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July 24, 1970 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1970-07-24
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Page Two

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Friday, July-24, 1970

Friday, July 24, 1970

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Teacher shortage shifts

By ERIKA HOFF
Teacher shortages-a nation-wide problem in recent
years-last year turned into teacher surpluses in many
areas. Consequently, teaching certificate candidates
have found it harder to obtain positions within the
campus area to do their student teaching. And newly
graduated teachers are encountering difficulty in find-
ing jobs.
Dr. Donald Steer of the education school's directed
teaching office says a teaching certificate candidate in
English, the most popular field, would have had to
apply for student teaching before Sept. 11 of last year
in order to get a position "on campus" for the fall
term. The directed teaching office defines "on campus"
as within 15 to 20 miles of the campus area.
Applicants for on campus student teaching positions
have been sent as far away as Detroit, Southfield, Flint
and Jackson, Steer adds. However, some students choose
to do their directed teaching in Detroit or Grand Rapids,
and may take other courses at the University extensions
in those cities.
The situation for prospective elementary school
teachers is considerably better. Nation-wide there is
still a general shortage of elementary school teachers,
and Steer says, "The only students doing directed ele-
mentary school teaching off campus are there by
choice."

Placement service has also encountered increased
difficulty this year in finding permanent positions for
teachers. Dr. Elbert Van Aken, associate director of
placement service, estimates the University was success-
ful in placing only 50 to 60 per cent of its teaching job
applicants this year.
English and social studies teachers are bardeat hit
by the surplus. "Social studies teachers are a dime a
dozen--they always have been," says Mrs. Phyllis Nick-
low, director of social studies teacher placement. But
other subject areas are also feeling the squeeze.
"We have more science teachers this year then we
can handle," Van Aken says. "A few years ago you
couldn't find any." He added many of the science tfach-
ers now looking for jobs in education were formerly
employed by industry," Van Aken adds.
The associate director further explains that the
problem for science teachers is a compound one, be-
cause at the same time industry releases scientists,
schools are hiring less because they have insufficient
funds. He adds, however, that the situation might im-
prove before fall if school districts pass n'ew tax mill-
ages, providing additional funds for teacher salaries.
The demand for teachers varies not only according
to the subject area, but also according to the school
district's location. Miss Verna Straub of the teacher

surplus
placement office says, "It is very difficult to find jobs
for any secondary school teachers in the Ann Arbor
area, but rural areas in the state are still suffering from
teacher shortages."
Miss Straub says there is still a general shortage of
elementary school teachers.
Education school Dean Wilbur Cohen could offer
no explanation for the sudden surplus of secondary
school teachers, but he admit, "We just don't need any
more English teachers.".
But teacher shortages continue to be a problem In
other areas, Cohen says. According to a survey by the
National Education Association most school systems are
encountering "extreme difficulty" in filling positions
for' elementary-school librarians, industrial arts instruc-
tors, and teachers in special education. remedial readirng
and speech correction.
Some states were also reported to have difficulty
obtaining qualified teachers in the natural and physical
sciences, mathematics, and women's physical education.
Occupational draft deferments for teaching, which
induced many men to enter the profession until they
were revoked last March does not seem to be the ex-
planation for teacher surpluses. "There has always been
a severe shortage of male teachers a- all levels," Cohen
says.

AMERICANS SURPRISE IN 10,000
Soviet runners leading U.S. team

LENINGRAD (JP} - The So-
viet Union grabbed a command-
ing lead over -the United States
in the opening round last night
of their two-day dual track and
field meet.
The American team does not
include many of the country's
best athletes.
Competing in a driving rain
before a crowd of 30,000, ~the
United States scored a surprise
however, when Frank Shorter of
Rancho De Taos, N.M., won the
10,000 meter r u n, a Russian
speciality. On the other hand,
the Russians took the 100 meter
dash, in which Americans nor-
mally excell.
The American man kept the
competition fairly close, the
Russians having a 55-52 edge in
the male contests, but the stur-

