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May 19, 1972 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1972-05-19

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Vol. LXXXII, No. 8-S

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Friday, May 19, 1972


Cents Twelve Pages


U.S. builds
up fleet
In Tonkin
SAIGON (P) - Hanoi re-
ported that large numbers
of U.S. aircraft attacked
the North yesterday follow-
ing a buildup of American
naval power in the Tonkin
Gulf. Meanwhile, South Vi-
etnamese f o r c e s pushed
close to the besieged pro-
vincial capital of An Loc in
search of their first mean-
ingful victory since the be-
ginning of the anti-Saigon
drive into the South.
Hanoi's official Vietnam
News Agency (VNA) said U. S.
planes deliberately r a i d e d
"many populated areas" in Ha-
noi and the port city of Hai-
phong "to massacre the civil-
ian population." Another Ha-
noi radio broadcast monitored
in Tokyo said large numbers of
U.S. warplanes attempted to
bomb Hanoi and the provinces
of Thanh Hoa and Bac Giang.
and five planes were shot down.
The U. S. Command declin-
ed tocomment, its usual policy.
It had reported earlier, how-
ever. that strikes over the
North during the last two days
destroyed more than 80 supply
trucks, four tanks, and three
field guns. and damaged or de-
stroyed 26 surface water craft
and 34 pieces of rolling stock.
Large quantities of fuel and
fuel depots also were destroyed,
the command said.
The number of Seventh car-
riers stationed off the South-
east Asia coast rose to six for
the first time in the war with
the arrival of the 78.000-ton
Saratoga. which came from the
Atlantic Fleet. The Saratoga
boosted the offshore American
naval force to about 46.000 a-
board more than 60 ships. A
seventh carrier. the Ticonder-
oea. sailed from San Diego for
Vietnam Wednesday.
At An Loc. southernmost of
three fronts opened by the anti-
Sal on forces during the six-
week-old offensive. a overn-
ment relief column moved with-
in 21/ miles of the devastated
See U.S., Page 7

ERA ratified
by State House;
Senate to decide
LANSING (R--The state House yesterday voted to ratify
congressional legislation proposing a constitutional amend-
ment against discrimination on grounds of sex.
The bill to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)
passed the house, 90-18.
The proposed amendment, which has been ratified by
17 states, would add a new article to the constitution two
years after ratification by 38 of the 50 states.
A companion measure was sent to the state Senate floor
earlier yesterday. Comparable action is required there to
put Michigan among the ranks of states approving enact-
ment of the amendment.
The amendment, a version of which has been intro-

Ballad of John anid Yoko
John Lennon and Yoko Ono talk to reporters yesterday outside
the U.S. Immigration offices in New York following hearings on
his deportation. The defense submitted, a petition containing
16,000 signatures, including that of Mayor John Lindsay, sup-
porting Lennon. The hearing is set to continue on July 1.
Anti-awar protests
Local groups have planned a day of anti-war protests,
billed as a "day of solidarity with the Indochinese people."
A Diag rally, which is scheduled to last from noon to-
day to noon tomorrow, will feature speeches by City Council
member Nancy Wecshler (HRP-Second Ward), John Sin-
clair, head of the Rainbow People's Party (RPP) and other
local anti-war leaders.
Organizers plan to dig two craters, each 15 feet in
diameter and 4 feet deep during the rally. One crater is
planned for the area in front of the Economics building
and the other on the corner of State Street and North
University as a permanent reminder of the destruction
caused by American bomb-
ing in Indochina.'
Genie Plamondon, an RPP
member, said last night that
protesters intend to dig even
though the University has re-
fused to allow the Diag craters.
She said that, "People seem to
be willing to get arrested."
A University spokesperson said
that since, "The whole central
campus area is heavily laced
with utility lines, high tension
lines, and irrigation lines, dig-
ging piresents real hazards to
people's safety."
The spokesperson declined to
say whether police would be
called in to prevent the digging.
He said the protesters are "un-
reasonable" since the University
has offered them various other
sites for a crater, including the
mall between Hill Auditorium
and the Michigan League.
Between speeches, four local
bands-The Up, Darkhorse, The
Knock Down Part Band, and
Marcus will entertain.
Organizers also plan to pre-
-Asociated Press sent a slide show which depicts
sits among his belongings while American bombing in Indochina
s for evacuation out of Kontum and to hold workshops on various
aspects of the war.

duced to every Congress
since 1923 reads:
"Equality of rights under the
law shall not ben denied or
abridged by the United States
or by any state on account of
According to a report by the
Citizen's Advisory Council of the
Status of Women, the ratifica-
tion of the ERA would not nul-
lify all laws which distinguish
on the basis of sex, but would
require that the law treat men
and women equally.
The proposal was critized by
several womens' groups, chiefly
because of the apparent legal
implication that women could
and would be subject to the
military draft.
Probable ramifications of ERA
would include:
-The invalidation of protective
laws for women which prohibit
hours of work beyond a spe-
cified number night work, em-
ployment in particular occupa-
tions, and weightlifting laws;
-The eligibility of men for ali-
mony payments in those states
where alimony is limited to
-The extension of dowery
rights to men in those states
where men do not have a right
in their wive's estates; and
-The extension of equal Social
Security benefits to widowers of
covered women which are now
provided to widows of covered
men workers.
Adoption of the measure would
restrict only governmental ac-
tion and would not effect private
The House's seven-member
women's delegation . generally
supported the proposal. Only
Reps. Joyce Symons (D-Detroit)
and Josephine Hunsinger, (D-
Detroit) opposed it.
Sixteen male colleagues also
Ratification of the equal
rights amendment for women
came, as the House opened de-
bate over a $45,000 spending
budget for the Michigan Wom-
en's Commission.
The sum was deleted from an
$80 million general governmen-
tal budget bill by the House
Apppropriations Committee, al-
though Gov. William Milliken
recommended it.
Rep. Marvin Stempien (D-
Livonia) who introduced the
House's equal rights ratification
bill, also proposed cutting out
the $45,000 subsidy for the
women's commission.
He maintained the unit be-
longed under the Social Services
Department rather than in the
governor's office.
No final decision was reached
yesterday on the issue.

State law
helps figt
A recent study of the cases
filed under the state Environ-
mental Protection Act (EPA)
shows that the statute is help-
ing in the fight to protect the
Michigan passed the EPA in
1970 and became the first state
to give citizens the -right to
bring polluters to court.
University law Prof. Joseph
Sax, the author of the EPA, says
that his study reveals that citi-
zen participation in environmen-
tal control is "not merely an
empty slogan."
Sax and law student Roger
Conner surveyed all court cases
filed under the EPA during the
first 16 months after enactment.
He cites the following results
stemming from them:

Prof. Sax
-Government and industry re-
spond to r' ;sure for reform
when prodded.
-Regulatory a g e n c i e s are
more often victims of political
pressure than villains to the
-Well-informed common sense
plays a major role in resolving
environmental controversies.
According to Sax, the most
important effect of the EPA is
that it "has given to ordinary
citizens a confidence that is
possible for them to have 'their
day in court' in the fullest mean-
ing of that phrase."
Sax notes that during his
See LAW, Page 7

waiting recently with his parent
in the central highlands.

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