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March 23, 1982 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1982-03-23

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am. , ,. ,., .,,,-."

Ninety-Two Years
of
Editorial Freedom

tic

LIEa

Iai1Q

BLASE
Skies will be clear to partly
cloudy today, with a high in
the upper 40s, and a night-
time low around 30.

Vol. XCII, No. 135 Copyright 1982, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, March 23, 1982 Ten Cents Eight Pages

3 college
>residents
predict,
effects
of aid cuts
By JANET RAE
Special to the Daiy
DETROIT - Proposed federal cuts in
student financial aid would cause the
nation's universities and colleges to
revert "Back to the elitist institutions
they once were," Thomas Bonner,
president of Wayne State University,
said yesterday in a joint press con-
ference given with University
resident Harold Shapiro and
alamazoo College President George
Rainsford.
The three leaders met here yesterday
to publicize their concern that
President Reagan's proposal to slash
loan and grant programs by more than
half in the coming fiscal eyar would
force many students who rely on the
funds out of school.
THERE WILL, however, be plenty of
wealthier students to fill the empty
*daces, the presidents said.
"But the issue is not filling the slots,"
according to Bonner. "The question is
providing a fair chance, for persons to
serve the state and the nation."
The presidents chastised government
officials for not giving students enough
credit. "Unfortunately, we've gotten
the stereotype that students, are not
helping to put themselves through
college," Shapiro said, noting that
eore than 65 percent of his University's
tudents work part-time to help support
themselves.
According to Bonner, 75 percent of
Wayne State's students work part-time.
"So when you have the Secretary of
Education and others in the ad-
ministration saying (students) can
work their way through, it doesn't
make a whole lot of sense."
Bonner cited an 18.4 percent overall
unemployment rate in Detroit, with
_ Imost one-third of the city's young
hites, and two-thirds of its young
blacks unable to find work. "If they do
See AID, Page 3

Shuttle

soars

after perfect
Fla. launch

Art school,
dean
. :
i rviw to
j V~students
By BARRY WITT
School of Art Dean George Bayliss
"had 'em in stitches" at a mass
meeting yesterday when he explained
to his school's students the options
open for approaching its upcoming
budget review.
The Art School, along with the
Schools of Education and Natural
Resources, was named last week for a
review which could result in a major
budget cut or even elimination of the
school
But Bayliss told the students at the
S meeting - attended by almost two-
thirds of the school's student body -
that there is a possibility the school
will come out of the review with a
budget increase.
See ART, Page 3

By PERRY CLARK
Special to the Daily
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla.- With an
earsplitting roar and a shock wave that
shook the ground for miles, the Space
Shuttle Columbia thundered into orbit
yesterday for what should be its longest
flight yet.
The shuttle roared into space for its
third trip only one hour behind
schedule, a considerable relief to laun-
ch workers who watched the first two
flights be delayed for days or even
weeks.
TO MOST of the thousands of obser-
vers, who filled the roads and fields
around the oceanside 'launch site, the
lift-off was as perfect as the 90-degree
Florida weather.
The shuttle's astronauts, C. Gordon
Fullerton and Jack Lousma, a Univer-
sity graduate, willremain in' orbit
around the earth for a full
week-several days longer than the fir-
st two flights-during which time they
will conduct a number of tests to check
the shuttle's performance in space.
The shuttle's launch was moved from
10 a.m. to 11 a.m. because of a pre-dawn
fueling problem, which was quickly
repaired. Despite the brief problem, it
was all smiles fbr the officials and
workers on the ground who put the shut-
tle into space.
"FOR THE first time, we did it on the
same day we planned to," said George
Page, who directed the launch. "We
didn't really have any big problems.
I'm real pleased with the performance
of the launch team. Getting it off the
same day was terrific."
A minor problem developed in the
shuttle shortly after liftoff in one of the
ship's Auxilliary Power Units. Page said
the problem should not hamper the
shuttle's flight and that Mission Control
in Houston still hopes to have the unit in
working order by the time the shuttle
touches down in New Mexico Monday.
During its week-long flight, scientists
hope to find out how the shuttle reacts

to closer exposure to the heat of the sun
and to test ther ability of the craft's
robotarm.
IN ADDITION, the astronauts will
conduct at least 14 different experimen-
ts to test the effects of zero gravity.
Most important, however, is the need to
find out how the shuttle will perform
during an extended trip in space. In
this, its third of four planned test
flights, the shuttle will travel 3 million
.miles in space and wil orbit the earth
every 90 minutes.
NASA officials said it is impossible to
See SHUTTLE, Page 3
One million
gather- to see
spectacular
space launch
By PERRY CLARK
Special to the Daily
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - Nearly
a million people jammed area parks,
beaches, motels, campgrounds, and
road sides yesterday to witness the
Space Shuttle Columbia's spectacular
lift-off.
After a one-hour delay - caused by a
fueling problem - the Columbia roared
away from its launch pad to whoops and
screams from ecstatic shuttle en-
thusiasts. "Amaxing. Awesome. In-
credible," cired spectators young and
old at the blinding, brilliant flame and
earsplitting roar of the lift-off.
"IT'S KIND OF awesome, when yhou
think about it," said Cathy Brandt, a
cousin- of Col Jack Lousma, comman-
SeeONE, Page 3

Daily Photos by DEBORAH LEWI
GEORGE BAYLISS (above), Art School dean, discusses with art students
yesterday the possible outcomes of the recently proposed review of the
school. Art students fill the school's auditorium. (below) for the mass
meeting.

