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May 17, 1977 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1977-05-17

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Page Two


Tuesday, May 17, 1977

Zambia, Rhodesia at war

LUSAKA, Zambia ta'i--Presi-
dent Kenneth Kaunda, a major
supporter of black Rhodesian
guerrillas, declared yesterday
that Zambia is in a "state of
war" with the white regime of
neighboring Rhodesia.
In another indication of a
worsening racial confrontation
in southern Africa, President
Samora Machel of Mozambique
dismissed talk of a possible
peaceful solution in Rhodesia
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as "a mistake."
THE NEW rumblings of a
major black-white clash came
as Vice President Walter Mon-
dale and U. S. Ambassador to
the United Nations Andrew
Young prepared to press a U.S.
diplomatic campaign to help
end the four year old Rhodesian
guerrilla war and pave the way
for black majority rule in
southern Africa.
Mondale meets with John
Vorster, prime minister of
white ruled South Africa, on
Thursday and Friday in Vienna,
Austria, to discuss the region's
racial 'turmoil. Young was
scheduled to arrive in Maputo,
Mozambique, late last night for
a U. N. conference on southern
In other developments in the
region yesterday:
* Police in Johannesburg,
South Africa, said Winnie Man-
dela, wife of jailed black na-
tionalist leader Nelson Mande-
la, has been banished from the

Johannesburg area and order- planes on sight using Zambian
ed to live in a small town in the airspace."
countryside. She had been re- H
leased from detention last De- H ADh a sudte
cember and was living in the orders after being informed by
black township of Soweto. British Secretary David Owen
i A ugolav ewsthat Rhodesia, which borders
* A Yugoslav newspaper re- Zambia to the southeast, might
ported that Cubans in Angola launch cross border strikes
have taken over positions in against guerrilla camps in
government and business. An Zambia.
estimated 1,00 to 15,000 Cub- Kaunda's declaration was
ap soldiers remained in Angola not expected to lead to an im-
after helping a Marxist group - mediate all-out war. Zambia's
win a civil war there last year. army, estimated at 5,000 men,
Kaunda, at a news confer- is less than half the size of the~
ence in this capital city, said Rhodesian army, and the Zam-
he had put the Zambian army bian army and air force are
on full alert and ordered that underequipped in comparison
any Rhodesian aircraft intrud- with Rhodesia's.
ing on Zambian airspace be In March 1976, Mozambique,
shot down. on Rhodesia's eastern border
There was no Immediate re- and another base for national-
action from the Rhodesian gov- ist guerrillas, made a similar
enment. "I wish to tell all declaration. Since then the Rho-
Zambians today that we are in desians have raided guerrilla
a state of war with Rhodesia," camps in Mozambique and have
he said. "We will fight and I charged that Mozambican
have already directed all my troops are operating with the
boys to shoot any Rhodesian guerrillas in border areas.
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MACHEL, opening the U. N.
conference in the Mozambican
capital yesterday, said, "We
believe it is a mistake to speak
of peaceful solutions when there
is war.'
'The conference, attended by
representatives of 80 nations,
was called to uster support
for the black nationalist strug-
gles in Rhodesia and the South
African - controled territory
of South 'West Africa.
Machel's speech was an ap-
, parent rejection of current U.S.-
British peace efforts.
HE ALSO rejected the possi-
ble participation of Rhodesian
Prime Minister tan Smith's
government in any conference
writing a new Rhodesian con-
stitution, and he accused un-
named Western powers of al-
lowing their citizens to fight as
mercenaries for the Smith re-
gime and of supplying arms to
South Africa in "active sup-
port" of white - supremist re-
gimes in southern Africa.
Owen, backed by the United
States, has been trying to gath-
er support from the nationalists,
Smith and other black and
white leaders in the region for
a constitutional convention
aimed at ending the Rhodesian
conflict by transferring govern-
ment control from the 272,000
whites to Rhodesia's 6.5 million
Kaunda, who is regarded as
a moderate among black Af
rican leaders, said he had re-
ceived a letter from Owen in
which the British foreign secre-
tary said Smith had told hom
the Rhodesians believed that
a new guerrilla offensive was
ahoit to be lawched from Zam-
bia and that they might have
"no alternative" but to attack
gIerrilla bases in Zambia.
volume LVVVX, No. 10-S
Truesday, May 1i, 1977
is edited and managed by students
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