Page 2-Friday, May 12, 1978-The M
MANILA, Philippines (UPI) -
President Ferdinand Marcos announ-
ced yesterday he will relinquish his
lawmaking powers as martial law ad-
ministrator to the interim national
assembly when it convenes next month.
Speaking during a public gathering in
Iloilo City in the central Philippines,
Marcos said, however, he reserves the
right to resume these powers if the
assembly "does not perform its duty
"BUT KNOWING the quality, talent,
dedication and patriotism of the in-
terim national assembly, I am con-
fident, I have no doubt whatsoever that
it will exercise these powers with
patriotism, dedication and wisdom," he
The 200-member assembly is
scheduled to convene June 11 or 12 for
an expected maximum term of six
years with Marcos automatically
becoming prime minister in addition to
Since he proclaimed martial law in
1972, Marcos has been exercising both
executive and legislative powers.
The interim national assembly has
been billed by the government as the
forerunner to a regular parliament with
Marcos expected to decide during its
tenure - in consultation with the
assembly and his advisers - when to
lift martial law.
THE MICHIGAN )AIL.
Volume i.xxxviii. No.K-S
Friday, May I2. 1978
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Armed Iranian troops take up positions in Sabz Maiden square Thursday, preparing to deal with anti-Shah rioters.
Elsewhere in the city, soldiers fired bullets and tear gas into crowds of demonstrators. In the holy city of Qum, at least nine
people are reported dead.
Iranian soliers ire on
an ti-Shah de-monstrators
TEHRAN, Iran (AP) - Shah
Mohammed Reza Pahlavi postponed a
trip to Eastern Europe on Thursday
and took personal command of soldiers
who clashed with thousands of Moslem
extremists demanding his ouster and
the return to strict Islamic rule.
Troops fired into the air and hurled
hundreds of tear gas shells to disperse
the rioters on the capital's main street
in the, third day of anti-government
The soldiers opened fire after angry
crowds, shouting "Down with the
Shah!" defied orders to halt an attem-
pt to march from the city's ancient
bazaar toward the national telecom-
munications center on Nasser-Khosrow
Avenue. Shooting also was reported on
Cyprus Street, near the bazaar.
INFORMED sources said the shah,
operating from a special headquarters,
was attempting to prevent ".un-
necessary bloodshed." A government
communique said he postponed his
planned Friday departure for Hungary
and Bulgaria because of a "cold."
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There were no reports of casualties in
the latest Tehran clash.
At least nine persons have been killed
in riots in the holy city of Qum, Tabriz
and 32 other cities and towns since
Tuesday. Scores have been injured and
property damage was estimated at
millions of dollars.
Before taking to the streets, demon-
strators heard two hours of speeches by
turbaned Moslem religious leaders at
the Jome Mosque inside the troop-
ringed bazaar. They exhorted followers
to rise against the government.
RELIGIOUS militants are deman-
ding adherence to strict Koranic law in
this predominantly Moslem Middle
East nation of 35 million. They want the
government to return mosque lands
leased to farmers under the shah's land
reform program, close liquor stores
and movie theaters, and roll back
reforms allowing women into colleges
and to appear in public without
Nationwide rioting erupted in answer
to a call by religious leaders, or
mullahs, for demonstrations to com-
memorate the deaths of persons killed
in anti-government religious rioting 40
days before. The 40th day after death is
a traditional Moslem day of mourning.
Shops in downtown Tehran were shut-
tered after religious leaders called on
businessmen to close down Thursday or
risk looting during demonstrations.
Before Thursday's violence, state-
run radio and television networks
broadcast repeated warnings that the
government would no longer tolerate
disruptions by "a few thousand"
religious extremists. More than 2,000
soldiers, armed with tear gas and
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