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July 10, 1970 - Image 4

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Michigan Daily, 1970-07-10

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4 U 4 *1



Ell3 ;dpqan Dai1
420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Edited and managed by students at the
University of Michigan
Editorials printed in The Michiqan Doily express the individual
ooinions of the author. This must be noted in all reprints.

Friday, July 10, 1970,


Two years with A. Dubcek


Them making of an unperson

FRIDAY, JULY 10 1970

News Phone : 764-0552

End the secret vote
WEDNESDAY'S MOVE by a bipartisan group of conser-
vative and liberal congressmen to end secret votes-
in the House of Representatives is a long overdue reform
that should hastily be approved by the members of the
For too long congressmen have been able to abuse the
trust of their constituency because of the knowledge that
many of their votes would never be reported to the dis-
tricts. Often a congressman has been able to imply to his
constituents that he favors a particular measure, but
after reaching Washington, vote against the bill.
The secret vote has particularly been used in the case
of amendments because of a belief that a recorded vote
would slow down the work of the House and that these
amendments were usually of minor importance.
THE CONGRESSIONAL anti-war actions of the last few
months, however, have demonstrated that votes on
amendments may be of more interest to the public than
the vote on the actual bill.
It has been claimed that the end of the secret con-
gressional vote could mean an end to the independence
of legislators,,but it should be remembered that, at least
in theory, the legislator is supposed to be the voice of the
people. If a particular congressman desires to vote his
own mind, he should also be willing to face the conse-
quences of not following the desires of the voters in his
congressional district.
The only problem with Wednesday's action could be
the fact that the vote to end the secret vote may very well
he secret, and as one of the members of the group leading
the fight to end the secret vote said, "Secrecy is a com-
fortable thing."

N THE SUMMER of 1968 Alex-
ander Dubcek attempted to
give t h e Czechoslovakian Com-
munist Party a "human face."
In the summer of 1970, t h e
Czechoslovakian Communist Par-
ty has attempted to make Alexan-
der Dubcek a faceless human.
The dehumanization of Dubcek
is only the end of a long, presum-
ably dreadful experience for the
short-lived reformer. A small item
on page five of yesterday's New
York Times informed us all of the
latest step in Dubceks "demise"
in language too like Orwell's 1984.
The article explained that Dub-
cek, who 10 or 11 days earlier had
been dismissed from the Commun-
ist Party, was dismissed as a dep-
uty of the Czechoslovak Federal
Assembly. The Assembly accused
the reformer of having made mis-
takes as party leader, of having
failed to commit himself to party
policy when he later served as As-
sembly chairman and of having
refused to admit that he had been
Furthermore, one anti-Dubcek-
ite said, "His attitude toward
criticism was in fact a defense of
his views."
Czechoslovakia, Alexander Dub-
cek is no more. His negation be-
gan shortly after his new exis-
tence blossomed w h e n Soviet
troops rushed into Czechoslovakia
in August, 1968.
Prior to that time, Dubcek had
engineered the ousting of long
time President a n d Party Boss
Antonin Novotny, and subsequent-
ly launched a series of reforms
which included the end of press
censorship, encouraged artistic
freedom in films and literature,
drew up plans to make the Na-
tional Assembly a more represent-
ative body and allowed criticism
within the party.
"Since the party cannot change
people," Dubcek declared, "it
must itself change."

But Dubcek was wrong. T h e
party can change people - into
WHAT SPARKED attempts at
Dubeek's spiritual' death appar-
ently was the fear among East
bloc leaders, especially East Ger-
many s Walter Ulbricht and the
Soviet Union, that Dubcek's re-
forms would ignite a liberal surge
throughout the bloc. So, Moscow
sent tanks to crush Prague's ex-
periment and to begin the remov-
al of Dubcek from life.
The Soviets realized Dubcek
was popular with most Czechoslo-

