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June 03, 1975 - Image 3

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1975-06-03

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Tuesday, June 3, 1975


Page Three-

Govt. computers keep files on activists

CIA and Army computers, in a
link involving more than 2(3 uni-
versities, still contain surveil-
lance files on thousands of anti-
war protesters despite official
assurances four years ago that
the files would be destroyed,
According to the report last
night from NBC News, the files
grew out of the late President
Lyndon Johnson's directive to
find out who was behind anti-
war protests in the late 1960s.
Ford Rowan said the Defense
Department sent 1,500 agents
"into the field" in response In
Johnson's order. Information
was collected on various indi-
viduals and was stored in com-
puters, Rowan said.

"In 1970, Sen Sam Ervin ex-
posed the extent of Army spy-
ing. He got the Pentagon to
promise to stop its surveillance
program and to destroy the
files. But four years after the
promise to Sam Ervin, the Ar-
my's domestic surveillance files.
still exist.
"By January of this year, the
Army domestic surveillance
files had grown to 600,000 en-
tries ont Americans and their
protest activities."
News has learned that a new
computer technology developed
by the Defense Department en-
abled the Pentagon to copy,
distribute and secretly update
the Army files. And - our sour-

ces say - the Army's informa-
tion on thousands of American
protesters has been given to the
CIA, and some of it is in CIA
computers now."
Rowan said some of the ma-
terial also is in "FBI and Sec-
ret Service files . .."
He said the network used to
distribute the data "links com-
puters at the CIA, the De-
fense Intelligence Agency, the
National Security Agency, more
than 20 universities and a doz-
en research centers, like the
Rand Corp."
HE SAID some of the files
were transmitted:
-In Octobe r1970 from com-
puters at the Army's Fort Hola-
bird in Baltimore to computers
at the National Security Agency

at Fort Meade, Md., and CIA
computers at Langley, Va.
-In January 1972 from Fort
Meade to computers at the
Massachusetts Institute of Tech-
nology in Cambridge, Mass.
-IN JUNE 1974 from Army
computers in Washington to
computers at the headquarters
of the Defense Investigative
Service. NBC said the Army's
Counterintelligence Analysis De-
tachment incorporated the in-
formation into a Defense De-
partment master index on
American citizens.
NBC quoted Richard Fergu-
son, a computer technician at
MIT, as saying, "I've seen the
data structure that they've used

and it concerns a person's oc-
cupation, their politics, their
name, etc."
Rowan said MIT says its
computers were not used for
spying, but "no one there seems
to know why the military files
were at MIT."
last January, Army Secre-
tary Howard Callaway said
some intelligence information
on the political activities of
American civilians had been
found in a microfilm library.
He said then that he was or-
dering the microfilm to be
screened for the Purpose of re-
moving all material on civilians
not affiliated with the Defense

FBI ranks city
crime rate high

First of a two-part series
When the Federal Bureau of
investigation (FBI) released,
its preliminary Uniform Crime
Report (UCR) for 1974 earlier
this year, Ann Arbor was in
the number three slot at the top
fifty crime centers in the coun-
Utilizing the UCR figures, Er-
nest Landler put forth a vague
theory in the May 2 issue of
New Times that major crimes
occur most often in states with
warm and sunny climates -
"crime in the sunshine," in
other words. Ann Arbor, it turns
out, is one of the notable ex-
THE ANNUAL crime report
issued by the FBI is based on
reported crime figures filed
with the Bureau by police de-
partments from all over the
country. Only major crimes of
the Part I Class (burglary,
rape, larceny, auto theft, ag-
gravated assault, robbery and

murder) are included.
The compiled statistics are
ranked according to a system
which includes communities
near and influenced by the cen-
tral city - the Standard Met-
ropolitan Statistical A r e a
(SMSA). The SMSA for Ann
Arbor is Washtenaw County.
According to the FBI fig-
ures outlined by Lendler, the
area around Ann Arbor last
year ranked behind Phoenix,
Arizona, and Daytona Beach,
Florida, with an average 7,-
746.9 major crimes reported for
every 100,0E0 people.
TOP - RANKED Phoenix
came up with a figue of 8,165.2.
Crime tallies recently re-
leased for Ann Arbor proper
show that 10,338 Part I Class
crimes were reported between
July 1, 1973 and June 30, 1974.
Using the 1970 city census
figure of 99,799, it can easily be
computed that Ann Arbor has
a crime rate some 34 per cent
higher than the Washtenaw
See FILES, Page 7

ANN ARBOR was recently tagged third highest crime center in the country, according to FBI
statistics for 1974. Bicycle theft contributes sig nificantly to the burglary category figures and
here a potential thief is featured in action.

