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September 11, 1980 - Image 7

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1980-09-11

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The Michigan Daily-Thursday, September 11, 1980-Page 7

A review of

Arab unity

Begin nixes
D.C. s-uirlmit

BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP)-The Syrian-
* Libyan merger proclaimed yesterday
is the latest attempt to unify Arab coun-
tries. Here are some of the major unity
plans of the last 22 years:
* In 1958, Egypt and Syria merged into
the United Arab Republic, which
collapsed in 1961 after Egypt tried to
force the socialist ideal on the Syrian
economy.
* ALSO IN 1958, the Jordanian and the
Iraqi monarchies, both ruled by mem-

bers of the ashemite family, instituted a
federal union to counter Egyptian-
Syrian unity. The federation collapsed
when the Iraqi monarchy was over-
thrown in a bloody coup that year.
" In 1972 Libya, Egypt, Syria, and
Sudan formed a Federation of Arab
Republics. Sudan dropped out shortly
afterwards because of internal political
problems and the federation effectively
dissolved after the 1973 Mideast War.
" Libya and Tunisia signed a unity pact
in 1974, but it was repudiated by Tunisia

within months.
* IN 1971 SEVEN southern Arabian
sheikdoms-Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Shar-
jah, Aajman, Ras al Khaima, Um al
Quwain, and Fujaira-confederated in
the United Arab Emirates. The new
state has survived at least three
disagreements between Abu Dhabi and
Dubai over budget sharing and armed
forces command.
* In 1977 and 1979, pro-Western North
Yemen and Marxist South Yemen

signed unity plans but the plans yielded
no concrete results.
* Egypt and Sudan signed an economic
integration plan and, despite differen-
ces over the peace drive between Egypt
and Israel, the Sudanese have retained
several joint projects with the Egyp-
tians.
* In 1979, Syria and Iraq signed a
merger pact, but the two countries have
singe been locked in a war of words with
each accusing the other of mounting
subversion attacks.

MOVE ASSAILED B Y SADA T:
Libya and

From the Associated Press
Prime Minister Menachem Begin
said yesterday Israel would not accept
a Camp David-style summit in
Washington as a substitute for resum-
ption of talks on Palestinian autonomy.
But at a meeting in Egypt, President
Anwar Sadat and Foreign Minister Yit-
zhak Shamir of Israel apparently made
some progress on repairing the rift that
has developed between the two coun-
tries.
In an action aimed at both Israel and
Egypt, Syria and Libya yesterday
proclaimed a merger of the 'two Arab
states and vowed to confront Israel,
"liberate Palestine" and oppose the
American-sponsored Mideast peace
moves that resulted in an Israel-Egypt
peace pact.
PRESIDENT RAFEZ ASSAD and
Libyan leader Col. Moammar Khadafy
proclaimed the merger in a joint com-
munique broadcast by Damascus and
Tripoli radios after two days of talks in
Tripoli.

Syria merge
[s, In an indication the union would take liberation movement of the world and
r- a pro-Soviet bent, the communique said an ally to all socialist and liberation
of the new state "is nrt of the nnnlar forces."

(Continued from Page 1) >
and the agent regime of Sadat."
Assad and Khadafy have accused
Sadat of betraying the Arab cause and
signing a separate peace with Israel.
Egypt, the largest Arab country, bore
the brunt of the fighting in four Arab-
Israeli wars. Syria fought in three of the
wars, but Libya has not directly par-
ticipated in fighting against Israel.
For Assad, whose nation is plagued
by violent opposition from Moslem fun-
damentalist groups, the merger would
enhance his role as a Pan-Arab leader.
For Khadafy, it advances his ideal of
Arab unity.
LIBYA'S $35 BILLION a year oil in-
come could also be a boon to Assad's ef-
,forts to modernize and upgrade his
Soviet-equipped armies.
The communique did not name the
new state and did not say who would be
president or where the seat of gover-
-jnent' would be. It said a
"revolutionary congress" would
Passume legislative powers. Informed
-sources said most likely there would be
a presidency council, with Khadafy and
Assad alternately assuming the
presidency.
-Libya and Syra could, muster a

242,000-man army and 4,600 tank
backed by 590 combat aircraft, acco
ding to the London-based, Institutec
Strategic Studies. Military sources sa
the joint forces would not be an in
mediate threat to Israel which ca
mobilize an army of 400,000 with 3,0.
American-made tanks and 576 wa
planes, including the mo
sophisticated jet in the American a
senal, the F-15.

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Use Daily Classifieds-764-0557

Elsewhere in the Mideast, artillery
duels broke out in southern Lebanon
between Palestinian guerrillas and
Israel-supported Christian forces. And
fighting between militias and the
Lebanese army erupted in Beirut.
In an Israel Radio interview marking
the start of the Jewish new year holidy,
Begin said the summit with Sadat and
President Jimmy Carter depended or
resumption of talks on a form of
autonomy for the 1,2 million
Palestinians of theIsraeli-occupied
West Bank and the Gaza Strip.
ENDS TONIGHT:
"NO NUKES"
at 7140, 9:50
STARTS
TOMORROWI
ACADEMY AWARD
WINNER
Best Boy
Sat and Best Feature Documentary
Sun
1:30
(or'
cap)
Fri-7:30, 9:30
Sat, Sun-1,:20,3:20,5:30,
7:30, 9:30
INDIVIDUAL THEATRES
-no coupons-
You must be18 and prove It
with a driver's license.
&r
Penthouse
International
Films presents
CALIGULA
THURS., FRI-7:00, 9:45
SAT, SUN-1:20, 4:15, 7:00, 9:45
Fri, Sat, Sun $4.50 all seats
all seats $2.50 til 2:00 (or cap)
Mon thru Thurs--$4.00 all seats

the Ann Arbor
Film Cooperative
THURSDAY, SEPTEMBER 11
Wild Strawberries
(Ingmar Bergman, 1957) 7 & 9 aud A
This is the widely acclaimed account
of a doctor's journey through a com-
pelling landscape of dream and
memory. Traveling to receive an
honorary decree. he is confronted
with a series of disturbing visions of
the past and with present events that
in a day's time reveal himself to him-
self. Richly visual, startling,
dramatic, WILD STRAWBERRIES is a
cinematic landmark. "One df the few
great motion pictures of our
time."-N. Y. POST. Swedish with
English subtitles. ADMISSION: $2

Tonight CINEMA GUILD Tonight
PRESENTS
THE CABINET OF DR. CALIGARI
at 7:30 and
DER GOLEM
Both are classics in the "strange mode." Caligari is an expressionalist
weirdo with a mesmerized killer. Der Golem is an 8 foot statue created for
good but with a taste for evil that gets out ofhand.
6:30--Both films $2.00
We are atOld A & D Auditorium

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