The Michigan Daily-Wednesday, April 9, 1980-Page 7
Castro's revolution falls on hard
times; Cubans denounce regime
WASHINGTON (AP) - "We are
sailing in a sea of difficulties. We have
been in this sea for some time, but the
shore is far away."
In that way, Cuban President Fidel
Castro candidly acknowledged last
December that his revolution had fallen
on hard times.
AT THE TIME, there were reports of
increased street crime, worker absen-
teeism, and black market activities. In
addition, pamphlets and posters
denouncing the regime began to appear
in Havana. There also has been a
dramatic rise in the number of Cuban
"boat people" arriving in the United
But nothing has quite so dramatized
popular disaffection for the regime as
has the appearance of thousands of
Cubans on the grounds of the Peruvian
Embassy in recent days, seeking
The inundation of the embassy was
touched off a week ago when a Cuban
policeman was killed in a cross fire
while six Cubans seeking asylum were
trying to crash their bus onto the em-
bassy grounds. The refugees came in
droves a few days later when the
government withdrew its security
guards from the embassy and announ-
ced that those seeking asylum would be
allowed to leave.
IN TRUTH, U.S. officials say,
economic difficulties have spread
throughout the Caribbean over the past
few years. And as Castro tirelessly
points out, Cuba, despite its difficulties,
is well ahead of the rest of the Carib-
bean in health care and education. .
On the other hand, no Caribbean
country has received foreign assistance
on the scale that Cuba has been
receiving from the Soviet Union,
currently about $8 million a day.
But Soviet aid has not offset a number
of problems affecting the Cuban
economy. In a speech to the Cuban
National Assembly last winter, Castro
noted that much of the country's tobac-
co crop has been wiped out by disease.
In addition, "plant rot" is threatening
Cuba's vital sugar harvest. The U.S.
economic embargo also is frequently
blamed for Cuban economic troubles.
CUBAN OFFICIALS admit, however,
that these factors are not entirely to
blame for Cuba's economic plight.
Castro's brother, Raul, in an unusually
frank speech last fall, also criticized
Cuba's workers for "lack of discipline
and control, irresponsibility, negligen-
ce, and cronyism."
Some U.S. officials also believe that
the sense of economic frustration in
Cuba may have been intensified since
relatives from the United States began
visiting the island..
More than 100,000 Cuban-Americans
visited Cuba last year, the over-
whelming majority enjoying a higher
standard of living than the average
According to the officials, who asked
not to be identified, the success stories
recounted by the visiting relatives no
doubt had a considerable impact on
Castro's subjects who, with the
revolution in its 22nd year, still have to
put up with long lines and strict
rationing to meet even their most fun-
Daily Classifieds Get Results
THOUSANDS OF anti-Castro Cubans and Cuban-Americans hold up their
placards during a protest in front of the Miami City Hall Monday after-
noon to show their support for the Cubans who have sought refuge in the
Peruvian Embassy in Havana.
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* Former Israeli commander says
PLO recognition vitalfor peace
By DAVID MEYER
Israel must recognize and negotiate
with the Palestinian Liberation
rganization (PLO) in order to achieve
~lasting peace in the Middle East,
former Israeli Major-General
Mattiytahu Peled said yesterday in a
speech at the University's International
Peled said Israel should abolish its
settlements in Arab-occupied territory
and establish a Palestinian state in the
Israeli-occupied West Bank and Gaza
Strip regions bordering on Israel. Such
a neighboring state could be "an asset
So Israel's security rather than a
danger'," he added..
Peled, who resigned from the Israeli
army in 1969, has been meeting
privately with PLO representatives in
Paris since 1975. He said the PLO has
exhibited a "willingness" to
compromise to establish a Palestinian
ISRAELI PRIME Minister
Menachem Begin has remained
adamant in opposing Israeli
Withdrawal from territory conquered
during the 1967 Six Day War, but Peled
believes that mounting international
pressure will eventually compel the
Israeli government to negotiate with
Peleq' accused /the Israeli
governmnent of- expanionism in its
occupation of the West Bank and the
Gaza Strip and cited what he termed
violations of the human rights of the
Palestinians, living in the occupied
"We (Israelis) plunder the land. We
deprive people of basic rights. We
restrict their freedom in many ways.
They are subjected to a very severe
military govrnment," Peled said.
"Occupation corrupts. The longer it
goes on, the worse it becomes."
PELED WENT on to say that the
interests of national security, a
common justification for the
occupation, would be best served by the
establishment of a friendly Palestinian
state. "Added territory does not add to
security," Peled said. "We have a
lower degree of security (today) than
we did prior to 1967 (when the
A Palestinian state "with some
limitations on the military capability"
would, according to the Israeli dove,
provide Israel with greater security
than it enjoys today or than it enjoyed
before the Six Day War.
