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May 06, 1970 - Image 3

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1970-05-06

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NEWS PHONE: 764-0552
BUSINESS PHONE: 764-0554

Wednesday, May 6, 1970 Ann Arbor, Michigan Page Three

the
n e ws tosday
by The Associated Press and College Press Service

Nixon

says

U.S.
by Ji

to

quit
3 0

plus JOHN SEBASTIAN
also BLUES IMAGE
Friday, May 8--8:30 p.m.
COBO ARENA
TICKETS: $3.50, $4.00, $5.00, $6.00
Available at Cobo' Box Office, Grinnell's in Ann Arbor ticket
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Blvd., Detroit, Mich. 48226, enclose check or money order with
self-addressed, stomped envelope.

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Two books
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EarthrDay

::

I-
A FEDERAL GRAND JURY indicted Chevron Oil Co. yester-
day on charges of willful violation of government regulations re-
sulting in a massive oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico earlier this
year.
If the firm is convicted on all counts, the 900 separate offenses
alleged in the indictment could result in fines totalling $1.8 million.
The grand jury said Chevron knowingly and willingly failed to
install and maintain storm chokes or similar subsurface devices on
90 oil wells in the gulf off the Louisiana coast. ,
Officials of Chevron Oil Co. yesterday vigorously denied any vio-
lation of law with respect to the charges in the indictment of the
federal grand jury.
In Washington, Interior Secretary Walter J. Hickel said his de-
partment would "continue to prosecute as vigorously as possible"
those who pollute the Gulf of Mexico in offshore drilling operations.
* * *
SOUTH VIETNAM'S Supreme Court ruled last night that the
conviction of National Assembly Deputy Tran Ngoe Chau by a
military court was unconstitutional.
Chau was sentenced to 11 years in prison on March 5 after a
conviction on charges of pro-communist activities.
The 46-year-old deputy was an outspoken member of the political
opposition to President Nguyen Van Thieu. Many South Vietnamese
claimed Chau was railroaded into jail by the Thieu regime.
THE SENATE JUDICIARY COMMITTEE unanimously ap-
proved yesterday the Supreme Court nomination of Judge Harry
A. Blackmun, President Nixon's third choice to fill a year-old
vacancy.
Majority leader Mike Mansfield, (D-Mont) said yesterday that
the Senate may possibly take up the nomination issue this Friday.
The Senate committee's report termed Blackmun "thoroughly
qualified" to sit on the Supreme Court. "Judge Blackmun impressed
the committee as a man of learning and humility," the report said.
I * * *
THE STATE SENATE narrowly defeated a motion yesterday
afternoon to table a controversial abortion reform bill.
Sixteen senators vote down fourteen others who sought to sus-
pend debate on the issue at the motion.of Senator Charles Young-
blood (D-Detroit).
Youngblood contended Senate action on the bill is useless because
House Speaker William Ryan has indicated the bill will not be
handled there until after fall primary elections.
Youngblood also said the Supreme Court is expected to make a
precedent-setting ruling on a District of Columbia abortion case.
Under the bill now up for Senate debate, any woman could re-
ceive an abortion of she were no more than 90 days pregnant andj
a resident of the state at least that long.
* * *
A LICENSING BILL that could 'raise more than $40 million
in revenue from off-track betting parlors passed preliminary
floor action in the state House last Monday night.
Sponsored by Representative George Montgomery (D-Detroit),
the bill to license off-track "pari-mutual agents" would allow any city
with a population of at least 15,000 to approve adoption of licensed
betting parlors by resolution of its governing board. County super-
visors also could approve the licensing of agents.
The agent could keep two per cent of his take but would have to
remit 11%/ per cent of his take to the state; the licensing city or
county in turn would get six per cent of the state's cut.

