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November 11, 1980 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1980-11-11

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Page 2-Tuesday, November 11, 1980-The Michigan Daily
VOYAGER I FINDS SURPRISES AT RINGED PLANET

Hydro-ge
PASADENA, Calif. (AP)-Voyager I,
speeding to its rendezvous with
Saturn's mysterious moon Titan, gave
scientists yet another surprise yester-
day with the discovery of a huge cloud
of hydrogen-gas surrounding the ringed
planet.
The hydrogen cloud forms a ring
several hundred thousand miles thick
amound the planet, William Sandell of
the University of Southern California
said at a news conference. He said the
hydrogen apparently leaks atom by

cloud surrounds Saturn

IN BRIEF k
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports

atom from Titan's bizarre atmosphere,
which seems to be mostly methane, or
natural gas.
"T4IE PRESENCE of hydrogen in
the atmosphere of Saturn has been.
known for some time, but we didn't
know how this hydrogen was
distributed," he said. "The shape ...
we actually saw doesn't conform well at
all to what was expected."
Scientists had anticipated a very
narrow ring of gas mostly restricted to
the orbit of Titan, rather than the,

broader cloud, Sandel said.
"This means some mechanism,
which we don't know, is operating to
spread the hydrogen over a much
larger region of space," he said.
THE CLOUD, he said, contains only
about 25,000 tons of hydrogen, so "it's
an extremely tenuous gas cloud"
visible only through Voyager's in-
struments.
Scientists expect to learn more about
the hydrogen cloud as Voyager sails to
scarcely 2,500 miles of Titan late today
on its way to Wednesday's close pass by
the planet itself.,

"Tuesday is going to be a very ex-
citing time," said chief scientist Ed-
ward Stone. "We'll once and for all
know what kind of object Titan is."
ALTHOUGH discovered 325 years
ago, Titan remains mostly a puzzle.
Voyager so far shows little more than a
bright orange ball with scant detail. A
darkish cap covers the north pole and
there seems to be a sharply defined
boundary near the equator with a
uniformly brighter appearance below.
"Titan really has quite a remarkable
atmosphere," Stone said. "It's a
methane atmosphere-natural gas."
"The object almost undoubtedly has
a rocky core," Stone said. "But we
don't know how large that core is. It
could extend right up to the surface."
Some experts theorize Titan may be
coated with acetylene and ethane, piled
more than a mile deep and frozen solid.
"It's a very unusual place," Stone
said.

