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Ninety Years of Editorial Freedom
I. XC, No.89
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, January 19, 1980
'U' doctors: Perfection of male
By LISA LAVA-KELL'AR
Although the birth control pill has been
available for 15 years, it may be a decade
before American men have access to a 'pill' of
their own, according to University urologists.
'The problem is not the initial development
of a birth control pill, per se," said Dr. Robert
Anderson, a University urologist and Health
Service physician. "But rather, what to do
about the complications arising as a result of
TWO MAJOR problems, said Anderson, are
the irreversible consequences of the pill and its
"Sperm cease to be manufactured as a result
of several potential birth control pills. If the ef-
feet is irreversible, however, the testes can
never regenerate sperm. Like driving down a
one-way street, you can't go back," he said.
Harmful side-effects pose problems similar
to those encountered by females taking 'the
pill' such as renal failure, a decrease in libido,
and abnormal breast enlargement, Anderson
said. When taken with alcohol, he added, some
pills for males also cause nausea.
ANOTHER UROLOGIST points to what he
calls less obvious complications of the pill for
"A conservative Food and Drug Ad-
ministration (FDA) approves very few drugs,"
said Dr. John Konnak, urologist and surgeon at
University Hospital. "It is my guess that 'the
pill' (for women) would not be granted ap-
proval if it were brought before the FDA
Too many risks exist that cannot be
predetermined in the development of any drug,
HE SAID the FDA wants to avoid another
situation similar to the one involving
Stilbesterol, a drug used during the 1960s to
"A large percentage of the female offspring
S ill' Ion
of women who were given Stilbesterol now
have vaginal cancer," he said. "The FDA is
taking every precaution to avoid this
Researchers find themselves in another kind
of predicament, according to Konnak.
"The male reproductive system is not as
well-researched as that of the female," he said.
"We simply do not know as much about males
as we should.",
WHILE UROLOGISTS know there must be a
correlation between the number of sperm
produced and the production signals sent by the
pituitary gland, the nature of the relationship
g way off
remains a mystery, according to Konnak.
"Connections in the female are easier to
establish because the changes in the pituitary
are predicatable and measureable. One can
predict when ovulation will occur," he said.
While Konnak acknowledges these problems
persists, he said males don't have adequate
birth control alternatives.
"WE HAVE TWO extremes. At one end is the
condom, the oldest method. There are inherent
risks in using this type of birth control, but the
only other alternative is vasectomy."
Although vasectomy is reported to be 100 per
See DEVELOPMENT, Page 8
Congress to hurry
on aid to Pakistan
Ship slams into bridge AP Photo
Debris covers a Norwegian-owned freighter after it crashed into the Almo Bridge on Sweden's west coast yesterday.
The bridge collapsed upon impact. Six cars and a truck plunged over 100 feet from the bridge into the water before
police could block off both approaches to the bridge. See story, Page 8.
TO BRING PR OPOSAL FOR 'SPIRITUAL SOL UTION':
WASHINGTON (AP) -Congressional
leaders agreed yesterday on an ac-
celerated legislative timetable that
would allow the Carter administration
to resume U.S. economic and military
aid to Pakistan as early as February.
With Soviet helicopter gunships and
tanks reportedly pursuing Moslem
rebels in Afghanistan close to the bor-
der with Pakistan, Rep. Clement
Zablocki (D-Wis.) said fast
congressional approval of the first $200
million of the administration's two-year
$400-million aid plan was essential.
PAKISTAN'S PRESIDENT, Gen.
Mohammed Zia ul-Haq, belittled the
$400 million U.S. aide plan in
Rawalpindi Thursday as "peanuts"
and "terribly disappointing." He said
Pakistan "will not buy its security with
$400 million," but the sum "will buy
greater animosity from the Soviet
Zia said -Pakistan needs warplanes,
ground-to-air missiles, anti-tank
weapons and communications systems
to strengthen defenses along its
western border w.ith Afghanistan.
Stressing the particular need for com-
munications and radar equipment, he.
said: "We are blind on our west
U.S. officials said privately yester-
day that Zia's remarks probably were a
bargaining ploy intended to pry ad-
ditional aid out of the United States.
PAKISTAN WAS reported yesterday
to have sent thousands of troops to its
border with Afghanistan where Moslem
Afghan rebels were said to be
retreating from Soviet helicopter gun-
ships and tanks.
