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October 03, 1981 - Image 1

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1981-10-03

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Ninety-Two Years
of
Editorial Freedom.

V'

LIE 43UU

!4Ii1

COLD AGAIN
Mostly sunny, but keep
your mittens on-temps in
the upper 50s, increasing
cloudiness and cold
tonight.
r

Vol. XCIl, No. 21

Copyright 1981, The Michigan Doily

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, October 3, 1981

Ten Cents

Eight Pages

Debate on military research resurfaces

By BARRY WITT
A letter encouraging faculty in-
volvement in a military intelligence
research project has resurrected the
debate over the propriety of University
involvement with defense department
research.
Robert Holbrook, a University
associate vice president, early last
month relayed to faculty members a
copy of a Defense Intelligence Agency
advertisement requesting the names of
researchers interested in gathering in-
formation on various World regions, in-
eluding the Middle East, Africa, and
Latin America.
BUT A substantial number of faculty
members has expressed concern that
any association with the DIA might
threaten their good relations with the

foreign governments with which they
work.
And although the defense department
has traditionally accounted for 2 per-
cent to 3 percent of the research funds
on campus, students are forming a
protest of any University involvement
with military activities.
Michigan Student Assembly
President Jon Feiger said he believes
the University is fast becoming a
militarized institution. "My biggest
fear is that things are happening at a
very fast pace," he said.
AN MSA AD-HOC committee has
been formed to bring to the University
community's attention the extent of
military work on campus, Feiger said.
Residential College junior Scott
Sueskind said the committee does not

'We don't
whether the

make

judgements

on

e defense

department is

doing good things or bad things . . I
wouldn't put them in a category dif-
ferent from the Department of Labor.'
-Thomas Juster,
Director of the University 's
Institutefor Social Research

volvement with the DIA on the grounds
that it would infringe certain academic
freedoms.
THE INSTITUTION responsible for
funding a research project has "sub-
stantial influence on the direction of the
research," Paige said.
"It appears (the DIA) is looking for
information concerning possible
deployment of U.S. forces (in Third
World countries). If it truly is an
academic inquiry, why isn't it funded
through the National Science Foun-
dation If the state department. (The
defense department's) policy is to use
military force, which doesn't allow for
any other policies," Paige said:
THOMAS JUSTER, director of the
University's Institute for Social
Research, whose colleagues have been

doing various types of work for the
defense department for years, said the
state department, has "backed away"
from this type of research in the last
few decades. "A lot of that has been
taken over by the Department of
Defense," he said.
Juster said he sees no reason to
restrict research for the defense depar-
tment or DIA unless the work is inten-
ded to be classified.
"We don't make judgements on
whether the defense department is
doing good things or bad things . . . I
wouldn't put them in a category dif-
ferent from the Department of Labor,
Department of Commerce, or the
Department of Health arid Human Ser-
vices," Juster said.
See MILITARY, Page 5

want the administration "looking more
and more for funds from military and
corporate establishments."
More than 900 students have signed a

petition calling for an open forum on the
issue of DIA research, Sueskind said.
Sociology Prof. Jeffery Paige said he
is opposed to any University in-

State seeks
- c
federal aid
to offset
*flood losses
By United Press International
Flood waters gradually receded yesterday, but it
was still a long way from business-as-usual for
thousands of southern Michigan residents mopping
up from one of the worst rain-storms in recent years.
Gov. William Milliken asked President Reagan to
declare an emergency in the storm-swept state and
sought disaster designations from the federal
Agriculture Department and Small Business Ad-
ministration.
A PRESIDENTIAL emergency declaration
_would make local governments in the state eligible}
for aid in clearing away storm damage.
Disaster declarations from the Agriculture Depar-
tment and the SBA would make low-interest loans
available to farmers, homeowners and businessmen
affected by the storms.
"Preliminary reports show damage to homes and
businesses to be widespread and severe through the
area," Milliken told Reagan, adding the threat "can-
not be fully assessed until standing water and flood
waters recede."
HE SAID IT is known, however, that extensive
damage has been done to roads, culverts, storm
sewers and county drains. Road damage has reduced
access of public safety vehicles and school buses to
affected areas, he said.
Milliken said "damage to storm sewers and county
drains will present attendant public health threats."
The Washington-based National Flood Insurance
Program said it expected about 3,500 Michigan
policyholders to file flood damage claims in the
Detroit, Flint, Lansing and Saginaw areas. A special
temporary claims office was opened in Troy.
Thursday's storm dumped up to 9 inches of rain-
described as "an incredible amount"by a National
Weather Service hydrologist-on parts of southern
Michigan. At the height of the storm, 185,000 homes
and businesses were without power and Detroit's
freeway system all but shut down.