Peled pointed to the 1978 peace treaty
between Israel and Egypt as an
important first step towards a lasting
Middle East peace, but said that the
deadlock in current negotiations cannot
be overcome without addressing the
possibility of a Palestinian state.
"THE PEACE process is having
difficulties. The problem is not with
Israel and Egypt. "Peled said, "The
difficult is experienced now because the
time has come for Israel and Egypt to
deal with the Palestinian problem."
To successfully establish a
Palestinian state, Peled said the PLO
would have to recognize an amended
version of the United Nations resolution
242, whichtguarantees Israels right to
exist. He said the resolution must be
amended to also guarantee thenrightn of
the Palestinians to pursue national
Once the PLO and Israel recognize
this amended resolution, Peled said he
believes that an agreement can be
reached between the PLO and the
Israeli government which would
guarantee peaceful co-existence of the
Peled rejects the notion that the
PLO's primary objective is the
destruction of Israel. Rather, he said,
their foremost goal is the establishment
of a Palestinian homeland.
Peled said once such a settlement is
reached, Israel could pursue similarly
peaceful relations with other
surrounding Middle East nations and
achieve an enad to the currently-
volatile political atmosphere in the
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The School of Natura/Resources
A Coming Age for Natural Resources
PENDLETON ROOM, MICHIGAN UION
OPEN TO THE PUBLIC
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 9,1980-7 p.m.
ENERGYAND PUGLIC LANDS
JOSEPH BROWDER, Special Assistant to the Assistant Secretary for
Land and Water, Department of Interior, Washington, D.C.
RICHARD CURRY, Legislative Assistant to the Director of National
Parks, Washington, D.C.
JOHN McGU IRE, Former Director, National Forest Service
HELEN WALLER, Chairperson of the Board of ,the Northern Plains
Resource Council, American Petroleum Industry Represdntative
Moderator: KENNETH SHAPIRO, Associate Professor of
Natural Resource Economics, The University of Michigan
... Israel should negotiate with PLO
Be an angel ...
Iran, Iraq edging closer to war
BEIRUT, Lebanon (UPI) - Iran and
Iraq edged closer to war yesterday.
Iran's Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini
urged Iraq's army to overthrow the
Baghdad regime, but Iraq's president
vowed that anyone trying it "will have
his hand cut off without hesitation."
Tehran Radio's Arabic broadcasts
yesterday said Iraq had mobilized
0,000 soldiers of its 190,000-man army
long the turbulent border and had
booted at least 15,000 Iranians out of the
IRAQI PRESIDENT Saddam
Hussein said yesterday his country was
"prepared to enter into any kind of bat-
tle to defend its honor and sovereign-
Khomeini said Hussein was "digging
his own grave."
The Iranian army commander, iden-
ified only as Gen. Fallahi, was quoted
by Tehran Radio as saying his forces
were awaiting orders from Khomeini
and Iranian President Abolhassan
Bani-Sadr "to move out of their bases
and face the aggression."
KHOMEINI implored "noble Islamic
nations" to kill Egyptian President
Anwar Sadat and Hussein, and urged
the Iraqi people and army to cut off
Hussein's "criminal hands" and over-
Ibrow him. He called both Sadat and
ussein "treacherous parasites."
Both Iran and Iraq have put their
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armies on full alert, the Kuwaiti news
agency, KUNA, said..,
Arab Gulf states feared that
Washington's severing of diplomatic
relations with Iran would trigger shock
waves throughout the region.
IRONICALLY, Iraq provided
Khomeini a home in exile for 15 yeras
while he prepared for the revolution
that overthrew Shah Mohammed Reza
Pahlavi in 1979.
Khomeini turned on the Iraqis
yesterday and pushed -relations bet-
ween the feuding neighbors closer to
The 79-year-old Islamic leader, in a
nationwide broadcast monitored in
Kuwait, called on the Iraqi army and
people alike to oust President Saddam
"WAKE UP and topple this corrupt
regime in your Islamic country before
it is too late," Khomeini said.
He urged Iraq's army "not to obey
the orders of the foes of the Koran and
Islam, but join the people."
If the Iraqis choose to do battle with
the Iranians, Western military experts
said, Iran stands a very good chance of
losing. The Iraqi military is considered
the best manned and equipped of any in
the Middle East, excluding Israel.
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Planning To Go To Law School?
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The Hofstra University School of Law will again offer a
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July 2 for the evening section (Mondays and Wednesdays)
and from May 31 to June 28 for the Saturday sections.
The Institute will be of value to those already planning to attend
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MINIMUM REOUIREMENTS FOR ADMISSION
If you measure up, Odessa College
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Through voc/tech, we can even help
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Give us a call (toll-free: 1-800-351-1513)
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Registration for Summer School, just
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not tarry too long.
EARN AND LEARN *