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September 25, 1980 - Image 6

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1980-09-25

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Page 6-Thursday, September 25, 1980-The Michigan Daily


Air Force raises



. 25

WASHINGTON (AP)-Air Force of-
ficials said yesterday that the aging
Titan II missile still is an essential part
of the nation's strategic defenses, but
conceded that last week's accident at
an Arkansas missile site has raised
safety questions.
Secretary of the Air Force Hans
Mark told Congress that the explosion
last week , at a Titan site near
Damascus, Ark., left many unanswered

questions about the adequacy of safety
HE SAID HE hoped to have some an-
swers in about a month when the Air
Force completes a study of the ac-
cident, which killed an Air Force main-
tenance man and injured 21 others.
Last June, in a report to Congress, the
Air Force defended the safety record of
the Titan system.
Mark refused to say in public whether

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safety question
the nuclear warhead on the Titan the House Armed Services Committee
missile in the Arkansas silo ever was in that the Titan II "is required in our
danger of detonating. He said he would - strategic force. It accounts for about
only answer questions about the one-third of the destructive power of
nuclear device to the members of our land-based missile force. There is
Congress in private. no near-term replacement."
One question Mark said he cannot an- THE SECRETARY said he feels the
swer is the reason there wasn't enough Titans are needed more now than when
water at the site to flood the silo that they were first deployed in 1963 because
houses the massive Titan II in an effort "the strategic balance with the Soviet
to prevent the explosion that occurred Union is not nearly as much in our favor
when a fuel line was broken. as it was then."
"IF YOU COULD fill up the entire There are 84 Titan II sites in Arizona,
silo you could prevent it-the ex- Kansas and Arkansas, and each missile
plosion-from happening,"he said. can carry a nuclear payload about 1,000
Mark also testified that the Strategic times as great as the bomb that
Air Command overruled the advice of destroyed Hiroshim'a, Japan, at the end
an Air Force safety team, which of World WarII.
proposed allowing the fuel fumes inside The Titan was designed primarily as
the silo to escape. The air command-in- a threat to Russian cities and in recent
stead followed the recommendation of years the United States has developed
the missile contractor, Martin Mariet- the more accurate Minuteman missile,
ta, to forego the venting procedure. designed to knock out the enemy's
Mark told a hastily called meeting of nuclear defenses.
Two days left to elect
Spanish pass/fail
(Continued from Page 1)


Planning $

" Wolfe claims many pass/fail
students will just barely maintain a C-
average throughout the term with the
objective of not doing any more work
than is absolutely necessary. But he
said a blunder at the end of the term
could then mean an F. "We're not out to
flunk students, we're out to pass them,"
Wolfe said.
Instructors are not supposed to know
whether a student is taking a course
pass/fail, but students often make the
fact known in hopes of receiving a sym-
pathetic C-, Wolfe said.
The pass/fail dilemma may be
especially acute in the Spanish division

because the language is regarded by
many students as the easiest way to
meet the foreign language
Wolfe acknowleged that such a sen-
timent exists among students searching
for an "easy" language, but dismissed
it as a "myth."
"Take ranch, add 'o', and you have
Spanish: rancho," Wolfe said sar-
castically. "This is total mythology."
Wolfe said Spanish is relatively easy
in some areas, such as spelling and
pronunciation, but is difficult in areas
such as verb conjugation and other


Marwil case a lesson

(Continued from Page 1)
grievance procedures."
Shapiro said he believes SARC cannot
have more than an advisory function
until the faculties of the University's
individual schools and colleges are
willing to give up some of their self-
governing powers.
SARC, or any other faculty body,
cannot have power to enforce decisions
until the individual faculties are ready
to surrender some of their rights "to a
pan-faculty group," Shapiro said.
"IF THE FACULTY were united in
the first place, it's much less likely the
administration would have gotten in-
volved in the Marwil case," Shapiro
said. The administration supported the



humanities department decision not to
reappoint Marwil or give him a tenure
Much of Marwil's case centered
around understandings and inter-
pretations of University rules and
customs regarding appointments, non- S
reappointments, and tenure reviews.
In the end, the University's inter-
pretations of the rules won out-but
that only underscores what Naylor sees
as a major problem.
"MOST FACULTY members are not
terribly familiar with things written
down. Most are familiar with customs
as they see them. Most have an under-
standing of the way they think the
University works. When' something
happens that seems to fly in the face of
those understandings, they are under-
standably upset," Naylor said.
There is a great fear among faculty
members that in the aftermath of the
Marwil case, the administration will
begin to tighten up rules relating to ap-
pointments and tenure reviews,
thereby eliminating a flexibility of in-
terpretation that many consider impor-
Whether this occurs may depend in
large part upon opposition by the
faculty. For now, as Livermore obser-
ved, faculty members are just
"scurrying around; trying to see exac-
tly what rules pertain to them."
In 1821, the Northwest Company and
the Hudson's Bay Company were
merged under the latter's name.

Canterbury Loft
313 665-0606

MAJOR EVEN TS presents
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