Page 2-Saturday, April 3, 1982-The Michigan Daily
Reagan eases 'secret' title
WASHINGTON (AP) - President Reagan signed
an executive order yesterday that makes it easier for
officials to stamp documents secret, reversing a 30-
year trend of giving the public more access to gover-
."it is essential for our citizens to be informed about
their government's activities, but it is also essential
to: protect certain sensitive information when
di$closure could harm the security of all our
citizens," Reagan said in a statement accompanying
THE ORDER REPLACES one signed by President
Carter in 1978 that added new restrictions on use of
th@ government secrecy stamp and insisted that
secrecy be specifically balanced against the public's
right to know.
The Reagan order, which has gone through several
drafts over the past year, has been criticized by jour-
nalists and civil libertarians as granting government
officials too much power to withhold information
from the public.
The Reagan order allows classification of
documents even if possible damage to national
security is not identifiable, and no longer requires of-
ficials to determine whether public interest in the
disclosure outweighs the damage to national security
that might result.
THE REAGAN ORDER also drops Carter's
requirement that classified documents be reviewed
after six years and creates a new area of
classification for documents on "the vulnerabilities
or capabilities of systems, installations, projects or
plans that relate to the national security," critics claim
this provision amounts to a "blank check" for the
government to keep documents secret.
Unlike a previous draft, the order signed by
Reagan keeps Carter's requirement that classified
documents be marked section by section as to their
sensitivity. Earlier drafts of the order had allowed
entire documents to be classified even if only parts
contained sensitive information.
The final order also backed off a proposal that
would have required documents to be classified at the
highest possible level even if there was reasonable
doubt about the need to keep the document secret.
The order states that in such cases, the documents
should be safeguarded as if classified for 30 days,
while an appropriate official determines what
secrecy classification to apply.
MSA presidential hopefuls reveal party
(Continued from Page 1)
research that would lead directly to the
loss of human life.
The British Humour candidates
would like to implement a teaching
assistant training program. The party's
candidate says that the qualifications
required to obtain a TA position are too
lax. Teaching quality, according to
Kuizema, falls due to this.
BHP candidates say their slogan
"Serious Government with a smile"
expla'ins a great deal about their ap-
proach to student government.
"Everyone is too tense," Kuizema said,
"and we hope to do everything they're
doing now, but with a lot less tension."
As part of their program, the group
promises free Monty Python films on
campus if they win.
Although the party has pledged that
MSA funds will not be used for the
movies, they are not sure how they will
fund the program. "We'll hold bake
sales in the Fishbowl or something,"
said Kuizema. "We'll think of
The seven members of BHP all live in
Markley Hall, and are all newcomers to
student government. Some of the mem-
bers have worked on their dormitory
governments and on various MSA
Another new party formed this year
is the Voice party, headed by presiden-
tial candidate Amy Moore and vice-
presidential candidate Stephon John-
"Voice says it all," said Moore,
referring to her party's goals in student
government. "Student participation is
important. We're not going to be an
elite group, and we won't turn down
support; right now MSA needs sup-
port," she said.
THE PARTY'S platform centers
around four key issues, although the
members say they want to address
many other problems. The four issues
are financial aid, campus security,
minority affairs, and the redirection of
the University's budget priorities. They
also place MSA communications, and
military research high on their list of
Regarding financial aid, Voice
stresses pressure on government, but
also the formulation of alternative
plans if the Reagan administration's
cuts do go through.
"We have to keep up the pressure on
Washington and Lansing-that's good-
but what if the cuts go through? What
do we do for the students who can't
come back?" Moore said. Moore
proposes a referral service for students
who are hurt by financial aid cuts to
alleviate the problem. The service
would inform these students of the
possible available alternatives, such as
scholarships and work opportunities.