dier Soviet omen, as usual,
ran away from their U.S. coun-
terparts, piling up 48 points to
26.
Points were awarded on a 5-
3-2-1 basis on the order of fin-
ish.
Weather conditions were so
severe, with a steady rain, that
performances were far below
normal. Because of the slippery
track, the pole vault was not
staged.
Americans scored 1-2 in the
10,000 meter run, took the 400-
meter relay and won the 110-
meter -hurdles with a :13.8
clocking by Marcus Walker of
the Colorado Track Club. Iris
Davis chalked up the only vic-
tory for the United States in
the women s competition, dash-
ing to an :11.7 win in the 100
meters.

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'NOT NECESSARY'

FBI

report hits

Kent guard action

AKRON, Ohio (A) - An FBI report on
the May 4 shooting deaths of four stu-
dents at Kent State University has con-
cluded that the shootings were "not ne-
cessary and not in order," the Akrdn
Beacon Journal said yesterday.
The newspaper said in a copyright
story that FBI agents have concluded
that Ohio National Guardsmen were not
surrounded by demonstrators, had not
run out of tear gas and could have
controlled the situation without shooting.
More than 100 FBI agents investigated
the May 4 shootings, which came as
guardsmen moved to break up a crowd
of demonstrators.
The Beacon Journal said the FBI's
7,500-page report was summarized in a
10-page report which said:
-About 200 demonstrators who were
heckling guardsmen could have b e e n
turned back if arrests had been made or
more tear gas fired.
-That no guardsmen were hurt by
flying rocks or projectiles, and none was
in danger of losing his life and there was
no hail of rocks before the shootings.
-That one guardsmen fired at a stu-
dent making an obscene gesture and
another fired at a student preparing to
throw a rock.

Associated Press

The peaceful accessory

ATTORNEY WILLIAM KUNSTLER sports a new tie decorated with peace symbols
as he leaves federal court in New Orleans yesterday where he represented H. Rap
Brown at a hearing on charges of intimidating a federal agent. Kunstler said he
did not know the whereabouts of the black militant who has been missing since
March.

College insurance rates go up

National Guard officials contended af-
ter the shootings that their men h a d
been surrounded on three sides, that each
of some 100 men in the force involved
had been hit by thrown objects and that
the men fired because they felt their lives
were endangered.
The Beacon Journal says the report
raises the question of whether or not the
student-guardsmen confrontation could
be considered a riot. The paper also says
the report asserted that guardsmen could
be charged only if a riot state didn't exist.
Riot eru-pts
" "
in N.J. city
NEW BRUNSWICK. N.J. (k'-Windows
were smashed and firebombs were thrown
in the downtown business district of
New Brunswick last night while in a
oredominantly black area firemen were
pelted with rocks as they put out a fire
in a vacant building.
About midnight, police called for as-
sistance from the North Brunswict police
department and the Middlesex County
sheriff's office, saying a group of about
200 blacks had massed in front of police
headquarters.
Police rounded up a band of youths.
allegedly for making firebombs. A spokes-
man for the police said a number were
arrested. The city was plagued by a rash
of false fire alarms.
It was the third night of disturbances
in this Middlesex County community.
Minor rock throwing incidents occurred
Wednesday night and windows were
shattered in several downtown stores.
Police said trouble started Tuesday
night when about 40 youths left a block-
partyrdance next to a low-income hous-
ing project.
Meanwhile in Peoria, Ill., fires and
arrests as crowds of blacks threw fire-
rock throwing broke out around a pre-
dominantly black federal housing project
last night. Officers reported a number of
bombs and rocks at the office of the
housing project.
A series of robberies also was reported
in several areas of the city.
Trouble broke out after police evicted
two women at the Taft Homes, a housing
project.
Police said that after the eviction about
2 p.m. a crowd of some 200 other tenants
broke down the door to the apartment-
and placed the furniture back inside. The
officers re-evicted the woman at 4 p.m.
and authorities said the level of the dis-
turbance rose quickly.

