Clouds will move in today
Ninety-Two Years with a good chance of
of showers and thunder-
__11ka showers. Clouds will
Editorial Freedom diminish toward evening.
The high temperature will
be in the mid to upper 50s.
Vol. XCII, No. 141 Copyright 1982, The Michigan Dily Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, March 30, 1982TeCntTnPas
SAN SALVADOR, El Salvador (AP)
- The centrist Christian Democrats
and their extreme-right challengers,
both falling short of a majority in El
Salvador's election, scrambled for
coalition partners yesterday to govern,
the war-weary country.
Seventy miles southeast of here, lef-
tist guerrillas pressed their siege of the
city of Usulutan, in one of the biggest
attack of the 2 -year-old conflict. At
least four soldiers were reported killed
IN WASHINGTON,. Secretary of
State Alexander Haig said. the con-
stituent assembly elected here Sunday
should "hold gut the hand of con-
ciliation" to any leftist guerrillas who'
are ready to join in the democratic
The White House, noting the apparen-
tly large voter turnout, hailed the elec-
tion as a "victory for the people" and a
See SALVADOR, Page 7
Doily Photo by JEFF SCHRIER
ihe sunshine boys
Tom Chamberlin, an I SA senior, enjoys the first rays of spring, lounging on his porch with his dog, Sinbad.
WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE,
N.M. (AP) - Space shuttle Columbia,
diverted by wild desert winds from its
scheduled landing yesterday, will try
again today in a suspenseful third-flight
finale that could force the ship to
bypass New Mexico and return non-,
stop to Florida.
It all depended on the morning
Weather and the;condition of Northrup
Strip on this barren Army missile base.
NASA expected to make the decision by
7 a.m. EST - with a hoped-for landing
four hours later.
IN SPACE, 141 miles above the Ear-
th, astronauts Jack Lousma and C.
Gordon Fullerton had food, fuel and
power to last four days and a NASA of-
ficial said, '.'We're in excellent shape."
The crew took the news in stride.
"Sorry about that," Mission Control
"That's the breaks of space, I guess,"
said Lousma, a University graduate.
EUGENE KRANZ, chief of flight
operations, said in Houston that a
Tuesday landing at 11:07 a.m. EST -
9:07 a.m. at White Sands - would be
preferred. If the Northrup Strip were
unsuitable, the shuttle would land at the
Kennedy Space Cent.er at Cape
Canaveral, Fla. A Florida landing
would come at 11:13 a.m. 'EST, or one
orbit later at 12:47 p.m.
"We're going to play the weather real
fine," Kranz said. Planes will be up in
New Mexico and Florida to test the
winds. It was such a flight, by
astronaut John Young that sealed
- yesterday's decision.
Kranz said the sandstorm that caused
the postponement also brought some
damage to the runway, but-that it could
be repaired overnight.
THE RUNWAY at Cape Canaveral,
15,000 feet long, was ready and fully
equipped. Columbia has never made a
paved-runway landing, but the alter-
native is another try at wind-whipped
Northrup,, and NASA officials were
pessimistic that conditions would im-
The Kennedy runway is not far from
pad 39A where the shutle was launched
It was the first time in 20 years of
space flight that a landing was post-
poned. Kennedy Space Center, at Cape
Canaveral, is NASA's third choice for
flight 3. The main runway in Califor-
nia is waterlogged and out of service.
EQUIPMENT at Northrup Strip,
hastily assembled to handle a shuttle
landing, may have suffered some
damage from the winds but the gusts
still were too strong to make an
assessment at midday.
"We are really fighting the odds,"
said David Novlanr, chief forecaster at
White Sands. "The odds are really
stacked against us. It's going to take a
great deal of luck to land the shuttle
On the other hand, Kennedy Space
Center was ready.