VOICE SAYS communication on
these issues is lacking. They propose to
inform parents, students, and high
school students about the cuts, and urge
them to protest. They are in favor of
this year's MSA ballot proposal, which
will poll students about placing a fifty
cent tax on all football and basketball
tickets, the money from this to be used
to increase financial aid to students.-
Another major area of concern for
Voice is campus security. "If you're
going to stay in school, you may as well
be safe," Moore said. They plan to fur-
nish a map showing where street
crimes occur most often.
Moore said that she would push the
University to do repairs on the campus
lighting system, which she said had
been neglected. She also said she has
plans for a counseling and referral ser-
vice, increased cooperation with Safe
House, increased bus service, and im-
proved communication with the Ann
Arbor police to aid in campus safety.
VICE presidential candidate Stephon
Johnson will lead Voice's minority af-
fairs efforts. According to Johnson and
Moore, the problems are basically
recruitment and retainment of
minority students, especially black
"The University is just not a fun
place," Johnson said, referring to the
problem faced by many black students.
"There really aren't any programs for
blacks," added Moore.
To increase minority recruitment ef-
forts, Voice suggests sending ad-
ministrators and students into high
schools with a high minority
population. Also, they propose sending
cards to minority students already here
requesting names of minority students
that they might know.
To aid in the retention of minority
students; Voice will try to run an num-
ber of awareness workshops on
minority affairs. Moore said a
workshop recently held by the LSA
Student Government would serve as an
example. "We have to answer their
needs," she said, "We have to find out
why they're dropping out and why
they're not happy here."
FIRST PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH
1432 Washtenaw Ave.-662-4466
Service of Worship :
Sunday 9:30 and 11:00 a.m.
College Students Fellowship Sunday
Wednesday: Holy Communion, 10:00
P . .
O.F THE NAZARENE
489 South Division
Ann Arbor, Michigan
Rev. Steve Bringardner, 761-5941
:-Christian Education-9:45 a.m.
Service of Worship-11: 00 a.m.
Study in Ephesians 6:00 p.m.
UNIVERSITY LUTHERAN STUDENT
Serving the Campus for 39 Years
IRobert Kavasch, Pastor'
1511 Wzshtenaw between Hill St. and
Sunday services: 9:15 and 10:30 am.
Sunday supper 6:00 p.m.
Maundy Thursday Service 7:30 p.m.
April 9: Good Friday Night Service
Choir: Wednesday 8:30 pm
Bible Study: Sunday-9:15 a.m.,
Wednesday-10 p.m., Thursday-10
NEW GRACE APOSTOLIC CHURCH
632 N. Fourth Ave.
Rev. Avery Dumas Jr., Pastor
9:45 a.m. Sunday School.
11:45 Morning Worship
7:00 p.m. Sunday Evening Service.
Bible Study-Wed. & Fri. 7 p.m.
For rides call 761-1530
* * *
FIRST BAPTIST CHURCH and
AMERICAN BAPTIST CAMPUS
502 East Huron 663-9376
Jitsuo Morikawa, Pastor
10:00 a.m.-Sunday Worship. Child
April 4: "Triumphal Suffering."
Sunday: Church Loyalty Dinner 12
11:00 a.m.-Church School. Classes
for all ages. Class for undergraduates.
Class for graduates and faculty.
Choir Thursday 7:00 p.m., Mary
Ellen Henkel, Director; Janice Beck,
Student Study Group. Thurs., 6:00
Support group for bereaved students,
alternate Weds. 7 p.m.
11:00 Brunch, second Sunday of each
Ministry Assistants: Nadean Bishop,
Terry Ging, Barbara Griffin, Jerry
1236 Washtenaw Ct.
A Campus Ministry of the
Christian Reformed Church
Reverend Don Postema
10:00 a.m. Palm Sunday Communion
6:00 p.m. Evening Worship. "Focus
on Holy Week."