stead maneuvered the deposed
leader and his wife Anna to rela-
tive safety in Turkey where Dub.
cek was to act as the Czechoslo-
vok ambassador
BUT LAST MONTH, Du b c e k
unexpectedly left Anakara, where
he had lived a rather solitary life,
and returned to Prague ostensibly
to visit his 80-year old mother
who is hospitalized with a serious
heart ailment.
There was another reason for
his return, however. He had to
meet his unmakers. Dubcek was
spotted as he slipped into the par-
ty's headquarters on the outskirts
of Prague where he was reportedly
subjected to a grilling by a purge
commission and asked to recant
his role in the 1968 reforms. He
Then he was asked to resign
from the party. He again refused.
The ordeal was said to be gruel-
ing for the former leader and two
weeks ago he was reportedly un-
der heavy guard in Prague's San-
ops Clinic - undergoing treatment
for severe nervous depression.
Also t w o weeks ago, Dubcek
was fired as ambassador to Tur-
key, and in addition to his dis-
missals as- a party member and
assembly deputy, a press cam-
paign has started which accuses
Dubcek of having accepted bribes,
ruining the economy and under-
mining the military's morale.
In these newspapers, t h e re-
former is now referred to only as
A. Dubcek, a stylistic form that in
recent weeks has been reserved
for prominent persons already
charged with crimes against the
They call that brief moment in
Dubcek's past the "springtime of
reform" and perhaps it was also
one of those brief shining mom-
ents that was Camelot.
But when t h a t shining light
goes out, what a terrible darkness

vakians and consequently permit-
ted him to continue as party first
secretary. One of the stipulations
of this job, however, was t h a t
Dubcek must undo the very re-
forms he had enacted.
This position lasted only a few
months - until April, 1969 when
Dubcek was thrown aside in favor
of Gustav Husak w h o publicly
thanked the Soviet Union for sav-
ing Czechoslovakia f r o m the
clutches of reform.
Ultraconservatives wanted Hu-
sak to punish Dubcek, but Husak,
who is considered a moderate, in-



Defense Squad

to the rescue

Continued from Page 8)
Joyce Chen, or to the recently
published and exquisitely pre-
sented Cooking of Japan (Time-
Life, $7.95). More yen, yes-but
then, more rice!
Although New Englanders are
among the most parochial of
Americans (we are reminded of
the bearded anecdote of the
Proper Bostonian who, when
asked how a friend had travel-
led to California, replied, "Why
- o u t Commonwealth Ave-
nue!"), historically they have
often tended to look East. Char-
les Tuttle, a bookstore as well as
a publishing company estab-
lished in the sedate Vermont
town of Rutland, perpetuates
this- traditional New England
involvement with the Orient
Their cookbook titles run the
gamut from decidedly mediocre
(Phyllis Jervey's Rice and Spice
to distinctly superior (Maideh
Mazda's In A Persian Kitchen.
Maili Yardley's Hawaii Cooks
(Tuttle, $6.00) is neither one
nor the other. It may best be
described as a book you might
remember to take along if you
are going to make the Hawaiian
scene. Although the author pre-
sents a goodly number of recipes
for Hawaii's native dishes (along
with chatty references to the
prominent Hawaiian citizens
who collected and contributed
them), the instructions are of-
ten buried in solid paragraphs.
One has to do a bit of reading
before one discovers the neces-
sity for Surinam cherries, white
Hawaiian salt, ti leaves and
soursop. Substitutions are not
encouraged, no doubt for the
valid reason that this would im-
pair the authenticity of the pro-
duct. Californians might en-
Nancy Milford, ZELDA: A
BIOGRAPHY, H a r p e r and
Row, $10.00.
"Nothing is more indicatible
of civilizations than the sol-
aces that people seek."-Zelda
F. Scott Fitzgerald has been
twentieth c e n t u r y America's
tragic literary figure for almost
thirty years now. All his cre-
dentials'have been put in proper
order: early establishment as a
"bright young man" at the age
of twenty-five with This Side of
Paradise and critical success
and the beginnings of artistic
maturity with The Great Gatsby
five years later. He was the man
who introduced Ernest Heming-
way to his publisher, and who
w a s the exemplar par excel-
lence of the Jazz Age.
The future was seemingly his,
but in the years after Gatsby
he was a burned-out case-in
debt, alcoholic, and only halt-
ingly, productive. When he died
in 1940, his reputation had been
critically and financially worth-
less for almost a decade. How to
explain such decline, failure
and early death after so much
promse? Critics have usually as-
serted that his wife Zelda-
Zelda, the willful, spoiled South-
ern belle slowly slipping into
schizophrenia - encouraged the
wreckless spending and the wild
parties, and compounded prob-
lems with her prolonged and
costly psychiatric treatment. It
was she who drove Scott Fitz-
gerald to the bottle and cut him
down in his prime.
One does not have to look for
to reach this sort of conclusion.
Fitzgerald was the most auto-
biographical of writers-it seems
as if he had to write, to work
an assault on his senses through
his creative apparatus, before

