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January 29, 1980 - Image 9

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1980-01-29

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The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, January 29, 1980-Page 9
Carter asks or defense 1 e

Earn the credentials that count as a
Lawyes assstan

,r Where it

ines from The Budget Dollar

Whero iflooes

Exe taxes 60 Ot40 or iR30 Fisca Year 13
ncome Taxes
ndidal Incoe
45C Social Insorance

National Defense
Direct 6e4elit 24
Payments to
43c Not Intera<st
Otto Federal
Grans to States Operations
and Localities 90

(Continued from Page 1)
tried to use diplomacy and negotiating
tactics and also drain our urban and
social resources," Conyers told a news
Nonethelss, Conyers said he undoub-
tedly will support Carter for re-
election, should he be the Democratic
Party's nominee.
liberal member of the House Budget
Committee, was critical of the budget.
He said: "The president's budget better
gauges the public mood than it does the
nation's needs. While you're upping
defense, you're cutting aid to the han-
Sen. Bill Roth CR-Del.) called the
spending package "a campaign budget
designed to avoid offending anyone in

an election year."o
He added that the average family of
four. will end up paying at least $532
more in taxes. "To call this budget
'restrained' is like calling the ayatollah
a 'moderate,"' Roth said in a reference
to Iranian leader Ayatolah Ruhollah
BUT THE SENIOR Republican on
the Senate Budget Committee, Sen.
Henry Bellmon of Oklahoma, praised
Carter for resisting an election year tax
cut. "It makes no sense to provide a fic-
titious cut in taxes out of borrowed
money," he said.
House Majority Leader Jim Wright
(D-Texas) said, "The budget has a
necessary and very salutory emphasis
on defense. Congress will not want to
reduce the amount that the president
has asked for defense."

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Carter seeks record defense budget to

match Soviet power, c

(Continued from Page 1)
come back to Congress later to ask for
;till higher military spending "in
light bf events that have occurred in
the world after the fiscal 1981 budget
0 was finalized in late December."
Brown skirted any specific mention
of the Soviet intervention in
Afghanistan, but there was no doubt he
was referring to this event, which has
chilled U.S.-Soviet relations after many
years of seeking detente.
THE PRESIDENT'S budget request
made no reference to his announced
decision last week to revive peacetime'
draft registration. His onl reference to
the Selective Service System was a
single paragraph proposing $10 million
to improve the Selective Service
System's "ability to respond efficiently
to a wide variety of potenial
mobilization situations."
The Carter administration's defense
budget, as presented, contained no sur-
prises. Its broad outlines and ap-
proximate totals were provided to the
Senate last month when the ad-
ministration was attempting to
reassure critics of the Strategic Arms
Limitation Treaty with the Soviets and
win their votes for ratificiation. But
since then, because of the Soviet in-
vasion of Afghanistan, the SALT II
treaty has been temporarily set aside.

Carter's request for record defense
spending probably will be welcomed by
many members of Congress because of
the Afghan invasion, following the
Iranian revolution which exposed the
weaknes of the U.S. position in the
Persian Gulf, has brought a sharp
swing in the public mood. Also, public
opinion polls reflect a surge in citizen
support for greater defense prepared-
The $142.7 billion spending request is
$15.3 billion bigger than the fiscal 1980
total and represents "real growth"-af-
ter inflation is considered-of about 3.3
per cent.
CARTER AT THE same time asked
for budget authority totaling $158.2
billion, up $19.5 billion. The budget
authority figure is larger than the fiscal
1981 spending estimate because some of
the authorized outlays in that section
are part.of ongoing programs and
would come in future years.
"The increased level of defense
resources proposed for 1981 would help
preserve strategic deterrance, improve
the combat effectiveness and readiness
of our NATO forces, and enhance our
capability to deter conflict worldwide
through the rapid deployment of for-
ces," Carter's message said.
The president proposed spending ad-
vances all across the spectrum of U.S.

ontain aggression
defense programs, including strategic for development of a
weapons such as the new MX mobile in- CX transport plane, w
tercontinental ballistic missile, ad- heavy equipment suc
ditional Air Force and Navy fighter and thousands of miles, Ai
attack planes, more new warships and hope to build betweenI
significant production of the Army's new transport planes.
new XM tank if it passes all technial The depot ship
tests. programs together pr
A MAJOR VOCUS in the new budget about $10 billion in the1
is a start-up of two hardware programs One intriguing asp
designed to give U.S. forces the ability defense budget is a re
to reach distant areas such as the Per- 50 per cent increase
sian Gaulf quickly in emergencies, and develop a weapon to
to fight when they get there. satellites in space. Th
Carter proposed about $294 million year totals $124.9 m
for the first two of an eventual fleet of Secretary Brown sai
about 14 depot ships, which would be should be pushed "w
loaded with Marine combat gear and . . . to negotiate with th
stationed at strategic ports abroad, and this area."

new long-range
vhich could carry
h as tanks over
r Force planners
80 and 200 of the
and transport
obably will cost
long run.
pect of Carter's
quest for about a
in research to
destroy hostile
e request for next
illion. Defense
d this research
hile we attempt
he Soviet Union in

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U.S.-Mideast policy
'come all unstuck'
(Continued from Page 1)

that the Soviet Union's invasion of
Afghanistan was meant "to preserve
socialist gains."
"The Soviet Union only invades
Communist countries," said Zimmer-
man. The Soviets, he added, will not
permit Communist regimes to be top-
Fundamentally, said Zimmerman,
the Soviets invaded "because they were
Economics Prof. Robin Barlow
stressed that even in the worst possible

done in Afghanistan, (the Iranians) will
say, because of their experience, that
enemy number one is the U.S.," said
According to Luther, the mainstream
Iranian perception of the United States
is that for 25 years the U.S. was "a
proponent of the shah," and author of
"political, economic, and cultural
subordination of Iran to U.S. big-poiwer
Luther said, however, that there is a
"hopeful sign" in the ability of the

Soviet policy 'does not seem to be aimed at bring-
ing about a quick collapse of western capitalism. One
wonders what is new in the world situation that has
allowed them to bring about Armageddon.'
-Economics Prof. Robin Barlow

case - if the Soviets block the flow of
oil out of the Mideast - the U.S. could
supply its own needs and those of
Western Europe merely by cutting per
capita consumption to West European
t THIS WOULD be inconvenient, but
not "agonizing," Barlow suggested.
Barlow also said the theory that the
Soviets are moving to cut off oil sup-
plies to the Western world is
"somewhat far-fetched.
"This goes against what one sees in
Soviet policy," said Barlow. Soviet
policy "does not seem to be aimed at
bringing about a quick collapse of
western capitalism. One wonders what
is new in the world situation that has
allowed them to bring about Armaged-
"IN SPITE of what the Russians have.

Iranians to carry out an election.
President Bani-Sadr, said Luther, is an
economist. "Hopefully, he'll be more
pragmatic in his relationships with the
outside world.
University Professor and China ek-
pert Allen Whiting gave his view on
China's role in the Afghan situation.
Although China and Afghanistan
share a border, he said, the terrain
makes movement very difficult. The
mountain range in the area has an
elevation of 15,000 feet, and its snow-
choked passes contain few road.
Whiting said that this is China's most
vulnerable and distant border. The
Chinese won't risk provoking the
Russians in this area, and hence China
will not involve themselves directly in
the Afghan controversy, he said.

- _ - U - - I

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