"'THE EQUIPMENT here is identical
to the equipment at White Sands," said
Herman "Fritz" Widick, a Kennedy of-
ficial. "The primary- decision will be
based on where is the safest place to
land." Even so, he said, "The width of
the runway is more forgiving in the
The runway in Florida is surrounded
by a moat.
Mission Control said Northrup
remained the prime strip.
Students try to bandage. aid cuts
By FANNIE WEINSTEIN
Bandaids are supposed to "make the hurt stop hur-
ting," but members of the University's Student Aid
Task Force had just the opposite in mind when they
began recently their bandaid campaign for financial
Members of the group-have been asking students to
write short messages on bandaids urging legislators
to veto more cutbacks in financial aid. Group leaders
said they have collected more than 1,700 signed ban-
daids which they will mail to senators and
congressmembers in the hope of putting the, sting to
legislators who still back President Reagan's
THE CAMPAIGN, dubbed the "Spring Offensive,"
has been organized by a coalition of several student
groups, including the Michigan Student Assembly,
the Rackham Student Government, and the Public
Interest Research Group in Michigan.
"The bandaids are an easy way of getting people to
write their congressman. They're appealing and
symbolic," said Cor Trowbridge, a member of-
'Task Force members have been in dorms and the
fishbowl over the last two weeks, distributing ban-
daids and asking students to write a message to their
congressman, showing their opposition to the
THE BANDAID gimmick has been more effective
than any other;financialaid campaigns thus far,-
Trowbridge said. "They (the students) like the idea.
They're concerned about the cuts, but they didn't
want to take the time out to write something,"
Trowbridge added in reference to previous letter-
The bandaids, which are being sent at staggered in-
tervals throughout the week, have been directed
toward certain legislators who have been targeted for
their special influence in the cuts, including Sen.
Howard Metzenbaum (D-Ohio), a member of the
Senate Budget Committee and Rep., Carl Purcell (R-
* Ann Arbor) and Rep. William Broomfield (R-
The group literally plans to cover more ground with
the bandaids and has declared April 5 "Bandaid the
Stapleton wins supporting actress
HOLLYWOOD (AP)- Maureen Stapleton, who portrayed
crusading Communist Emma Goldman in "Reds," won the
Oscar for best supporting actress of 1981 at tlile 54th Academy
Awards last night.
The' 56-year-old Stapleton, a screen and stage veteran
previously nominated three times in the supporting category,
clutched the Oscar and said: "I'm thrilled, happy,
SHE PROMISED to be brief, then thanked Warren Beatty,
Diane Keaton and the rest of the "Reds" cast and crew, her
hometown of Troy, N.Y., her children and friends "and
everybody I ever met in my entire life."
The 54th annual awards proved festive, despite occasional
showers that forced some stars to wear raincoats over their
glamorous formal wear.
The crowd of 2,500 outside the Los Angeles Music Center
greeted their favorite stars with cheers-with one of the
biggest ovations going to Jane Fonda, a best supporting ac-
tress nominee and daughter of Henry Fonda, a nominee and
sentimental favorite in the best actor category.
EMCEE JOHNNY Carson started the show with his usual
barbs, among them, "Isn't it nice that James Cagney and
Fred Astaire returned to movies last year to entertain
another Depression audience?"
Fonda was the sentimental favorite to win his first acting
Oscar, but his wife said the 76-year-old actor was "much too
sick" to attend the ceremonies.
Nominated as best actor for "On Golden Pond," Fonda
planned to watch the ceremonies on television at his Bel-Air
home, and daughter Jane was designated by the Academy to
accept the Oscar if he wins.
Fonda, who received an honorary Oscar last year, was
nominated for the Oscar twice before as best actor, for "The
Grapes of Wrath" and "Twelve Angry Men."
City voters to decide on theater
By FANNIE WEINSTEIN
Defending her reputation 'as a
hardline judge that earned her the
nickname 'Mean Geraldine,"
Detroit Recorder's Court Judge
Geraldine Ford called for judges to
become more concerned with defen-
dants rather than caseloads, at a
,speech Sunday at East Quad's fifth
annual Women's Weekend.
