Page 2-Wednesday, October 20, 1982-The Michigan Daily
Teen sex increases worldwide
SAN FRANCISCO (AP)- Sexual activity among
adolescents is increasing throughout the world, and
the result is more and more medically risky and
socially expensive pregnancies among teen-agers, an
international family-planning authority said yester-
Across many geographical and cultural boun-
daries, within and without marriage," these girls are
'producing babies when they're still babies them-
selves," said Dr. Pramilla Senanayake, medical
director of the International Planned Parenthood
Federation in Londoh.
PRESENTING an overview of the problem rather
than results for research, she said,"Sexual activity is
'increasing all over the world. And with that there is
an increase in adolescent pregnancy and an increase
in sexually transmitted diseases.
"Yet there is little attention paid to this problem,"
she said. "It's a whole neglected area."
"Adolescents need to feel part of their society, not
an intrusion upon it," Senanayake said. "Neither the
adolescents nor sex are, in themselves, the problem
. It's how society copes with them."
IN THE United States in 1978, there were 29,547 bir-
ths to women under age 15 and 428,202 births in the 15-
17 age group, according to Planned Parenthood.
In general terms, Senanayake said, industrialized
nations face a problem of sexual experimentation
among youngsters and frown on pregnancy. But in
some rural areas of developing countries, society en-
courages marriage and children soon after puberty.
Many of the problems are the same in both cases,
she said. "Adolescent pregnancy is a serious threat to
the life and health of a young woman" and of the baby
SOCIETY OFTEN winds up supporting the un-
married mother and her child. And, Senanayake
said, society also loses the potential of a woman
whose formal education usually ends with childbirth.
She said that birth control should be explained and
available, but "contraception on demand, without
sympathetic counseling at the same time, may con-
Many government birth control programs in
developing countries fail, she said, because "they
don't deal with why these families want a large num-
ber of children" and why women begin so early.
Senanayake said that when infant mortality rates
are very high, "you have to produce twice as many
children to get the number you want." I
Poland uneasy on funeral eve
NOWA HUTA, Poland (UPI) -
Poland's martial law government
yesterday taunted the opposition for
jacking the strength to stage large
demonstrations but clamped tight
ss curity on Nowa Huta on the eve of the
funeral of a slain protester.
Polish government spokesman Jerzy
Urban said martial law authorities
learned three things from strikes and
street clashes sparked by the outlawing
of the independent trade union
Solidarity Oct. 1.
"FIRST, THE extremist parts of the
political opposition have not laid down
their arms," he said. "They still are
acting on the premise that the worse
things are, the better.
"Second, they do not have the
strength to organize strikes and
demonstrations on a large scale."
The third thing, Urban said, was the
realization of a need for better gover-
nment propaganda about new trade
unions established at the same time
Solidarity was outlawed.
BUT IN NOWA Huta, the Krakow
suburb where 20-year-old Bogdan
Wlosik was shot and killed by police
during pro-Solidarity demonstrations
last week, Poles feared his funeral
today would bring defiant workers into
Riot police poured into the town and
armed patrols cruised the streets to
prevent further unrest.
Wlosik's death last Wednesday
touched off street clashes and un-
derground leaders have again called
for demonstrations in the drab in-
dustrial town to coincide with the
"I'LL BE GOING to the funeral,
because I want to see it," said one
elderly woman, shivering in chilly
autumn weather. "But I won't let my
daughter go, in case something
Wlosik's parents, interviewed in the
Krakow daily Gazeta Krakowska, ap-
pealed to the public to let theirson be
buried in peace.
"He was the victim of tragic events,
and I warn others not to take part in
disturbances," Irena Wlosik was
quoted as saying.
The funeral is to take place in a
village near Nowa Huta.
CLEVELAND (AP)- Mark Schmucker, a Men-
nonite student who refused to register for the draft
because of his religious beliefs, was fined $4,000
yesterday and sentenced to work for two years at a
home for mentally retarded adults.
But U.S. District Judge Ann Aldrich refused to
require him to register for military service, saying
such an order would be an "insult of what this court
believes to be an honest religious conviction on your
SCHMUCKER, the third person convicted and sen-
tenced for refusing to register for the draft since the
Selective Service system was reinstated, was senten-
ced to three years on probation, of which two must be
spent as a staff member at the home.
sentenced to community job
The judge allowed Schmucker's conviction to be
entered under a youth correction act which will allow
the conviction to be expunged eventually from his
Schmucker, addressing the court, said he had not
changed his mind about registering.
"I MADE this decision based on deeply held moral
beliefs," the 22-year-old student said. "I do not plan
on changing that."
Schmucker, a native of Alliance, Ohio, is a student
at Goshen College, a Mennonite liberal arts school in
northern Indiana. He testified he hoped to slow
military preparation for war by making the gover-
nment prosecute him.
