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December 05, 1980 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1980-12-05

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4

Page 2--Friday, December 5, 1980-The Michigan Daily

'Wilmington 10'
Convictions reversed

I

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Sponsored by the U-M Women in Science Program
Center for Continuing Education of Women 328-330 Thompson St.,
Ann Arbor 48108 (313) 764-2382
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RICHMOND, Va. (UPI) - The Four-
th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals yester-
day reversed the convictions of the
"Wilmington 10," whose arrests for the
firebombing of a white-owned grocery
store became a watchword in the civil
rights movement.
The three-judge appeals panel
unanimously ruled that the Sixth
Amendment rights of the nine black
men and one white woman had been
violated during their January 1972 trial
because their attorneys had been
denied testimony of the major
prosecution witness.
THE DECISION sends the case back
to U.S. District Court Judge Franklin
Dupree, who had denied the defendan-
ts' request for writs of habeas corpus
which would have entitled them to a
new trial in North Carolina.
The defendants took their case
federal court after losing appeals in
North Carolina courts.

The Wilmington 10 - who included
the Rev. Ben Chavis and eight high
school students - pleaded innocent to
firebombing "Mike's Grocery Store" in
Wilmington, N.C., and conspiring to
assault firefighters who answered
alarms for the blaze.
The Wilmington violence began in
January 1971 when local officials rejec-
ted black students' request for a
memorial service for Martin Luther
King Jr. During the violence, two men
were shot to death. #
One of the major issues in the ruling
stemmed from the defendants' conten-
tion that their attorneys were never
granted full access to statements made
by Allen Hall, the state's key witness in
the trial.
"Hall was a crucial witness for the
state and his credibility was the most
basic issue in the case," the appeals
judges said.

Galens annual tag day
undraise riegins today
(Continued trom Page 1'

camp for underprivileged children, and
organizations providing health and day-
care services to children.
ALTHOUGH THE number of groups
requesting tag day funds from the
society has not increased, Havelchek
said, each group has asked for more
money. The society president at-;
tributed this situation to cutbacks in
state funding to these groups, and to the
problem of "the economy being so bad
for auto workers that they need more
help, and must turn to social
organizations and groups to getit."

The Galens Society, which was foun-
ded in 1916, will take funding requests
from any group "dealing with health
care of children in the community,"
Havelchek said.
In addition to allocating funds to
various organizations, Galens mem-
bers also "provide community service
with bodies rather than money," he ad-
ded. Social action projects undertaken
by the group have included blood drives
and the conducting of free pre-camp
physical examinations for children.

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Make appointments at Career Planning and Placement Office.
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SONY®
AN NURL KIWAN1IS
CHRISTMOS SOLE
Friday, Dec. 5, 1-8 p.m.,
Saturday, Dec. 6, 9 a.m.-12 noon
At Washington and First St. Ann Arbor
Christmas decorations, toys and games will highlight
the reusable merchandise on sale.
Sponsored by Ann Arbor Kiwanis club
to raise funds for community projects.
City Parking Lot Adjacent.
TONITE! 7 TO MIDNITE!
20%
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BOOTS
~DRESS BOOTS * HIKING BOOTS

IN BRIEF
Complied from Associated Press and
United Press International reports
Congress has longshot
chance of pay raise
WASHINGTON - The 96th Congress, hoping to adjourn in one more day,
began moving the last priority bills yesterday with at least a longshot chance
of a $10,000 pay raise as a going away present.
As usual during the waning days of a congressional session, the House
smoothly adopted or rejected legislation without flourish or delay while the
Senate was mired in a pair of filibusters that threatened to disrupt the ad-
journment schedule.
In its closing hours, Congress faced a periodic problem - how to get a
pay raise without incurring the wrath of the voters.
The Senate Appropriations Committee, working late Wednesday, voted
toraise the pay of all senators, congressmen, and top federal officials from
$60,663 to $70,900. They have not had a raise in two years.
Democratic.leader Robert Byrd said he would try to delete the pay raise
from the continuing resolution, which must pass before Congress can ad-
journ, and the pesky pay raise was given little chance of surviving.
Effort to free hostages
'seems to be working'
ALGIERS, Algeria - Algeria delivered another U.S. letter to Iran
yesterday and a diplomatic source said the intense negotiations were
"narrowing'the differences holding up release of the 52 American hostages.
Swedish radio, in a report from Tehran, quoted official Iranian sources
as saying the hostages finally have been turned over to the government and
moved from the occupied U.S. Embassy.
The transfer, which had been reported - and later denied - last week,
was not immediately confirmed. But Deputy Secretary of State Warren
Christopher said the long and tedious effort to free the hostages finally
"seems to be working."
A diplomatic source in Algiers said Iran is "faced with a critical decision
of whether to strike a compromise right now or seek a further delay" in
resolving the crisis,
House kills legislation
for air bags in some ears
WASHINGTON - The House yesterday killed legislation that would
have required major automakers to begin offering air bags in some cars in
.1983.
The 189-186 vote was a loss for consumer advocates, elements of the in
surance industry,-apd some government safety officials who favor the air
bag over its most likely alternative, the automatic seat belt.
Current government regulations require gradual introduction of some
type of "passive restraint" system - air bags o automatic self-closing seat
belts - on cars beginning in 1982.
The industry has been tending toward the automatic belt option, but
backers of the air bag legislation had said automatic belts might be too
easily disengaged by drivers while the air bag, inconspicuous by nature and
design, would not. -
Four teenagers suffocate
in abandoned coal mine
PITTSBURG, Calif. - Four teenage cousins exploring deep in the
eatacombs of a long-abandoned coal mine before a birthday celebration
were suffocated by carbon dioxide, officialssaid yesterday.
The four, aged 16, 17, 18, and 19, were found dead early yesterday more
than a mile inside the Nortonville Mine, near the Black Diamond Mines
Regional Preserve, about 50 miles east of San Francisco.
The boys were killed by a bizarre set of circumstances similar to those
which claimed the lives of five youngsters in an accident nearby in the early
1950s, according to John Waters, director of mine rescue for the park
district.
Waters explained that the carbon dioxide normally is flushed from the
shafts by the action of pressure differences caused by differences in tem-
perature between the air inside and outside the mine.
But as the boys entered the shaft, the temperatures equalized and the
heavy, colorless gas became trapped inside the mine, displacing oxygen.
Syria expected to withdraw
troops from Jordan border
DAMASCUS, Syria - A Saudi Arabian mediator reported yesterday the
Syria had agreed to withdraw gradually its troops and tanks along the border
with Jordan, according to the Saudi news agency. This was seen as defusing
at least temporarily the threat of a second war in the Middle East.

The second deputy premier of Saudi Arabia, Prince Abdullah bin Abdul-
Aziz, made the statement after returning to Riyadh, the Saudi capital, at the
end of a four-day mediation shuttle between Damascus and Amman, the
Saudi news agency said.
Although details of the reported agreement were not revealed, Syrian
observers said they expected President Hafez Assad to issue orders soon to
withdraw Syrian troops gradually from the border area.
Volume XCI, No. 76
Friday, December 5, 1980
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at The University
of Michigan. Published daily Tuesday through Sunday mornings during the
University year at 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109.
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