Si ioscr Idiion of
Till; MICHIGAN DAlIY
Edited and managed by students at the
University of Michigan
Tuesday, June 26, 1973 News Phone: 764-0552
THE FIRST Amendment to the U.S. Constitution provides
for the separation of church and state. The Supreme
Court apparently ended some major, violations of this
provision-in its 8-1 ruling yesterday to strike down New
York and Pennsylvania plans in which parents of paro-
chial-school children receive state financial assistance.
Specifically affected were the New York and Penn-
sylvania - programs allowing tax deductions or tuition
reimbursement to parents who choose to send their
children to parochial schools.
The Supreme Court ruling is bound to have nation
wide repercussions, and we thus have high praise for
their action, which should go a long way to re-establishing
religion as a personal right, rather than a national duty.
AS COULD BE expected, Roman Catholic reaction was
immediate and unanimous in its condemnation of the
ruling. Opinions were various: that the ruling jeopardizes
the right of parents to choose an education for their
children, that the ruling is "separate and unequal" and
"harms the young, (and) the poor," and that the con-
tributions which parochial schools, make to -the nation
merit state aid for parochial parents.
We totally disagree with such religious righteousness.
As is the case with all extras and luxuries which people
want in life for their children, it is the responsibility of the
parent, and not the state, to provide for parochial educa-
tion, which surely qualifies as an extra.
Parents who wish to see their children receive religious
training must either be willing to accept any additional
financial burden which such optional training may carry,
or should provide the training in the home, if necessary.
THE STATE DOES have, we note, the responsibility to
see that all children have the opportunity to receive an
equal education in public schools. Its responsibilities
should not extend, however, to assisting those who wish
sectarian education for their children.
Issue of. freedom and justice
vital fo both U.S. and Russia
By JAMES WECHSLER
ANY DISPARAGEMENT of the
pageantry surrounding the Nix-
on-Brezhnev rendezvous will no
doubt be dismissed in high places
as querulous partisanship. More-
over, the airing of some doubts
and reservations is inhibited by an
awareness that ancient anti-Krem-
lin crusaders are accusing the Pre-
sident of betraying their holy war.
So one is obliged to begin by say-
ing that it is far better to see Nix-
on and Brezhnev holding hands
than shaking fists. The long-range
symbolism of their fraternalism
may one day matter more to man-
kind than any banalities tttered
now. That both Nixon and Brezh-
nev regard the spectacle of peace-
making as the most effective do-
mestic politics of the time signifies
some advances in the quest for a
Nor do I share the obsession of
Sen. Jackson and his Pentagon cro-
nies that the pressures of Water-
gate are inducing Mr. Nixon to
sacrifice critical strategic advan-
tages to produce a good show.
Brezhnev also has a large invest-
ment in detente; as Vladimir Dedi-
jer, the Yugoslav heretic, wrote
the other day, "his ideology is busi-
ness: making big deals in.his se-
cret talks in the United States."
To the extent that the summit
rituals represent new acknowledge-
ment by the chiefs of the super-
powers that the fantasies of atomic
blackmail-or conquest-are ob-
solete, all the hammy posturing
before the TV cameras becomes se-
WHAT, THEN, remains trouble-
some about these scenes of com-
radeship between the man who
rose to power under the banner of
uncompromising "anti - commun-
'm" and the leader of the Siviet
Union? Who but Richard Nixon
csild have arranged an occasion
on which William Randolph Hearst,
Jr., ioined in a state dinner hailing
the biggest Bolshevik of all? Who
bit Leiinid Brezhnev could have
decreed that the Soviet press trans-
form "inperialist, war-mongering
America" into one nation under
Nixon dedicated to peaceful inter-
coirse with the Soviets?
These are indeed events that
confound the prophets of Armaged-
don--Marxist and Republican alike.
Admittedly they may create mo-
ientary jealousy and apprehension
among Mr. Nixon's newly-acquired
admirers in Peking; Dr. Kissinger
has already undertaken to assure
them that Mr. Nixon has not swift-
ly forgotten those Chinese nights.
While this double-affair may in-
volve complexities, the President
cannot be charged with furtive di-
plomatic philandering. His effort to
maintain a steady relationship with
the rival Communist establishments
will get high marks in history if it
The cause for uneasiness stems
not from these intricate problems
of maneuver-nor even from the
chance that high expectations may
be unfulfilled. It involves those re-
bels who live under tyranny and
whose fate is brushed aside in the
euphoria of "normalization."
THERE ARE conflicting indica-
tions about whether Brezhnev is
genuinely prepared to relax the
oppression of Soviet Jews seeking
emigration to Israel. At least there
is some sign that he recognizes
the intensity of sentiment in the
U. S. Senate on that issue.
But Jews are not the only vic-
tims of despotism. A committee of
prominent American progressives
and dissenters has drafted a list
of political prisoners currently
held inside the USSR, including the
Ukraine and Lithuania, and in
Czechoslovakia;Lit points out that
'they speak for thousands of others
whose names do not appear on
this statement but who are in
prisons, labor camps and psy-
chiatric hospitals for having dared
to say 'no'." The statement pleads
for amnesty in their behalf.
