&N DAILY Page Three
Nixon ends ist of
WASHINGTON (RP) - President Nixon in full accord with the law and the pro-
as abolished the Red-scare era list of tections its affords to all," he added.
ubversive organizations maintained by The list, although it has languished in
he attorney general and used to screen obscurity for some 20 years, still con-
applicants for government jobs, the tained the names of about 300 groups.
White House and Justice Department Only about 30 of the groups remain in
announced yesterday. existence.
Nixon signed an executive order doing They include such groups as the Com-
way with the list created in 1947 by munist Party U.S.A. and the Ku Klux
President Truman. Klan.
ATTY. GEN. William Saxbe said he
recommended the action because the list
was a sort of vestigial tail on the feder-
al government's security programs."
Saxbe said "it is now very apparent it
no longer serves any useful purpose."
Truman ordered the Justice Depart-
ment to prepare and maintain the list at
a time of widespread national concern
about alleged Communists and subver-
sives in government.
THE LIST was widely criticized and
the Supreme Court in 1951 ruled that no
group could be placed on the list with-
out a hearing.
In subsequent hearings, the court
made is virtually impossible to deny an
applicant a government job simply be-
cause of membership in a group desig-
nated as subversive.
°i "This list has long been a source of
contention over both its fairness and its
effectiveness," Saxbe said. "The argu-
ments are now ended. The President's
order not only abolishes the list but also
r forbids its use by every agency of the
P hoto SAXBE SAID "perhaps the most seri-
L i e m o her like daug terous failing" of Truman's order was that
rUit allowed the Justice Department to la-
Tara Lyn Floriani, 16 months old, wears the costume of the day while bel groups as subversive without proper
walking with Sister Patricia Agnes at St. Joseph's School in North Adams, consideration for due process of law.
Mass. Tara was there to participate in alumni day, on which the nuns wear "If the list serves no other purpose
traditional habits. It was the last gathering of this type, however, since the now, it should continue to be a reminder
school is closing this month because of financial troubles. that whatever who do must be fair and
Naval Academy recruits
more black mishipmen
By JEFF SORENSEN
Candidates for three city Board of
Education p o s t s debated campaign
issues last night at an open forum spon-
sored by the Parent Teacher Organiza-
In a surprise move, liberal candidate
Elliot Chikofsky withdrew from the 11-
candidate race citing the large number
of hopefuls likely to split the liberal-
radical vote. His name, however, will
still appear on the ballot June 10.
CONSERVATIVE candidates at the
Scarett Junior High discussion stressed
tighter enforcement of discipline policies
and the need for more city-wide stand-
ardization of academic curriculum.
Most liberal and radical candidates in-
dicated disapproval of the present track-
ing system and said they would vote to
repeal the controversial "Plan F," a
busing plan designed to alleviate over-
crowding at Huron High School.
The plan transforms Clague Middle
School, which combines sixth, seventh
and eighth grades, into a junior high
school and relocates about 800 elemen-
tary and secondary students.
PLAN F was passed 6-3 last March
by the school board's conservative ma-
jority which has controlled the nine-
membher board in recent years.
Will Simpson, who along with Tanya
Israel is backed by the "liberal caucus,"
a loose coalition of Democrats, called
Plan F "a humiliation for the board.
We've got to make better use of long-
range planning to make certain that
this sort of thing doesn't happen again."
Radical Human Rights Party (HRP)
write-in candidate Larry Mann strongly
stated his opposition to the present
ANNAPOLIS, Md. (ll-For three years,
Naval Lt. Cmdr. Ken Johnson has been
-fighting an enemy that wears no uni-
form and carries no weapon.
His adversaries have been as elusive
as the anti-white feelings of inner city
black youths and as concrete as the
requirement committing Naval Academy
graduates to five years of military serv-
ice after they leave Annapolis.
'I don't feel... that minor-
ity kids turn down the Navy
because of an antimilitar-
istic attitude held by some
white youngsters. To them
it's more of an antiwhite
attitude, or antisystem.
