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March 17, 1982 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1982-03-17

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Debaters prepare verbal
duel over creationism

By CHRIS SALATA
Both participants in tonight's Hill
Auditorium debate over the teaching of
creationism and evolutionary theory in
public schools say they are ready to
duke it out verbally.
University anthropology Prof. C.
Lorin Brace, arguing in favor of
evolutionary theory, will face off with
Duane Gish, the associate director of
the California-based Institute for
Creation Research, tonight at 7 p.m.
"I WILL present scientific evidence
for the theory of creationism, which
demands it be recognized and taught as
a scientific explanation for man's
origins," Gish said in a telephone inter-
view yesterday. He added that he thinks
creationism is a more rational and
reasonable theory than that of
evolution.
Brace, however, said creationists are
merely religious fundamentalists,
whose theories have no basis in science.
"Creationists are not interested in
truth or reality," he said. "They are

only interested in getting their religious
viewpoint shoehorned into the public
domain."
Tonight's debate follows by only one
week a decision by the Michigan State
Board of education to adopt a resolution
opposing the teaching of creationism as
a scientific theory.
AFTER A federal judge declared un-
constitutional an Arkansas law
requiring that creationism be taught
alongside evolution, creationists had to
find a different strategy to keep their
theory in the discussion of public scien-
ce classrooms.
Despite discouraging decisions both
on the federal level, in Arkansas, and
on the state level, in Michigan,
creationists continue to carry their
fight forward.
Gish admitted that these decisions
have had a "negative effect" on the
campaign for creationism, but said
creationists will only "intensify their
efforts" to "get creationism taught in
public schools."

HAPPEI-
HIGHLIGHT
A creation-evolution debate will be held tonight in Hill Auditorium, 7 p.m.
Duane Gish, associate director for the Institute For Creation Research, will
argue in support of the creation model. Opposing Gish will be C. Loring
Brace, a professor of anthropology at the University. Admission is $1.
FILMS
CFT-Seven Samuri, 4 & 8p.m., Michigan Theatre.
Alice Lloyd. Pilot Program-Hearts & Minds, 9:30 p.m., Red Carpet
Lounge, Alice Lloyd.
International Center-Brown bag travel film, England, Ireland, Scotland,
and Wales, noon, Rec. room, International Center.
PERFORMANCES
Ark-St. Patrick's Day Hootenanny, 9 p.m., 1421 Hill St.
UAC-Laugh Track, 9p.m., U Club, Union.
Brass Ring-Hall & Oates, 8p.m., Fox Theater, Detroit.
The Clown Conspiracy of New York City-"You Can't Hurry Love," 8
p.m., Cariterbury Loft.
School of Music-Viola recital,Nancy Nehring, MM, 8 p.m., Recital Hall.
SPEAKERS
Henry Russell Lecture for 1982-Emmett Leith, "Holography-Illusion,
Re-creation, and Reality," 4p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
Dept. of Chemistry-Rees Michley, 'Hormone Immunoassay,'1 4 p.m.,
1200 Chem; Roberto Fernandez, "Recent Approaches to the Synthesis of
Carbocyclic Five-membered Rings," 4 p.m., Rm. 1300, Chem.
Statistics De pt.-George Wong, "Stochastic Models for Directed Graph
Data," 4 p.m., 451 Mason Hall.1
Classical Studies-T. James Luce, "Tacitus and the Uses and Value of
History," 4:10p.m., Rm. 2009, Angell Hall.
Center for Afroamerican and African Studies-James Jackson,
"Preliminary Research Findings from the 'National Survey of Black
Americans'," noon, 246 Lorch Hall..
Academic Women's Caucus-James Richards, "Affirmative Action and
the College of Pharmacy," noon-1:30 p.m., 3050 Frieze Bldg.
CEW-Research-in-progress tray lunch, Jane Gould Torous, "Suscep-
tability of Women to Television Messages About Job Aspiration and Career
Image," noon-1:30 p.m., rooms 4& 5, Michigan League.
Museum of Art-Art break, Barbara Krause, "Landscape: Three Points
of View," 12:10-12:30 p.m., Museumof Art.
Michigan Map Society-Thomas Cross, "New England Whaling Maps,"
7:30 p.m., 3001, School of Public health.
Mich. Diabetes Research & Training Center-Irene Schultz, "Regulation
of Intracellular Ca2 Concentration &Triggers of Exocytosis in the Exocrine
Panceas," 4:30 p.m., 2903 Learning Resources Center.
Biological Sciences-Stephen Easter, "Growth of the Visual System in
Adult Goldfish," 4 p.m., MLB 1.
MEETINGS
The TM Program - Introductory lecture, 8 p.m., Rm. 4315, Mich. Union.
American Indian Law Students Association-American Indian Rights: A
Legal Paradox, Mary Jane Foster, Alaskan Tribal Judiciary, 3 p.m.;
Russell Means, Yellow Thunder Camp, 4 p.m., both in Rm. 150, Hutchins
Hall; Reception, Trotter House, 7:30 p.m.
Bahai Club-8 p.m., International Center.
Biological Science-Informational meeting for potential concentrators in
Biology, Botany, Cellular and Molecular Biology, and Microbiology, 3 p.m.,
3082 Nat. Sci.
Gay Undergraduates-9 p.m., for location and other information, call 763-
4186.
MISCELLANEOUS
CREES-MARX-Brown bag with doctoral student in Political Science, Pat
Willerton, noon, lane Hall.
U.S.-Japan Automotive Industry Conference-"Industry at the
Crossroads," Chrysler Center, North Campus.
Center for Fine Woodworking and Craft Arts-Power Tools, 6-8 p.m., 537
SAB.
WAAM, Radio 16-Jimmy Barrett program, 5:30-10 a.m.; Stacy Taylor
"Nightwatch" program, 6-10 p.m.
WCBN-"Radiofree Lawyer: Discussion of Legal Issues," 88.3 FM, 6 p.m.
Tau Beta Pi-Free tutoring, 7-11 p.m., 307 UGLi and Alice Lloyd, 2332 Bur-
sley, 8-10 p.m.
Extension Service-22nd Annual Mich. School Testing Conf., 8 a.m.,
Rackham.
CEW-Counseling group, "Onward & Upward," 7:30-9:30 p.m.
International Center-Representatives from BUNAC & USIT available to
answer questions, 10 a.m.-2 p.m., Fishbowl.
To submit items for the Happenings Column, send them in care of:
Happenings, The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI. 48109.

