P'a8 6-WednesdayI-Augusf ;1979-The Michigan Daily
Nixon low-key since resignation
WASHINGTON (AP) - It has been
five years since Richard Nixon left the
presidency in disgrace, but he still can't
make a speech, take a trip, or buy a
home without m eting protest.
The weight of Watergate and Viet-
Watergate haunts expresident.
nam and the antagonism of those who
will not forgive have turned the former
president into a near-recluse and
denied him the respect and the plat-
form that is the usual reward of a for-
mer American chief executive.
"I LET THE American people down,
and I have to carry that burden with me
for the rest of my life," Nixon told TV
interviewer Ddvid Frost two years ago.
"My political life is over. I will never
again have an opportunity to serve in
an official position."
Nixon announced his intention to
resign in a prime-time television
speech on Aug. 8, 1974 - not long after
the House Judiciary Committee voted
to recommend that he be impeached for
attempting to cover up White House in-
volvement in the break-in of
Democratic Party headquarters in the
Watergate Office Building.
The official resignation was received
by Secretary of State Henry Kissinger
at 11:35 a.m. the next day, when Nixon
was already in the air on his way home.
IN THE FIRST 18 months afterward,
Nixon rarely ventured from La Casa,
Pacifica, his tightly guarded seaside
estate in San Clemente, Calif.
Then he went to China where the
welcome was warm and protests non-
existent. He has traveled more since,
but always without fanfare. Flying to,
Washington on a commercial airliner
last January, Nixon was let off the
plane at the edge of the runway and met
by only acar and driver.
Not until July 1978 did Nixon make his
first speech in public at Hyden, Ky., an
isolated town where no Democrat has
been elected to office since the Civil
War. He ventured out again in October
for an Armistice Day observance in
THOSE SPEECHES and appearan-
ces on French television and at Oxford
University are the sum of Nixon's
public forays in the five years. He made
a 12-hour journey to Mexico last month
to visit the deposed Shah of Iran, a
friend from the days when both were in
power, and he has made several trips to
New York and the Bahamas. He and
Mrs. Nixon also have allowed their
home to be used for a Republican fun-
draiser, and they gave a party for 450
people, honoring America's astronauts.
Last month, the Nixons decided to
move east. Then it became known they
were buying a $750,000 penthouse apar-
tment in a cooperative building in New
WITHIN DAYS, a resident of the
building polled her neighbors and an-
nounced many were opposed to the
Nixons living in their midst. The
residents said it was not politics but
simply the- fuss which surrounds a
celebrity. Nixon backed out of the deal.
When Nixon resigned, the first
president to do so, he owed more than
$400,000 in back taxes and his legal bills
were mounting. Worse, he feared he
would be indicted, tried, and perhaps
sent to prison.
That specter was lifted by Gerald
Ford, who gave Nixon a complete par-
don for any crimes he might have
committed in office. Nixon later said he
would have preferred the "agony of a
trial" to accepting a presidential par-
don that he knew made him look guilty,
but "there was no chance whatsoever I
could get a fair trial."
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Guerrillas set conditions
forpeace in Rhodesia
(Continued from Page 2) within five weeks.
Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere,
reject the present constitution, which chairman of the five front-line African
produced Rhodesia's first black- countries supporting the guerrillas, en-
dominated government, as a sellout to dorsed the new peace plan and held a
white interests because the whites con- news conference to stress that the in-
trol 28 of the 100 parliamentary seats, surgents always have been cooperative
the judiciary, the civil service, the ar- but eac als.
my, and police.' about peace talks.
y ndw planppaentyhNyerere skirted questions about what
The new plan apparently has -been he and other black African leaders
kept deliberately vague to avoid the would do to bring the guerrillas to the
pro-negotiation squabbling over details conference table.
that defeated other peace plans. From his headquarters in Mozam-
"LET'S TAKE one step at a time," bique, Mugabe backed up Tekere with
cautioned Britain's Prime Minister another condition: that former white
Margaret Thatcher at a brisk news con- Rhodesian Prime Minister Ian Smith,
ference earlier yesterday. She said she now a Cabinet Minister, and black
hoped to have a new constitution draf- Prime Minister Abel Muzorewa "have
ted and talks under way in London got to go."
Mideast talks end; major
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agenda in themselves prejudiced the
final decisions in the mind of one side or
the other. That was why no agreement
was yet possible on an agenda for talks
on the council's responsibilities.
The Mideast negotiations remain
deadlocked on the issue of how much
power Palestinians should be given in
the occupied territories. Israel wants
autonomy limited to the conduct of
daily lives, but Egypt seeks broad self-
government falling just short of full in-
DELEGATION LEADERS asserted
that the mere fact that Egypt and Israel
agreed on subjects to be discussed in
more detail implied what the decisions
ultimately might be. .
"It is not an easy job," said Egyptian
Prime Minister Mustafa Enalil. "I am
satisfied with the progress."
The agreed agenda will be turned
over to working committees that will
meet in two weeks in Alexandria,.
Egypt, said Israeli delegation chief
Yosef Burg. The full negotiating teams
will reconvene in that city in four or five
CAIRO NEWSPAPERS reported,
meanwhile, that Egyptian President
Anwar Sadat would come to Haifa Sept.
.5 and hold further talks on the Palestine
issue with Israeli Prime Minister
Menachem Begin. The two leaders last
met at a July summit but were unable
to resolve the autonomy issue. Begin
was released from a hospital last week
where he had been recovering from a
Overshadowing the two-day Haifa
conference this week was a bitter
Israeli dispute with the United States
over diplomatic maneuvers toward
a new U.N. Security Council resolution
on the Palestinians.
The resolution also was injected
briefly into the talks when Egypt
argued that such U.N. action could
prompt moderate Palestinians to join
negotiations. Israel responded with a
vailed threat that it might break off
talks if thataction vere taken..,