Few jobs for graduates
By CATHERINE REUTTER tions can be attributed to the reces
This year's graduates face a particularly cation is also hampered by the dec
high slump in job openings, and the prospects rollment at most schools.
for next year's class may be even worse.
-FOR SOME Natura 1 Resources
A survey released last month by the Col- "things are pretty grim", accordin
lege Placement Council indicates an 18 per Chaffee of the School of Natural I
cent dip in employment of college graduates In the Chemistry Department, the:
compared to 1974, and the number of recruit- people who landed jobs is half of I
ing visits planned at college campuses next figure. "Bachelor degrees are coo
school year is predicted to drop another 6 per lot faster than I thought they a
cent- prospects for Master's and Ph. D h
" WU v s islowing down," says Kathy Teasda
I' WUULD be very surprised if more than emt f
10 or 12 per cent of our graduates who are placement office.
serious about getting into the job market Nationwide, a similar downtrend
don't find something," says Evart Ardis, Ca- ring for graduate students. Doctor
: reer Planning and Placement Director. How- holders have seen a 24 per cent
ever, the number of recruiters has been off hiring, while those with master's h
12 to 14 per cent since last year." 17 per cent slump.
Even those who find jobs may find them- "Some jobs we thought were tt
selves overqualified. "I can guess that most tive of high school grads are now b
of our students will wind up underemployed," by holders of bachelor's degree
Ardis says, says. "Realistically, there are not g
"There's very little hiring of teachers being jobs related to degree work. Bac
done at this time," Ardis says. "It's been a grees will be job entries to a bro
steady decline over the last few years." Like than in the past."
most job squeezes, the loss in teaching posi- See FEW, Pale 1t!

sion. Edu-
line in en-
g to Beth
number of
last year's
ring up a
ould, but
olders are
le of their
tis occur- i
ral degree
decline in .
have hit a
he peroga-
ming taken
es," Ardis
'oing to be
helor's de-
ader field
.. Y!- 3

New bookstore will
serve women's needs

Amidst the various commun-
ity service offices on the se-
rood floor of 225 East-Liberty,
one can now find what re-
sembles a bookshelf-lined lounge
which is actually the home of
the new Woman's Bookstore.
"Store windows aren't every-
thing," comments Judy Gibson,
one of the more than 20 mem-
bers involved in the store col-
SCANNING the array of wo-
man-oriented books, pamphlets,
records, T-shirts and buttons,
Gibson says, "We'd like to think
of ourselves as a resource cen-
ter instead of just a bookstore."
"The first thing that turns
people off," Gibson says, "is
that they think we have a nar-
row approach and that it doesn't
appeal to just anyone. Just be-
cause it's relevant to women
doesn't mean it isn't relevant
for men.
"Other bookstores have ap-
pealed exclusively to men and
they have ultimately attracted
everyone, women included. This.

store is geared toward women
and is run entirely by women
but the important thing is that
it is for everyone," she adds.
THE STORE, in operation
since last April, stocks approx-
imately 250 paperback titles,
most from small publish3rs such
as Loltipops, a young people's
publisher with a non-sexist re-
And since small distributirs
in cities all over the coontry
often fail to disseminate a ia w
women's book releases, accrd-
ing to Gibson, "you really have
to do a lot of outreach to find
out what's going on."
The remainder of the stire's
stock rouses from large distri-
butors, donations and a s e k
HOWEVER, the collective ias
increased its business with large
distributors recently as tIhe
Woman's Bookstore will b( the
exclusive carrier of course backs
for the introductory Womn's
'See NEW, Page 6

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