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January 17, 1982 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1982-01-17

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Ninety- Two Years
of
Editorial Freedom

e it iganl

43 ati

NO END

It will be
today with
degrees.

partly sunny
a high of five

Vol. XCII, No. 88 Copyright 1982, The Michigan Daily Ann Arbor, Michigan-Sunday, January 17, 1982 Ten Cents Eight Pages

'Siberian Express'
chugs into Midwest

From AP and UPI
A surge of polar cold nicknamed the
Siberian Express blew into the frozen
Midwest with paralyzing blizzards
yesterday, and the mercury sank to
painful lows deep into the Sunbelt.
The frigid winds sent the chill factor
to 80 degrees below zero in places and
the death toll reached 251 in a wintry
assault that began writing weather
history last weekend.
"IT IS ONE of the most severe out-
breaks of cold weather mid-America
has seen since the 1800s," said
meteorologist Noland Duke of the
National Weather Service in Kansas
City.
Winds gusting to 50 miles an hour
whipped snow to near blizzard levels
yesterday in many areas of Michigan
and savagely cold temperatures en-
veloped the entire state for the second
straight weekend.
Travel throughout the state was ex-
tremely hazardous and authorities

were urging residents to stay off the
roads if at all possible.
THE WEATHER started to sour late
Friday as the winds picked up, snow
began falling and temperatures started
to nosedive.
Roads were quickly turned into
sheets of ice and visibility was near
zero in some areas.
Temperatures dropped six degrees
an hour in Michigan where the fierce
winds and snow caused "white-outs" on
the highways.
"THE SNOW is coming down in
buckets," said Robert Sullivan, a
dispatcher at the Benzie County
sheriff's office.
Wind gusts of 30 mph with the tem-
perature at minus 18 made the wind
chill factor 74 below zero in Rockford,
Ill. Chicago reported a wind chill of 67
below.
Icy roads caused a pileup of 20 to 30
cars on the Southfield Freeway in
Suburban Detroit. Police also reported

about a dozen smashups on Interstate
94 on Detroit's east side.
OHIO OFFICIALS were urging
motorists who insisted on traveling to
pack a "survival kit," including
blankets, a knit cap, extra gloves and
socks, a cup for melting snow for
drinking water, crackers, candles and
matches and plastic wrappers to wear
over feet and hands.
"The most treacherous thing about
this storm is the wind chill," Duke said.
"That has been the real killer."
Duke said the cold is coming from the
polar regions of Siberia, prompting one
meterologist to dub it the Siberian Ex-
press. Unlike normal winter weather
patterns in which the systems move
across the warmer waters of the
Pacific, the present air is taking a nor-
therly track across the polar regions of
Canada.
"It just sits up there in total
darkness, getting colder and colder,
then wallops us," Duke said.

Daily Photo by KIM HILL
CURRENT WEATHER conditions have stilled all hints of summer, including these bicycles. A surge of polar cold air
has hit the campus-and the country-bringing along sub-zero temperaturew and 30 MPH winds.

Doctors divided on advei

By LOU FINTOR
The American Medical Association,
found guilty by a lower court of
unethical anti-competitive practices,
will try to overturn that earlier decision
in the Court this summer.
The lower court ruling upheld a
decision by the Federal Trade Com-
mission that the AMA was restricting
the advertising practices of its mem-
bers.
The outcome of the high court
decision, which will determine whether
the AMA has engaged in a nationwide
conspiracy to keep its members from
publicly advertising their services, will

have far-reaching implications for
many local chapters of the AMA.
The Supreme Court is expected to
rule on the case by July.
If the Supreme Court decides against
the AMA, local practitioners will be
able to advertise extensively in papers
and on television. This, in turn, may let
consumers make more informed
decisions about their choice of medical
care. It may also make doctors more
responsive to the needs of their patien-
ts, a University report states. -
The case began in December 1975,
when the FTC concluded that the AMA
and its state and local medical societies

were guilty of restricting, in an anti-
competitive form, the advertising and
contracting practices of physicians.
The FTC ordered that the medical
society stop dictating advertising prac-
tices to its members and its order was
upheld by a lower court ruling.
Sources within the medical
professions maintain that while restric-
tions on the amount of advertising a
doctor may buy are not "official
policy" of the AMA, they are
nonetheless enforced through the peer
pressure of fellow doctors.
The sources, who refused to be iden-
tified, said the AMA secretly claims

rtising
that these restrictions must be kept in
order to insure quality medical treat-
ment standards through higher prices.
Not allowing doctors to advertise main-
tains a lack of free market competition
within the medical care marketplace,
and thus keeps prices high.
A University study, edited by Univer-
sity business professors James Leigh
and Claude Martin concluded, however,
that advertising by physicians will not
damage their professional standing and
that consumers will be receptive to it.
Within the study, an article written

See DOCTORS, Page 5

..