I

i

Nuclear weapons freeze
campaign begins at 'U'

By LISA SPECTOR
With Wire Service Reports
Wearing buttons depicting a dove-in-
hand, workers for the Michigan Nuclear
Weapons Freeze campaign kicked off a
campus petition drive yesterday after-
noon at the Michigan League.
The drive, sponsored by LSA -
*student Government and The Public
Interest Research Group in Michigan,
is part of a statewide effort to put a
citizens' initiative to stop nuclear
weapons on the November ballot.
THE MEETING at the League.

fetured a series of films and
workshops - including movies about
Hiroshima and Nagasaki and a discussion
led by Dr. Art Vander, a member of The
Physicians for Social Responsibility -
intended to educate students about the
nuclear freeze campaign.
The petition drive will last through
April 15, ending with a final effort at
CRISP.
The petition states that "nuclear
weapons are a grave threat to the
security of the state of Michigan," and
that "the U.S. should immediately

propose to the USSR a mutual and
verifiable halt to production and
deployment of nuclear weapons."
"IT WILL BE a really strong
message as far as Washington is con-
cerned," said Will Hathaway, vice
president of LSA-SG. The drive is
"probably the most intelligent effort
made (at the University) at stopping
the arms build up," Hathaway added.
Hathaway said he is concerned that
President Reagan is using the support
he has received for his economic
See NUCLEAR, Page 2

Age, income
not central
to happiness
of blacks,
survey says
By JASON ADKINS
Levels of income and education have
little to do with determining the degree
of happiness and satisfaction in the
lives of American blacks, according to
preliminary findings of a University
researcher's two-year survey of blacks.
Prof. James Jackson, who conducted
his study with the University's Institute
for Social Research, said that although
his conclusions are not final, his survey
indicates that factors other than
education or wealth determine how
happy blacks are in America.
THE STUDY, which will be published
next year, also found that most blacks
feel they have little influence in politics
or policy-making. And only half of all
2,170 blacks interviewed for the survey
said they felt their success in life
See 'U' PROF, Page'3

U.S.

:0

Soviet chemicals kill 10,000

WASHINGTON - The Reagan ad-
ministration charged yesterday that
Soviet-supplied chemical weapons have
killed more than 10,000 people in
Agfhanistan, Laos and Cambodia.
A State Department official, Gary
Crocker, said there are also reports of
an unknown and unseen "mystery
agent" being used against anti-Soviet
rebels in Afghanistan. He said it kills so

swiftly that it freezes the dead in the
positions they are in when it strikes.
The death toll from so-called "yellow
rain" and other chemical weapons was
6,310 in Laos, 981 in Cambodia and 3,042
in Afghanistan, the State Department
said in a 31-page report that sum-
marizes the U.S. government's eviden-
ce.
Walter Stoessel, the deputy secretary

of state, said the report is being sent to
Congress and to the secretary-general
of the United Nations and all U.N.
members.
"The Soviet Union and its allies are
flagrantly and repeatedly violating in-
ternational law and international
agreements," Stoessel told reporters at
a State Department briefing.

Daily Photo by AVI PELOSSOF
JAMES JACKSON, University professor of psychology, explains the
preliminary findings of an ISR national survey of Black America at ISR
Friday. He reported that traditional indicators of life satisfaction were inef-
fective when applied to blacks.

TODAY.
Presley panties
T T'S NOT EXACTLY the King Tut exhibit, but it's

Convict stops running
Michigan's prisoner candidate for governor has decided'
to drop out of the race and throw his support behind the
campaign of Lt. Gov. James. Brickley. Gustave Eric Jan-
sson, as inmate at the Kinross Correctional Facility, said
yesterday he found a qualified candidate whom he could
support. Jansson was featured in a Daily story in early

ding to Daniel Kaseta of Adventures in Learning,
publishers of the new book. The volume is the work of
Raymond Cameron, founder of the New Age Speed Lear-
ning Systems, and tells how a student can save both time
and money in virtually any teaching/training/learning
situation, and more easily "keep abreast of this new age of
knowledge explosion. Thanks to recent scientific research
discoveries how to synchronize both the right and left
hemispheres of the brain, a person can now increase the
powers of their mind 100 percent," Kaseta claimed. Nancy

I a"...: ,7 y;

II

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