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July 25, 1978 - Image 13

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1978-07-25

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The Michigan Daily-Tuesday, July 25, 1978-Page 13


KHARTOUM, Sudan (AP) - African
nations, wrenched by ideological and
ethnic differences and wracked by
territorial wars, wound up their 15th
major summit conference last week
with the dream of unity as elusive as
One delegate to the Organization of
African Unity (OAU) meeting in the
Sudan capital reflected that the late
Kwame Nkrumah, one of its founding
fathers, would have been "deeply sad-
dened" by the spectacle of an indepen-
dent Africa divided and squabbling.
IT WAS Nkrumah, first president of
Ghana and first African leader to win
independence from a colonial power,
who told the inaugural 1963 meeting of
the African-Arab club.
"If we are to remain free, if we are to
enjoy the full benefits of Africa's enor-
mous wealth, we must unite to plan our
total defense and the full exploitation of
our human and material resources in
the interests of all our people."
Fifteen years later, feuds between
member states and failures to resolve
Africa's most burning issues of pover-
ty, ignorance and disease highlighted
the OAU summit.
THE 34 AFRICAN leaders who atten-
ded this year's conference failed to set-
tle conflicts involving Ethiopia and
secessionist guerrillas in the northern
Eritrea and southeast Ogaden regions.
Nor did they resolve anti-government
wars by rebels in Angola and Chad or
the fighting between Algeria-backed
Polisario guerrilla and Mauritania and
Morocco over the disputed former
Spanish Sahara.
United Nations Secretary-General
Kurt Waldheim, in an address to the 49-
nation body, pointed out that many
states were producing less food per
person than at independence and 83
million of the continent's 400 million
people were struggling to survive below
the breadline.
At the same time, he said, conflicts
Fun 'Forum'
fills the bill
(Continued from Page 7)
in with the rest of the characterizations,
mainly because it was the only one
which spanned the course of time. No
other characters were modeled after
stereotypes we are familiar with in
today's world. Horner should have
unified his direction by making
everyone an image of today, or no one.
It's difficult to mix Dudley Do-right and
THE SINGING in the show was
usually slightly off key, but the work
does not require beautiful voices. Ex-
pression and projection were excellent.
There was some difficulty because the
orchestra was back stage - the actors
and orchestra were constantly jostling
for position, hoping they were around
thesame measure.
The performance's main
achievement was the energy and
vitality which pervaded throughout;
this was a frenzied farce rollicking with
wildness. Hysteraeum, the dancing
concubines and Pseudoles were par-
ticularly good. Perhaps Forum, which
announces its disdain for loftier mat-
ters in the opening chorus, was par-

a eludes African
had created more than four million He urged the OAU to plan in-
refugees. dustrialization to tap the abundant
LT. GEN. Olusegun Obasanjo, the wealth of energy and mineral resources
Nigerian head-of-state, asserted that traditionally sold to the developed
Africa's problems "are about world at prices uncontrolled by African
sustenance, education, health and states.
about shelter." The dominant issue at the summit,
The Nigerian leader called for however, was over foreign military in-
'oday Africa appears to be an inert
body from which every vulture picks its
-Agostinho Neto,
Angolan president

'massive economic assistance . .. not
military hardware for self destruction
or stale ideological slogans that have no
relevance for Africans."
Agostinho Neto, president of Marxist
Angola, also urged the OAU to turn its
attention more toward economic in-
"TODAY AFRICA appears to be an
inert body from which every vulture
picks its piece," he said, in an un-
disguised reference to continuing
foreign controls over Africa's trade and
influence in governments.

tervention which resulted in what
Uganda's President Idi Amin called
"hot words" and drew battlelines bet-
ween moderate and radical African
THE MODERATES defended the
14,000-man French military presence in
many of France's poor former colonies
while the radicals justified the reten-
tion of 40,000 Cuban troops and hun-
dreds of Soviet military advisers in
war-torn Marxist states such as Angola
and Ethiopia.
Congo Foreign Minister Theophile

Obenga castigated those African coun-
tries which contributed troops to the
French-sponsored peacekeeping force
in Zaire after the May invasion of the
mineral-rich Shaba province by
Angola-based Zaire rebels.
Such actions, he said, constituted
"high treason and a flagrant violation
of the OAU charter." The charter for-
bids interference in the internal affairs
of member nations.
MOSCOW AND Havana also came
under fire from anti-Communist
African leaders.
Somali President Mohammed Siad
Barre lashed out at the Cubans for ac-
ting as "proxies for the Soviet Union,"
branding Moscow a "highly active par-
ticipant in the scramble for the re-
colonization of Africa."
Nigeria, acknowledging that Soviet
and Cuban intervention was originally
invited by certain African states, also
warned them not to overstay their
welcome in Africa.
THE DIFFERENCES were irrecon-
cilable. In the end, a compromise
summit declaration accommodating
conflicting views supported the
"inalienable right" of African states to
seek military help from any source and
called for the closure of foreign
military bases and an end to military
pacts with powers outside the con-
But, overall, the only real evidence of
the unity that Nkrumah once im-
passionately spoke of were the sym-
bolic flags of the 49-member nations
fluttering side by side outside the
Chinese-built Friendship Hall where
the conference was held.
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Ron, Betty Carter
mesmerize Hill

(Continued from Palge)
Carter's vocals soar above the music.
Her approach here was no less forceful
than her attitude toward uptempo tunes.
She was intense but tender, insistent
but flexible. And when she returned to a
ballad after a bebop tune, her mood
transformation was so complete that it
was as if she were resuming an earlier
conversation. The music stopped before
the ends of songs, and Carter would
keep spinning out the melody note by
note before a captive audience. The
jazz singer who took this year's
Newport Jazz Festival by storm, had
done it again.
THE RON CARTER Quartet formed
an instrumental counterpart to the jazz
vocals of Betty Carter. Ron, no relation
to Betty, plays both acoustic and pic-
colo bass (a small version of a regular
bass), but used only the piccolo on
Friday. While Carter fans thrilled to
songs from Carter's latest albums
("Sheila's Song" from Peg Leg and
"Blue Monk" from Piccolo) they also
received an unexpected treat.
Previously recorded Carter classics
which had utilized the acoustic bass
were now performed with the piccolo.
The change in timbre magically altered
the mood of these pieces.
For instance, on "All Blues," where
formerly the acoustic bass would
bellow and sigh, the piccolo sang in a
yearning mood. The new emotion of this
modal piece spread to other members
of the group. Kenny Barron played not
only modes but chromatic scales,
mocking the melody.
this emotionalism by adding more
rhythmic sunnort than is usually ac-

bass. Partly because of the unique
tuning of the piccolo, they were able to
achieve a perfect harmonic duet in the
refrain. This treatment of the Miles
Davis composition was simply wonder-
The piccolo voice on "Sabado-
Sombero" made the spell of Carter's
music total. What was once an asser-
tive acoustic bass has now changed to a
piccolo with shades of deep feeling.
Carter varied the effects by alternately
bowing, plucking and strumming. The
number opened with the harmony bet-
ween Williams and Carter and, Riley's
percussion projected a meditative
mood. The rise in tempo and pitch built
the emotion to a climax marked by
Barron's superb flamenco-like chords.
It was one of the most beautiful songs of
the evening, and comparing this per-
formance with their appearance at
MSU last year, I can sense the growth
of this group.

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