Page 10-Saturday, June 3, 1978-The Michigan Daily
House votes on loans to S. Africa, China
WASHINGTON (UPI) - The House
voted yesterday to restrict Export-Im-
port Bank loans benefitting South
Africa and refused to ease restrictions,
even symbolically, against China.
The actions involved legislation to
extend operation of the bank through
fiscal year 1983 and increase its lending
authority from $25 billion to $40 billion.
APPROVED BY voice vote was a
provision to prohibit the bank from
providing any credits which could be
used by South Africa to enforce its
And by a vote of 179-138, the House
eliminated language which would have
given Peking an exemption from the
bank's prohibition on transactions with
With those controversial amendmen-
ts disposed of, the House postponed
final action on the overall bill until next
THE BANK was created in 1945 to en-
courage U.S. exports by extending
credit and guaranteeing loans in sup-
port of export sales.
The South Africa amendment, by
JERUSALEM (AP) - A bomb blast
ripped apart a city bus yesterday,
killing at least five perons and woun-
ding 23 others, authorities said, in a
terrorist attack apparently timed to
coincide with this weekend's 11th an-
niversary of Israel's capture of
The bombing, for which the Palestine
"When I heard the explo-
sion I got up and walked
awray. I tras in a daze. I
was lucky to be sitting in
the middle of the bus.' "
wounded in the blast.
Liberation Organization (PLO),
claimed responsibility, was the
deadliest in the capital since November
1975 and raised the toll in terrorist
assaults here this year to seven dead
and some 80 wounded.
THE PALESTINIAN news agency
WAFA said in Beirut, Lebanon, that
the Al Fatah faction of the PLO had
planted the bomb. It.said it consisted of
about 13 pounds of high explosives plan-
ted by "an underground squad" that
Police said as many as six may have
perished in the blast, including one
child. They said the toll would have
been higher had the rush-hour bus been
full. Three children were wounded,
hospital spokesmen said.
Jerusalem Mayor Teddy Kollek told
Israel radio he believed the explosion
was timed to mark Jerusalem Day
festivities Sunday marking the capture
of East Jerusalem from Jordan in 1967.
Rep. Thomas Evans (R-Del.), would
allow the bank to make loans to
American companies operating in
South Africa which desegregate their
work facilities and provide equal pay
for equal work by all employees, regar-
dless of race.
Those firms also would have to
provide equal employment for all; train
and place more black South Africans in
supervisory and management
positions; and improve black housing,
transportation, schooling, recreation
and health facilities.
THE EVANS provision replaced
tougher language to prohibit any
credits for South Africa until the
President determined significant
progress had been made toward
That, Evans said, woul have driven
many American firms from South
Africa, creating economic chaos that
would hit black Africans hardest.
"I abhor South African racist
policies, but disengagement of
American trade is not the way to bring
about majority rule," Evans said.
"Continued American investment will
THE EXPLOSION tore away the rear
of the bus, leaving it like a ruptured can
and sending shreds of glass and sheet
metal flying. Some shattered the win-
dshield of a trailing bus. The blast oc-
curred just as the bus turned into the
Bayit Vagan suburb near Yad Vashem,
Israel'svmemorial to the six million
Jewish victims in Nazi Germany.
Police said the device was an 81mm
mortar shell with a watch-operated
detonating device. It was not im-
mediately known how it went un-
"Thank God the bus was half empty,"
said Avraham Flazner, a former
Chicago resident who sustained a minor
"WHEN I heard the explosion I got up
and walked away. I was in a daze," said
Flazner. "I was lucky to be sitting in
the middle of the bus."
Rescuers said a decapitated teen-
aged girl was among a dozen victims
scattered in the wreckage.
Yaacov Barashi, manager of a taxi
stand about 50 feet from the explosion,
radioed his fleet and a dozen taxis tran-
sported the victims to hospitals within
"WHEN I went up in the bus there
were screams and passengers were
jumping out, We took out the rest as
fast as we could," said taxi driver Yit-
There have been 11 bombings in the
Israeli capital this year, and several
more explosive devices. were
discovered by citizens and disarmed.
