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October 06, 1982 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1982-10-06

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The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, October 6, 1982-Page 7

Sweden traps suspected
Soviet sub near coast

Daily Photo by DOUG McMAHON
Sweet dreams
This student takes a break yesterday in the Diag. Unseasonably warm weather has encouraged many students to ex-
ploit4his Ann Arbor phenomenon.
Rowny: U.S. idea
better than a freeze

STOCKHOLM, Sweden (UPI) -
Swedish naval forces said yesterday
they had trapped a suspected Soviet
submarine in coastal waters near a top
secret naval base and were dropping
depth charges to force the vessel to the
surface.
The submarine was trapped in Horsf-
jarden Bay, 10 miles from the open sea,
and could only escape through two
narow passages in the rocks, a military
spokesman said.
"WE HAVE put up barriers,"
spokesman Bertil Lagerwall said, ad-
ding "it will not be easy" for the sub-
marine to slip away.
Sweden threw naval, coast guard,
and customs resources into the inten-
sive search. Helicopters with sonar
hovered above the water and the navy
frigate Smaland, a submarine and
several smaller ships were searching
the bay.
Musko naval base, 20 miles south of
Stockholm, is Sweden's most sensitive
naval installation. Its radar sweeps the
country's eastern coast facing the
Soviet Union on the Baltic Sea. It is
situated in the Stockholm archpelago,
an area with a maze of 30,000 scenic
islands.
THE SWEDISH navy, which is at-
tempting to force the submarine to the
surface so that it can be identified, has
dropped 12 depth charges in the three
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days since the vessel's periscope was
sighted Friday, a navy spokesman said.
Lt. Col. Jan-Ake Berg of the defense
staff said Soviet, Polish and West Ger-
man submarines were known to be in
the Baltic.
But the West German Defense
Ministry said none of its submarines
was in Swedish waters and a Pentagon
source said, "It's not one of ours."
THE SEARCH for the submarine
began Friday when the submarine
periscope was spotted observing a
military exercise of about 3,000 .men
near the Musko naval base.
The Soviet Union considers the
waters strategic because they would be
the country's best all-weather access to
the Atlantic Ocean in time of war.
Western defense plans call for Soviet
ships to be "bottled up" before they can
reach the open sea.

A NAVAL spokesman said oil slicks
have been seen on the water's surface
and that Navy experts have made radar
and hydrophone contact with the sub-
marine.
"The oil spots do not necessarily
mean that it (the unidentified sub) has
been damaged," Adm. Christer
Kierkegaard told a news conference.
Naval spokesmen said there have
been no further sightings since Friday,
but air bubbles have been seen on the
surface, indicating a large object
moving in deep water.
Last November, a Soviet "whiskey
class' U-137 submarine, believed to be
carrying nuclear weapons, ran aground
near the sensitive naval base at
Karlskrona and was stranded for more
than a week in a sensational diplomatic
confrontation.

WASHINGTON (AP) - Under orders
"to move as rapidly as the situation
permits," U.S. arms control negotiator
Edward Rowny is entering a , second
round of talks with the Soviet Union
convinced that Americans would aban-
don the nuclear freeze movement if
they understood the administration's
treaty proposal.
Freezing weapons at current levels,
as Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev
suggested last May, or only trimming
stockpiles of intercontinental ballistic
missiles and long-range bombers would
heighten the risk of nuclear war,
Rowny said in an interview before
flying to Geneva for the new round of
talks beginning today.
ROWNY'S reasoning: It takes the
sort of deep reductions proposed by the
United States to correct the 5-2 Soviet
lead in missile power, or throw-weight.
That edge, Rowny and other U.S.
strategists theorize, heightens the risk
of a first strike.
According to this logic, the Soviets
might be tempted to take advantage of

their commanding lead in heavy
ground missiles by launching an attack
on U.S. silos. Conversely, the United
States could be more inclined to open
fire before the Soviets act on their
strength.
Under orders from President Reagan
"to move as rapidly as the situation
permits" in the latest negotiations,
Rowny will explain with "a lot more
detail" the proposed treaty that he
outlined during the first, six-week
round of talks.
"IF A NUMBER of these people who
join the freeze movement would
recognize the administration has a
proposal now - many of them don't
know it - I think they would abandon the
movement and say, 'Don't waste time,
don't go into a freeze, don't hobble
yourself,' " Rowny said.
Brezhnev, however, .has dismissed
the proffered treaty as "unrealistic"
and designed to "insure American
superiority." The chief Soviet
negotiator, Viktor Karpov dismissed
the U.S. formula as a "one-sided" ap-

R"own
... claims Soviet
nuclear superiority
proach.
Instead, Brezhnev has called for a
freeze on the modernization and
deployment of strategic weapons as a
basis for negotiations.
This tack coincides with a worldwide
freeze movement, which has powerful
support in Congress and among state
legislatures. Consistenly, polls show a
heavy majority of Americans want a
freeze.

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Tories foresee Labor challenge

pA

I

BRIGHTON, England (AP) -Prime
Minister Margaret Thatcher is the
"best thing since sliced bread," the
chairman of her Conservative Party
said yesterday. But he warned that
Britain's new centrist alliance could get
enough Tory votes to put the opposition
Labor Party in power next year.
Opening the annual party conference,
Chairman Cecil Parkinson said Thatcher
was "the best, most hard-working
prime minister and political leader on
earth ... full of backbone and guts, a
real Tory and the best thing since sliced
bread." -
DEFENSE Secretary John Nott
hailed Thatcher for her leadership in
the Falklands War. Britain's victory
was due to the "guts, determination
and professionalism" of the British
troops, he said, but without Thatcher
.}"it would have been impossible."

That touched off a standing ovation
by the 750 Tory stalwarts. But Parkin-
son warned the Conservatives not to let
post-Falklands euphoria lull them into
complacency toward the general elec-
tion Thatcher is expected to call next
year.
The danger, he said, comes from the
new Social Democratic-Liberal Party
alliance.
"BECAUSE there will be three par-
ties at the next election," he said, "with
just 35 percent of the vote or
thereabouts, Labor could become the
party of government."
He said Britain's 14 percent unem-
ployment rate cannot be solved by
some "master stroke," and the Conser-
vatives need two terms to reconstruct
the economy.
"We can point to progress in many
areas," said Parkinson, "com-

petitiveness rising faster than
anywhere else, inflation down at 8 per-
cent and falling, interest rates down,
productivity up. The next 18 months
will be crucial in our history."
The Tories now have a 37-seat
majority in the 635-member House of
Commons. In the latest opinion poll
yesterday, 42 percent of those
questioned supported them compared
with 30 percent for Labor and 27 per-
cent for the alliance.

--,

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