Speaking before an afternoon
audience of about 20, Ford denoun-
ced the process of judicial sentence
bargaining - in which a judge in-
duces a defendant to plead quilty
with the promise of a lighter senten-
ce or threatens a defendan with a
harsh sentence if he or she elects to
go to trial.
"JUDICIAL sentence bargaining
threatens, induces, seduces, and
forces defendants to forego their
constitutional rights," Ford said.
"If I wanted to usemy reputation, it
would be very easy to have everyone
See DETROIT, Page 3
By JIM SHREITMUELLER
City voters will- be asked on next
week's ballot to decide whether the city
should move ahead with four capital
improvement projects, including one
that would help finance the restoration
of the Michigan Theater and one that
city elections '82
would expand Farmer's Market.
City voters would have to approve the
projects before the city could authorize
the money to be spent,. according to the,
provisions of the Headlee Tax
THE PROJECTS, which would cost a
total of $4.51nillion, would be financed
by an increase in the city's tax millage
over the next five to 13 years, depen-
ding on the terms of the individual bon-
ds involved in each of the four issues.
One of the bond issues, Proposal F,
would allot as much as $200,000 to
rehabilitate the Michigan Theater, in-
cluding replacing the aging theater's
boilers and financing several other
Another plan, dubbed Proposal C,
would borrow up to $500,000 to pay for
major renovations of the city's Far-
mer's:Market, expanding and enclosing
the outdoor market's stalls for year-
round use. The money would also be
used to improve vehicle access to the
A THIRD issue, Proposal D, is by far
the largest and calls for the expenditure
of $3 million over the next five years to
maintain smaller roads and streets in
commercial and residential areas.
The last bond proposal, which is the
only one that comes with the unanimous
endorsement of the City Countil, would
borrow as much as $850,000 for the con-
struction of new roads. This plan,
Proposal B, would finance the construc-
tion of additional lanes at the intersec-
See CITY, Page 2
Daily Photo by JON SNOW
DETROIT RECORDER'*S Court Judge Geraldine Ford, alias "Mean
Geraldine," speaks about her views of the judicial system at an East Quad
Guess who will speak
HE SPECULATION running rampant across the
campus over who will be the commencement
speaker at the May 1 graduation ceremony can
now end, because the winner has been announced.
Gov. William Milliken will address the graduating seniors,
Ramon, Calif. have delivered babies within 24 hours of
dining on one of Tom Anastasiou's Little Napoli Special piz-
zas, but he claims the count is well into the hundreds. "Who
knows? Five hundred. Four hundred," estimated
Anastasiou, who bills himself as "The Pizza Man Who
Really Delivers." The Little Napoli Special is the secret
weapon against children who won't want to come out into
the world. At first, he said, the salami, sausage, pepperoni,
cheese and mushroom wonder seemed a sure thing. Not
only did Anastasiou produce results the first six times the
gastronomic anomaly was served to women in the nine-
18 Mediterranean countries creating protected areas for
those and other endangered water species, including the
blue-cheeked bee eater, the spectacled salamander, and the
monk seal. Not only will sea creatures benefit, but humans
as well. Officials say the treaty to be signed at a meeting in
Geneva under the auspices of the United Nations Environ-
ment Program also should help create protected beaches
and thus be a boon to the region's booming tourist trade.
Other species considered useful and worthy of protection
include the mourning chat, the velvet fiddler crab, and the
edible periwinkle. O
was held in the Union so that "all who are interested in the
success of Herbert Hoover may assert their preference at
" 1941- The University swimmers captured their eighth
straight title, in a 61-58 win over the Yale University team.
" 1962- A Michigan Senate tax hassle bogged down
University state appropriations, and Senator Elmer Porter
cancelled all hearings for colleges and universities on their
budget requests until further notice.