1111 I~I~I ~ Volume LXXXVIII, No. 7-S1
m1 Ch1198 Friday, May 12, 1978
Ann Arbor, Michigan Ten Cents
Sino-Soviet clash erupts
TOKYO (AP) - China claimed 30
Soviet soldiers penetrated 21 miles in-
to northeastern China and shot and
wounded "a number" of Chinese in one
of the most serious frontier incidents
reported since the bloody border battles
There was no immediate comment
from Moscow, which resumed eight-
year-old negotiations with China over
the Sino-Soviet boundary two weeks ago
after a 14-month hiatus.
The Chinese government, in a shar-
ply worded protest to the Soviet am-
bassador in Peking, condemned the in-
cident as a "grave and calculated step
to create tension on the border," the of-
ficial Chinese news agency Hsinhua
"It was only due to the restraint of the
Chinese side that the incident did not
develop into an armed conflict," the
note said. It demanded a Soviet
apology, punishment of the troops in-
volved, and warned that the Kremlin
"must bear full responsibility for the
consequences" of future incursions.
The Peking protest said a Soviet
helicopter penetrated four kilometers
- 212 miles - over the Ussuri River in-
to China's Heilungkiang Province on
Tuesday. It said that 18 military boats
intruded into Chinese waters in the
same region, landing 30 soldiers on the
Chinese bank of the river.
"They chased and tried to round up
Chinese inhabitants, shooting con-
tinually and wounding a number of
them. Penetrating four kilometers into
Chinese territory, they seized 14
Chinese inhabitants and dragged them
all the way to the riverside, giving them
kicks and blows. Under the repeated
protests of the Chinese inhabitants the
Soviet troops finally released them,"
Hsinhua quoted the note as saying.
Soviet and Chinese troops clashed
along the Ussuri in March 1969 over
ownership of Chengpaotao, a small
island in the river called Damansky by
the Russians. Japanese reports quoted
Chinese officials as saying 86 Chinese
and more than 240 Russians were killed
In a dispatch received in Tokyo,
Hsinhua said Vice Foreign Minister Yu
See SINO-SOVIET, Page 7
Daily Photo by JOHN KNOX
I am a lineman for the county...
Silhouetted against yesterday's dark sky, this power line repairman endeavors to finish his job before the storm hits.
DEFEAT FOR CARTER:
WASHINGTON (AP) - President
Carter's request that Congress lift its 3-
year-old embargo on U.S. military aid
to Turkey was rejected yesterday by
the Senate Foreign Relations Commit-
In a major foreign policy setback for
Carter, the panel voted 8-4 against lif-
ting the embargo that was imposed
when Turkey used American-supplied
weapons to invade Cyprus in 1974.
THE HOUSE International Relations
Committee, by a one-vote margin, had
recommended lifting the embargo
earlier this month.
The administration has argued that
the embargo is failingto bring about a
Cyprus peace settlement.
"I'm persuaded the policy hasn't
worked," said Sen. Frank Church, one
of only three Democrats voting to lift
the embargo. "It's useless to persist in
a policy that has clearly failed."
SEN. JOSEPH Biden (D-Del. )
argued that removal of the embargo
could have long-term repercussions in
Greece by weakening the "less than
overwhelming position of the Greek
government which has a pro-U.S.
Biden said Congress should not
aid for Turkey dented
and promises" of improved relations pullout plan could not proceed without
with Turkey. authorization for the transfer.
The embargo vote took place as the In another vote the committee rejec-
panel considered authorization of ted administration requests to provide
military aid for foreign countries. military training programs for
REMOVAL OF the arms embargo Nicaragua ard Paraguay.
against Turkey drew support only from Church said the two countries were
Sens. George McGovern (D-S.D.), John responsible for "gross violations of
Sparkman (D-Ala.), James Pearson human rights."
(R-Kans), and Church. Voting against
the administration request were Sens.
Clayborne Pell (D-R.I.), Muriel Hum-
phrey (D-Minn.), Paul Sarbanes (D- 1
Md.), Richard Stone (D-Fla.), Dick
Clark (D-Iowa), Biden, Jacob Javits By MICHAEL ARKUSH
(R-N.Y.) and Charles Percy (R-Ill.).
The administration had proposed A special Senate committee estab-
providing $175 million in military sales lished to determine whether charges
credits for Turkey and $140 million in that State Sen. Earl Nelson (D-
military sales credits for Greece. In Lansing) accepted loans from two lob.
additon it called for $60 million in sup- byists warrants any Senate action held
porting assistance for Turkey and $5 its first meeting Wednesday.
million in refugee assistance for The committee reviewed procedural
Cyprus. affairs, scheduling future meetings and
Ina victory for the administration the discussing which witnesses need to be
committee approved Carter's request questioned.
for authorization to transfer up to $800 Headed by Sen. Jerome Hart (D
million worth of U.S. military equip- Saginaw), the committee was appoain-
ment to South Korea as the United ted by Senate Majority Leader William
States withdraws ground combat troops Faust (D-Westland) following a Senate
there over the next five years. resolution calling for the investigation.
,'COMMITTEE"mmberssaid the Nelsen requested'the.resolution.-in
order to indicate to his fellow represen-
tatives that he feels he is innocent. He
has admitted accepting money from
one lobbyist and a dog racing advocate.
Nelson claims the loans did not affect
his vote on related issues and merely
constituted assistance from friends. A
$5,000 loan from John MacLellan, a
known proponent of dog racing, came
just before Nelson introduced
legislation to legalize the sport, but the
Lansing Democrat claims the loan did
not motivate his legislation.
The committee, which includes Sen.
Basil Brown (D-Highland Park) and
Sen. Harry DeMaso (R-Battle Creek),.