he could understand what was
happening to him-and his later
works from the period of Zel-
da's insanity, Tender Is the

counter some of these ingredi-
ents in their West Coast mar-
kets, but for most of us denizens
of Middle America, this is in-
deed exotic fare. One of Mrs.
Yardley's more translateable re-
cipes, for Parsley Tempura, is
given below:
Hawaiian Parsley Tempura
Use a large bowl and mix / c.
flour, c. cornstarch, % tsp.
baking powder, % tsp. salt, 1
c. water, and beat until
smooth. Dip fresh, large sprigs
of parsley into batter, shake
off excess and fry quickly in.
deep fat.
A far more rewarding book, to
give or keep, is Tuttle's Court
Dishes of China, the Cuisine of
the Ch'ing . Dynasty, by Su
Chung (Lucille Davis) ($7.50).
The Ch'ing may not have re-
tained the Mandate, but there
is no doubt they dined like Em-
perors, and this handsome vol-
ume with 29 color plates and an
elegantly narrow format does
ample justice to the imperial
taste. The recipes were arranged
by the wife of the unfortunate
Henry Pu-yi, the last Ch'ing
emperor. Some are fairly eso-
teric ("Beggar's Chicken," for
example, requires a "fat h e n
with feathers" and potter's
clay) but many, if not most, are
well within range. Each recipe is
given a page to itself, which
suggests that the emphasis is
upon quality; the instructions
are explicit, and the photo-
graphs of Chinese ceramics are
a continual reminder that, to
the Chinese, the exquisite pre-
sentation of each dish is as
much a part of its flavor as are
the ingredients used. A beau-
tiful book,
Night and The Crack-Up, are
testaments to his torturous ex-
periences with his wife and al-
cohol. The inherent problem,
however, is that these source
materials are one-sided since
they come from Fitzgerald's own
In light of this, Nancy Mil-
ford's biolgraphy of Zelda is a
tour de force for the simple rea-
son that she did what any com-
petent biographer should do: she
went back to the proper sources
-Zelda's letters and diaries,
and most important, the records
of her psychiatric treatment. As
a result, a vastly different por-
trait of both Fitzgeralds emerg-
es. Miss Milford does not ques-
tion that Zelda was the more
unbalanced of the pair. What
she does call into doubt is the
traditional conception of Scott
Fitzgerald's part in his own and
his wife's disintegration.-
Plainly, it is too simple to look
to Zelda alone as the key to
Fitzgerald's tragedy. As a writer
primarily interested in people,
he was not so poor a judge of
character as to be totally blind
to his wife's more extraordinary
characteristics. Their courtship
hadbeen rough-almost a pre-
view of things to come-and in
marrying Zelda he made a posi-
tive gesture implying that he
was conscious of those darken-
ings. If Zelda was capricious
and undisciplined, Fitzgerald
raised no objections until she
was well over the brink into
schizophrenia, for what he saw
in her temperment squared fully
with his vision of life. The prob-
lem was that his vision was de-
From the first, he venerated
Zelda as an ideal, as the arch-
typical woman whom he de-
scribed in his fictional heroines.
They were spirited and vivacious
because he admired such quali-
ties in his women, and he was
no more equipped to criticize the

embodiment of his ideal than is
any other man. As a conse-
quence, Fitzgerald was a pas-

