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April 10, 1980 - Image 1

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1980-04-10

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FOOD STAMPS
See editorial page

V'.

Ninety Years of Editorial Freedom

Iaiig

APRIL SHOWERS
See Today for details

x

Vol. XC, No. 151

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Thursday, April 10, 1980

Ten Cents

Twelve Pages

r

Complexities
EDITOR'S NOTE: Over the past decade, give the University all t
the state and federal governments' worsening asks for, faculty me
financial conditions have been reflected in workloads dramatically in
proportionately decreasing levels of fiscal
upportfor the University. In this article, and research grants limited in
three others to follow, The Daily examines students find limited cour
the effect of budgetary problems on the larger classes, fewer
University. professors; longer line.

of 'U' budgeting liII

he money it
!mbers find
ncreased and
some cases;
se offerings,
top-notch
:s, and less

faculty members as one in which the
state legislature gives a specific
amount to the central administration.

departments, where faculty members
eventually see their salaries and some
funds for extras such as equipment and

By JULIE ENGEBRECHT
First in a four-part series
It takes more than $500 million to
keep the University running every
year, and decisions made on how to
distribute that money among the many
groups clamoring for increasingly
*imited funds remain a mystery to most
of those directly affected by the budget.
Most of the University's general
fund-almost 60 per cent-comes
from the state. When the state can't
Lebanon
.penetrated
byIsrae I
arm ored
columns
From UPI and AP
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Without firing a
shot, Israeli armored columns surged
five miles into southern Lebanon
yesterday and dug in for what looked
like a "permanent" stay to guard
against Palestinian guerrilla raids
across the border, U.N. peacekeeping
troops said.
The three-pronged movement sliced
into territory controlled by the 600-
ember Irish battalion of the U.N.
peacekeeping force. Western
diplomatic sources said it apparently
was in retaliation for the Palestinian
guerrilla attack on an Israeli border
kibbutz less than 48 hours earlier.
IN TEL AVIV, the military command
said only, "The army is carrying out
patrol activity in South Lebanon as part
of preventive measures to meet more
possible attacks by terrorists."
U.N. spokespersons and foreign
diplomats in Lebanon said the troops,
armed personnel , carriers and
bulldozers were deployed near the
villages of Kounin, Markabal and
Shakra.
In Washington, State Dept.
spokesman Joseph Reap said, "We've
seen these reports. We're seeking
clarification. We have been expecting
an explanation momentarily from the
Israeli defense forces."
Some form of retaliation had been
expected following the attack on the
kibbutz. Officials in Tel Aviv said the
commandos had infiltrated the border
through the Irish- and Nigerian-
controlled areas manned by the U.N.
peacekeeping force.
THE UNITED States had urged
restraint, especially because of the
talks President Carter is holding in
Washington with Egyptian President
Anwar Sadat on the stalled
See ISRAELI, Page 9

academic counseling. Double-digit
tuition hikes become inevitable, and
faculty and staff salary increases don't
come close to keeping pace with
inflation.
ALTHOUGH DEVELOPING the
budget-a process which takes a year
and a-half-is a routine matter to
several administrators, faculty and
students don't usually begin to pay
much attention until the losses in real
income and inflated tuition hit home.
The budget is also viewed by many

I.

The 'U' Budget:
Facing lean times

1

it participation
over 40 per cent earmarked for services. A number of faculty
faculty salaries, administrative committees.
While state appropriations are technical experts in formul
clearly the most important source of University-wide budgetary policie
revenue in determining budget BECAUSE APPROPRIATIONS
allocations, about 30 per cent of the the state are the most impo
general fund is collected from student variable in determining
fees, a percentage which has gradually University's budget-and the
increased over the last several years. uneasy part of the b
The remaining 10 per cent is supplied process-budget and state li
by private sources. administrators trek to Lansing at
Budget decisions, with respect to one ortwo times each week.
higher education appropriations, are At times they will discuss
made at the state level. Decisions technicalities of the legislat
regarding tuition and salary hikes are funding formula for state college
made at the University administratie universities-a complicated,
level. Schools, colleges, and other equation-in committee meeting
University departments are occasion, the University's
1 responsible for making the most administrators will gather to p
important decisions, those regarding
instructional, research, and support See 'U', Page 12

and
aid
ating
s.
from
ortant
the
most
udget
iason
t least
s the
ire's
es and
long
gs. On
top
resent

