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May 07, 1977 - Image 1

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Michigan Daily, 1977-05-07

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The Michigan Daly
Vol. LXXXVII, No. 4-S Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, May 7, 1977 Ten Cents Twelve Pages
Carter faces summit today

Daily Photo by CHRISTINA SCHNEIDER
summer at Kelsey Museum of Archaeology. her excavated artifacts are on exhibit this
ANCIENT SELEUCIAN pottery along with of
reasUres with ancient roots

LONDON 1) -- After being cheered, patted and befriended by
thousands in a campaign-style swing through England's north
country, President Carter returned to London yesterday to get
down to the tough business of the seven-way economic summit.
Carter and the leaders of Britain, France, West Germany,
Italy, Canada and Japan were expected to make decisions that
could affect employment, consumer prices and other aspects of
daily life in much of the industrialized world.
ONE OF THE most pressing issues facing the weekend sum-
mit was Carter's stand against the increasing spread of nuclear
technology in the world. The leaders of France and West Ger-
many, among others, see the world nuclear trade as an economic
boon for their countries.
The issue of nuclear technology sales was the most likely area
for serious dispute among the participants in the economic sum-
mit.
In an apparent attempt to defuse the issue, the French an-
nounced yesterday at a nuclear conference in Salzburg, Austria,
that they are developing a new process for enriching uranium
that makes the material suitable for power plants but not for
making weapons.
CARTER is seeking to restrict international trade in uraniune-
enrichment and other sensitive nuclear technology that non-nuclear
nations could use to manufacture atomic weaponry.
The French and West Germans hope nuclear power will be-
come a major export industry for them. They and other oil-short
industrialized countries, including Japan, want to push ahead with
nuclear power plants called fast-breeders that actually produce
more ulutonium than they use. Plutonium is the material usually
used in nuclear weapons.
As for the West's economic problems, the summit participants
will be trying to find ways to create jobs without promoting in-
flation,
CARTER WOULD still like to see West Germany and Japan
stimulate their economies, which in turn would help their more
economically troubled world trade partners. But the Germans
and Japanese, fearing higher prices, can point out that Carter
abandoned his own $50 tax rebate plan he proposed for stimulat-
ing business.
The President's first contact with most of the summit leaders
was at dinner last night at 10 Downing St., official residence of
British Prime Minister James Callaghan.
In his one-day visit to Britain's northern industrial heartland,
Carter turned the-pilgrimage into a personal triumph, receiving
acclaim he had not seen since his victorious presidential cam-
paign.
WHEN HE LANNDED at the northern coal and shipbuilding
city of Newcastle aboard Air Force One, about 5,000 people were
there to welcome him. Carter stopped several times to shake hands
with well-wishers who shouted greetings, patted and grabbed him.
At one point someone threw a rose at him. It missed and hit-
a Secret Service man.
The President, accompanied by Callaghan and the prime min-
ister's wife, Audrey, was made an honorary Geordie at a civic
ceremony, visited a brarch of the U.S.-owned Corning Glass Co.
and toured the told town of Washington, home of George Wash-
ington's ancestors.

By LORI CARRUTHERS
Seleucia wasn't quite the art capital of the
ancient world, but it tried.
Abstract art, wheel thrown pottery and fine
gold thread to braid in their hair, they had it
all.
TO VIEW these timeless objects visit "Seleu-
cia on the Tigris" which opens today at the
Kelsey Museum of Archaeology and will, re-
main there throughout the summer until Sep-
tember 15. These artifacts date from 319 B.C.
to 215 A.D.
Among the nearly 200 items on display are
ancient gbld jewelry, seals, carved stucco, deli-
cate figurines and silver coins.
In the late 1920's and early '30's the Univer-
sity was part of an archaeological dig search-
ing for the buried Biblical city of Opis, south
of Bagdad in Iraq. Instead, Seleucia was un-
expectedly discovered. This discovery is view-
ed as important because it illustrates the mer-
ger of eastern and western art styles.
The transition from Greek to Parthianistic

