces of production would fight inflation, I think it was
Winter storm stuns Midwest
A premature winter storm stunned the Upper Peninsula with up to 10 inch-
es of snow yesterday, leaving some roads virtually impassable and forcing
schools to close in a region not unaccustomed to harsh weather.
Here in lower Michigan, temperatures plunged 20 degrees or more after
midnight yesterday and howling winds gusting as high as 50 miles an hour
transformed autumn into winter far ahead of schedule.
Hardest hit was the Wakefield area in the western U.P., where about 10 in-
ches of wet, heavy snow was on the ground by mid-afternoon yesterday and
The snowstorm also swept across the Corn Belt yesterday, bogging down
the already-late harvest with foot-deep snow, disrupting travel and snapping
tree limbs still heavy with foliage.
Lights went out in some areas and travelers were stranded as the Mid-
west's first major snowstorm of the season, which hit western Nebraska on
Tuesday; pushed across southeastern South Dakota and southern Minnesota
into Wisconsin, with winds gusting up to 50 mph.
Economic growth rate slows
Still well short of recovery, the U.S. economy slowed to a meager 0.8 per-
cent annual growth rate in the third quarter, the government reported
yesterday. Commerce Secretary Malcolm Baldrige said little improvement
is likely before next year.
The Commerce Department's report on inflation-adjusted gross national
product-a measure of all goods and services produced during the summer-
was the last major estimate of U.S. economic health before the Nov. 2 elec-
At the White House, presidential press secretary Larry Speakes tried to
make the best of the figures. "We're grateful the economy did turn upward
in the third quarter and we expect ourgrowth to continue," e said.
But the gain was so tiny that Baldrige made no claims of recovery from
the recession that has stifled the economy for most of President Reagan's
first two years in office.
The report, he told reporters at a briefing, 'is another indication that the
economy is in an interim period between recession and recovery."
Judge orders investigation into
5-year-old's 'bizarre' behavior
WEST VIRGINIA-A judge ordered an investigation into the family life of a 5-year
old kindergarten pupil whose classroom behavior he described as "bizarre."
The principal of the school said the boy struck other pupils and the teacher
and threw things in the classroom.
The principal filed a juvenile petition charging the boy with being in-
corrigible. The principal said an after-school discussion of the boy's
behavior wit the child's mother ended in a scuffle during which the woman
"knocked the glasses from my face."
Cabell County Circuit Judge D.B. Daugherty said he expected the in-
vestigation by the prosecutor's office to result in the filing of a petition
alleging abuse or neglect of the boy.
While the investigation proceeds, Daughtery said, the child must be ac-
companied in the classroom by an adult relative if he continues to attend
10,000 mourn Solidarity rioter
Marching slowly to Chopin's funeral dirge under banners declaring
"Solidarity Lives," thousands of angry and despairing Poles yesterday
buried a young unionist killed by police in riots set off by a government ban
on the independent union.
Hundreds of riot police backed by helmeted paratroopers kept a tight grip
on Nowa Huta to prevent new unrest as an estimated 10,000 mourners and at
least 21 Roman Catholic priests left the funeral of 20-year-old Bogdan
"My son, oh my son," cried Irena Wlosik as she threw herself twice onto
her son's coffin. Her husband Jozef and their daughter Malgorzata wept as
the coffin was lowered slowly into the ground by friends.
Wlosik was killed by a plainclothes policeman during riots Oct. 15, one
week after Solidarity was outlawed. He was the 15th Pole killed in demon-
strations since authorities declared martial law on Dec. 13 and suspended
Solidarity, the first union in the Soviet bloc free of Communist Party control.
Vol. XCIII, No.37
Thursday, October 21, 1982
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