By The Associated Press
President Nixon said yes-
terday that American troops
will be withdrawn from Cam-
bodia by June 30.
Speaking to members of t h e
Senate and House committees on
foreign affairs and armed servic-
es, Nixon also indicated that U.S.
forces w i11 penetrate no deeper
t h a n 21.7 miles into Cambodia
without congressional approval.
The President's statements were
disclosed by Rep. Thomas Morgan
(D-Pa.), chairman of the House
Foreign Affairs Committee.
At his meeting with members of
the Senate and H o u s e Armed
S e r v i c e s Committee yesterday
morning, Nixon said t h a t U.S,
military activities in Cambodia
would achieve their goals in no
more than six to eight weeks.
However, critics of the Presi-
dent's Indochina policy said later
that Nixon's statements: failed to
remove their doubts.
Meanwhile, five senators intro-
duced a bill that would 'terminate
U.S. operations in Cambodia with-
in 30 days.
The proposal would also termi-
nate U.S. military activities in
Laos and Vietnam by the end ob
this year, while allowing the act-
ual withdrawal' of U.S. forces to
be completed by June 30, 1971,
unless Congress approves an ex-
tension.
The House of Representatives
is expected to approve today a bill
which would prohibit use of U.S.
ground combat troops in Cambo-
dia except as deemed necessary
by the President to protect U.S.
lives in South Vietnam.
In a related development yes-
terday, the Pentagon disclosed
that the number of recent large-
scale a i r strikes against North
Vietnam was four - not three as
had been previously reported.
Other developments in t h e
Cambodia issue included:
-An appeal by U.N. Secretary-
General U Thant for a new inter-
national conference to "end the
old war in South Vietnam and
the new war in Cambodia; and
-- An Indication from a state
department spokesman that Nix-
on may have acted against the
advice of Secretary of State Wil-
liam Rogers in ordering U.S.
ground troops into Cambodia.

Cambodia

Line

-Associated Press
A NORTH VIETNAMESE SOLDIER is captured by U.S. troops near the town of Snoul, Cambodia,
during yesterday's unsuccessful attempt by the allies to open a third front in the Indochinese country.
U.S.forcsin Ca-mbodia blocked
bycom munists, poor weather,

By The Associated Press
Bad weather and heavy fire by
Communist forces prevented U.S.
troops from opening a third front
in Cambodia yesterday.
The first heavy resistance by
North Vietnamese troops to the
U.S. military effort in Cambodia
came at Snoul, a t o w n in the
Fishhook area. The Fishhook ar-
ea is said to be the site of the
headquarters of Communist forc-
es in South Vietnam.
About 2,000 North Vietnamese

'U' COMMENCEMENT
Grads hear WhFleming

About 5,300 graduating stu-
dents attended the University's
commencement exercises last
Saturday and were addressed by
Michigan State University Pres-
ident Clifton Wharton Jr. and
University President Robben
Fleming.
In his speech, Fleming said
that a university needs to main-
tain a balance between the pres-
sures of the outside public and
the pressures inside the univer-
sity community
"The public is increasingly
skeptical of the ability of the
University to govern itself, and
the members of t h e internal
university community are in-
creasingly fearful that they will
be controlled from the outside,"
Fleming said.
The balance cannot be main-
tained by student destruction,
the National G u a r d or auto-
matic expulsion Fleming said,
"but rather by a firm resolve by
students, faculty, administra-
tion, and governing boards that
they will live together in a ra-
tional manner."
Fleming also criticized Vice

President Spiro Agnew for his
recent attacks on universities
for their failure to stem the oc-
currence of violence a n d for
eroding admissions standards in
enrolling minority students.
"Every college and university
which dedicates itself to an in-
crease of opportunities for black
students does so in the belief
that America cannot be true to
its heritage unless it is willing
to correct long-standing inequi-
ties."
Wharton, who delivered the
principal address, also spoke to
the issue of black admissions
and commended Fleming a n d
the Regents for the minority
admissions plan established last
month.
Wharton emphasized t h a t
students as citizens have "every
right to work for the reform
and improvement of the uni-
versity, and of society, but not
for its total disruption, while
e n j o y i n g the opportunities
which it offers."
In response to critics who con-
tend that opening up the Uni-
versity to black students would

mean a fall in educational
standards, Wharton said that
"historically as enrollments
have grown, so has the quality
of American higher education."
He quoted three nationwide
studies which showed that the
University, which had 16 de-
partments ranked among t h e
top ten in 1924, had 17 depart-
ments in 1957 and 20 in 1964
similarily ranked.
"I leave it to you to judge if
the University of Michigan has
experienced a decline in its
quality and standards over the
last three decades which saw
the enrollment increase by 300
per cent."
The University also confer-
red f o u r honorary degrees.
Wharton and former Assistant
Secretary of Labor Esther Pet-
erson were awarded honorary
doctor of laws degrees.
Librarian of Congress Law-
rence Quincy Mumford received
an honorary doctor of literature
degree and Prof. Bertrand H.
Bronson of t h e University of
California was given the degree
doctor of humane letters.

