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May 16, 1978 - Image 1

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1978-05-16

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IL ,

rchigTan DALY
Ann Arbor, Michigan Ten Cents

Vol. LXXXVI11, No. 10-S
Tuesday, May 16, 1978
Sixteen Pages

4

_ __._
. .-

a Mideast arms
sales get
Senate OK

Daily Photo by JOHN KNOX
CUSTOMER HOWELL DAVIS takes advantage of the last days of Detroit
Edison's light bulb program as he exchanges his used bulbs yesterday at
the local Edison office.
Bulb bonanza!.
Exchanges near end

By JUDY RAKOWSKY
Load up your laundry baskets and
grocery bags with burned out bulbs
and join the stampede sprinting to
Detroit Edison for the final days of
the free light bulb exchange
rogram.
The company is being forced to
curtail its 92-year-old practice of
replacing burned-out light bulbs to
its customers free of charge by a
U.S. District Court order. The court
handed down that decision after a
five-year legal battle initiated by
drug store owner Lawrence Cantor,
who claimed his bulb business was
severely impaired by Edison's
freebie custom.
A CUSTOMER blitz has descen-
ded upon most offices, after con-
sumers were informed that they
have until May 26 to take advantage
of the program. That date was

specified in the court order but has
yet to be approved by the Public
Service Commission, the regulatory
agency governing Detroit Edison.
"It's like the city cutting off ar
public drinking fountain so someone
can sell bottled water," said one
local Detroit Edison worker.
Meanwhile, baskets and bags fullr
of bulbs were hauled to the exchange rs
counter at the Ann.Arbor Edison of-
fice, inserted into a test socket, and
disposed if they were dead. The binsr
of discarded bulbs have been em-
ptied every hour due to the heavy
customer flow. By 2:30, 300 bulbsr
had already been taken in yester-
day. Last week, 350,000 bulbs-three
times the normal amount-were
collected in the Detroit area.
CONSUMERS RECEIVE free
new bulbs consistent with the
kilowatts of electricity they expend.
See DAYS, Page 2 r

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Senate
last night endorsed President Carter's
plan to sell jet fighters to Israel,
Egypt and Saudi Arabia - transac-
tions the President called vital to
achieving peace in the Middle East.
On a vote of 54 to 44 the Senate
rejected a resolution which would
have blocked the $5 billion arms sales
package. Opponents to the sales
would have needed majorities in both
the House and Senate to prevent
them.
THE ADMINISTRATION had lob-
bied hard in favor of the sales.
Carter spoke by telephone yester-
day morning with several senators of
both parties "stressing.., the im-
portance" of the vote, White House ,
Press Secretary Jody Powell said.
The President also talked with a
number of senators by telephone
during the weekend.
The bitter fight over the sales also
was marked by intensive lobbying by
supporters of Israel and the Arab
nations, as well as backers of the
White House position that military aid
to Arab moderates in Egypt and Saudi
Arabia was in the best interests of
Israel.
The sales will send 75 F-16s to
Israel; 60 F-15s to Saudi Arabia and 50
less sophisticated F-5Es to Egypt. In
an effort to secure congressional sup-
port, Carter also promised to sell
Israel another 20 F-15s for delivery in
1983-84.
THE ADMINISTRATION had
argued that Saudi Arabia believes it

needs the jetfighters to defend itself
against a number of potentially
dangerous neighbors that have fallen
under the Soviet Union's influence.
Israel has feared the jets might be
used against it in any future Middle
East war.
In a letter to all senators in the final
days before the vote, Carter warned
that rejection of the sales "would be a
devastating blow" to Egyptian
President Anwar Sadat and his efforts
to negotiate. "Shall we support and
give confidence to those in the Middle
East who work for moderation and
peace?" wrote Carter. "Or shall we
turn them aside, shattering their con-
fidence in us, and serving the cause of
radicalism."
But Sens. Frank Church (D-Idaho)
and Clifford Case (R-N.J.), responded
in a letter of their own, distributed to
senators yesterday, in which they
argued that the sales "will only make
it more difficult to revitalize the peace
process."
Church, Case and Sen. Paul
Sarhanes (D-Md.), were among the
leaders of the opposition to the sales.
Sarhanes at one point accused the
administration of provoking a
needless and divisive confrontation
which could have been avoided
through "adroit and skillful
statesmanship."
But as the debate continued yester-
day, a Carter victory began to
emerge. Even Church at one point
several hours before the vote said, "I
am told that the sales will be ap-
proved."

Policy
By RENE BECKER
A policy statement designed to limit
relationships between University
faculty, personnel and students and
various U.S. intelligence agencies-was
introduced to the faculty Senate
Assembly for discussion yesterday.
The statement, developed by the
University's Civil Liberties Board,
stated that such relationships, when
secred and resulting in deception or
serious harm, "are antithetical to the
spirit and goals of a university com-
munity, and are thus prohibited."
SHAW LIVERMORE, Senate
Assembly chairman, said the Civil
Liberties Board was charged by Harold
Shapiro, University vice-president for
academic affairs, and encouraged by

on CIA activity outlined

University President Robben Fleming,
to develop a policy statement concer-
ning government intelligence activities
on campus.
Other business at yesterday's SACUA
and Senate Assembly meetings included
discussion of disadvantages of the
University's academic calendar. See
story, page 6.
The statement was brought before
the Senate Assembly yesterday only for
discussion, said Livermore, "with an
eye on taking formal action" on the
issue at the next meeting in June.
This Was the first attempt by the

University to establish guidelines, as,
many other universities have, concer-
ning U.S. government intelligence ac-
tivities on campus.
ACCORDING TO the statement by
the Civil Liberties Board, the need for
guidelines "has been precipitated by
the recent disclosures of covert
recruitment activity and intelligence-
gathering by the CIA (Central In-
telligence Agency) within the Univer-
sity of Michigan and other American.
universities."
Although several universities, in-
cluding Harvard, have adopted
guidelines which force all university
personnel to reveal any connection with
intelligence agencies, the Civil Liber-
ties Board policy statement does not.

THE BOARD refrained from prohibit-
ing all secret relationships because , it
stated, "to do so may impinge on the
principles of academic freedom,
privacy, and free association, of the
University faculty and personnel and
unnecessarily equate secrect with
ulterior motives."
With this in mind the Board proposed
a "dual test" which would decide the
legality of a relationship. If a relation-
ship with an intelligence agency would
be judged wrong it must have been, fir-
st, secret, and second, it must have
caused serious harm or have been
deceptive.
The statement singled out the use of
University personnel as covert
See GUIDELINES, Page 11

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