The worst terrorist attack in the
nation's 30-year history ocurred last
March 11 when 35 Israelis died during a
shootout with bus hijackers on the Tel
Aviv-Haifa highway. OW
In retaliation Israel sent its forces in-
to southern Lebanon to sweep out
guerrilla training bases and outposts.
There was speculation the latest bom-
bing was staged to show the PLO can
still operate in Israel despite the oc-
cupation of southern Lebanon. .
provide a stable climate for social
change without bloodshed or civil
As for the China exemption, the
House rejected a plea by Rep. Henry
Reuss ( n-Wis.), chairman of its
Banking Committee, who asked it be
retained as a gesture of friendship
"between this country and one-quarter
of the people on this globe. This is very
mild, light-handed and symbolic."
Brezhnev, Husak sign
treaty of friendship
PRAGUE, Czechoslovakia (UPI) - No details were disclosed im-
Soviet President Leonid Brezhnev and mediately, but the main practical
Czechoslovak President Gustav Husak feature of the declaration was believed
signed a declaration yesterday calling to be the announcement of a joint five-
for "further development" of frien- year economic plan to take effect in
dship and cooperation between their 1980.
Communist parties and governments. THE SIGN ING at the medieval
Hradcany castle, which serves as
Husak's official residence, climaxed
the 71-year-old Soviet leader's first visit
to Czechoslovakia since 1973.
The official news agency described
the declaration as "a joint statement on
the further development of fraternal
friednship and all-round cooperation
between the CPSU Soviet Communist
Party and the CPO Czechoslovak
Communist Party, the Union of Soviet
Socialist Republics and the
Czechoslovak Socialist Republic."
In Addition to the signing ceremony,
Brezhnev was feted at a morning recep-
tion at the castle attended by the
Czechoslovak Communist Party and
government hierarchy and the
During the reception, Husak presen-
ted Brezhnev with Czechoslovakia's
highest decoration - the Order of
Carter right on
Cuba, leaders say
(Continued from Page 1)
Angola, but said they provided "sub-
s tantial" training "over a long period"
while the Soviets provided military
RHODES SAID there was evidence
the Cuban training effort continued up
to and past the first day of the invasion.
Cuban officials have denied com-
plicity in the attack on Zaire, but House
Speaker Thomas O'Neill said after
talking with Carter and Turner: "I
think the Cubans are lying."
The White House briefing met the
challenge of a number of skeptical
legislators who had asked Carter to
show Congress the proof behind his
allegations that Cuba had trained and
equipped the Katangese rebels that in-
vaded Zaire's Shaba province last mon-
The attack led to widespread
slaughter of both white European and
black African residents of Shaba, and
brought about a U.S.-backed rescue ef-
fort by French Foreign Legionnaires
and Belgian paratroopers.
State House considers
LANSING (UPI) - The sponsor of
"right-to-die" legislation said yester-
day terminal patients in Michigan who
want a quiet place to die need an alter-
native to large, impersonal hospitals.
Rep. David Hollister (D-Lansing)
said one very promising alternative is
the hospice - a medical and social in-
stitution which focuses on easing the
mental and physical suffering of dying
patients rather than trying to keep
IN ORDER to promoted the hospice
idea in Michigan, Hollister held a joint
news conference yesterday along with
Dr. Robert Brown, medical director of
a hospice in Minnesota.
While there are no fully functioning
hospices in Michigan at this time,
Hollister said there may be within a
year. Hospice groups have been formed
in Flint, Grand Rapids and Detroit.
Hospices originated in England. The
name comes from a medieval term
meaning a way station for travelers.
BROWN SAID hospices, which most
frequently deal with cancer cases, treat
patients with teams including
physicians, social workers, chaplains,
The first goal, he said, is to relieve
patients' pain-so they and their families
can confront the emotional, social and