Clever cooks often save their
best for last. It is surely coinci-
dence that two of the season's
finest offerings are new edi-
tions of older cookbooks author-
ed, or at least inspired, by lad-
ies named Clementine. Samuel
Chamberlain, artist, photogra-
pher, traveller, and gourmet,
lived in France in the misty per-
iod before the Second World
War. When the Chamberlains
(alias the Phineas Gecks) re-
turned to the United States they
brought with them their Bur-
gundian cook, Clementine: Cle-
mentine in the Kitchen by Phi-
neas - Beck (Hastings House,
$5.95) celebrates Clementine's
incomparable, russet Boeuf Bo-
urguignon- (42 new recipes have
been added to this "revised, an-
niversary edition"), but it also
-and more subtly-celebrates
life in France and New England,
in a period when the K-Mart
ethos was scarcely a cloud on
the serene and still bucolic land-
scape. This is, in fact, a superb-
ly civilized book-about two ele-
ments-good food and good
manners-which have all but
vanished from 1970 America.
The sharply-angled rooftops of
French houses and the shadows
of trees falling over the old
streets of New England towns
are evocatively preserved in the
author's sketches and drypoints.
Perhaps, in these days of eco-
logical alarums, the ". . . old
stone house . . . situated on the
edge of town, looking out upon
open fields and a calm country
road" exists only in memory;
but nostalgia, surely, is permis-
The Best in American Cook-
ing, Recipes Collected by Clem-
sive partner in his marriage: he
was an adoring observer. He
cast Zelda in a role which suited
his own personality and artistic
needs, and it was difficult for
him to think that a time might
come when one of his own hero-
ines, as proud and independent
as any in his fiction, might wish
to establish a persona of her
The first signs of crisis came
shortly after they moved to
France in order for Fitzgerald

entine Paddleford (Scribners,
$10) might equally well have
been subtitled "The Best in Am-
erican Cookbooks." The book
stands as a tribute to the ideal
diversity of American cuisine
(perhaps the most varied and
versatile in the world), to its
editor's brilliantly omnivorous
food sense, and to the publish-
er's obvious desire to give solid
value for price. There is satis-
faction in reading a well-bound
book as there is in handling a
well-crafted pot. The Best in
American Cooking has all the
advantage of format as well as
of content: an attractive dust-
jacket, a sober, sturdy binding,
heavy paper, good type. An add-
ed attraction is the page-size-
slightly wider than normal-that
allows ingredients and instruc-
tions to co-exist side-by-side so
that they can be absorbed si-
multaneously. The recipes them-
selves are outstanding. The ma-
jority are what is known as
"personal favorites" (Mrs. Tru-
man's Ozark Pudding Served to
Winston Churchill, C a p t a i n
Chris' Oyster Pie, Doris West-
berg's Pearadise Fritters) but
many are the specialties of fa-
mous American restaurants, and
some are simply the dishes of a
given state or region-sufficient-
ly classic to have become anon-
ynous (V e r m o n t Mess 'O
Greens, Pacific Crab Salad,
Montauk Berry Duff).
Readers in quest of the defin-
itive Indian pudding will be able
to select from three such re-
cipes, printed one after the oth-
er, hailing respectively from the
states of Massachusetts, New
Hampshire, and New York, with
an obstinately u n c 1 a ssified
"Duncan Hines" thrown in for



THE JOHN FAMILY lives quiet-
ly at 219 Chapin St., in the
West Park area of A n n Arbor,
paying their rent on time, and
honoring their lease. T h e y are
Mexican - Americans. Chicanos.
They moved to Ann Arbor so they
could be near University Hospital.
Mrs. John has recently undergone
open-heart surgery, and Mr. John
say soon suffer surgery on both
his legs.
On July 1, because of the ex-
treme heat, the Johns decided to
sit out in their yard where it was
a little cooler than in the house.
The landlord, Mr. Al Root, saw
this and immediately told them
he wouldn't allow them to have
the chairs on the lawn as he be-
lieved it was God's property. Lat-
er that day, he dognapped the dog
of a relative that was visiting the
Johns, that was tied to t h e i r
porch. Root informed t h e m he
had taken the dog to the pound.
Early on the morning of July 2,;
Root took out t h e main fuses,
which are located in the cellar of
the building, thus cutting off elec-
tricity to the family.
IT WAS IN THE early after-
noon of July 2 that Rose Ely, Mr..
and Mrs. John's daughter, first
called the Tenants Union (TU)
for help. It seems the Johns came
to hear about the TU just the day
before when, on an evening drive,
they had picked up a hitchhiker
(a freak) who, after hearing ofl
the problems they w e r e having
with their landlord, wisely told
them of the Ann Arbor Tenants
Norm Finkelstein answered thes
phone, and Mrs. Ely t o I d him
what had happened, and that the
Detroit Edison Co. had come out
and installed new fuses, but that
Root had returned, removed thec
new fuses, the fuse holders, and
padlocked the cellar door. Norm