art style is most visibly noticed in the delicate
ceramic figurines. Early pieces illustrate the
Greek influence, resembling the classic Greek
fine structure. These pieces are more literal
than the later pieces which show the Asian in-
fluence of the Parthians. The linear, stylied
form of the Parthians gradually invade the
Seleucian figurines, finally becoming dominant,
Near Eastern Studies graduate student Eliz-
abeth Savage organized this display of arti-
facts.
"Seleucia" was conceived to honor the
memory of the late Prof. Clark Hopkins. Hop-
kins, a former University Classical Art and
Archaeology professor, directed the Univer-
sity's final season of excavation at Seleucia
in 1936-37.
A remarkable feature of these surviving ob-
jects is in their delicateness and craftsman-
ship. Petite fine-textured ceramics have sur-
vived centuries to leave us remnants of the
Seleucia culture. Sparkling gold foil and beau-
tiful ornamental buttons exemplify the wealth
of this once important trade center.

U.S. unemployment down sharply

WASHINGTON (1}- - The economy
produced a half million jobs in April for
the second straight month and the na-
tion's unemployment rate fell to seven
per cent, its lowest level in 29 months.
The Labor Department said yesterday
that the drop in the jobless rate, down
from 7.3 per cent in March and the
growth in employment was "very defi-
nitely" a sign of strong expansion in the
economy following the weather-caused
winter slowdown.
AN APRIL spurt of 548,000 in employ-
ment pushed the gain for the last two
months to more than one million, and
raised the total number of Americans
with jobs to a new milestone of 90 mil-
lion, the government said.
Employment has been increasing at
an average rate of 38,000 persons a
month.
Despite the improvement, Julius Shis-

kin, commissioner of labor statistics, told
the Congressional Joint Economic Com-
mittee that unemployment "remains at
an unprecedented high level for this
stage of economic expansion."
NEVERTHELESS, the nation's bright-
ening job picture was welcome news for
the Carter administration following
Thursday's gloomy inflation report of
wholesale prices rising at more than a
13 per cent annual rate. An announce-
ment by Republic Steel Corp. Friday that
it is raising prices as much as 8.8 per
cent on some major product lines used
in consumer items is certain to add in-
flationary pressures.
The unemployment rate for adults
dropped to 5 per cent last month from
5.4 per cent. The jobless rate among
women fell to 7 per cent from 7.2 per
cent, while the rate for persons heading
families declined to 4.4 oer cent from 4.6

per cent.
However, joblessness among teen-ag-
ers remained high, even though it de-
clined in April to 17.8 per cent from 18.8
per cent in March.
THE UNEMPLOYMENT rate for
whites improved from 6.6 to 6.3 per cent
while the rate for blacks and other mi-
norities dropped from 12.7 to 12.3 per
cent.
President Carter's chief economic ad-
viser, Charles Schultze, sgid the sustain-
ed, large increases in employment, out-
put and income during recent months
"clearly portends, certainly, a very good
second quarter."
Both Schultze and Maynard Comiez,
the Commerce Department's deputy
chief economist, indicated further im-
provement in the jobless rate would pro-
bably be gradual. The administration
hopes to bring unemployment below 7

per cent by year end.
COMIEZ NOTED the unemployment
rate had dropped by a full percentage
point in the last five months and said, "I
don't think growth in the economy' has
been that rapid to support such a con-
tinuing sharp decline."
Joblessness hit 9 per cent in May of
1975 before beginning to drop.
The biggest growth in jobs last month
occurred in nonagricultural payrolls, led
by manufacturing and construction.
The jobless rate for construction work-
ers dropped by more than two percent-
age points to 12 per cent in April, its low-
est level in 29 months. Economists re-
gard the pick-up in construction as a sign
the economy is growing.
Most of the decline in unemployment
last month occurred as persons who lost
their last job found new work. The civil-
ian labor force totaled 96.7 million in
April, an increase of 220,000.

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