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May 19, 1971 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1971-05-19

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E4t £frchitan Bad1y
420 Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Mich.
Edited and managed by students at the
University of Michigan
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual
opinions of the author. This must be noted in al reprints.
Wednesday, May 19, 1971 News Phone: 764-0552
Researc hpanel report
THE REPORT OF Senate Assembly's Classified Research
Committee (CRC) presented on Monday presents
clear evidence of the futility of -relying on those who
currently supervise University classified research to ade-
quately evaluate and reform their own procedures.
The CRC report was largely a sham. Its main recom-
mendation was that Assembly's Research Policies Com-
mittee (PRC) review research that has already begun "to
assure that CRC's understanding of certain proposals
had been correct."
This suggestion faces a number of obstacles. First,
contracts and the complete requests for proposed classi-
fied research projects are often secret. Several RPC mem-
bers do have security clearance that would allow them
access to these documents, but they can give only very
general descriptions of these documents to the other
committee members. Thus RPC will encounter consider-
able difficulty in attempting to judge the "appropriate-
ness" of a project that can only be described to them in
the vaguest of terms.
Furthermore, regental bylaws clearly state that all
classified projects must be studied and approved before
they are started at the University. Even if a "post-award
audit" could be performed, it would be of questionable
value as currently there is no procedure to bring a halt to
research once it has begun.
CRC's report also suggested that its members "in-
clude a range of ideological convictions," but requested
the retention of the current practice excluding from
the committee those of "extreme views" - one of which
is opposition to classified research. This and the com-
mittee's assertion that they are "satisfied that the present
procedures are adequate" for determining whether pro-
jects violate regental guidelines, is indicative of their
steadfast devotion to the status quo.
THE COMMITTEE, while basically concerning itself with
the status of research at the University has seem-
ed to lose sight of the eventual uses of this work.
The most visible example of this comes.in the area of
remote sensing device research. These devices are an
essential part of the U.S. Army's "electronic battlefield"
in Indochina, allowing U.S. troops to locate the enemy
by detecting the heat, sound and movements of his body.
Research on remote sensing accounts for about three-
quarters of the classified research at the University.
In spite of this, CRC continues to approve contracts
for research on these systems. A prime reason for this is
that when CRC prepares to approve a classified research
contract - it has only turned down about three projects
since 1968 - their review procedure is largely dependent
on information from the researcher.
The CRC report called this information "of minimal
value in determining the appropriateness of the research,"
yet it still relies on it to determine the nature of re-
search projects.
Along with this lack of accurate information is the
absence of clear-cut University guidelines on classified
research. The present guidelines, adopted by the Regents
in 1968, ban all research "whose specific purpose is to
destroy human life or to incapacitate human beings."
CRC has interpreted this provision quite literally,
and continues to approve projects whose indirect function
clearly involves killing.
For example, in the case of research for counter-
missiles for planes, the committee looks at the specific
nature of the device - as a defensive mechanism -
rather than viewing it as a defense for a plane whose
specific purpose is, very definitely, "to destroy human
In a sense, the committee seems to be proving the
validity of former CRC member Michael Knox's assertion
that the committee members have become "allies of
classified research." The situation is vaguely reminiscent

of that of many federal regulatory agencies who, after
years of constant communication with those they are
charged with regulating, often become the advocates of
that institution's viewpoint.
IN ONE MONTH, the Research Policies Committee is
scheduled to report to Assembly on possible changes
in the University's research guidelines. If the research
policies of the University are to be effectively altered to
abolish or restrict classified and military research, one
can only hope that RPC will do a better job than the
Classified Research Committee has done in clearly weigh-
ing the facts and offering meaningful proposals.

BSU statement on Malcolm X

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Today is the
anniversary of the birthday of Mal-
colm X. The following article was
reprinted from the Black Stdent
voice, at the request of the Black
Student Union. It represents the
position of the Black Student
AS WE APPROACH the birthday
of Brother Malcolm X, for
those of us who are familiar with
his teachings we are again con-
fronted with the same question of
*Who killed Malcolm X'? For
those of us who are not familiar
with him the questions would be
something like, 'Who was Malcolm
X?, What is his life history?,
What did he do that was so im-
portant to Black people?, Why
was he murdered?'
The following is an attempt on
a superficial level to deal with
some of these questions and give
everyone an insight on the man
called Malcolm X.
Brother Malcolm died as El-
Hajj Malik El Shabazz. He enter-
ed this wold on May 19, 1925 as
Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebra-
We will begin the life of Mal-
colm Little at the age of sixteen.
He is staying with his aunt in
Boston, Mass. As the brother looks
back upon his sixteen years of
existence, he sees and feels noth-
ing but hurt, torment and frustra-
tion. Hurt at the way his family
was run out of Omaha to Mason,
Michigan because of his fathers
preachings of Garveyism. Tor-
mented by the memories of his
father being murdered by the
same white racist forces t h a t
would, in the decades to come,
murder him. Hurt by the way the
welfare system divided his fam-
ily up, scattered them out in all
directions, stalk and watch their
home day and night and event-
ually drove their mother into a
mental asylum. Frustrated by the
memories of being in reform
school, Malcolm thought about
making a living.
Malcolm's next stop from his
aunt's home was jail. Before go-
ing to jail Malcolm made his liv-
ing off of hustling working class
Blacks. During this transition per-
iod, Malcolm Little became known
as 'Detroit Red'. Detroit Re d
was lured into theeuniversitiesof
the streets which leads only to the
world of dope, B&E, hustling
women, etc.
The not so long' hand of the
government (law) embraced De-
trit Red and swept hn off his
feet. When he hit solid ground it
was within the walls of prison.
While in prison, Malcolm's idle
time forced him to do nothing but
read. Malcolm began educating
himself, studying and trying to
understand the historical posi-
tion of Black people in this coun-
Malcolm's first inroad into the
civil rights struggle was through
his brother who was a follower of
Elijah Muhammed's progessive
M u s i m movement. During his
'stay' in prison Malcolm became a
convert of the Nation of Islam.
After seven years of confine-
ment, the man known as Malcolm
Little faced the world as Malcolm
X, the year was 1952.
ON THE 'STREETS' again Mal-
colm X became a street worker for
the Muslims. Because of Mal-
colm's speaking ability, and his
very high intellect, he became
chief spokesman for the Nation of
Islam appearing on the national
scene, thus transforming the Mus-
lim Movement into a national
movement. While Malcolm w a s
preaching Black separatism, form-
ing a Black Nation, many Negro
leaders were preaching integration
into the system of exploitation.
At this point in time (late
1961) little did Malcolm realize
that his growing Intellect and his
determination to free Black peo-
ple would conflict with Eli j a h
Muhammed's program of separa-