Palmer, Nicklaus maim par;
Ali-Frazier fight in Boston?
By The Associated Press
* LIGONIER -- The awesome team of Arnold Palmer and Jack
Nicklaus ripped 10 strokes off par with a stunning 61 yesterday and
charged into the first-round lead in the $200,000 National Four Ball
Championship.
9 BOSTON - Former world heavyweight boxing champion
Cassius Clay may meet Joe Frazier at the Boston Garden in November
--if the Massachusetts Boxing Commission approves a license for
Clay, boxing promoter Sam Silverman said yesterday.
0 OAKLAND - Charles O. Finley, owner of the Oakland Ath-
letics, says he has designs on Mickey Mantle as a coach or manager.
"Who in hell wouldn't be interested in having Mickey in this
organization," Finley declared Wednesday in Chicago.
* NEW YORK -- ABC-TV said yesterday that Forest Evasheski,
who recently resigned as University of Iowa athletic director, will
serve as color commentator on regional college football broadcasts
this fall-
0 BOSTON - Jim Lonberg, who won the Cy Young Award
while helping to lead the Boston Red Sox to the 1967 pennant but has
been plagued by a successionof injuries and ailments ever since, was
sent to the minor league yesterday.
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-Associated Press
Shorter heads for victory in 1 0,000-meter run

NEW YORK (AP)-The nation's colleges
and universities report a phenomenal
rise in insurance costs in the wake of
student disorder and unrest.
Even schools that have not experienced
student turmoil say they are no longer
getting the preferred rates they once
enjoyed for property insurance and dam-
age from fire and vandalism. Many
schools are covered by blanket policies
which lump these categories together.
"My complaint is that insurance com-
panies are not looking at the universities
individually. They are s e t t i n g higher
rates for everybody to make up losses for
a few," says John Beumer, business man-
ager at Xavier University, a Jesuit school
in Ohio. Although it has not been hit by
student violence, Beumer says Xavier's
insurance rate increased by 33 per cent
this year.
University Vice President and Chief
Financial Adviser Wilbur K. Pierpont said
Insurance rates on University property
for fire and extended coverage renewable
this year were Increased from 25 to 30
per cent. He said deductibles were raised
from $10,000 to $25,000.
Pierpont noted that the figures repre-

sent only a part of University coverage
because contracts are on a three-year
.basis. He said he didn't yet know what
increases would be attached to policies
expiring this year.
Other university officials report that
along with a general boost in insurance
rates has come a doubling of deductibles
for fire and vandalism. A deductible
means that the insurance company pays
for any damages above a specified
amount. For example, under a $5,000 de-
ductible for fire, the insurance company
would pay for any damages over $5,000.
Insurance companies, however, take a
different point of view.
"The predictability has gone out of col--
lege insurance. It's kind of like selling a
man a home-owners policy when you
realize he's going to start making dyna-
mite in his basement," says Donald H.
Garlock, senior vice president at Insur-
ance Company of North America-INA-
which insures 300 colleges and univer-
sities.m
While rates differ from campus to
campus, an Associated Press sampling
turned up these examples of rising insur-
ance costs:

-Columbia University reports its fire
insurance cost jumped from $117,000 a
year with a $1,000 deductible in 1969 to
$140,000 with a $100,000 deductible in
1970.
-The University of California reports
its premium went from $200,000 for three
years to $344,000 for one year and its de-
ductible from $250,000 to $1 million.
-Stanford University says it reduced
its coverage rather than pay the $650,000
premium with a $250,000 deductible asked
of it.
"Insurance rates are not rising because
of past experience of large claims from
student disruptions, but because of future
expectations of what these claims could
be," argues Stanley R. Tarr, insurance
manager at Rutgers University.
Insurance companies say that campus
losses froi student disorders, a loss al-
most unknown a few years ago, exceeded
$8 million- for the first eight months of
1969 while total property losses on cam-
puses, not necessarily related to student
disorders, exceeded $15 million in the
same period. However, the amounts paid
to the universities was less than these
amounts.

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