Vol. LXXXVIII, No. 13-S
I)MCII Friday, May 19, 1978
cmichi~gan Twenty Pages
Ann Arbor, Michigan Ten Cents
Ethiopia bombards rebels
DAMASCUS, Syria (AP) - Ethiopian in highlands 50 miles from the Red Sea. backed by air strikes, suffered heavy only outlets to the sea. Insurgents have
gunboats shelled the Red Sea coast of Central government troops are trying casualties. been fighting to end Ethiopian rule for
rebellious Eritrea and sank scores of to break through ELF lines and lift a The naval bombardment was aimed 16 years.
fishing boats yesterday on the fourth six-month-old rebel siege of Asmara. at closing the rebels' sea supply routes, The head of Ethiopia's military
day of a major offensive to defeat the the rebels said. government, Lt. Col. Mengistu Haile
secessionist forces, the Eritrean THE REBELS also stopped a pincer Mariam, warned in a speech yesterday
Liberation Front (ELF) reported here. assault by another 20,000-man THE ETHIOPIAN government has that his nation and Somalia could go to
The front's news agency said rebel Ethiopian force on the two main rebel- not officially confirmed that its long- war again over the tiny adjacent state
units repulsed attacks by a 20,000-man held Red Sea ports of Massara and expected counter-offensive against the of Djihouti. Ethiopia, backed by Cuban
Ethiopian force six miles west of Assab, the ELF said. rebels has begun. Two other rebel fac- troops and Soviet advisers, earlier this
Eritrea's provincial capital of Asmara, It said the attackers, who were tions, the Eritrean People's Liberation year defeated Somali forces trying to
annex eastern ..t-TL Iin
Front and the ELF-popular Liberation
Forces, have issued no reports on
Eritrea, Ethiopia's northernmost
province, is a former Italian colony an-
nexed by the late Emperor Haile
Selassie in 1962. Its ports are Ethiopia's
annex eastern Ethiopia s ga en
Desert to Somalia.
AN ETHIOPIAN radio report on the
speech, monitored in Nairobi, Kenya,
said Mengistu charged that Somali
See ERITREAN, Page to
MOSCOW (AP)-A Soviet court
yesterday sentenced dissident physicist
Yuri Orlov to 12 years' loss of freedom,
and police briefly detained Nobel Peace
Prize winner Andrei Sakharov with his
wife after they struck officers who
barred them from the courthouse.
Sakharov, also a physicist, is the
most prominent Russian dissident.
Orlov's was the first of an expected
rodnd of trials of Moscow dissenters,
with the apparent aim of putting down
organized criticism of the Soviet gover-
IN WASHINGTON, the House passed
by a 399-0 vote and sent to the Senate a
resolution asking the Soviet Union to
free the 53-year-old Orlov. State Depar-
tment spokesman Thomas Reston said
the -U.S. government "strongly
deplores" the action against Orlov and-
called it "a gross distortion of inter-
nationally accepted standards of
British politicians from both left and
right said the sentence was "shameful"
and an "outrage."
In a trial that began Monday, Orlov
was convicted of "anti-Soviet agitation
and propaganda" on the basis of
documents about Soviet human rights
that he wrote and distributed to
Geralds placed on
two years probation
sometime next week.
By MICHAEL ARKUSH Most of Geralds' former colleagues
Former Rep. Monte Geralds (D- agreed that Geralds received a light
Madison Heights), convicted of embez- sentence. Rep. Joseph Forbes (D-Oak
zling $24,000 from a former law client, Park), chairman of the House Policy
was sentenced yesterday to two years Committee which recommended
of probation and either a 90-day jail Geralds' expulsion, said he believes
term or a sum of money to be deter- Geralds received a very mild sentence.
mined by the results of two pending SeeGERALDSPage12
civil court cases.
Geralds was also ordered by an
Oakland County Court judge to serve a
Orilor total of 400 hours at the Gateway Crisis
Center in Madison Heights and pay the
probation department $400.
ii*1 O rlo v; ALTHOUGH the probation term will
start immediately, Geralds is not
required to serve at the center until
dW dall possible appeals have been
Geralds, who was expelled from the
baes.r rsHouse last week, said he was very
THE OFFICIAL Tass news agency pleased with the court's ruling.
said the court "bore in mind the public "I really didn't know what to expect
danger of his crime" in sentencing but I am quite happy with the senten-
Orlov to seven years at hard labor and ce, said Geralds.
five years of internal exile, meaning GERALDS SAID his lawyer will ap-
banshment from Moscow. He has eal the embezzlement conviction to Rep Gerald'
See SOVIETS, Page 10 the Michigan Court of Appeals
U.S. Summons Ciean suspect
WASHINGTON (AP)-U.S. officials
are arranging to bring to the United
States the former head of the Chilean
secret police who is a suspect in the
assassination of former Chilean
diplomat Orlando Letelier, official
sources said yesterday.
The sources said travel plans were
indefinite for bringing to this country'
Gen. Manuel Contreras Sepulveda,
former director of Chile's disbanded
secret police force, the Directorate of
Other details, such as whether the
United States pressured the Chilean
government into cooperating in' ex-
pelling Contreras, were not available.
JUSTICE DEPARTMENT and FBI
spokesmen would not comment except
to say that FBI agents are in Chile and
will be joined later this week by
Assistant U.S. Attorney Eugene M.
Propper, who is in charge of the in-
vestigation of Letelier's death.
Letelier, an opponent of the right-
wing Chilean dictatorship, was killed on
Sept. 21, 1976 along with an associate,
Ronni Moffitt, when a bomb-exploded
under Letelier's car while he was
driving along Washington's embassy
The Council of Hemispheric Affairs, a
Washington-based organization that
favors democratic rule in Latin
America, reported yesterday that U.S.
officials planned to bring Contreras to
the United States. The report was con-
firmed by sources, who declined to be
THE GOVERNMENT has charged
five men and is holding a sixth as a
possible suspect in Letelier's
assassination. They include five anti-
Castro Cuban exiles, including two who
are still at large.
Also charged in the case is Michael
Vernon Townley, an American citizen
who had been living in Chile for more
than 20 years and has been identified as
SeeCHILi.AN, Page 11