Malcolm was suspended in
March of '63 and later expelled
in November. of the same year.
This came about supposedly be-
cause of his statement in refer-
ence to the assassination of J. F.
Kennedy which was 'chickens
coming. home to roost'.
-Malcolm now .below from uin-
der the harsh discipline of the
Muslims had time to preach and
develop his theory on Black Na-


Malcolm X began attacking the
people responsible for the pitiful
conditions in which Black people
are forced to live in. This led him
to the U.S. government.
To accommodate Malcolm's ex-
panding intellect, he began mak-
ing trips to Africa putting the
plight of 30 million African Amer-
icans into the international arena:
Malcolm returned as El-Hajj Malik
El Shabazz.
Malik El Shabazz continued ed-
ucating Black people and spoke
in Detroit on many occasions. -
Once he spoke at the Ford Audi-
torium on behalf of the Freedom
Now Party. In addition to this, he
set up two organizations - the
OAAU (Organization of African
American Unity), and the Moslem
Mosque Inc. Malik appeared as a
spokesman, but this time for Black
people in general.
As Malik El Shabazz spoke he
began awakening Blacks to the
racist nature of capitalism and
why they were being exploited
and oppressed. Brother Malik was
rapidly becoming a threat to the
stability of this racist govern-
Brother Malik began uniting
the struggle of all oppressed peo-
ple with that of ours. Malik began
posing the question of genocide
of Blacks andviolation of their
human rights to the United Na-
Brother Malik had become a
destructive weapon to U.S. racism
and capitalism. At this point the
repressive fascist forces of the
government were consolidated
with one purpose in mind. The
purpose was to murder Malik El
Shabazz and make it look as if it
was someone else. The government
began setting the stage for th e
assassination of Malik El Shabazz.
DURING THE next few months,
the newspapers all across t h e
country began projecting Malik's
OAAU and Elijah Muhammed's
Muslims as opponents. Both or-
ganizations reacted harshly to-
wards one another. Malik stated
publicly that anything said about
the Muslims cam i n g from him
or the OAAU isn't valid and he
was still grateful to the Honor-
able Elijah Muhammed, for it was
'him who opened my eyes'. Ma-
lik's actions were beautiful, but it
was too late. The main act was yet
to come.
On February 21, 1965, we be-
lieve brother El Hajj Malik El
Shabazz was viciously murdered
by agents of the Central Intelli-
gence Agency, i.e., United States
racism, capitalism and imperial-
Immediately the Muslims were
held totally responsible for his'
assassination, which is incorrect.

Malik El Shabazz was murdered
like he was because of the posi-
tion Muslims 'took on him'. They
consciously or subconsciously
helped set the stage for Malik's .
murder. If the Muslims w ou 1d
have 'moved on Malik' in a dif-
ferent manner, he would not have
been murdered like that, with
the blame on them. It was not the
Muslims who pulled the actual
trigger !
During Malik's life (existence, .s
for he never had a chance to
really live), he always explained
to the young brothers and sisters
the importance of 'thinking for
themselves'. Malik placed all his
faith in the youth. Malik realized
that it was the youth who would
have the job of advancing the
As we approach the date of the
birthday of Malik El Shabazz, we
as a people should again and again
reaffirm our commitment to bring
about freedom, justice, and equal-
ity i.e., Liberation for our peo-
ple. While we mourn the death of J
>ne of our great leaders, we should
be addressing ourselves to ser-
ious methods in which we, as a
people can gain control, power of
the economics and institutions in
our surroundings.
WE AS BLACK students must
begin preparing ourselves for the
coming battles we will undoubt-
edly face. We must begin strug-
gling against the educational sys-
tem which turns our schools into
garbage cans for industry; un-
educated, cheap unskilled Black
labor. We must begin to examine
the social, political and economic
position of Black people in this
racist society.
Yea . . , we must never forget
brother Malik for it was he who
founded Muhammed Speaks, one
of the best newspapers in t h i s
country for national, and inter- ,
national news.- It was he who
preached Black nationhood while
other Negro leaders talked about
integrating into the system of ex-
ploitation. It was he, who started
the masses of Blacks thinking
about controlling the politics in
their community. It was he who
started the rebirth of Black Na-
tionalism. It was Malik El Sha-
bazz who taught us our African
culture and a 'million' other
Just like thousands of Black
men and women who have been
murdered and exiled by the gov- t
ement, so died Malcolm Little,
Detroit Red, Malcolm X and
finally El Haji Malik El Shabazz.
Malik is physically gone, but
like the thousands before him, his
spirit shall be with us until final

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