resolve in the end
The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, March 10, 1981-Page 3
'U' RESEARCHERS STUDY INA CC URA TE ELECTION PREDICTION
Low turnout fouls ele
MICHIGAN CITY, Ind. (AP) -
'eventy-one minutes before he was
rapped into the electric chair yester-
day, condemned killer Steven Judy
almost changed his mind about the
execution he had wanted so much, his
"If you ever have another client that
wants to be electrocuted, talk him out of
it," attorney Steven Harris quoted the
24-year-old murderer as saying when
he was summoned to Judy's cell at the
ndiana State Prison at 10:54 p.m. Sun-
y. Behind a curtain in the cell the
freshly varnished black oak chair was
ready for Judy's appointment with
death just after midnight.
"HE, JUDY, said it was almost too
much, the pressure building toward the
execution," Harris said.
"When I first saw him, he was like a
little bitty kid in a cell," his attorney
said. "It was sad because I could tell he
felt scared, he was almost to the panic
But Judy, calmed with the help of
Valium, remained firm in his resolve to
die rather than spend his life in prison
for the slayings of a young mother and
her three small children in April 1979.
He became the first person executed in
Indiana in two decades, and only the
fourth in the United States in more than
Judy's brother said yesterday that
Judy's execution in the Indiana electric
chair was simply a last and successful
attempt at suicide by the convicted
"THIS WAS NO execution," Michael
David "Danny" Judy said in , a
telephone interview. "This was no more
and no less than a simple suicide."
Steven Judy had attempted suicide at
least twice while being held in jail.
By DOUG BRICE
Low turnout was to blame for public opinion polls'
failure to predict Ronald Reagan's huge electoral win
over Jimmy Carter last November, University
researchers recently announced.
Actual voter turnout in the presidential race was
only 52 percent (unofficially), down two percent from
the 1976 turnout, and apparently considerably lower
than the pollsters had been assuming for 1980, said
Warren Miller, director of the Center for Political
Studies at the University's Institute for Social
CHANCES FOR A Republican victory are in-
creased when voter turnout is low, he explained,
because more Democratic supporters stay home on
Noting that only 26 percent of the country's eligible
voters actually voted for Reagan, the researchers
concluded that the American public "has not
provided a mandate for the new Republican
Media and national opinion pollsters simply
overestimated the public's enthusiasm for both the
campaign and the candidates, Miller added.
THE STUDY ALSO said that on some major issues,
Americans have become more conservative, but
downplayed the extent of the shift to the right.
Political Science Prof. Arthur Miller said that early
in the campaign, "Voter responses in interviews con-
ducted by the Center indicate . . . that Americans
were becoming more conservative on two major
issues-economics and foreign policy. The conser-
vative tide did not affect other issues such as ERA,
abortion, decriminalization of some drugs, or civil
rights," he added. The more conservative trend, ac-
cording to Arthur Miller, is tied directly to people's
concern with declining U.S. prestige in the world and
military strength, as well as with economic issues.
"The main thing that seems to have undone Jimmy
Carter in this election was people's troubled financial
situations," researcher Michael Traugott said.
"Over the past four years the voters felt their per-
sonal economic situations had worsened, and they
apparently saw no better prospects ahead with Car-
ter. People are concerned with taxes and how their
money is spent as well as the U.S. position in the
world," Traugott added.
"IN MANY RESPECTS," Arthur Miller explained,
"the final vote may have reflected a negative reac-
tion toward Carter rather than enthusiasm for
Reagan." He reported that all three candidates got
only lukewarm ratings on the ISR survey's "feeling
Warren Miller suggested that any conservative-
trend has been overplayed in the media. He cited a
nation-wide voter rejection of tax revolt measures as
strong evidence against the media's theory of a
Have you been thinking
Cinema Guild -19th Annual Ann Arbor Film Festival, all different shows,
7, 9,11 p.m., Michigan Theatre.
Ethnographic Film Series - Fence in the Waters, filmmaker Peg Dice, 7
p.m., MLB 2.
Urban Planning - Robert Marans, "The Quality of the Urban Environ-
ment," 11a.m.,1040 Dana.
CREES - Ludmila Kuznetsova, "Our Contemporaries: Rukhin,
Bogomolov, Zhurkov, Bordachev, and Churilov," noon, MLB 3rd Floor
ECC & IC - Zeev Schiff, "Israel in the '80's," noon, Int. Ctr.