April 7: Maundy Thursday Service
Wednesday, 10:00 p.m. Evening
* * *
LORD OF LIGHT LUTHERAN
(The Campus Ministry
of the LCA-ALC-AELC)
801 S. Forest at Hill St.
Sunday Worship at 10:30 a.m.
Sunday 6 p.m. Dinner and Folk Dan-
Wednesday 5:30 p.m. Agape Meal.
Wednesday 7:00 p.m. Choir practice.
Thursday 7:30 p.m. Maundy Thur-
Friday 7:30 p.m. Good Friday
. . .
331 Thompson-663-0557 1
Sun.-8:30 and 10:30 a.m. (Upstairs
12 noon and 5 p.m. (upstairs and
North Campus Mass at 9:30 a.m. in
Bursley Hall (Fall and Winter Terms)
Rite of Reconciliation-4 p.m.-5 p.m.
on Friday only; any other time by ap-
120 S.State St.
(Corner of State and Huron)
8:30 am (First Sunday of Every Mon-
th)-Holy Communion in the Chapel.
9:30 and 11:00 a.m.-Morning Wor'
ship in the Sanctuary.
Anri 4: "Hev- That's MY Donkey!"
Another element of the Voice plat-
form concerns the redirection of the
University. Voice will insist on formal
student involvement at every stage or
the retrenchment process. Amy
Moore said that a few people know
exactly what the specifics of the ad-
ministration's proposals are.
BECAUSE NOTHING as yet has been
proposed to reduce enrollment, Voice
sees a problem of overcrowding stem-
ming from the redirection plan.
To get the student involvement they
want, Voice will press for an amen-
dment to the Regents guidelines that
would require formal student in-
volvement in the administration's
Voice also stresses that current
guidelines prohibiting research that
leads directly to the destruction of
human life be upheld, and in fact should
be restated by President Shapiro and
the Regents. Voice would also like to
see these guidelines applied to all
research on campus.
People's Action Coalition
One of the most powerful campus
political parties is the People's Action
Coalition. Not only are the current MSA
president and vice president frem that
party, but 29 candidates are running for
seats on MSA under the party banner.
Dave Guttchen is their presidential
nomination, while Ruse Fischer,
currently a Nursing School MSA
representative, has been nominated by
PAC as the vice president.
THE PAC PLATFORM concentrates
on budget cuts, redirection, financial
aid, minority affairs, campus security,
and the presence of military research.
Unlike ' Voice, PAC spokesmen refuse
to rank the issues in order or priority,
stating that they are all equally impor-
PAC is critical of what they see as the
reduction or elimination of programs
on the grounds of short-term financial
considerations only. These reductions,
eliminations, in the view of PAC
presidential prospect Guttchen, pose a
serious threat to the quality of teaching.
PAC intends to work with the faculty
to help develop a process involving both
groups in the redistribution process.
PAC said it wants to strenthen student
organizations through the formation of
an organization whose members would
be members of the University's college
and dormitory governments. This
organization, they say, would provide a
unified front for communication and
action. This strengthened student in-
volvement would then be channelled to
various student concerns.
THE FIRST of these would be to hold
the University to its committment
regarding student participation in the
program reviews. 'The students have
to be involved. This is a public in-
stitution and we simply have to be in-
volved," Guttchen said.
Educating the University community
about the consequences of reallocations
is the second part of the party's plans to
fight the Five-Year Plan for
reallocation. This education will be
done, according to PAC, through a
series of regular public meetings and
Financial aid is also a major concern
of the PAC candidates. They said their
primary focus in this area will be durin
g the 1982 congressional and guber-
natorial elections. Researching
specific Congressmen about their sup-
port for higher education will help MSA
actively endorse or reject various can-
didates. Increased student voter tur-
nout is one of PAC's major goals.
TO HELP relieve the immediate
financial burden to students, PAC sup-
ports the ticket tax ballot proposal,
which could bring in as much as
$450,000 dollars directed toward finan-
cial aid. Pack plans to also continue the
letter-writing campaigns and personal
visits with legislators begun by the
current MSA. They also plan to
promote high media exposure on the
PAC has also presented specific
programs to improve cam'pus security.
