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September 29, 1981 - Image 7

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The Michigan Daily, 1981-09-29

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r

Dissident group disbands
as unrest grows rn Poland

The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, September 29, 1981-Page7

From AP and UPI -
GDANSK, Poland - The Polish
dissident group KOR, defending itself
as truly socialist, disbanded yesterday
in an apparent attempt to mollify the
angry Communist Party. But the of-
ficial Communist-press viewed the ac-
tion as a diversion and said the
dissidents would simply continue to
work from inside the independent union
Solidarity.
Prof. Edward Lipinski, a 92-year-old
economist who helped found the
dissident group five years ago, made
the announcement at the Solidarity
congress in a 45-minute speech
repeatedly interrupted by standing
ovations.
"THE TIME has come under which
we have decided to end our operation,"
Lipinski said. "KOR ended its
operation since other forces took upon'
' their shoulders the tasks of the struggle
for the independence of Poland and the
rights of man.".
At the Solidarity congress, in its
second day here, Jacek Kuron, leader
of KOR-Committee"for Social Self-
Defense, said "KOR has fulfilled its
function ... Now with Solidarity on the
scene, it is superfluous."

KOR HAS long been the target of of-
ficial attacks as the leading anti-state
force in Poland whose leaders were
behind Solidarity's political ex-
tremism. Its 30-odd "members are in-
timately linked with Solidarity as
members or advisers and the group's
decision to disband was expected to add
more fuel"'to attacks on Solidarity's
aims and character.
The only independent union in the
Soviet bloc, Solidarity has brough about
a liberalization that has angered the
Soviet Union and other Communist
neighbors at a time when Poland is
caught in severe economic trouble. And
at the first phase of its congress two
weeks ago, the union announced that it
would support the spread of indepen-
dent unionism to other East bloc coun-
tries -infuriating the Kremlin.
WHILE AN estimated 800 delegates
to the labor movement's congress spent
most of the day discussing procedure,
unionists in two cities faced new con-
flicts with authorities.
The entire Katowice region in
southern Poland, which produces the
nation's vital coal supply, declared a
strike alert in- a dispute with officials
over the arrest of a local union leader,
and working on "free" Saturdays.

Delegates from Czestochowa warned
of rising tensions since the arrest of a
union publisher there. They said rein-
forced police and military units,
carrying weapons, patrolled the city.
THE DECISION formally to disband
KOR - formed Sept. 17, 1976 to aid
workers punished during riots over food
price hikes.- was widely expected,
here.
Some union theorists believe that by
disbanding, KOR will remove one more
irritant from the view of Soviet and
Polish leaders, who attack it for
radically influencing Solidarity.
But the decision to disband may open
the way for charges that KOR leaders
many of whom are key advisers to
union chief Lech Walesa and other
Solidarity leaders, have dropped the
pretense of being separated from union
decisions.
The Communist Party daily Trybuna
Ludu said, however, that it did not think
KOR's disbanding would make much
difference.
"KOR is- planning to declare that it
has given birth to an enormous child in
the person of Solidarity," the paper
said. "The actions of KOR will continue
inside Solidarity."

Fitzgerald announces secon(
at Democratic gubernatorial
DETROIT (UPI) - Democrat At a news conference, the 39-year- Fitzgerald decline
William Fitzgerald declared himself old Fitzgerald made it clear he details of his
a candidate for governor yesterday, believes the state's influential union organization's polls, o
announcing an I-told-you-so cam- leadership is lined up behind the say they show him as
paign that already is lined up again- gubernatorial campaign of U.S. front-runner in a
st the state's union leadership. Rep. James Blanchard (D-Mich.). Democratic primary.
Fitzgerald, the former state He cited the old-line union chiefs of Another gubernatori
senator-who was soundly defeated in the state's Democratic party as op- Sen. Ed Pierce, has
1978 by Gov. William Milliken, said ponents of his economic programs, Friday news conferencE
he will revive the "Fitzgerald means but at the same time took pains not discuss his plans for the
business for Michigan" theme of to alienate another of the party's top Aides to Pierce,
three years ago. power brokers - Detroit Mayor Democrat from Ann
NOW, FITZGERALD is billing Coleman Young. ceded they will have no
himself as a prophet who foretold FITZGERALD LOST to Milliken ch the polls released b
the state's current economic in 1978 by nearly 400,000 votes and with his announcemen
troubles but who stands ready with a was the first Democratic candidate but insisted early nam
program to restore a favorable job for governor since the 1940s not to will not be a key facto
climate. carry Wayne County. test.

try
spo
d to releaseY
campaign
ther than to
s the current
a crowded
al candidate,
scheduled a
e in Detroit to
e1982 race.
a freshman
Arbor, con-
othing to mat-
by Fitzgerald
nt yesterday,
e recognition,
r in the con-

iu u I .

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Reagan talks tough on crime;
proposes stricter criminal laws

tS e

From AP and UPI
NEW ORLEANS - President Reagan said yesterday the r
answer to crime isn't in "the social worker's files, the
psychiatrist's notes, or bureaucratic budgets," and endorsed
proposals to limit bail, ease the margin for police error and
set mandatory prison terms for felonies committed with
guns.
In his first address focusing on crime - which he called
"an American epidemic" - the president outlined a
program intended to overcome "a breakdown in the criminal
justice system in 'America that just plain isn't working."
SfNEAKING TO THE annual meeting of the International'
Association of Chiefs of Police, Reagan commended law en-
forcement officers as "the thin blue line that holds back a
jungle that threatens to reclaim the clearing we call
civilization."r
Hours later, just as Reagan returned to the White House,
attorneys for John Hinckley Jr. filed notice in federal district
court that they plan to 'contend that the man accused of
shooting the president last March 30 is innocent by reason of
insanity.
In his speech, Reagan said, "The solution to the crime
problem will not be found in the social worker's files, the
psychiatrist's notes. . Men are basically good but prone to
evil; some men are very prone to evil. . . and society has a
right to be protected from them."

THE PRESIDENT reiterated his support for capital
punishment, saying that when he was governor of California
he had on his desk a list of 12 murderers who had served their
time and been paroled, and were responsible for 34 deaths.
"I think capital punishment in the beginning might have
reduced that figure considerably," he said. But he did not
amplify, and aides could not explain whether he meant that
further killings occurred after the prisoners had been
released.
THE PRESIDENT said he plans to:
- Use the "bully pulpit" of the presidency to keep the
crime problem before the public.
" Appoint a task force to study the problems of the vic-
tims of crime. He said he backs legislation to require offen-
ders to make restitution to their victims.
* Support mandatory prison terms for offenders who use
guns.
" Attack drug traffic through "responsible use of her-
bicides," tougher border patrols, and use of the military in
investigating dope rings.
" Seek statutory reforms to "redress the imbalance bet-
ween the rights of the accused and the rights of the in-
nocent." The line drew hearty applause, although it muddled
the distinction between being suspected of a crime and being
convicted.

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