The Michigan Daily
Vol LXXXVI, No. 34-S
Ann Arbor, Michigan-Tuesday, June 22, 1976
JOME ('-Italy's Christian Democrats
brat back a strong Communist bid for
power in this NATO country sith nearly
all returns in yesterday from the two-day
Although the Communists failed to
overtake the Christian Democarts, they
made the biggest advance of any party
compared to the 1972 election.
A LONG SERIES of Christian Demo-
crat-led coalition has barred the Com-
munists from the government since 1947
despite their No. 2 position. This time
the Communists were hoping to show
enough strength to be considered a nec-
Voting was for both the chamber of
deputies and senate.
With the tally in the senate campaign
complete, the Christian Democrats had
12,215,036 votes or 38.9 per cent and the
Communists 10,631,871 for 33.8 per cent.
In 1972 the percentages were Christian
Democrats 38.1 and Communists 27.6.
THE RESULTS gave the Christian
Democrats 135 seats in the 315-member
setnate, the same number they had be-
fsre. The Communists gained 25 seats for
a total of 116.
In the race for the chamber of depu-
ties 90 per cent of the vote was in. These
were the figures, with the 1972 election
percentages in parenthesis:
Christian Democrats 12,593,537 for 38.5
per cent (38.8) and the Communists
11,361,549 votes and 34.7 per cent (27.2).
MORE VOTES were cast for deputies
because the minimum age in that elec-
tion was 18 while it was 25 for the senate.
Trailing the two dominant parties in
taly's multiparty electorate were the
Socialists with 10.2 per cent for the sen-
ate and 9.6 per cent in the chamber, the
neoftscist Italian Social movement with
6.6 per cent senate and 5.6 per cent
chamber, and other minor parties.
The election was considered the most
important in 30 years for the North Atlan-
tic Treaty Organization tmetmber, and the
Christian Democrats succeeded in re-
versing a slide that began in regional
elections last year.
WASHINGTON had warned that Com-
munist participation in the government
would force a reassessment of America's
relations with Italy.
Christian Democrat campaigners de-
clared repeatedly that if the Communists
won Italy could be isolated from its
NATO allies. The Communists, in turn,
declared they were independent from
Moscow and would keep Italy in the
Former Christian Democrat Premier
Amintore Fanfani claimed his party had
received a mandate from the voters.
Communist chief Enrico Berlinguer
told some 4,000 party workers at the :r
party's headquarters, "We are satisfied,
very satisfied. We scored the biggest APPho:
advance of all parties." Me conceded the A CHRISTIAN DEMOCRAT (DC) supporter displays a copy of the Christi
Christian Democrats "remain a party of publication "I Popolo" headlining "Victory for DC" in Rome, yesterday. T
broad popular support." Christian Democrats emerged as winners of the two-day Italian election.
Massachusetts publ ic employes stage walout
BOSTON W - State employes went on which is made up of seven public service engage in meaningful negotiations
strike yesterday in the first statewide unions and represents some 50,000 of the long as it continues."
walkout of public employes in Massachu- state's 65,000 workers, called the strike TlE GOVERNOR added, howt
setts history. They ignored a back-to- after more than three months of nego- the R ed, Cow
work court order issued shortly before tiations over wages ended in an impasse. that the state Labor Relations Co
their strike began. SUPERIOR COURT Judge Thomas lion may appoint a mediator, an
The most immediate effect of the Morse issued a temporary restraining Washington, the federal Mediation
strike was a traffic tie-up after workers order forbidding the strike. He said he Conciliation Service said its medit
left drawbridges open when they walked would continue the injunction from day have entered the dispute at the re
off the job. to day. He could fine the union or jail of union leaders. It had not been de
THERE WERE few reports of vio- union members. whethet federal or state mediators
lence. Some pickets tried to prevent Gov. Michael Dukakis told a news con- be involved.
doctors and nurses from entering state ference yesterday, "It should be obvious "Attendance has been high at
hospitals, and there were reports of that no constructive bargaining can or mental and public health hospitals
damage to the cars of employes going to will take place as long as the union departmental offices throughout
work. leadership continues to encourage an state," Dukakis said. "Attendanc
No injuries were reported. Police said illegal strike. some mental hospitals was as hig
there was one arrest. "We will not tolerate a continuation of 100 per cent and better than avet
A coalition called "The Alliance," the walkout," he said. "Nor will we See MASS., Page 10
More rioting erupts in S. Africa
JOHANNESBURG, South Africa (A)
-ten people died and 10 were injured
yesterday in new rioting that followed
a weekend lull in South Africa's worst
racial disorders in history, Police Minis-
ter James Kruger announced.
Kruger told parliament that after the
latest outbreak the official toll has risen
to 140 dead and 1,128 injured.
HE SAID the figures "in no way im-
Ply that all the people died or were in-
jured as a result of police action."
Rioting was sparked last Wednesday
by students demonstrating against the
Use of Afrikaans as a teaching language
in the schools of the township of Sowe-
to, in Johannesburg. The Soweto blacks
said they preferred instruction in En-
glish and regarded Afrikaans, which
stems from Dutch settlers, as the lan-
guage of their oppressors.
New outbreaks of rioting were con-
centrated in black townships around the
capital of Pretoria with violence also re-
ported in Johannesburg townships and
other areas of the country, including
IN A STRONGLY worded statement
Kruger warned: "We cannot tolerate
any extension of the unrest. The police
will have to act to contain the disturb-
"South Africa cannot afford that build-
ings are burned down like this and the
police will have to act very firmly."
Heavily armed black and white po-
lice, backed by helicopters dropping
teargas, moved into trouble spots to
cordon off rioters and quell the vio-
lence. Police later reporter the unrest
was under control.
KRUGER SAID nine people were kill-
ed and five injured in rioting in the Pre-
toria area and one person was killed and
five were injured in townships around
No fatalities were reported in unrest
in the homelands, which are tribal ter-
ritories reserved for blacks. Under
South Africa's apartheid policy of sepa-
rate racial development, it is intended
that they will eventually be given inde-
Kruger said that yesterday morning
a wave of vandilism spread through the
townships, where urban blacks are seg-
regated from whites.
A BLACK PASTOR in Mapobane, one
of the Pretoria townships, said students
at the theological college sent him mes-
sages Sunday telling him to stay out of
the area because it would be dangerous.
According to details given by Kruger,
rioting occurred in five Pretoria-region
See 10, Page 10