Mennonites generally are pacifists who do not
believe in military service.
SCHMUCKER was ordered to work at the Emmaus
House in Marthasville, Mo., a religiously affiliated
home for retarded adults. He is to report there
Tuesday and will not be permitted to leave the groun-
ds without permission of authorities.
The judge told Schmucker he would regret his con-
viction even though he now wears it as "a badge of
The government had recommended Schmucker be
imprisoned as a deterrent to the estimated 400,000
young men who have not registered for the military
LSA decides to put fifteen programs under review,
Complied from Associated Press and
United Press international reports
U.S. personal income rises
WASHINGTON- Americans' personal income rose a modest 0.3 percent
in September, the government reported yesterday. But in a more en-
couraging sign, their spending jumped three times that fast.
The 1 percent September gain in personal consumption spending-the
third healthy increase in a row-was welcomed by both government and
private economists. But they disagreed on whether it meant recovery from
the recession was at hand.
The bad news in the Commerce Department's September income report
was that U.S. workers' total wages and salaries declined about $400 million
below August's level, led by a $3.2 billion drop in manufacturing payrolls.
Rising unemployment-to 10.1 percent of he labor force, according to an
earlier report-was one big reason for the decline, the new report said. "The
payroll declines were mostly in the durable goods industries," including
producers of motor vehicles, machinery and metals, it said.
Outweighing the wage declines were a $2.8 billion increase in government
transfer payments, which include unemployment benefits, and a $2.7 billion
increase in interest and dividend income.
Former GM exec
arrested in drug bust
LOS ANGELES- Automobile executive John De Lorean, who created the
distinctive De Lorean sports car, was arrested yesterday at Los Angeles In-
ternational Airport as he arrived to pick up 220 pounds of cocaine valued at
$24 million, the FBI said.
De Lorean, 57, and two other men-one the owner of an aviation com-
pany-were charged with conspiring to distribute cocaine and possession of
cocaine with intent to distribute.
FBI special agent in charge of the Los Angeles office, Richard Bretzing,
announced the arrests, saying they culminated a five-month investigation
which involved numerous federal agencies and the Police Department of
De Lorean, a former vice president of General Motors, four years ago with
British government help set up his own auto plant in Belfast, Northern
Ireland, to produce the $25,000 sports car with gull-wing doors. The cars are
known for their silvery stainless steel bodies.
The arrest came as the government in Great Britain announced De
Lorean's car plant will be closed permanently.
Reagan, campaigns in Illinois
PEORIA, Ill.- President Reagan makes a campaign visit today to Peoria,
home of the Caterpillar Tractor Co. which has been hurt by his embargo on
U.S. equipment and technology for the Soviet natural gas pipeline.
With this economically depressed central Illinois city staggering under a
15.1 percent unemployment rate, Reagan is making two appearances in the
18th Congressional District on behalf of Rep. Robert Michel (R-Ill.), the
House minority leader.
Michel's most recent polls show him with a 10-point lead over his
Democratic opponent, labor lawyer G. Douglas Stephens, but Republicans
say the lead is nothing to inspire overconfidence.
With unemployment in all of Illinois running at 12.5 percent-the worst
since the Great Depression-Stephens has been hammering away at
Reaganomics and criticizing Michel for supporting Reagan's economic
policies. Michel continues to back most of Reagan's program but recently
broke ranks with the administration over the pipeline sanctions.
U.S. crime rate drops
WASHINGTON- The number of crimes reported in the first half of the
year has declined 5 percent, the first drop in four years, the FBI said yester-
Attorney General William French Smith said the report was encouraging,
but cautioned against predicting any trend.
Instead, Smith pointed out that the FBI crime index had reached an all-
time high in 1980 and remained at that level through last year.
"While this apparent reversal is encouraging, the fact that the all-time
high was reached and maintained for a two-year period should be of major
concern to the nation," he said.
Crime experts offered numerous possible explanations for the downturn.
But they also warned there are nearly as many theories as experts when it
comes to crime statistics.
Professor Gerald Kaplan of George Washington University said "you
can't prove anything" by the figures. He said his theory is that a shift in
national attitude-away from permissiveness-may account for the change.
Others who were interviewed cited the economy, increased enrollment in
the armed forces and the "aging" of the American population as possible
reasons for fewer crimes.
Irish nationalists bomb
political party headquarters
BELFAST, Northern Ireland- Nationalist guerrillas firebombed the
headquarters of Northern Ireland's main political party yesterday, the eve
of an election for a provincial assembly that the British hope will bring
Roman Catholics and Protestants together.
The pro-Marxist Irish National Liberation Army claimed responsibility
for the blast at the downtown offices of the Official Unionist Party, a
Protestant party. There were no injuries.