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Jury continues deliberations
in Klan murder trial
GREENSBORO, N.C. - A jury deliberated a second day yesterday in
the loigest trial in North Carolina history, trying to reach a verdict in the
case of six Ku Klux Klansmen and Nazis charged with bsilling five com-
munists at an anti-Klan rally.
The all-white jury of six men and six women asked the judge for per-
mission to see the videotape recordings made by reporters during the
November 3, 1979 shootout at a Greensboro housing project
Judge James Long promised a screening, but he denied a request to
allow lists of witnesses and exhibits in the jury room. When defense attor-
neys objected, Long ruled the lists would remain in the courtroom where
jurors could review them.
Explosions kill 12 in Beirut
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Two booby-trapped cars exploded during the lunch
hour yesterday near a crowded square in predominantly Christian East
Beirut. Police said at least 12 people were killed and scores injured.
More than 20 people were seriously wounded by the twin blasts and
dozens more were treated for shock and minor injuries.
There was no immediate claim of responsibility for' the attack, the fifth
from bomb-rigged cars in four months. Thirteen people died in the previous
bombings.
A spokesman for the Lebanese forces, the militia of the Christian
Phalange Party, said yesterday's attacks were "blind terrorism" and that
"we have no idea who organized these operations."
Court indicts Gang of Four
PEKING - A special court yesterday indicted the Gang of Four, led by
Mao Tse-Tung's widow, and six other defendants on charges ranging from -
conspiracy to plotting the assassination of the late chairman of the Com-
munist Party.
The trial, the most crucial court case in the 31-year history of Com-
munist China, could start in seven days. The official Xinhua news agency
said the court will judge the defendants for their "grave crimes" which
brought "calamity to the country and people."
The Gang of Four was arrested four years ago but their trial was held up
because of the reported inability to get a confession from Jiang Qing, Mao's
widow, who insisted she acted on orders from ,Mao during the 1966-76
Cultural Revolution.
The trial, the most crucial court case in the 31-year history of Com-
munist China, could start in seven days. The official Xinhua news agency
said the court will judge the defendants for their "grave crimes" which
brought "calamity to the country and people."
Authorities wanted a confession because they did not want the trial to be
a judgement of Mao's policies.
Bishops discuss statement on
Marxism at annual meeting
WASHINGTON - The nation's Roman Catholic bishops yesterday
opened their annual four-day meeting with a flurry of debate over a
proposed pastoral statement on the relationship between Marxism and
Christianity.
The proposal, while making a sharp distinction between the Marxist and
Christian world views, was criticized.as not going far enough in condemning
violations of human rights in communist-dominated countries.
During the meeting, the bishops will also debate a proposed statement
opposing the death penalty and proposed changes in certain liturgical texts
to eliminate sexist language, and elect a new president to succeed Arch-
bishop John Quinn of San Francisco.
Trial of two 'once-powerful'
House chairmen begins
NEW YORK - The biggest Abscam trial to date began yesterday with
jury selection in the bribery and conspiracy case against Reps. John Murphy
of New York and Frank Thompson of New Jersey.
Murphy and Thompson, both defeated for re-election last week, were the
first two House of Representatives committee chairmen indicted as the
result of the FBI undercover investigation into political corruption and the
first two congressmen to stand trial together.
The once-powerful Democrats are charged with sharing $110,000 in bribe
money from FBI undercover agents posing as representatives of an Arab
sheik. They allegedly agreed, in return, to introduce private immigration
blson behalf of the sheik.
Fires rage in Ky., W. Va.
Scores of wild fires that have scorched more than 35,000 acres of
woodlands roared out of control yesterday in the mountains of eastern Ken-
tucky and West Virginia, and officials laid much of the blame on "pure
meanness" and hunters flushing out game.
"Most of these, about 75 per cent, have been set by people mad at lan-
downers or people who just like to see fire burn," said Ralph Glover of the
West Virginia Department of Natural Resources. "We know a few that could
be attributed to squirrel hunters."
The National Weather Service said the next chance of rain in Kentucky
would come Friday.

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Volume XCI, No. 59
Tuesday, November 11, 1980
The Michigan Daily is edited and managed by students at the University
of Michigan. Published daily Tuesday through Sunday mornings during the
University year at 420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48109.
Subscription rates: $12 September through April (2 semesters); 13 by mail
outside Ann, Arbor. Summer session published Tuesday through- Saturday
mornings. Subscription rates: $6.50 in Ann Arbor; $7 by mail outside Ann
Arbor. Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan. POSTMASTER:
Send address changes to THE MICHIGAN DAILY, 420 Maynard Street,
Ann Arbor, MI 48109.
The Michigan Dolly is a member of the Associated Press and subscribes to United Press International,
Pacific News Service, Los Angeles Times Syndicate and Field Newspapers Syndicate.
News room: (313) 764-0552, 76-DAILY; Sports desk: 764-0562; Circulation: 764-0558; Classified advertising:
764-0557: Display advertising: 764-0554: Billing: 764-0550; Composing room: 764-0556.

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Editor-in-Chief.....................MARK PARRENT
Managing Editor...................MITCH CANTOR
City Editor....,.................PATRICIA HAGEN
University Editor....................TOM MIRGA
Features Editor................BETH ROSENBERG
Opinion Page Editors...............JOSHUA PECK
HOWARD WITT
Sunday Page Editor..............ADRIENNE LYONS
Arts Editors,....................MARK COLEMAN
DENNIS HARVEY
Sports Editor..................... ALAN FANGER
MCWC reACC WRITac A .l-...ALr.-- Rath *...All..n.

Business Manager.......... ROSEMARY WICKOWSKI
Sales Manager.............KRISTINA PETERSON
Operations Manager..........KATHLEEN CULVER
Co-Display Manager.............DONNA DREBIN
Co-Display Manager............ROBERT THOMPSON
Classified Manager........... ... SUSAN KLING
Finance Manager---------------..GREGG HADDAD
Nationals Manager.. ............ LISA JORDAN
Circulation Manager--------TERRY DEAN REDDING
Sales Coordinator.:..y...-E. ANDREW PETERSEN
BUSINESS !STAFF: Cathy Boer, Glenn Becker, Joe

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