According to the scenario, as described
by many professors removed from the
budget process, administrators take a
little money and put it aside for
themselves; dividing the rest between
the deans. The deans keep some funds
at their discretion an ddivide the
remaining money among ,the

books.
Students have virtually no effect on
University budget policy.
MOST OF THE University's money
goes to instructional, research, and
support service functions. Salaries and
fringe benefits eat up about 85 per cent
of the generals fund revenues, with just

Fighting intensifies
in Iran-Iraq conflict

From UPI and AP
BEIRUT, Lebanon - Iran pressed its
campaign yesterday to oust Iraq's
ruling Baathist regime amid reports of
fresh fighting along the joint border and
warnings from Baghdad that it will deal
harshly with any threats.
An Iranian military spokesman, in-
terviewed on Tehran Radio, reported
more fighting along the central fron-
tier's Qasr el Shirin region. He gave no
details of casualties on either side but
said Iranian troops had destroyed an
Iraqi military base.,
IRANIAN FOREIGN Minister
Sadegh Ghotbzadeh, reflecting the
declared policy of Ayatollah Ruhollah
Khomeini, said, "We have decided to
overthrow the Baathist regime of
Iraq," headed by "America's agent
Iraqi president Saddam Hussein."
Ghotbzadeh did not explain how Iran
planned to topple the Hussein gover-
nment, but officials in Baghdad said
Iraqi security forces had captured
Iranian weapons, explosives, and plans
for subversion smuggled into an anti-
government Iraqi group.
Ghotbzadeh's announcement
followed an angry crossfire of words-
between and Hussein -an in turn was
followed by reports of fighting along the
Iraqi-Iranian border.
KHOMEINI, who spent 15 years in
self-imposed exile in Iraq before retur-
ning to Iran via Paris in January 1979,
repeated his call for the overthrow of
the Iraqi regime and described the
Baghdad rulers as "deviationist
executioners."
But Baghdad's state-owned
newspaper Al Joumhouria ignored the
reports of fighting and said, "The
Iranian leaders are dreaming if they
think they can export their so-called
revolution to their neighboring coun-
tries. What they have in Iran is not a
revolution but the spread of sec-
tarianism and racism."
The newspaper warned, "Anyone
who extends its hand to our country will
have his hand cut off. If anyone wants
to try, then let him if he can."

'KHOMEINI ALSO said the. Iraqi
authorities, by expelling thousands of
Iranians, were out to "gratify their
selfish whims in acting in blind
obedience to the great Satan," meaning
the United States.
Iranian television said an Iranian jet
fighter and three military helicopters
fought an air battle with Iraqi helicop-
ters yesterday over the Iranian border
town of Baveiss. No planes were shot
down, but 15 Iranian revolutionary
guards were wounded in artillery
barrages and rocket attacks, the
broadcast said.
Iraq and Iran, with a predominantly

Shiite Moslem community, have been
at odds for decades. A short-lived
political accord was shattered with the
ouster of Shah Mohammed Reza
Pahlavi 14 months ago.
Western military experts said that if
Iran becomes entangled in open war-
fare with Iraq, Khomeini stands a good
chance of losing because the Iraqi army
is considered the best-equipped and
staffed military corps in the Middle
East, excluding Israel.
Iran's army has been severely crip-
pled by desertions and deterioration of
machinery since the Islamic
revolution.

Militants threaten
death to hostages

Doily Photo by DAVID HARRIS
EDIE VANHORN SPEAKS on behalf of the United Auto Workers support-
ing ERA ratification at yesterday's rally on the Diag.
ERA backers rally
for-ratification

From The Associated Press
The young radicals holding 50
Americans in Tehran threatened
yesterday to burn the U.S. Embassy
and kill their "spy hostages" if the
United States tries "even the smallest"
military move against Iran.
The militants later told a Western
reporter in Tehran that by "spy
hostages" they meant all of their cap-
tives.
IN ANOTHER statement, reported
by Iran's official news agency Pars, the
militants said they would "burn into
ashes the spy hostages and the building
they are living in if we see any
suspicious military move or the least
military attack by the U.S. against tpe
territory of Iran."
After seizing the embassy last Nov. 4,
the militants threatened to kill their
hostages if the United States tried to
rescue them through military action.
They said they had rigged the embassy
compound with explosive mines.
Iranian Foreign Minister Sadegh