Whatever concessions Brezhnev
may offer on the Jewish emigration
issue, there is small likelihood
that Mr. Nixon will be disposed to
raise the broader question during
the Washington festivities. And the
tragic fact seems to be that pro-
DAN BIDL E .F ....
DAVE BURHE N.
SUE SOMMER. ...
Ediorial Page Editor
Right Edi tr
Ass't. Nightt Editor
Ass't. Night Edilor
Ass't. Night Editor
Ass't. Night Editor
gress toward detente produces no
reflex of mellowness in the Soviet
hierarchy toward internal critics;
at times it appears only to intensify
Even if Mr. Nixon felt impelled
to speak out for those sildiiced, the
rebuttal is too easily predictable.
For there are too many U.S.
spheres of influence where he
might be challenged to explain our
lack of passion for freedom. What
have we done to press for the
release of political prisoners in
Greece, Spain or Saigon? And,
once the subject turns to what
Brezhnev chooses to call "internal
affairs," how would Mr. Nixon
respond to a Soviet suggestion for
a U.S. amnesty for opponents of
the Vietnam war?
TO PUT IT grimly, freedom and
justice are not on the agenda of
summitry. Realists may insist that
is the way things have to be if
there is to be any movement to-
ward agreement on arms control
and other manifestations of sanity.
But there is no reason why the
U.S. cannot set a unilateral ex-
ample in those areas where it can
help to open the prison doors for
political dissenters - beginning
here. This would have been a
memorable week for such an ex-
James Wechsler is editorial
director for the New York Post.
Copyright 1973, New York Post
said, "What do you think of that?
Never saw a better 4th of July
fireworks display. Sure made the
"How could it have happened
over here?" we pondered.
We decided that American ser-
vice people stationed in that lo-
cality had planned and financed
the show, however, it could be the
citizens of Tubingen wanted to
prove their loyalty to their Sister
City-Ann Arbor, and took this
means of doing it.
WE DECIDED that before we
left town the next day we would
find oit. We asked a young col-
lege boy who seas responsible for
the beautiful 4th of July fireworks
"That was no 4th of July fire-
works display," he smiled. "Yes-
terday was the last day for our
summer music festival, and the
fireworks-well,. they were just
Naturally our American egoes
were a little deflated, but we
agreed that although it was an
unusual experience it was a beauti-
ful one. We would never forget
that 4th of July in Tubingen-Ann
Arbor's Sister City.
CHUCK BLOOM .... Managing Sports Editor
MARC FELDMA...N........Associate Sports Editor
PATTI wILKINSO.N . Classified Manager
PAULA SCH WACH. . ... Circulation Manager
L'TANYA HAITH.. . Circulation Assistant
ELLIOTT LEGOw .. Assistant
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Stars over Tubingen:
.1of. last year's Fourth
By EARLINE GLADSTONE
T WAS LATE in the evening,
I July 4th, 1972, when we drove
our campmobile into Tubingen,
Germany. A conspicuous sign near
the city limits written in both
German and English informed us
that we were entering "Tubingen-
Sister City of Ann Arbor, Michi-
gan." This information made us
feel welcome. We were from Cali-
fornia, but when you are a visitor
on another continent the name of
any American city brings warm
feelings of home.
We found our way to "Camping
Platz Tubingen." Neat streets of
blue, red, yellow and green tents
gave the place the appearance of a
Dutch tulip garden. German chil-
dren and small blond Hollanders
were everywhere in evidence.
We parked our vehicle beside
that of a United States service
man. He and his family proved to
be the only other Americans in
the camp. After exchanging in-
formal greetings we all agreed that
Earline Gladstone is a guest
writer for The Daily.
it certainly was a different 4th of
July from any we had ever known.
In fact it just didn't seem like the
4th of July without fireworks. The
man's three small children listened
to our conversation. Their little
faces were sober and unhappy.
He smiled at them and said,
"Don't you remember I told you
there would be no fireworks to-
night? You will just have to forget
about sky-rockets and fire crackers
this 4th of July. Next year we
will be home and we will really
.THE DARKNESS of a summer
night settled over the camp. Sud-
denly there were distant strains of
music followed by a loud rumble
then a hissing sound. Showers of
sparkles illuminated the heavens.
For almost an hour the sky over
Tubingen was a backdrop for a
fireworks extravaganza. Gigantic
flower and waterfall designs mush-
roomed into the blackness and
sprayed iridescent drops of light
in all directions. High overhead
"gold fish" swam through an inky
sea and then disappeared leaving
rainbow-shadows in the sky.
When it ended the service man