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March 24, 1981 - Image 2

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The Michigan Daily, 1981-03-24

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Page 2--Tuesday, March 24, 1981-The Michigan Daily
SUPREME Co UR T R ULES ON TEEN-A GE ISSUES

State
Continued from Page 1)
that yesterday's ruling "le
the question whether the 1
stitutionally burdens the
mature minor or a minor wh
terests would not be served b
notification."
Burger also was joined b
Byron White and William
Justice John Paul Steven
uphold the Utah law wit
reservations. Justices Thur
shall, William Brennan Jr.
Blackmun dissented.
The law was challenged

__ S _i

rape, anor
identified in court records only as H.L.,
aves open who at age 15 in 1978 wanted an abortion
aw uncon- but did not want her parents to know
right of a about her pregnancy. She eventually
ose best in- left Utah to have the abortion.
by parental THE DECISION does not block
minors from receiving abortions, since
y Justices the law involves only parental
Rehnquist. notification, not consent. In earlier
s voted to rulings, the high court held states may
hout such not give parents veto power over a
good Mar- daughter's decision to have an abor-
and Harry tion.
Utah is one of only a half-dozen states
by a girl, with such notification laws. Louisiana,

tion lawa
Maine, Massachusetts, North Dakota
and Tennessee have similar statutes
with brief mandatory waiting periods.
In the statutory rape decision,'
Rehnquist's opinion declaring the
California law a constitutional method
of battling the growing problem of
teenager pregnancy attracted the votes
of three other justicers.
"WE NEED NOT be medical doctors
to discern that young men and young
women are not similarly situated with
respect to the problems and risks of
sexual intercourse," Regnquist said.
"Only women may become pregnant
and they suffer disproportionately the
profound physical, emotional, and
psychological consequences of sexual
activity."
He added: '"The statute at issue here
protects women from sexual intercour-
se at an age when those consequences
are particularly severe. . . A criminal
sanction imposed solely on males thus
serves to roughly equalize the deterren-
ts on the sexes."
Rehnquist was joined by Burger,
Stewart and Powell. Blackmun wrote a
.separate opinion in voting to uphold the
California law, similar to those in most
states.
ALL FIVE justices, however, said
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upheld
they believed the law was "substan-
tially related" to its "important"
government goal. Under past Supreme
Court decisions, such a test must be
met for a law treating men and women
differently to stand.
Brennan, White, Marshall and
Stevens voted to strike down statutory
rape laws that make men their only
possible target.
Writing for himself, White and Mar-
shall, Brennan pointed out that the
statutory rape laws in Arizona, Florida
and Illinois permit prosecution of both
minor females and minor males for
engaging in mutual sexual conduct.
"CALIFORNIA HAS introduced no
evidence that those states have been
handicapped in enforcing their laws,"
Brennan said.
California lawyers had argued young
girls are less likely to report violations
of the law if they would be subject to
prosecution.
In his dissenting opinion, Stevens
said, "Local custom and belief -
rather than statutory laws of venerable
but doubtful ancestry - will determine
the volume of sexual activity among
unmarried teenagers."
THE CALIFORNIA law was
challenged by a Sonoma County, Calif.,
man identified only as Michael M., who
is charged with statutory rape in a 1978
incident.
Michael was 17 when he and a girl
identifiedonlyas Sharon, then 16, had
sexual intercourse after what a
California court called "an amorous in-
terlude on a park bench."
The youth in the case, facing up to one
year in jail, challenged the law on
grounds it violated the Constitution by
applying only to males. The California
Supreme Court upheld the statute.

IN BRIEF
Compiled from Associated Press and
United Press International reports

'

(oa1 min ers, industry
reach tentative agreenent
WASHINGTON - The United Mine Workers and the soft coal industry
tentatively agreed yesterday on a contract calling for .wage and benefit
boosts of 36 percent over three years. The breakthrough likely was on time
to head off a long coal strike, but too late to prevent a short one starting
Friday.
Sam Church, president of the 160,000-member union who forecast a long
strike when talks broke off last week, announced the three-year settlement
at a news conference shortly after dawn and predicted it will be accepted by
the members.
"We're satisfied... You never get all you want," Church said. "We
worked all night and we worked very hard."
More than 12,000 rebellious miners staged wildcat strikes after talks
broke off last week.
Solidarity leaders discuss

'life or death'polic
BYDGOSCZ, Poland - Leaders of the independent union Solidarity con-
vened an emergency meeting yesterday to plot "life or death" policy in the
face of the worst police-union clash since Solidarity was formed last sum-
mer.
Solidarity sources disclosed that during Sunday's meeting attended by
Solidarity leader Lech Walesa, Deputy Premier Mieczyslaw Rakowski
raised the possibility of Soviet intervention to restore order.
"They have declared war," a Solidarity figure who did not want to be
quoted by name said of the government's stance, indicating that yesterday's
meeting could result in a strike or at least a tough policy statement.
Before opening the emergency session, Walesa won a promise fron;
union locals not to strike or hold protests prior to the session by threatening
to quit.
Selectively heating tumors