But police warned that in the coming weeks the Liberation Army and the
Irish Republican Army were planning a "campaign of death and destruc-
tion." Police urged people to take "maximum precautions."
Vol. XCIII, No. 36
Wednesday, October 20, 1982
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
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(Continued from Page 1)
to' give TAs one year's notice before
dismissing them, and clerical workers
only need 30 days notice, Rabkin said.
It's "administratively very easy" to
dismiss a non-tenured staff member,
but "it's very difficult to fire a tenured
faculty member," Rabkin noted.
A program review may actually help
out the non-tenured staff member who
would have been the first to go without
the benefit of a review, Rabkin said.
David Schoem, director of the 500-
student Pilot Program, said he expects
the unit to come out well in the reivew,
but doesn't look forward to the time-
HE ADDED, that few positive results
can come from a review designed only
to make reductions. "This committee
can't say 'They're doig a great job
with minority students,' or, 'Let's give
them more money.' They're not em-
powered to do that . . . We don't gain
from it," he said.
The LSA reviews reach far beyond
Ann Arbor, touching such outlying
areas as Pellston, in the northern tip of
Michigan's lower penninsula, where the
University's Biological Station is
Mark Paddock, station manager and
assistant to 'the director, expressed
mostly confidence about the upcoming
review. "We know there are about 70
biological stations in America, and we
are pretty sure it (the University's)
station is the best," he said. "That
helps to a degree."
FIVE OTHER areas to be examined
for possible reductions are: the
Botanical Gardens, which took a 36
percent cut last year, the Geological
Field Station, the English Composition
Board, the Foreign Language
Pedagogy program, and the number of
Ph.D. candidates employed in several
language and literature programs.
The department is also conducting
"rotational reviews," which are more
comprehensive than the other type, and
may result in recommendations for ad-
ded funds or budget cuts. These
reviews, three of which are half-way to
completion, would have taken place
even if there weren't a budget crunch,
Rabkin said. No rotational review has
yet resulted. in a budget cut, according
The Department of Communication is
just starting its rotational review, its
chairman said yesterday. The Center
for Near Eastern and North African
Studies and the departments of
psychology, and geological sciences are
in the middle of their reviews.
Some units are being reviewed solely
for cuts in the General Fund portion of
their budget, which comes mostly from
tuition revenue and state ap-
propriations. In this category are the
Center for Research and Economic
Development, the Center for South and
Southeast Asian Studies, the Center for
Western European Studies, and the
5th Ave o Lib" 791.9700
before 6:00 pm
"BRILLIANT. . . IT'S
TERRIFIC. -ROGER EBERT
Richard Gore - Debra Winger
"AN OFFICER AND
A GENTLEMAN" (R)
GEO claims 'U' violated contract
(Continued from Page 1)
Dolan-Green also said the dues cards
have been distributed to the individual
department' offices, and that every
department was reminded early last
month of their obligation to distribute
the cards to their TAs.
But Feeman said that GEO inquiries
have come to a different conclusion.
According to Feemen, there are some
departments that did not receive the
cards on time.
FEEMEN SAID that departments
are required by contract to distribute
the cards in early September so that the
members can return them by October.
But some departments did not receive
the cards from the University until this
month, Feeman insisted.
Feeman said the University "should
not pass the responsibility on to the in-
dividual departments," because it is
the University's job "to see that it gets
Feeman said that the grievance asks
that the University look into each
department to determine which ones
received their cards and which did not.
The complaint then asks that the Un-
iversity get the cards to those depar-
tments which did not get the cards, and
extend the deadline to allow those TAs
time to get the cards in.
The contract that currently binds the
University and GEO was negotiated in
1976, but because of legal disputes, im-
plementation was delayed until last
Nicaragua elected to
U.N. Security Council
Wed-12:40, 3:00, 5:20, 7:40, 9:55
Thurs-7:40, 9:55 (R)
UNITED NATIONS (UPI)- In a bit-
ter defeat for the United States, the
Third World-dominated General
Assembly yesterday elected Nicaragua
to the prestigious U.N. -Security Coun-
Zimbabwe, Pakistan, the Netherlan-
ds and Malta quickly gathered up the
other four seats becoming vacant at
year's end. They will replace Uganda,
Japan, Ireland and Spain Jan. 1 at the
conclusion of their 2-year terms.
In what had been expected to be a
long battle between the Dominican
Republic and Nicaragua for the Latin
American seat, the Nicaraguans got a
surprising 104 votes on the third ballot
to beat out the Dominicans, who gar-
nered only 40 votes.
The Nicaraguan victory means
socialist countries will have four
representatives on the 15-member
council: the Soviet Union, China,
Poland and Nicaragua.
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