By STEVE HOOK
For supporters of the Equal Rights
Amendment (ERA), it is time to call
out the reserves. Their half-century-old
struggle for nationwide passage is
heading for a showdown next month in
Illinois, which is the last "holdout"
state left in the North.
With just three states needed for a
two-thirds majority, (the margin
required for national ratification),
ERA backers plan to zero in on Illinois'

capitol, Springfield, in the coming mon-
th; hoping passage there will trigger
overall success. Speaking at a noon-
time rally yesterday on the Diag, ERA
support leaders from across Michigan
appealed to Ann Arbor residents to help
fight what they hope will be the decisive
battle in the ratification fight.
"WE NEED to be there en masse,"
shouted Carol King, president of the
Michigan chapter of the National
See ERA, Page 5

Gotbzadeh, interviewed yesterday by
American television networks, said he
doubted the Iranian government would
be "in a position" to stop the militants if
they decided to kill the hostages.
AT THE TEHRAN news conference,
however, Ghotbzadeh spoke of im-
proved conditions for'the hostages. He
said the militants had agreed to provide
better living conditions and to allow
more visits to the captives. "But who or
how or when or what way must all be
discussed," the foreign minister said.
Iranian revolutionary leader
Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini said
earlier this week he approved of per-
mitting visits to the hostages, and
President Abolhassan Bani Sadr said
he favored naming an observer to over-
see the hostages' living conditions.
Ghotbzadeh said he personally favors
allowing the hostages' families to visit
them.
The militants have consistently
demanded the return of the deposed
Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi to Iran
to face trial in exchange for the
hostages' freedom.
MVANWHILE, THE Carter ad-
ministration hinted at a possible naval
blockade of Iran if the hostages are not
freed. But in Washington and other
world capitals yesterday, American
diplomats sought the help of U.S. allies
in a broader program to punish Iran
economically, a program they say
could make tougher moves un-
necessary.
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance
summoned ambassadors from 20
nations to the State Department to
present the U.S. case, and foreign
ministers of West European nations
were gathering in Portugal for con-
sultations on the crisis.
West European and other nations
were considering taking action with the
See MILITANTS, Page 9

Quarterback Dickey, wrestler Konovsky;

charged with assault in MSU
By WILLIAM THOMPSON back, and Kligis, a res
B. J. Dickey, the recently suspended Michigan quarter- suspended by Coach
back, has been charged with assault and battery along with other players were a
Wolverine wrestler Bill Konovsky after a fight with two rules which were repo
Michigan State students late last month in East Lansing. maum penalty of 9
Dickey and Konovsky were charged with assaulting MSU maximum SDpen y SI
students John Miquelon and Mark Burkhart on Michigan when the scuffle broke
Ave. in downtown East Lansing around 2:40 a.m. on March in front of the building
30. They will be arraigned April 22 in East Lansing District by on Michigan Aveng
Court. -the car," he said. "
MIKE KLIGIS, another suspended football player, attem- thought the guy was a
pted to break up the fight and was not charged, according to According to East
Ingham County Assistant Prosecutor Daniel McLellan. silver or gray 1980
Dickey, who started in several games last year at quarter- S

fistfight
serve defensive back, were indefinitely
Bo Schembechler last month. Three
lso suspended for violations of team
rtedly drug-related offenses.
'is a civil misdemeanor and carries a
90 days in jail and a $100 fine.
he and Burkhart had just separated
e out. "I was crossing the street directly
where I live and a brand new car came
ue and someone yelled something from
The car had out-of-state plates and I
sking for directions."
Lansing police records, the car was a
Chevrolet Citation with Ohio license
See DICKEY, Page 5

Dickey Konovsky

More cat killings
Last month, five University students admitted they
tortured and killed a cat in Decqmber. But Ann Arbor isn't
the only place dangerous for cats lately. Last month, four
cats were found with their heads blown off near Columbia,
Maryland. Someone has apparently been tying firecrackers
to the animals' collars. The Animal Protection Institute of
America has offered a $1,000 reward for information
leading to the conviction of the person responsible for the

commodity on the streets of Vancouver, Washington, where
the first volcanic eruption in the continental United States
since 1915 took place last week. Beer mugs, volcano ice
cream sundaes, and volcano cocktails are going fast,
despite their inflated prices. T-shirts and mugs are $7.50.
Photos and bumper stickers are $1. And residents have
benefitted from one "eruption sale" after another. El
Census not for everyone

them, because they live in Pittsburgh, too," said one
worker wearily. Before they're through, the workers will
have checked under bridges and in local cemeteries to
record every last person in Pittsburgh.,0
On the inside
The arts page reviews the recent J. Geils concert in
Detroit. . . the sports page takes a look at the new
Michigan recruits for the '80-'81 basketball season. . . and

ti:_ Ssr.. £ .:Y;:a Gxz.:,w't? .+;, xti aa 'aieisG. '{' :YkaSw.

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