The United News of India quoted
military observers in Kabul, the
Afghan capital, as saying about seven
divisions of Pakistani troops were at
the Afghanistan border. It also reported
Pakistan has moved a large armored
force near the border, and that all
Pakistan air bases in the area were put
"They need the equipment,"
Zablocki, chairman of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee, said in an
interview. He was referring to defense
supplies to meet any Soviet military
Administration officials have told
congressmen the military package will
include credits for purchase of anti-air-
craft and anti-tank weapons and such
economic assistance as fertilizer.
Details were still being worked out,
Poli.s Sci. professor,
A fghanistan invasion
said a Zablocki aide.
THE FIRST $200 million installment
will be half military and half economic
aid. Zablocki said his committee may
approve the proposal within two weeks,
and leadership aides said it will come
up quickly forHouse and Senate floor
"Secretary of State Cyrus Vince is to
present the aid request to a closed
meeting of the Senate Foreign
See CONGRESS, Page 8
From The Associated Press
Four black ministers from Houston t
plan to travel to the Iranian city of Qom t
try to present Ayatollah Ruhollah v
omeini with their proposal for a
"spiritual solution" to the U.S. Em- t
bassy hostage crisis, one of the r
ministers said yesterday.
At the same time, U.N. officials r
dashed speculation about another
possible avenue of negotiation - a new
mediation mission to Tehran by
Secretary General Kurt Waldheim.
IRAN'S FOREIGN minister, mean-
while, expressed concern about the
esence of Soviet troops in western
fghanistan, near Iran's northeast, t
border. And in Washington, President t
Carter's chief spokesperson described
Iran as a nation "on the verge almost of
disintegration" and said the United
States would go ahead with new
economic sanctions to try to pressure
the Iranians into freeing the 50 or so
Americans held prisoner at the Tehran
It was the 76th day of captivity for the
stages. It .also was the day that
merican journalists, barred from
reporting from Iran since last Tuesday,
were to leave the country under an ex-
pulsion order issued by Khomeini's
ruling Revolutionary Council. Some
were allowed to stay on a day or two
longer to wrap lip their offices' affairs.
Foreign Minister Sadegh Ghotbzadeh
claimed at a news conference reported
by Tehran radio and monitored in
await that the United States is
ocking efforts by Waldheim to set up
a U.N. commission of inquiry to
examine Iran's accusations against
deposed Shah Mohammad Reza
Pahlavi, now living in Panama.
THE REPORTS quoted Ghotbzadeh
as saying such a commission was the
only logical step toward relieving .the,
crisis, but they said he stressed again
er the si
by a lawy
bassy for t
to Qom, F
ges would be released only af-
hah and his "stolen money"
rned to Iran.
nounted to a new rejection of
position - that an inter-
inquiry into the shah s regime
launched, but not until the
uston ministers, accompanied
yer, have been in Tehran for
ays, trying unsuccessfully to
eligious services in the em-
F THE clergymen, the Rev.
Moore, a Baptist, said in a
interview they plan to travel
Khomeini's headquarters city
south of Tehran, today and
i sit Iran
hope to meet with the revolutionary
Moore said the Moslem militants
holding the embassy told him Khomeini
would meet only with spiritual leaders
to discuss the crisis. The Iranian
revolutionaries also have shown some
favor toward blacks and other
American minority groups.
But Moore conceded there is no
guarantee the meeting with Khomeini
will take place.
"WE'RE GOING to suggest a plan for
releasing the hostages," he said.
"We're dealing with him on a spiritual
level because it is a spiritual crisis
rather than a political one."
He would not discuss details of their
By STEVE HOOK
The Soviet invasion of Afghanistan
may well have shocked President Car-
ter, State Department officials, and
others who have a hand inglobal
But University Prof. Allen Whiting,
an East Asia expert, and many of his
students should have been among the
least surprised of anyone when
Russians pushed their way across the
Afghan border. Whiting saw it coming
as early as October.
LAST TERM, Whiting painted a
scenario for students in his Inter-
national. Relations of East Asia class
which pre-dated January 15, 1980. The
students, acting as diplomats from
various nations, carried out discussions
based upon Whiting's predictions of the
Russian invasion and darkening of
prospects for SALT II.
"The treaty's fate remains in doubt,"
the scenario concluded, "with a fresh
wave of opposition resulting from the
intervention by Soviet military forces
in the Afghanistan civil war."
Reflecting yesterday on the accuracy
of his prediction, Whiting said it was all
in the cards.
"IT WAS A logical sequence of events
that began last summer," the trim,
white-haired professor explained.
