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November 10, 1981 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1981-11-10

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or

Ninety- Two Years
Of#
Editorial Freedom

I E

LIE 43UU

Iai g

STANDARD
Partly cloudy again today
with a high in the mid 40s'
and a low tonight in the up-
per 20s.

Vol. XCII , No. 53

Copyright 1981, The Michigan Daily

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesddy, November 10, 1981

Ten Cents

twelve Pages

obscenity
law4
WASHINGTON (AP) -States and
local communities cannot shut down
stores or theaters displaying sexually
explicit materials before proving in
court that the materials are obscene,
the Supreme Court ruled yesterday.
By a 6-3 vote, the justices upheldj
rulings that a Washington state law that
in some cases would have allowed such f
shutdowns without a court obscenity-
hearing was an unconstitutional "prior
restraint" on free speech.
THE COURT'S :affirmance in' the
Washington case was issued without ,a
written opinion and without oral
M arguments being held.
Chief Justice Warren Burger, joined'
by Justices Lewis Powell and William f
Rehnquist, said the lower federal cour-
ts and the Supreme Court should stay: outx
of the case, until the law was. used and
until state courts could rule on it.3
Similarly broad public nuisance laws
apparently are rare. Accoring to .court
papers filed in the Washington case, AP Photo
Braonly Idh aasmlrlwo trdy 's'back
I a o h s a s ml r l w n ,ibo k . It h s b e up ed b thtstate's courts but now m ay com e under Presidential Press Secretary Jam es Brady participates with President and
n~ew. legal challenges. Mrs. Reagan in the ribbon cutting for the refurbished press room at the
LAWS ALLOWING for similar 'White House yesterday. Brady, who was hit by gunfire last March in the at-
closings have 'been.. struckdw in tempt on Reagan's life, has been confined in the hospital since the shooting
* See SUPREME, Page 9 and this is his first official appearance.
E x-AID1- offica w arns..
of inan foml dange

Saudis claim
Israeli planes.
invaded airspace

RIYADH, Saudi Arabia (AP)- Saudi
Arabia claimed yesterday that Israeli
warplanes invaded Saudi airspace over
the kingdom's northwest regions and
were driven back by Saudi jet fighters.
Israel refused comment.
THE LOCATION of the purported
violation, about 105 miles from the
kingdom's Red Sea coast, is near the,
Tabuk military air base but hundreds of
miles from Israel's southernmost bor-
der.
In Washington, President Reagan
was informed about 9:30 a.m. EST that
Israeli jets had entered Saudi airspace
and left "on their own accord," Deputy
White House press secretary' Larry
Speakes said. He would not comment
further.
The incident comes at a time of in-
creased tension in,. the Mideast over
Saudi defense. On Oct. 28 the U.S.
Congress, over the vehement protests
of Israel, approved an $8.5 billion arms
package to the oil-rich kingdom, which
provides 20 percent of U.S.-imported
oil. Israel regards the arms sale to a
hardline Arab nation as a threat to its
security.

ANOTHER POINT of contention by
the Israelis is a Mideast peace plan put
forward by Saudi Prince Fahd, ┬░calling
for establishment of a Palestinian state
on land now occupied by Israel, gover-
ned by the Palestine- Liberation
Organization, with East Jerusalem' as
the capital. Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin's government is con-
cerned over Washington's expression of
interest in the Fahd plan. %
There was no Saudi description of the
number or type of planes involved. Both
Israel and Saudi Arabia use American-
built aircraft. The Saudis fly F-5Es and
the Israelis have the more advanced F-
15s and F-l6s-aircraft which 'Saudi
Arabia is due to receive.
A terse communique broadcast by
the official Saudi state radio and tran-
slated by The Associated Press, said:
"AT 1400 TODAY, (6 a.m. EST) Nov.
9, 1981, aircraft of the Israeli enemy
violated our airspace in the kingdom's
northwestern regions.-Our fighter jets
intercepted them and as a resut enemy
planes returned to Arab-occupied lands
(Israel)."x
The first headline broadcast by state

radio had called the incident an attack.
In Tel Aviv, Israeli military com-
mand spokesmen refused to comment
on the Saudi report. "The military
never, gives any details on its flights,
not in the north, the south, the east or
the west," said one Israeli spokesman.
ISRAEL'S military chief of staff, Lt.
Gen., Raphael Eytan, recently confir-
med that Israeli planes have flown
reconnaissance missions over Saudi
Arabia in the past.
The, Washington Post quoted a high
Saudi official' as saying such
vulnerability was a major reason for
the .kingdom's insistence on buying
AWACS radar planes from the United
States,.
In Washington, U.S. government
sources said Israeli. military planes
twice flew into Saudi Arabian air space
yesterday but there was no report of
any gun fire. The Pentagon refused
comment.
"They operate there lots of times,",
said one source. "It is common
knowledge that the Israelis fly across
the border to check things out."

* --,.;./. g tU, CfJi kil
,,., ~ *~'*1''~~V '

By DAVID SPAK
Saying that the improper use of infant
9formula manufactured by Nestle Cor-
poration and other firms cause an
estimated 1 million infant deaths per
year in the third world, a former official
of the Federal Agency for International
Development called last night for a con-
tinuation of the boycott of Nestle
products.
Speaking before' about 100 people in
the School of Public Health building,
Dr. Stephen Joseph,who resigned from
AID in protest of a U.S. vote against the
World Health Organization's recoin-
0mendations, for reform of infant for-
mula use in the Third World, said for-
mula used in Asia and Africa .is a
lethal weapon because the formula is
often mixed with contaminated water.