Medicine - Arthur Vander, "The Iron Controversy," noon, Med. Sci. II W.
Psychobiology - Timothy DeVoogd, "To Sing or Not to Sing: The
'Anatomical and Hormonal Correleates of Song in the Canary," 12:30 p.m.,
Radiation Control Service - A. P. Jacobson, "Biological Effects of
Radiation," 1-3 p.m. SPH II Aud.
Bio. Enggin. - Robert Marshall, "Short Time EEG Frequency Analysis,"
4 p.m., 1084 E. Engin.
English - John Knott, "Sir Thomas Browne and the Labyrinth of Truth,"
4p.m., 451 Mason.
Geology - Larry Ruff, "Great Earthquakes, Great Asperities,g and
Seismic Coupling," 4 p.m., 4001 CCL.
Great Lakes and Marine Env.-Stephen Bowen, "The Role of Epibenthic
Algae and Detritus in the Detritivorous Fish, Tilapia Mossambicus," 4 p.m.,
165 Chrysler Ctr.
A' Space Advocates - "Space Operations Center: Next Goal for Manned
Space Flight?" 7:30 p.m., Union Conf. Rm. 2.
SAE - Larry Koles, "The Importance of Regular Car Maintenance," 7:30
p.m., Cooley Aud.
SPAM - Pauline Norton, "American March Music of the Nineteenth Cen-
tury," 7:30 pVin., g $urt' T er
Guild of Natural Science Illustrators - Denis Lee, "New Modling and
Sculpture Materials;" t:30 p.m., 2107-8 AAB. : r
PIRGIM - Adrienne Selko, "What You Should Know About Toxic Shcok
Syndrome," 7:30 p.m., Rm. 126, E. Quad.
Wash. Chapter of NOW - Patricia Reuss, "Women's Issues: Their Fate in
"the Reagan Years,"8 p.m., Kuenzel Rm., Michigan Union.
School of Music - American Trio, Joseph Curt, Charles Avsharian,
,Jerome Jelinek, works by Beethoven, Copland, Tchaikovsky, 8 p.m.,
Children's Community Center - "Rock 'N' Roll Revue," benefit concert, 8
p.m., Rick's American Cafe.
'U' Musical Society - Alvin Ailey Dancers, 8 p.m., Power Center.
'U' Musical Society - Paul Plishka, Basso, 8:30 p.m., Hill Aud. (can use
Nov. 16 Talvela tickets).
'U' Dance Company - Spring concert preview, 12:30, 'U' Club, Union.
Pol. Sci. - information meeting for potential concentrators, 3 p.m., Aud.
C, Angell Hall.
Senate Judiciary Sub-Committee on Corrections - 3:30 - 5:30 p.m., Rm.
401 of the State Capitol.
His House Christian Fell. -7:30 p.m., League.
HSO - Lesbian / Gay Health Professions, 7:30 p.m., 802 Monroe.,
MSA -7:30 p.m., 3909 Union.
Orienteering Club - film, skills workshop, 8 p.m., CCRB.
GEO -8 p.m., Guild House.
Computing Ctr. - Chalk Talk, "Simple Assembly Language Debugging,"
12:10p.m., 1011 NUBS.
WCBN - Call-in, Tenant Advocace Show, call with any tenant problems,
6:30-7 p.m., 763-3500.
UAC - workshop, Impact Dance, 7-9 p.m., Union Ballroom.
Rudrananda Ashram - Hatha Yoga Class, level I,7:30 p.m., 640 Oxford.
Union of Students for Israeli - workshop, "The Arab-Israeli Conflict (Pt.
1),"8 p.m., IGLI Multipurpose Rm.
Rec. Sports - Clinic, "Nutrition and Exercise," 7:30-9 p.m., 1250 CCRB.
Rec. Sports - Squash Club Match, 6:30 - 9:30 p.m., CCRB.
Rec. Sports - IM Foul Shooting Meet, 7:30 p.m., IMSB.
Rec. Sports - IM Volleyball Officials' Clinic, 7:30 p.m.,-IMSB.