i1 matter and not in our police
jurisdiction." They were helpful
enough however to suggest that
the Johns hire a lawyer and sue
the landlord.
Mrs. Ely had asked for, and the
Johns obviously needed, imme-
diate help and action, so Norm,
Lynn Liston, Dave Black, Steve
Julius, and Dave Christeller all
went out to see what they could
do. They identified themselves as
TU members but Root refused to
identify himself. He said he
wouldn't say anything until the
Mayor, the Governor, and the FBI
showed up. He further maintained
he intended to charge the Johns
$10 for the cost of the lock he had
put on the cellar door. Then he
ANOTHER CALL to the police.
Meanwhile Root came back. This
time he stayed in his station wa-
gon, locked the doors, rolled down
the window .a crack, and com-.
menced to reading aloud from the
New Testament - from the Acts
of the Apostles, which is about
what God supposedly does to those
who oppose His will.
Norm tried to reason with him.
He asked: "Do "you think you're
doing the right thing?" No im-
pression made. Again: "Do you
think God thinks you're doing the
right thing?" Still no impression
made. By this time R o o t was
reading the various passages which
begin: "And the Lord said .."
Norm interrupted: "And the Lord
said, 'do unto others as you
would have ..themn do unto you!'"
This time the message got thru.
Root heatedly exclaimed no one
could tell him. what is right or
what he ought to do, except him-
Finally the cop arrived. After
some exchanges with Root, he de-
cided to call for reinforcements.
When the second cop arrived - a
sergeant - they again maintain-
ed they could do nothing about
the situation: it was a civil mat-

ter; they couldn't take off the
lock, for that would be breaking
and entering; they felt the Johns
should move out immediately if
they didn't like it; they couldn't
tell the Johns or the TU what to
do about the situation. In other
words, they were a great help.
AS THE COPS were driving off,
the TU Defense Squad, famed for
its utter lack of timidity, imme-
diately removed the latch which
held the lock in place, and en-
tered the cellar. They called Edi-
son again and asked them to come
out again and replace the, fuses
and the fuse holders.
A short while after they had
returned to the TU office in the
SAB, Mrs. Ely called again and
said Edison wasn't able to find
the right kind of fuses. So Dave
Christeller went out and finally
after searching almost all t h e
hardware and electrical. supply
stores in town, succeeded in lo-
cating the proper kind of fuses
and holders, installed them, and
returned to the TU office.
A half hour later - this is un-
believeable, isi't it? - Mrs. Ely
again. This time she explained
that Root had just hit Mrs. John
- who just had open-heart sur-
gery. Dave Christeller advised her
to call the cops again and, sens-
ing the immediacy of the situa-
tion, bombed over. By this time
Root had again removed the fus-
es and the holders! Mrs. Ely
hadn't been able to get thru to the.
cops, so Dave called them again
and reported an assault and bat-
tery this time.'
MEANWHILE, the family living
on the second floor of the build-
ing was out on the front lawn.
The woman is 9-10 months preg-
nant. Root balled them out, and
then said: "I hope your baby is
.born dead!"
A cop finally arrived and Dave_