And when you say system
to most minority young-
sters, that means white.'
JOHNSON, a 33-year-old black officer,
was the academy's first minority re-
cruiter, brought in to increase the small
number of minority youngsters entering
the Naval Academy. This month, he
returns to shipboard assignment in Nor-
folk, Va., and his successor Lt. Cmdr.
George Gaines also black, takes over.
The body count for Johnson's three-
year campaign indicates success - al-
though he says it isn't an all-out victory
-in the battle against more than 100
years of discrimination at the academy.
In 1970 when Johnson arrived at An-
napolis the incoming class of 1,300 plebes
included only 17 blacks and six other
HIS FIRST year of recruiting pushed
those figures to 45 blacks and 14 other
minorities. The number of blacks in the
plebe class jumped to 73 in 1972 and to
112 this year. The number of other
minority students increased to 16 and
then to 34 those two years.
"At the beginning I did a lot of travel-
ing I was onc the road almost all the
time," Johnson said. "I went to high
schools, contacted the NAACP, the Ur-
ban League. I also got a lot of help from
regular Navy recruiting officers. If they
ran. across a kid they thought would be
good they called me. As time passed,
more people came to me, but I still like
to get out and meet the ones who look
like good prospects.
"The big thrust is still eyebaUl to eye-
ball contact with a candidate. You need
to be able to talk face to face with a,
kid to know if he sincerely wants to do
the things he says he does."
A GRADUATE of Iowa State Univer-
sity Johnson came into the Navy through
the Reserve Officer Training Corps
(R.O.T.C.). He says the biggest hurdle
in his recruiting has been the require-
ment that Naval Academy graduates
serve five years of active duty in the
Navy or Marine Corps.
The second major hurdle has been the
Navy's lily-white image and a reaction
to that image among black youths.
"I don't feel-and this is a personal
opinion-that minority kids turn down
the Navy because of an antimilitaristic
attitude held by some white youngsters,"
"To them it's more of an anti-white
attitude, or antisystem. And when you
say system to most minority youngsters,
that means white."
Racial incidents aboard Navy ships in
recent years have also created* doubts.
tFnhnson says he gets many questions
about shipboard problems.
"I just tell them we have problems in
#&,a r'iavy juss asften so toe1.- restCUs-a
the Navy just as we do in the rest of the
country. The same people who are in the "TRACKING serves mainly to channel
Navy causing problems were out there blacks and lower income whites into the
problems," he said. sbottom group" contended Mann. Mann,
See NAVAL, Page 13 See SCHOOL, Page 14
weakened, NO Wclaims
By ANDREA LILLY
Members of the National Organization
of Women (NOW) claim legislation aim-
ed at ending discriminatory bank lend-
ing practices was severely weakened
during hearings held Monday in the
The bill, which originally called for
criminal penalties of up to 90 days in
jail and a $500 fine for anyone convicted
of discrimination in giving credit or
loans on the basis of race, religion, na-
tional origin, marital status, sex and
blindness, has already been passed by
the state House of Representatives.
BUT THE SENATE committee on
Corporations and Economic Develop-
ment stripped the bill of all criminal as
well as possible civil penalties during the
hearings. The bill now allows only for
civil suits against banks for damages in-
curred because of discrimination in lend-
Kathy Fojtik, vice president of the
local NOW chapter and a Washtenaw
County commissioner, says the bill has
been severely weakened.
She blames state Sen. Gilbert Bursley
(R-Ann Arbor), the vice-chairman of the
committee, for the diluted version of the
bill. "Bursley endorsed the change," she
says. "He did exactly what we asked
him not to do."
ACCORDING to Bursley, the legisla-
tion is not nearly as weak as Fojtik
claims. He says that NOW had gotten
much more out of the compromise than
the bankers, who opposed the bill.
"The bill can still be amended before
it goes to the floor," he adds.
NOW had strongly supported the bill
See NOW, Page 14