Y

MX, B-1

to lead

defense buildup

WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Reagan, outlining a $180.3 billion
design for shouldering America's
strategic power "well into the next
century," yesterday called for
deployment of 100 MX missiles,
production of the once-scrapped B-'
bomber, and development of a
super-elusive Stealth aircraft.
The president rejected the option
of shuttling the yet-undeveloped MX
among hundreds of shelters in Utah
and Nevada. He decided to place
many of them in silos now occupied
by the aging Minuteman and Titan II
missiles in the Midwest and West.,
THE PLAN calls for making the
MX and an updated version of the B-
1 operational by 1986. Reagan asked
for production of 100 B-1s, the'-bom-

ber which former President Carter
regarded unnecessary.
The Stealth, a radar-evading
bomber not yet off the drawing
boards, would be developed for
production in the 1990s.
Reagan said the program would
'"revitalize our strategic forces and
maintain America's ability to keep
the peace well into the next cen-
tury."
IN A TELEVISED announcement,
Reagan said the plan would deter
any Soviet actions "directed against
the American people or our allies,"
while giving the United States the
ability to respond to Soviet military
growth.
Administration officials set the
pricetag for "the whole thing, spare

parts, bumpers" at $180.3 billion
over the next six years, starting with
the fiscal year that began Thursday.
The first batch of about 36 MX
missiles would be placed in Titan
and Minuteman missiles silos
strengthened to resist destruction by
improved Soviet missiles. Reagan
did not spell out precise locations,
but there are Minuteman sites in
North Dakota, Wyoming and Mon-
tana. The Titan is in Kansas, Arkan-
sas and Arizona.
THE TITAN 11, a liquid-fueled
missile nearly two decades old,
would be phased out. The first MXs,
solid-fueled missiles capable of
carrying up to 10 warheads each and
purportedly faster and more ac-
See MX, Page 3

(TOP) THIS IS AN artist's conception of a cut-away view of
an MX missile, showing the multiple warheads at the nose of
the missile. (RIGHT) This photo shows a B-1 Bomber with a
length of 147 feet, wingspan of 137 feet and gross weight of
477,000 pounds.

h vk
' a a i t f rz t a e D c
dy }1 46 'there
$P f6 Y, P { iS N a u NAa p No th i*n S

'U' astronomer helps find huge space void

By MARK GINDIN
An extremely large hole in space,,
discovered in part by -University
astronomy professor Robert Kirshner,
may expose secrets about the for-
mation of the universe and its current
state of expansion.
The largest region of empty space
ever observed in the universe was
discovered while the group of
astronomers was attempting to deter-
mine clustering patterns of galaxies
and how much matter they contained,
.Kirshner said in an interview yester-

day.
The galaxy survey resulted in the
discovery of a region of space about 200-
300 million light years in diameter con-
taining virtually no detectable matter,
Kirshner said. Two thousand galaxies
the size of the Milky Way could fit in-
side the void, he said.
"The initial goal of the survey was to
find out about the clustering of
galaxies," said Kirshner, "we weren't
looking for empty space."
The universe is thought to have begun
about 15 billion years ago with a large

explosion, the Big Bang, Kirshner said.
As it expands outward, matter has ten-
ded to gather in groups in a sort of
"reverse Robin Hood system whereby
the rich get richer and the poor get
poorer," he said.
As matter grouped together and drif-
ted away from the center, galaxies and
voids were formed, Kirshner said. With
the discovery of this void, scientists are
closer to answering the question, "Will
the universe expand forever?" he said. '
Kirshner is the director of the
McGraw-Hill Observatory on Kitt Peak

in Arizona. McGraw-Hill is owned by
three universities, including the
University of Michigan, and was used
in the initial stages of the project.
The 200-inch telescope on Mount
Palomar in California was also used in
the observations, which took place last
year. The next step in investigating the
void is an effort to determine the extent
of the phenomenon, Kirshner said.
The survey includes 10-15 percent of
the universe so the void makes up "a
See SCIENTISTS, Page 2

Daily Photo by MIKE LUCAS
PROFESSOR ROBERT KIRSHNER says a newly-discovered void in space
may help astronomers learn more about the origins of the universe.

TODAY
Maybe she forgot a stamp
ET IT BE SAID that the Postal Service does
deliver through rain, snow, sleet, gloom of night
and all that other stuff. But sometimes it takes a
while. Emily Griebel of Sargent, Nebraska,
mailed her twin sister a polka dot blouse as a gift. Her

MONO

years; that's ridiculous." We couldn't have put it any
better. D
Government Ineptitude, Part HI
The Senate confirmed Samuel Cornelius of the District of,
Columbia to a job it had eliminated at midnight. The White
House said in June it would nominate Cornelius as deputy
director of the Community Services Administration. His

Times" economic newsletter, has come out with a Yultide
disc. Tom Paquette of the Los Angeles public relations firm
Michael Bayback and Co. said Thursday that Ruff is
releasing "The Howard Ruff Album" before the Christmas
rush. The two sides are titled "Songs of Money and Invest-
ment" and "Great Songs of Inspiration." The investment
side includes such all time favorites as "If I Were a Rich
Man," and "Brother Can You Spare a- Dime." Among the
inspirational selections are "Hymn to America," "Climb
Every Mountain," "The Impossible Dream," and "You'll
Never Walk Alone." Ruff had a 15-year career as a singer,

themselves, since 22 of the Senate's 37 elevator operators
were fired Thursday. However, senators and staff apparen-
tly had no trouble operating the elevators-they are
automatic. "A funny thing happens when the elevator
operators are not there to push the buttons for us," said
Rpger Jepsen (R-Iowa), "The elevators keep right on run-
ning." By the way, those fired operators were making an
average of $11,000 a year.

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