John. Root -was in his car by this
time, and almost ran over the cop
while attempting to pull out. He
then proceded to lecture the cop
on the Bible. The cop then pro-
ceded to give Mrs. John a bad
time, who was only slightly bruis-
ed, but very excited and upset
because she was interfering with
his making o u t the report. He
took down the story and said the
department would send out a de-
tective, sometime, maybe.
Since it was not possible to get
the fuses and holders back - they
were in Root's car - the man up-
stairs offered to run an extension
cord until Dave Christeller is able
to secure a new set of fuses and
holders. The TU Defense Squad
then left again, advising the Johns
to call if anything further unto-
ward happens.
The latest word .- July 7 -
from the Johns, is that they have
decided not to press charges
against Root. "How can you deal
with a man who's not all there?"
they said. They will try to find
another place to live.
ALTHOUGH this article is
written in a fairly humerous man-
ner, the situation is really a very
serious one 'for those directly in-
volved. Unfortunately similar sit-
uations are occuring every day in
Ann Arbor and indeed in t h e
whole country.
The action I have described by
.the TU Defense Squad, really on-
ly dealt with the symptom of the
disease, not the cause of the dis-
ease itself. Thus their helping the
John family was only a stop-gap
measure: They prevented an im-
mediate danger to them from con-
tinuing; they did not prevent that'
danger or kind of danger from
arising again in the future.
Al Root, In spite of 'his eccen-
tricities, isn't a particularly bad
landlord. There are many who are
just as bad in their own ways. He

that certain class of people who
have been able to get away with
such macinations o n 1 y because
not enough tenants have been wil-
ling to stand up for themselves
and assert the rights and power
that is theirs - if they will only
take that power.
Union seeks to be the vehicle by
which tenants will be able to gain
that power and control over their
tenancey situation.
To make the TU more than a
service organization - the De-
fense Squad is really only a ser-
vice; it provides no fundamental
realignment of power - and con-
trol - it needs the active support
and participation of all tenants,
.including University dormitory
residents. The Johns cannot deal
with their landlord on a basis of
equality; by themselves they cant
never hope to get a fair shake
from Al Root.
No single tenant or small group
of tenants can ever cure that dis-
ease. The power is simply too ov-
erbalanced in the landlord's fa-
vor. It is only when a large mass
of tenants get together and act
forcefully in a collective manner,
that the landlords will be forced
to give up what has been theirs
too long - control over the decis-
ions that affect the living condi-
tions of those who rent.
Letters to the Editor should-
be mailed to the Editorial Di-
rector or delivered to Mary
Rafferty in the Student Pub-
lications business office in the
Michigan . Daily buildin. Let-m
ters should be typed, double-.
spaced and normally should not
exceed 250 words. The Editorial
Directors reserve the right to
edit all letters submitted.

Her drive to create an indi-
vidual identity manifested itself
in ballet and in writing. The
first activity is part of the Fitz-
gerald legend. She started ser-
ious study while in her early
thirties, too late to develop the
first-rate artistry she demand-
ed of herself. Nevertheless, she
expended extraordinary amounts
of time and energy trying to
perfect her technique, and her
seemingly endless practice ses-
sions were the first concrete
signs of impending collapse.
But ballet had been a second
choice as an artistic outlet; the
first had been writing. Her de-
sire to write emegred from Fitz-
gerald's acknowledgment of her
considerable descriptive talents,
granted when he openly and
frequently raided her diaries and
letters for material to fashion
and give substahce to his stories
and characters.
Fitzgerald was at first flat-
tered by her attempts. He helped
with suggestions and revisions,
evidently harboring the hope
that his wife would begin to
appreciate the demands of his
work. Yet all but a handful of
the pieces were credited to "Mr.
and Mrs. F. Scott Fitzgerald"
when published. Miss Milford
asserts that this was a way of
either indicating Fitzgerald's
hand in the final product, or
insuring that a market would be
found among otherwise wary
editors. Whatever the good in-
tentions, the joint authorship
device defeated Zelda's purpose
for, in effect, she remained an
extention of her husband.
So long as Fitzgerald could
participate in Zelda's writing,
he thought it a fine idea; but
when she wrote her only com-
pleted novel, Save Me the
Waltz, and arranged to have it
published without her husband's
foreknowledge, his reaction only
displayed the degree to which
he was unwilling to allow her
an independent identity.
Zelda wrote her book while
undergoing psychiatric treat-

to escape their continual rounds
of partying, and to get some ser-
ious work done. Zelda had been
accustomed since adolscence to
being a center of attention and
the first years of post-marriage.
festivities had presented no
change. When the party ended,
she began to feel deserted; when
her husband cloistered himself
with his writing, she found be-
ing known as the wife of a fam-
ous artist too confining.


cted his attention

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