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June 24, 1972 - Image 1

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1972-06-24

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Sex bias in college hiring

Elisabeth Hogan, editor and publisher
of Womanpower!, yesterday brought the
problem of affirmative action programs
in hiring women in universities down to
the practical level as she outlined a plan
before an assembly at the Michigan
The two day conference is entitled
"Women's Work Has Just Begun: Legal
Problems of Employing Women in Uni-
Hogan, who is also a, consultant for
the Massachusetts Governor's Commis-
sion on the Status of Women, told over
200 listeners that colleges' assumption
is "you've got to fudge your standards
when you bring in more women."
She cited six main areas of discrimi-
nation against w o m e n by colleges
against women: admission quotas, fi-
nancial help, firing practices, promo-
tions, salary differentials, and layoffs.
Hogan explained that if a woman
made it known she wanted to be pro-

moted, she was considered aggressive
and a "bitch."
"If she sits and waits for Santa
Claus, then the woman is seen as not
having very much initiative," Hogan
pointed out. "We're dammsed if we do
and damned if we don't."
Urging that hiring quotas for women
are necessary. Hogan explained several
ways to figure them.
For instance, she suggested that since
11.6 per cent of the PhD's earned in
the U.S. went to women, 11.6 of a uni-
versity's positions requiring a PhD
should be filled by women.
As soon as goals are decided in the
program, Hogan suggests the plan be
communicated and publicized. "Revise
y-ur brochures," she warned. "Check
the pictures and the words in them.
Don't use the universal pronoun 'he ' "
According to Hogan, these are no
nit-picking, for they serve as "subtle
signals for where we are wanted"

Next, Hogan attacked sexist recruit-
ing practices. She mentioned the pit-
falls of n't allowing a man and his wife
to both hold faculty positions at the
same time.
lcgan urged that all positions avail-
able at a college be published. "I find
it incredible that this hasn't been done
yet. C.early it must be," she said.
On standards of hiring, Hogan caled
for more objective means of determin-
ing qualification. "Nepotism shouldn't
come to bear," she said. A woman's
marital status and whether or not she
has children should not figure either.
Women also get a raw deal in work-
ing c-oditions at academic institutions.
according to Hogan. Discrimination ex-
ists in teaching loads, benefits, and
assignment of office help.
Finally, Hogan commented on t-nure,
"You can keep tenure, but you can
change the methods of assigning it."
She explained that the "publish or
perish" factor in granting tenure dis-

criminates against women because they
have a harder time in getting their work
accepted for print.
Earlier in the day, Virginia Nordin,
chairwoman of the University's Wo-
men's Commission, told the conference
that colleges faced with new federal
guidelines must "take it upon themselves
to rectify unequal employment oppor-
"If they don't, they will be dragged
kicking and screaming into the twen-
tieth century."
Other afternoon speakers included
George Sape, Deputy Director of Con-
gressional Affairs for the federal Equal
Employment Opportunity Commission.
He spoke on new amendments to Title
VII of the Civil Rights Act, which allows
suits to be filed against universities for
sex discrimination, whether or not in-
tent existed.
The conference is sponsored by the
Institute of Continuing Legal Education.

P Iffr i 4 tg Yi , Ftiil,

Mostly cloudy,
chance of showers

Vol. LXXXII, No. 33-S

Ann Arbor, Michigan-Saturday, June 24, 1972

Ten Cents

Twelve Pages

British poun
floats; money
crisis brewing
LONDON -, Britain let the pound sterling float yes-
terday to avert a threatened devaluation, but at the same
time raised the spectre of a new world monetary crisis.
The surprise British move immediately put heavy pres-
sure on the weakened U.S. dollar throughout Europe and
forced continental money markets to close their doors in
An emergency .meeting of government central bankers
from the six European Common Market nations was called
for Paris today. Experts said that meeting likely would
order a float of European Common Market currencies
against the dollar when continental markets reopen, prob-
ably Tuesday.