J

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for our FREE brochure :
and additidnal information
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may help cancer battle
DAYTONA BEACH, Fla. - Selective heating of internal tumors by
radio waves can kill cancer cells in some patients and may turn out to be a
new weapon in the battle against cancer, a Los Angeles surgeon reported
yesterday.
The still-experimental process known as hyperthermia capitalizes on a
fact known for decades, that cancer cells are more vulnerable to heat than
normal cells.
But until recently, said'Dr. F. Kristian Storm of the UCLA Medical
School, techniques were not available to heat tumors deep within the body
without affecting other body parts.
"What westill don't know is what cancers, in whom, how long do we
need to treat them, what are the most effective temperatures, and what is
the best treatment scheduling," he said.
In addition, Storm said it is not known if the heat treatment will have any
long-term side effects.
Spy scandal hits Britain
A new scandal rocked Britain's cloak-and-dagger high command
yesterday as Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher ordered a major in-
vestigation of a report that a former chief of counter-intelligence was
suspected of being a Soviet spy.
Government sources said Thatcher ordered the probe "at the highest
level" and that she would make a full statement in the House of Commons
"at the earliest possible moment," probably Thursday.{
The London Daily Mail in an exclusive story by its respected security af-
fairs specialist alleged that Sir Roger Hollis, director-general of the Mf5
counter-intelligence service from 1956 to 1965, was believed to be a rmole, or
deeply implanted Soviet agent. Hollis died in 1973 and his family has denied
the charges. The government declined official comment onthe spy scandal,
which came only days after disclosures linking a former British high com-
missioner, Sir Peter Hayman, to child pornography.
Board postpones shuttle

,

b

I

-----

---

test, changes safety rules
CAPE CANAVERAL, Fla. - A special investigative board ordered
changes in safety procedures yesterday and postponed for 24 hours the test:
loading of supercold liquid fuels into the space shuttle Columbia's huge ex-.
ternal tank.
If investigators make further safety changes, the shuttle's maiden laun-
ch, now scheduled no earlier than April 8, could be delayed further, officials;.
said.
The loading test, which will check an insulation patch-up job on the y-
aluminum skin of the 154-foot-tall tank, was shifted from today to early
tomorrow, said spokesman Kris Kristofferson of the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration.
The delay will give the special panel time to print and distribute written
safety procedures, which it revised as a result of a launch pad accident that:
killed one worker and critically injured another last Thursday, he said.
Toto to study tornadoes
WASHINGTON - Scientists trying to unlock one of weather's most;
savage secrets have developed an instrument station called Toto, which they
hope will get run over by a tornado.
The idea is to find out exactly what goes on inside a twister, a problem
which has plagued researchers for years.
Vol. XCI, No. 140
Tuesday, March 24, 1981
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764.0557 ODisploy advertising. 64.0554; illing"764-0550 Composing room. 764s0556.

Slowing down is more than just a safer
way to drive. It's also a great way to save
gas and money.
You'll get about 20 more miles from=
every tank of gas if you drive 55 mph instead
of 70 mph on the bighway. That's like getting
a 6G discount on every gallon of gas! And
it's just one of the easy ways you can save
gasoline.
. vinrvne rcr well-tuned and you'll

Think about it. If you use all these
simple gas-saving techniques, it's like
getting a 15G discount on every gallon
of gas!
' For a free booklet with more ideas
y on how to save energy and money, write
i "Energy," Box 62, Oak Ridge, TN 37830.
Name
Address

Editor-in-chief..................SARA ANSPACH
Monoging Editor..............JULIE ENGEBRECHT
University Editor ................. tORENZO BENET
Student ANirs Editor.............JOYCE FRIEDEN
City Editor.....................ELANE RIDEOUT
Opinion Page Editors............'...AID MEYER.
KEVIN TOTTIS
Arts Editor. ....... ANNE GADON
Sports Editor . . MARK MIHANOVIC
ExecutiveSports Editors ..GREG DEGULIS

BUSINESS STAFF
Business Monager RANDI CIGELNIK
Sales Manager .......... BARB f=ORSlUND1
Operations Manager.SUSANNE KELLY
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Classified Monager.. . DENISE SULLIAN
FinanceMonager..............GREGG HADDAD
Nationals Manager.. .CATHY BAER
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u- [tt~C ..ea.ALfIrnn MnA.. A ..l...

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41

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