To submit items for the Happenings Column, send them in care of;
Happenings, The Michigan Daily, 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI., 48109.
faculty s strengths
(Continued from Page 1)
rapport with students and the "tutorial
apprenticeship type teaching."_
"My interaction with the faculty has
been tremendous," said pre-doctoral
candidate John Oppenheim. Op-
penheim, whose interest is geography
of environmental systems under stress,
wrote his Master's thesis on the dif-
fusion of PBB contamination in
Michigan. He constructed a spatial
model based on geographic theory
which predicted 60 percent of -the
locations of contaminated farms in his
study. Oppenheim told the committee
that such models are useful in directing
As in last week's geography review
hearings, students at yesterday's
session warned elimination of the
geography department would reduce
liberal arts educational opportunities in
times where "education for the sake of
knowledge" is giving way to
" 'whether or not I can get a job out of
DAVID SHEVRIN, a junior
geography major, said the possible
discontinuance is not the fault of the
geography department but of the
priorities of education. Shevrin tran-
Have you been thinking
about concentrating in
0101 L/ tSCIENCES*?
Prospective concentrators in Biology or Bot-
any are cordially invited to attend an OPEN
HOUSE sponsored by the Division of Bio-
logical Sciences on Thursday, March 12,
4:30 p.m., 3056 Natural Science.
sferred here from the University of
Colorado when several faculty mem-
bers left that university's geography
department in the face of severe cut-
backs in state aid.
Review committee members
reiterated what they said at last Thur-
sday and Friday's public review
hearings, telling the geography studen-
ts the committee is not bound to make
an absolute decision.
"I would see our range (of possible
recommendations) as anywhere from
putting more money into the depar-
tment to abolishing it," said committee
member and History Prof. Sidney Fine.
Committee Chairman and Economics
Prof. Harvey Brazer said last Thursday
he hopes the committee will make its
recommendation to the LSA faculty and
Executive Committee by the end of this
He said the committee's extensive
review of the geography department
has included examining Ph.D. disser-
tations written during the last ten
years, data on student to faculty ratios,
and job placement. The committee has
also met with every faculty member of
the geography department.
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Supreme Court OKs double
ehargyes for pot smugglers..
WASHINGTON (AP) - Marijuana In writing for the court, Justice
smugglers may be convicted and William Rehnquist said the two defen-
punished for two separate crimes - dants "read much into nothing."
importing and distributing the drug, the "Importation and distribution of of
Supreme Court ruled yesterday. marijuana impose diverse societal
By a unanimous vote, the court said harms, and.. . Congress has in effect
such double-barreled criminal liability determined that a conspiracy to import
does not violate the Constitution's drugs and to distribute them is twice as
pr9hibition against double jeopardy. serious as a conspiracy to do either ob-
THE RULING UPHELD the convic- ject singly," Rehnquist said.
tions and prison sentences of two men
arrested in Miami four years ago for
smuggling more than 50,000 pounds of CHE94NANA A
marijuana into the country.
The court ruled that federal law can
punish separately the crimes of impor- wl pa ntetpc E
ting and distributing marijuana LATIONSHIPS: SPIRITUAL PER-
because each crime requires proof not SPECTIVE. Wednesday, March
necessary for proving the other. 11 at 8:00 p.m., Angell Hall
Convicted drug smugglers Thomas Auditorium D.
Albernaz and Edward Rodriguez,
argued that federal law is ambiguous For more information contact
over whether Congress intended to Rudrananda Ashram 995-5483
authorize such multiple punishment
because the legislative history is silent
on that point.
Ann Arbor's Own Comedy Nightclub
FROM L.A.'S COMEDY STORE
Wed., March 11
U-Club, Michigan Union
RUN FOR OFFICE
RACKHAM STUDENT GOVERNMENT
ELECTIONS- MARCH 23-25
Applications due March 12 at the
RSG Office, 2006 Rackham, 763-5271
"There will be a meeting for
all students (prospective
concentrators) who are inter-
ested in Sociology, on Thurs-
day, March 12 at 4:00 P.M.
in the Henderson Room at the
Michigan League (3rd floor).
We encourage you to attend
L: -AA:r%^ ...11 ...:LI A-
830 Phoenix Drive Q Ann Arbor, Michigan 48104
Phone: (313) 971-9100
Mchigan WATS (800) 482-1451
I a" "" "I
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