BRACE SAID these decisions are
"necessary first steps" toward
defeating the creationism movement.
But, he added,"creationists will continue
their efforts to get their patented sec-
tarian religious beliefs into public
schools."
Brace said he has no qualms with
creationism taught in public schools as
long as it is not taught under the guise
of science. "Creationism can be taught
in the public schools, but not in the
science class. 'Myth and Belief' or a
'Comparative Religion' class would be
a fine place for it," he said.
BUT GISH said he will defend
creationist theory tonight before the
public and will show that evolutionary
theory is full of holes.
Gish said, using scientific theory of
probability, the chance of human life
evolving as evolutionists claim is as
probable as "a tornado going through a
junkyard and a Boeing 747 plane being
the end result."
According to Stephen Jay Gould, a
staunch defender of evolutionary
theory and a professor of geology at
Harvard University, debates are a
favorite forum for creationists. He said
there have been 90 such debates in
recent years, and the creationists have
won every one.
Gish agreed, claiming proudly that
"one reason for the creationists win-
ning all the debates is we have all the
scientific evidence."
Brace, however, sees it differently.
"They are devious, using verbal tricks,
little deceptions and obfuscation to
discredit evolution," he said.
Brezhnev
announces
missile freeze
(Continued from Page t)
Brezhnev announced the missile
moratorium in a speech opening the
national trade union congress, which is
held every five years.
WESTERN diplomats in Moscow said
Brezhnev's offer appeared to be a new
bid to encourage Western European
opposition to NATO plans to deploy 572
U.S. Pershing 2 and cruise missiles
beginning in 1983.
NATO governments are committed to
deploying the missiles but large
segments of the public are opposed and
have held massive rallies to pressure
their governments to rescind the
decision.
THE SOVIET decision came just a
day after the State Department
claimed the Soviets have now deployed
30 of their modern SS-20 missiles, ar-
med with a total of 900 nuclear
warheads. The United States says this
gives the Russians a vast advantage
over the West.
In West Germany, government
spokesman Kurt Becker said: "Wheth-
er this is a step in the right direction
depends-on whether it will mark a tur-
ning point for the Soviet Union in its
medium-range missile arming, that is,
whether it will not only end the further
amassing of rockets but is ready for a
real reduction in the framework of the
Geneva negotiations.