at Snoul and in surrounding rub-
ber plantations prevented a U.S.
armored column from occupying
the town, which is eight miles'
from the border of South Viet-
nam.
The armored column was parti
of an attempt to land 6,000 U.S.
and South Vietnamese troops in
the central highlands, near the
Fishhook area. O n 1 y 500 troops
were able to land and establish
an artillery and patrol base.
According to sources in the'
field, the operation around the
Fishhook area h a s been stalled
since it began last Thursday on
orders of President Nixon.
Bad weather yesterday also pre-
vented a planned helicopter as-
sault in the area where the Com-
munist base is said to be situated.
When the helicopters were able
to reach their landing zones, sev-
eral c a m e under heavy fire by
Communist forces. At least one
battalion of some 500 men was
forced to turn back to South Viet-
nam, field reports said.
"Just as the choppers started
in," one soldier said, "both sides
of the treeline opened up with au-,
tomatic rifle fire."
The first helicopter took at least
a dozen hits, but there was no
immediate report on whether
there were any casualties or heli-
copters downed.
Meanwhile, Communist forces
yesterday pushed to within 27
miles of Phnom Penh, the Cambo-
dian capital. An officer in t h e
Cambodian army estimated that
the Communist forces numbered
3,000.
The officer added that he did
not believe the drive by Commun-
ist troops could be halted without
reinforcements.
As outlined in Nixon's speech'
last Thursday t h e objective of
the military activity in Cambodia1

Dykstra, 'U' bus ad prof,
dies at 63 of heart ailment

is to drive Communist troops
from the areas they have been
using as sanctuaries from allied
forces in neighboring South Viet-
nam, and to destroy the Commun-
ist headquarters in the Fishhoobo
area.
Since the operation started,
however, many of the Communist
forces have fled from the areas
before the allied forces arrived. It
is expected that once the Ameri-
can and South Vietnamese return
to Vietnam, the Communists will
return to their sanctuaries in.
Cambodia.

Prof. Gerald Oscar Dykstra of
the business administration school,
died on Friday, April 24.
The death of the 63-year-old
Dykstra was attributed to a heart
condition.
His passing brought to a close
a long history of involvement with
the University. Dykstra received
three degrees from the University,
a bachelor of arts in 1927, bachelor
of laws in 1930, and master of
business administration, c u m
laude, in 1936. He joined the Uni-
versity faculty in 1950, after hav-
ing reached the rank of full pro-
fessor at Ohio State University's
College of Commerce.
The Michigan Daily, edited and man-
aged by students at the University of
Michigan. News phone: 764-0552. Second
Class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich-
igan, 420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor,
Michigan 48104. Published daily Tues-
day through Sunday morning Univer-
sity year. subscription rates: $10 by
carrier, $10 by mail.
Summer Session published Tuesday
through Saturday morning. Subscrip-
tion rates: $5. by carrier, $5 by mail.

Dykstra engaged in the general
practice of law in Cleveland for
five years, where he was admitted
to practice before the U.S. Federal
Courts.
At the University, Dykstra
taught business law. In 1968, stu-
dents honored him with the Dis-
tinguished Teacher Award.
Dean Floyd Bond of the business
administration school said, "That
with his passing, the University
has lost one of the most dedicated
members of the teaching profes-
sion. He taught with spirit and de-
votion. His lectures were superb.
Few men have had as great or as
constructive an influence on his
students. He will live in fond
memory of thousands of business
school alumni, now scattered
throughout the world."
Dykstra was born May 13, 1906,
in Allegan, Michigan. He is sur-
vived by his wife, Lillian Green
Dykstra, whom he married in 1936,
and his mother, Mrs. Leonard
Calkins of Kalamazoo, Michigan.

RENE DUBOS
REASON AWAKE:
SCIENCE FOR MAN
The Pulitzer Prize winning author of So
Human an Animal now challenges his fel-
low scientists to contribute to the reorder-
ing of mankind's priorities, before it is too
late. "His discourse is characterized by
luminous rationality."
-Natural History Magazine
$6.95 cloth, $2.95 paper
PIERRE DANSEREAU, Editor
CHALLENGE FOR SURVIVAL
Land, Air, and Water for
Man in Megalopolis
This interdisciplinary study offers many
original ideas for the salvation of the urban
environment. Suggestions offered range
from changing our recreation habits to the
possibilities of growing algae for food and
oxygen. $7.95

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GEORGE WEIN Presents the 17th Annual
NEWPR T ALzFITIIfL
SJuly 10,11, 12, 1970
" We've changed the dates but not the concept 9

Ii,

r t.

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