hiolds gala
About 500 friends and sup-
porters of Sheriff Douglas Har-
vey gathered last night at
Weber's Inn for the official
kickoff dinner which marked
the start of Harvey's campaign
for re-election. Harvey an-
nounced last Monday that he
will run in the November elec-
tion under the banner of the
American Independent party
"If you want a cop for sher-
iff," Harvey said, "I'd certainly
anpreciate your support, 'cause
that's what I'm going to be."
The sheriff spoke after din-
ner - salad, chicken, baked po-
tato and key lime pie - and a
salute by six young cheerlead-
ers, who jumped about and
shouted. "Who's going to be
sheriff? - If you want to know,
watch that Harvey go, go, go,"
exclaimed t h e cheerleaders,
dressed in patriotic red, white
and blue costumes.
The crowd whistled and
cheered, the band warmed up
to "For he's a jolly good fellow,"
and then it was Harvey's
Among .those present were
See HARVEY, Page 7

Any return to such widescale
floating would unwind, at least
temporarily, many of the deli-
cate arrangements for fixed ex-
change rates worked out in
Washington last December at
the end of the world's worst
monetary crisis since World
War 00.
For businessmen, govern-
ments and tourists alike, it
would again raise questions of
what a nation's money is really
worth at any particular time.
President Nixon, like his
European counterparts, called
in senior financial advisers for
The British were forced to
act to safeguard the national re-
serves backing the pound. In the
past two weeks the pound has
declined to the floor level per-
mitted under current exchange
Among the most immediate-
causes of the crisis were last
week's dangers of a national
dock strike; a renewed bout ofg
inflation because of big new
wage settlements; and the fail-
ure of v,xious orthodox efforts
to restore confidence in the
British economy.
By floating the pound and
closing the London foreign ex-
change market yesterday and
Monday, the government stop-
ped the Bank of England from
using up all its reserves. When
the markets reopen, the pound
can float outside fixed exchange
rates according to supply and
This increases the risk of
speculating in pounds and could
drive gamblers out of the mar-
ket. The Government hopes the
See BRITISH, Page 2

AND LIFE GOES ON. A farmer toils in his fields, threshing his rice crops as U.S. bombers de-
molish the wooded edges of his field. It was susp)ected that Viet Cong positions were located there.
S. Viets, U.S. bombs stymie
communist offeusive on Hue

SAIGON (") - North Vietna-
mese tanks, artillery and infan-
trymen advanced towards South
Vietnam's northern defense
line for the seventh day this
morning but lost eight tanks,
field reports said.
All eight tanks were knock-
ed out by South. Vietnamese
ground troops firing tube-
launched, wire-guided missiles
called TOWS, the reports said.
Moving behind hundreds of
rounds of Soviet-built, long-
range 13 mm artillery, the
North Vietnamese attacked two
different South Vietnamese po-
sitions. One was reported to
be near abandoned Firebase
Nancy on the southern side of
the My Chanh defense line. 25
miles northwest of the threat-
ened city of Hue.
U.S. officials said tank-led
enemy assaults on the My
Chanh defense line this week
are part of a long expected
North Vietnamese move against
There also were indications
that the North Vietnamese may
be trying to push through from
the A Shau Valley to the west
in a coordinated assault on the

Gen. Creighton Abrams, the
U.S. commander, has ordored
massive saturation strikes by
B52 bombers along the north-
ern front in efforts to preempt
an assault on- Hue.
U.S. B52 bombers flew near-
ly 50 strikes across the north-
ern front overnight.
Half the B52s in the south-
west Pacific mounted the heav-
iest raids of the war along
the front yesterday and tac-
tical jets made massive strikes

on the heartland of North Viet-
In ground fighting yesterday,
the North Vietnamese lost 99
tmen killd in three clashes with
government forces holding the
line at the My Chanh River, the
Saigon command said. Saigon
government losses were given
as five dead and 22 wounded.
South Vietnamese troops,
backed by artillery and U.S.
fighter-bonbers, also knocked
See S. VIETS, Page 7



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