'U' researchers
pump for brain
By KRISTIN STAPLETON sally fatal," Cha
On the heels of last week's Food and tage to this syst
Drug Administration approval of an in- "continuous exj
fusion pump developed at the Univer- drugs," he adde
sity for treating liver cancer, This system
pioneering researchers are examining monkeys and i
the device for use in the treatment of and Chandler
terminal brain cancer, have been "enco
"We have, clearly, patients who are The second
responding," said Dr. William Chan- pump in the tr
dler, assistant professor of tumors. The p
neurosurgery at the medical school. He tumors of this ty
stressed, however, that while results "blood-brain b
are promising, it is still too early :to brain and the cir
assess overall success. isolates somew
ACCORDING TO Chandler, ap- bloodstream.
plications of the pump for brain cancer "IF YOU PU
treatment "have never been done stream, it nev
anywhere else before," and that he has fluid," Chandler
been using the system for about two spinal fluid) is is
years on the brain. way from the bl
At present, two methods of using the In the treatm
pump to treat brain cancer are being cer, the pump i
studied at the University. The first is a directly into the
method designed to reduce primary avoiding the"
malignant tumors, or gliomas, in the Chandler explair
brain, The ventricle
According to Chandler, with this brain filled wit
method a cathetor from the pump is in- chemotherapeut
serted in one of the two carotid arteries around the bra
(central arteries which supply the pump mechanise
brain with blood), and UNIVERSITY
chemotherapeutic drugs contained ii bers involved in
the device are then pumped directly in planning to expe
to the artery. for one more-
GLIOMAS ARE "virtually univer- Chandler.

examine liver
cancer treatment

Daily Photo by JACKIE BELL
THE LIVER INFUSION pump, recently approved by the Food and Drug Administration is now showing promise in the
treatment of fatal brain tumors. Research is being conducted at the medical center's Clinical Research Center.

andler said. The advan-
tem of drug injection is
posure to the tumor of
d.
has been tested on
n six human patients,
said the experiments
ouraging."
method employs the
eatment of spinal fluid
roblem with treating
ype is the presence of a
barrier" between the
rculatory system which
hat the brain from the
T a drug in the blood-
er gets to the spinal
r said, adding, "It (the
solated in a very unique
ood system."
ent of spinal fluid can-
is used to inject drugs
ventricles of the brain,
blood-brain .barrier,"
ned.
s are pockets in the
1 spinal fluid and the
ic drugs are circulated
in in the fluid by the
M.
Hospitals staff mem-
n this project are also
eriment with the pump
purpose, according to

He said researchers plan to inject
"radiosensitizer" drugs into the brain
through the carotid artery. These drugs
are used in conjunction with x-ray
therapy.
"Radiosensitizer drugs make the x-
ray therapy work better," Chandler
explained, adding that the pump is
valuable because "to have a drug werk,
you have to give the drug continuously
for two weeks before the therapy, and
then during x-ray therapy."
ACCORDING TO researchers, the
primary advantage of the pump is that
it can continuously provide high con-
centrations of drugs for up to two weeks
in humans. Chandler added that
because the pump is so powerful, "it
will pump against artery pressure."
The pump is implanted under the skin
covering the chest, causes no restric-
tion of movement, and is designed to
last indefinitely., At present, the pump
sells for about $2,500.
The research being conducted is' a
cooperative effort between physicians
contributing from various departments
in the medical school.

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