Lack of running water, hot water and
proper refrigeration also contribute to
the problem of Third World use of in-=
fant formula.
COMPANIES, such as ;Nestle,
marketing infant formulas have hin-
dered efforts to educate Third World
women to the dangers the formula
presents, Joseph said. Formula in-
structions - and especially the
misleading advertising campaigns -
only have compounded the problems,
he said.
Joseph, a pediatrician who spent five
years in Africa and Asia working in
public health, said "breast feeding is
necessary for infant survival" in the
Third World and is superior to using in-
fant :formula everywhere, but
especially in the Third World."

Nestle was 'chosen for the boycott
because it leads in the production of the
formula, he said. /He said the boycott
will have little economic impact on the
company, but it N611 "make, people
aware of the (infant formula) issue."~
During the speech, sponsored by the
School of Public Health Student
Organization and Political Action
Committee, Joseph said the Reagan
administration's decision to be the lone
''no'' vote last May on the World Health
Organization's code of recommen-
dations for the use of infant formulas
was "a political decision based on,
political grounds" and showed, no
regard for the. scientific evidence of the
dangers of infant formula. The final
vote was 118 - with three abstentions.

Photo by Jeff Schrier
DR. STEPHEN JOSEPH, former ranking medical official of the Agency for
International Development, said the use of infant formulas leads to about 1
million infant deaths each year in the third world. Joseph spoke before about
100 people in the Public Health Building last night.

onbudget
questions,
By BARRY WITT
'University, secretaries may have
been annoyed somewhat at the phone
calls, but LSA student government
leaders were pleased with the response
to an advertisement they placed in last
Friday's Daily.
.The full-page advertisement urged
readers to telephone University
President Harold Shapiro and Vice
President for Academic Affairs Billy
Frye to ask them the following
questions:
" Why are classes overcrowded?
" Why are departments being
eliminated?
" Why is research more important
than teaching
" Why, as tuition increases, does the
quality of education decrease?.
┬ź1 ,THINK IT was successful. It
struck a nerve ini some people,' Jamie
Moeller, a member of the LSA-SG
executive council.
LSA-SG officials- bought the adver-
tisement "out of frustration," Moeller
said. '"Last year, we had a lot of
questions (on University budget
issues), and they (administration of-
ficials) didn't answer them."
NEITHER FRYE. nor Shapiro an-
swered the calls, which totaled about
30 on Friday, secretaries said.
"We weren't inundated with phone
calls- but we, had enough to keep us
busy," said Carolyn' Copley, an ad-
ministrative secretary to Frye. "It's
not something we would like
everyday."
Moeller said between 50 and 10
people telephoned Frye and Shapiro,
adding that he based hi estimateon the
number of people who told, him that
See 'U', Page 9,

VP Overberge r,
hitbycar.
University Vice President for Research Charles
Overberger was listed in good condition at University
Hospital, yesterday' after he was admitted for injuries
he incurred when hit by a car on Saturday.
His injuries included a hairline skull fracture, a con-
cussion, a shoulder separation and bruises.
Overberger, 61, of 436 Huntington Road, was running
along Fuller Road, west of Huron Parkway, when he
Eran into the side of an auto driven-by 25-year-old Mary
Jo Fahnestiel of 1533 McIntyre, Drive. Police said
Fahnestiel swerved off the road, but was unable to
avoid hitting Overberger. Police did. not issue a ticket
to Fahnestiel for the accident.

Role of 1ST explained

By ANDREW CHAPMAN
The University's Institute of Science and
Technology must bring together separate
elements of the academic research community
in order to successfully promote research at the
University, IST Director George Gamota said
yesterday.
Gamota, 'who spoke at a meeting of the
faculty's Senate Advisory Committee on Univer-
sity Affairs, explained that one of.IST's primary
goals is to allow researchers to cooperate with
each other on projects. In many cases, the
University's size and diversity make this goal
difficult to attain, he said.
ANOTHER OF the institute's roles, Gamota
said, is to permit professors and researchers
from numerous fields to conduct research
without a "bureaucratic albatross" hanging
over them.
IST also must provide "homes" for research

projects that might not ordinarily receive funds
or attention from other areas of the University,
Gamota said.
The institute, which was founded in 1957, was
established to mobilize University and state
resources for the betterment of science and
technology, Gamota said.
THE IST, which currently has a budget of $13
million, includes six departments: highway
safety, Great Lake marine and water sciences,
biophysics research, macromolecular biology,
industrial development and the merit computer
network.J
Gamota said his responsibilities as director of
the IST range over a wide variety of activities.
Part of his job is to insure the high quality of the
research units within the IST, and keep those
areas closely involved with the academic com-
munity as well:-
See ROLE, Page 2

.Gam ota
..stresses ',,1ST unity

-TODAY

The directories
hit the streets
m.r HE STUDENT TELEPHONE directories for the
1981-82 academic year have been compiled, prin-

cigarettes-even under some pretty trying circumstances.
Police said a young woman bought a carton Sunday during
the middle of a robbery, and departed none the wiser. Ac-
cording to police, a bandit entered the station office at
about 1:20 p.m., flashed a handgun and ordered the atten-
dant,.Sean Lally, 17, to lie on the floor behind the counter.
As the robber was emptying the cash register, the uniden-
tified woman walked in to buy cigarettes. The robber asked
Lally the price, then sold her the carton. The woman left
with her purchase, and the robber fled moments later with
$200-and the money from his sale. D

Venezuelan ports, before any crew members could locate
Red's owner. After a couple-.of days, Heath began putting
pip "lost dog" notices. "I thought for sure I was never going
to see him again," he said. But when the Andrea returned to
New Orleans, the captain called the Society for the Preven-
tion of Cruelty to Animals, which used Red's vaccination
tag number to track down Heath. The captain, whose crew
grew fond of Red during the voyage, had just one request.
He wants a puppy from any litter Red might sire.Q

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