Course studies black

involvement in media

AP Photo
King statue restored
A San Bernadino, Calif., fireman cleans off a statue of Martin Luther
King Jr., vandalized with red paint only days before a commemoration of
the slain civil rights leader's birthday. The anniversary of King's birth was
Jan. 15.N
Redistricting group

must prove
By STACY POWELL
The State Court of Appeals notified
the Washtenaw County Apportionment
Commission on Friday that it has until
Feb. 8 to show that its plan of redistric-
ting Washtenaw County is note uncon-
stitutional.
Earlier this month, local Democratic
attorneys took the Commission's
redistricting plan to court, claiming the
proposal was designed to favor the
Republican party. The appeal said the
new districts divided Democrats to
limit their voting strength and spread
them out among the strongly Republic=
an districts.,
THE LAWSUIT represents Yp-
silanti Township residents who object
to both the boundaries of the new

plan legal
districts and the reduction of the num-
ber of districts from 15 to nine.
The appeals court, in a letter dated
Jan. 14, ordered the Apportionment
Commission to:
" explain the differences in
population numbers among all districts
no matter how small;
* provide the appeals court with a
complete set of minutes from the com-
mission's meetings;
" provide the court with copies of all
plans submitted to the commission for
consideration;
* provide the court with specific
reasons for the rejection of the plans
submitted.
"THE BURDEN of proof now lies
See REDISTRICTING, Page 2

By PAM FICKINGER
The impact of the mass media on
black Americans and problems encoun-
tered by blacks seeking entry into
communications professions are being
addressed in a special course taught
this term by a prominent Detroit jour-
nalist.
The course was developed because a
number of students asked for a class
that examined the role of blacks in the
media, said Niara Sudarkasa, director
of the Center for Afroamerican and
African Studies, sponsor of the course.
She said there is a demand for such a
course because blacks on television are
visible and serve as role models for
younger blacks.
The course, entitled "Com-
munications Media and the Black
World: Focus Black America," is being
taught by Ron Scott, a TV journalist
and producer for Channel 56 in Detroit.
Scott said he is teaching the course
because he believes there is a need to
encourage and develop programs on
black culture.
Two key problems Scott sees-and
that the course discusses-are the ex-
clusion of blacks from media jobs and
inconsistencies in coverage of black
issues.
Blacks should not be an "oddity" in
the news, Scott said. He added,
however, that media treatment of
minorities and minority issues is im-
proving. "(When you can) sit back as a
black producer and say 'That's how I
would have done it,' you're getting
close to dispelling stereotypes," Scott
said.
Another focus of the course is the

problems blacks have in breaking into
media jobs. The job outlook is very
poor, Scott said. It is more difficult for
blacks to find positions in newspapers
than in television, he added.
Scott illustrated his concern by citing
a recent survey of 382 U.S. daily
newspapers. The study reported that:
* no minority journalists are em-
ployed at 18 percent of the papers with
50,000-100,000 circulation;
" no minority applications were
received during the past year at 38 per-
cent of the papers with 250,000-500,000
circulation; and,
" no effort was made to recruit
minorities for journalism jobs at 21
percent of the newspapers with 100,000-
250,000 circulation.
The outlook for minorities in the
broadcast business is only slightly bet-
ter, Scott said.
Many black women are being seen as
TV broadcasters, but their image still
isn't positive enough, Scott said. They
are important because many
young blacks view these women as role
models, he added.
Another problem, Scott said, is that
blacks in media who complain and
make waves are put in a "very
precarious positon."
"It's hard to be black, radical, and
good at it," Scott said.
Another feature of the course is that it
will be "quasi-starstudded," Scott said.
Guest lecturers will include Ben
Frazier, anchorman at WDIV-TV in
Detroit; Betty DeRamus, editorial
writer for the Detroit Free Press;
Congressman John Conyers; former
See COURSE, Page 5

Daily Photo by PAUL ENGSTROM
DETROIT JQURNALIST Ron Scott teaches a special course this term on the
role of black in the media,. The course, sponsored by the Center for
Afroamerican and African Studies, will focus on the special problems faced
by blacks entering the communications field.

-TODAY-
It's warm in Hawaii
HE HAWAII VISITOR'S Bureau is hurrying to
cash in on the cold weather sweeping the
rest of the country. Officials in
Honolulu have hastily organized a 14-city radio
advertising campaign aimed at luring cold-weary

that "makes your mouth water," says William Unhelhop,
part-owner of a 550-acre parcel near Bala, Kansas, that has
been leased by Cominco American for exploration. The
land has formations of kimberlite, an ingneous rock sub-
stance that forms in long "pipes" 300 to 500 feet across and
sometimes extends as much as several hundred miles down
from the surface. Geological experts say the strips of kim-
berlite can contain diamond deposits. But it is impossible to
tell the difference between kimberlite formations with
diamonds and those without, unless a company is willing to
invest in a detailed exploration and analysis project. Before

the snow and sub-freezing temperatures. But in this strike,
labor is 9-year-old Brian Roberts, and management is Betty
Renfroe, his grandmother. "My grandmother doesn't pay
me enough for the jobs I do: I'm on strike," the picket said
as he marched up and down the sidewalk in front of the
Renfroe residence in Ashland, Ky. He wore a homemade
sign with bold, black letters: "On strike Mama. Not Fair To
Grandson." In smaller letters, in the left hand corner, was:
"Demand More Pay." Brian, whose family from Kitts Hill,
Ohio, had just spent the night at the Renfroe home, claimed
he was a big help to his grandmother. "I ruq errands for her

Tasteless treats
Old Towners may not be able to buy their favorite X-rated
candy anymore. City officials of Albuquerque, N.M., are
threatening to close down the Candy Lady, located in this
historic section of the city. Debbie Dorbandt, owner of the
store, said city officials told her she was violating a part of
the zoning code that prohibits the sale of material relating
to sexual activities or anatomy in a historic district. The
city has threatened to take Dorbandt to court if she does not
stop selling the candy bgyJan. 21. She said she stands to lose

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