"Afghanistan was already under
dominant Soviet influence because the
United States had lined up with Paki-
stan and Iran.
He said since the Afghan rebels over-
threw the monarchy of King Daud in
1978, Soviet dominance has increased
dramatically. "The coup gave them
both the opportunity and the obligation
tb help the lefists establish a new
When the new regime floundered in
the midst of Muslim dissension and
economic troubles, according to
Whiting, the Soviets had "a very clear
choice. Either the Russians would have
to go in stronger and asert their in-
fluence more, or they would have to
back out altogether."
See AFGHAN, Page 3
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Corporations affecting campuses,
labor conference speaker says
By JULIE SELBST
Corporate power has begun to infiltrate the ranks of the against corporate power and the pyramidal structure of in-
nation's colleges and universities, Michael Harrington, coehistritio in tcou try.uemastattento'
National Chairman of the Democratic Socialist Organizing This pyramidal income structure means that the nation's
Committee told a crowd of about 400 last night at the wealth is concentrated among a small percentage of the77--7:T77
Michigan Theater. population, while the largest segment of people share the
In his speech, part of a national labor conference that has smallest piece of the national income. Harrington said this is
convened on Ann Arbor this weekend, Harrington said social largely the result of government mismanagement and cor-
concerns that became dominant themes of the seventies - porate power.
concrnstha beamedomnantthees f te svenies "WE HAVE TO begin to decide what the corporations
inflation, unemployment, and lack of job security - have "W~AET ei odcd httecroain
spurredschool administrators to look ahead and secure a produce, where they produce, and how much they produce,
place in the corporate structure. Despite this trend, he said he urged. The system, he said, is "so organized that no mat-
trade union roots apply in universities as well as factories. "I ter who wins politically, the corporation wins. Government
hope the labor movement in this university town is not stric- merely has the responsibility, he added, "to create sufficient _'y
tly academic," he said. demand so that the people will be able to buy what corporate
HARRINGTON WAS one of three persons who opened the America decides to produce for them." Daily Photo by PETER SERLING
evening session of a national labor conference sponsored by He said price controls, as opposed to wage and price con- WILLIAM WINPISINGER, President of the International Association of
Students for Employment and Economic Democracy trols were at the root of stagflation in the economy. "Wager Mahnsdeocscrpatpwrinispehlstigttte,
(SEED), at the theater on Liberty Street. are chasing after prices, not bidding them up," he said. "It's chinist denounces corporate power in his speech last night at the
Harrington, like his fellow speakers, spoke out strongly See CORPORATIONS, Page 8 Michigan Theater.
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.:. . . .. ..r . ... r . . .. . n .2 "
building materials if they could take a gander at "real
bricks." Yesterday morning, Acting Flint Chancellor
William Vasse dutifully hauled not only samples of bricks
but also aluminum and glass bricks to the meeting. Regent
Robert Nederlander (D-Briminghom) confessed that
looking at the real thing "doesn't help." Regent Paul Brown
(D-Petoskey) unconditionally rejected the glass bricks,
saying "I don't like glass bricks, and I don't like anything
I've seen that's used them." Regent Deane Baker (R-Ann
Arbor) expressed his distaste for the "shiny aluminum"
planned for the building. His colleagues agreed, and the
aluminum bit the dust. Come on now, they're only doing
their iohb D
duties include taking the mail, and answering the phone for
her fictitious roommate, and doing her best to convince her
clients' parents that their daughters are living with her.
While Lisa just began advertising her service Thursday,
she already has two clients. Wonder if Lise will switch any
extra goodies arriving in "care packages." El
Cable goes porno.
A number of Lansing residents and city officials were
outraged whensa recent edition of the weekly "Editorial
Weiss Cracks" show, carried on cable from East Lansing,
featured a photograph of a nude woman and a string of
vulgar language. The program infuriated Lansing city
lighters blowing up in your face and frying your eyebrows
the night before some heavy date. Well, the Department of
Labor says you can relax. The federal agency reported
there is no evidence to back claims that workers have been
killed when the lighters exploded. Furthermore, several
firms where the accidents were rumored to have occurred
said they had no records of the incidents. The department
explained that the lighters hold little over an ounce of
butane fuel and have little force in an explosion. E
On the inside
Michigan icers take on the Badgers of Wisconsin, details
on Page 7.. . reviews of new recordings by Dan Fogelberg
r am.pc ,with. t.h.p inh