They propose to promote the con-
tinuation of Night-Ride past its one-
year trial, work to provide the Univer-
sity campus with an extensive
emergency telephone service, increase
lighting on campus, support the Night
Owl bus service, formulate a work-
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Brutal spring storm hits West
One of the most brutal spring storms on record bombarded the West-
killing as many as 14 people and dumping mountains of snow on northern
California before fanning into the Rockies yesterday. The East and Gulf
coasts were rocked by winds that ripped buildings from the ground.
A spring blizzard described as the worst in a generation dumped almost 13
feet of snow on California's high Sierra between Sunday and Thursday and
torrential rains away from the mountains. More storms were forecast.
Seven inches of snow socked Alta, Utah, Thursday night and snow and hish
winds created blizzard conditions from Arizona to Montana. Winds at
Flagstaff, Ariz., peaked at 45 mph and warnings were posted over the
Colorado foothills for winds gusting to 90 mph.
Salvadoran rally backs junta
SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador- El Salvador's Christian Democratic par-
ty called a mass rally yesterday to back junta President Jose Napoleon
Duarte in his bitter struggle with extreme right parties for control of a new
The centrist Christian Democrats, led by Jose Napoleon Duarte, finished
first with 40 percent of the popular vote in last Sunday's election, but fell
short of a majority in the Constituent Assembly that is to name an interim
president to take over from the military-civilian junta and prepare for
The Christian Democrats, who insist that no workable government can be
formed without them, called their supporters to a "great meeting of the '82
victory" yesterday in the downtown's Plaza Libertad.
Roberto D'Aubuisson, leader of the far-right National Republican Alliance
that finished second in the vote count, reiterated at a news conference that
rightists are willing to talk to the Christian Democrats to "share the
destinies of our country.
Poll shows Americans oppose
U.S. military in El Salvador
NEW YORK- Americans who know the United States supports the gover-
nment of El Salvador oppose having military advisers there or sending com-
bat troops or more economic aid to that country, according to the latest
Associated Press-NBA News poll.
Among the respondents who know the United States supports the Salvador
" 85 percent said that they would oppose sending U.S. combat troops to
fight the insurgents opposing the government of El Salvador, while 12 per-
cent said they would favor sending U.S. troops to fight in El Salvador and 3
percent were not sure;
" 62 percent said that they oppose having U.S. military advisers in El
Salvador, while 34 percent said they support having military advisers in El
Salvador and 4 percent were not sure;
" 66 percent said that they oppose the United States increasing its
economic aid to El Salvador, while 24 percent said they favor more aid and
10 percent said they are not sure.
Israelis disrupt Arabic press
JERUSALEM- Palestinians in the occupied West Bank are threatened
with the loss of their main source of news because of a new dispute between
Israeli authorities and the heavily censored Arabic press.
Occupation authorities have disrupted distribution of the papers in the
West Bank and Gaza Strip since editors of two of the three daily Arabic
newspapers refused to accept the conditions of new distribution licenses.
The old licenses expired March 31.
The editors said the new permits empower Israeli authorities to block
distribution of newspapers even after they have been approved by the
military censorship office. They must be renewed every three months, in-
stead of annually as in the past.
An army spokesman confirmed the new licenses would be valid for the
shorter period, but said that was the only change.
"The Israelis are trying to intimidate us not, to write.,anything, to be
passive and not print anything critical about the occupation," said Hanna
Siniora, editor of the daily Al Fajr.
ClThe Stdjtgan 9a flu
Vol. XCII, No. 145
Saturday, April 3, 1982
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,~ O~ I '~~.4w/
Dialogue: in Review:
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nn Onininn Pnne
__________ 1982 _____
JANUARY FEBRUARY MARCH APRIL
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