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July 17, 1979 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1979-07-17

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Page 2-Tuesday, July 17, 1979-The Michigan Daily
Supporters in business, gov't leave area
GOVERNMENT sources said
MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) - Somoza met in the bunker with junior IN SEVERAL buildings in the children. They have not had
Frantic officials and business national guard officers including his headquarters compoudn, government six weeks ... and the govern
associates of the dying Somoza regime son Anastasio, a lieutenant-colonel, and employees were removing files and selling food to people who have
were packing their bags, jamming legislative members of his Liberal tearing up papers. A tripod-mounted able to work and don't have any
airline counters and going into hiding Nationalist Party. .30-caliber machine gun was placed in When the Sandinistas get here, t
yesterday as government sources A party member said Somoza and the the lobby of a building near the com- give us food."
reported President Anastasio Somoza legislators discussed convening a joint poudn entrance. Other people jammed in arou
might resign as early as today. session of the 100-member Congress On Managua's streets, many agreed, shouting a choruse
In an unexplained move apparently this morning to name an interim Nicaraguans seemed eager for the im- Somoza epithets. The civilw
linked with preparations for his gover- president to receive Somoza's pending victory by Sandinista largely halted agricultural an
nment's collapse, Somoza fired more resignation. He said Francisco Urcuyo, guerrillas and the end of the 42-year-old production in Nicaragua.
than 100 top officers of his national 54-year-old president of the 70-seat Somoza family dynasty. A high-level government sou
guard. House of Deputies, appeared to be a "Long live the revolution," shouted a this is Somoza's final week in pe
Rumors swept Managua that Somoza "shoo-in." one-legged man, waving his crutch as
had fled when he left his downtown However, it appeared doubtful that he waited with hundreds of other people "WHETHER HE leaves on7
bunker complex by helicopter, but he the majority of legislators required by in a line to buy food at a government or later in the week depends
flew to his nearby hilltop residence, the constitution to make the presiden- distribution center. details being worked," he said.
conferred with top aides and returned tial change could be mustered for a "WE'RE STARVING," said another What we're trying to avoidi
to headquarters minutes later. joint session in the bunker. man, Roberto Perez. "I've got six just falling apart when Someza
African foreign ministers cite East-West split
An AP News Analysis THE EVASION of intractable ' The countries that remain theoretically allowing the gue
MONROVIA, Liberia - African problems is usual. "We tend to seek culturally, economically, or militarily call on Cuban, East German
foreign ministers, in 10 days of often- African solutions for African tied to their former colonial masters in outside military support.
heated debate behind closed doors, problems," explained an OAU Western Europe. They include Moroc- The pro-West group, backed1
have underlined the sharpening con- spokesperson. co, Kenya, Senegal, Ivory Coast, and of the neutrals, would prefer
frontation between African friends of "That is why we look for conciliation most of the other former French summit call on the Patriotic
the Soviet Union and countries oriented rather than sharply defined decisions." colonies. make a new effort to negotiate
to the West. In practice, however, the conflicts " A group of so-called neutrals, led by current bi-racial government
The ministers, preparing for today's refuse to go away. Nigeria, Tanzania, and Zambia. babwe Rhodesia.
opening of the annual African summit, The bitter Moroccan-Algerian con- ' African leaders and OAU officials " In South African-controlle
failed to resolve any of the most flict over the former Spanish Sahara dislike outsiders pointing to these con- West Africa, there is a similar
divisive problems - from the western has been debated fruitlessly at annual flicting lineups. Some blandly deny over supporting all-out guerrill
Sahara to Zimbabwe Rhodesia - on OAU summits for the past four years. they exist and attribute them to "im- the leftist South-West African.
this continent of conflict and rivalries. The Rhodesian war has disclosed as perialist propaganda." Organization or calling for a
They did agree on issues not in many differences among the African In reality, however, these groupings tempt to seek a negotiated se
dispute among African countries, such countries as within the black population - with isolated variations from one based on a Western-backed pla
as theneed for economic development, of Rhodesia itself. issue to another - have emerged in the or East German involvemen
and non-recognition of the "internal' THERE ARE three main power discussion of every major inter-African likely there because of warin
settlement" in Zimbabwe-Rhodesia. blocs: dispute inside and outside the OAU risking a military confrontat
But on matters affecting the interests of . The countries that receive much of framework. South Africa.
the rival power blocs that are in- their weaponry, technical aid, and a In Zimbabwe Rhodesia, the pro- " In Chad, Nigeria has joini
creasingly prominent in African af- ideological inspiration from the Soviet Soviet group has urged formal with the entire Soviet-backed
fairs, the decision-making was either bloc. They include Libya, Algeria, recognition of the Soviet-backed denying recognition to the Fr
sidetracked or passed on to the summit Ethiopia, Madagascar, Angola, and Patriotic Front guerrilla movement as ported regime.
of the Organization of African Unity Mozambique. the legitimate government, thus
(USPS 344-900)
Volume LXXXIX, No. 45-S "
Tuesday, July 17, 1979
Tueda, uly17 179Carter's popularity will be brief
is edited and managed by students at (Continued from Page l)
the University of Michigan. Published not geared to solving the problem. Department.
daily Tuesday through Sunday morn- in disbelief at the idea of supporting aid "We're in for high oil prices no matter "I never feel he's a strong gu
ings during the University year at 420 to low-income families with the tax. what happens. The unexpected OPEC sdorf said. "He's had his oppor
Maynard Street, Ann Arbor, Michigan p
48169 Subscription rates: $12 Septem- He said previously that he doubts the (Organization of Petroleum Exporting He just has no gusto."
her through April (2 semesters); $13 by windfall tax will be approved, and Countries) increase is what's slowing The psychology professor
mail outside Ann Arbor. Summer ses- yesterday he called it "self- the economy down." American people are "gettin;
sion published Tuesday through Satur- destructive" since it applies only to old He added Carter's weak political psychology of helplessness."Z
$d. inrnn Arbor; $7.0 by mai tout oil, which will eventually run out. status has also slowed him down in answer, according to Papsdorf
side Ann Arbor. Second class postage The fundamental problem of the tackling forces like the oil companies. timism."
paid at Ann Arbor, Michigan. POST- current energy shortage is "allocation That political weakness is caused by "-Grassmuck also foresees
MASTER: Send address changes to of oil supplies, which the government the president's own wesk leadership, public insecurity due to Cart
Street, Ann Arbor, MI 48109. has botched up to now," Hymans said. according to Dr. James Papsdorf, energy policies.
That duty "will be addressed through associate chairman of the Psychology

meat for
ment is
n't been
they will
und him
of anti-
war has
id other
rce said
on the
is things
rrillas to
or other
by many
that the
Front to
with the
in Zim-
d South-
a war by
new at-
n. Cuban
t is less
ess over
tion with
ed forces
group in
y," Pap-
said the
g into a
The only
f, "is op-
er's new

the bureaucracy rather than through
the market."
Becauseathe oil companies have
developed a virtual monopoly on all
phases of crude oil production, Carter
"should deal with it as a monopoly and
use anti-trust laws for its structure,"
Hymans explained.
HYMANS SAID Carter's "steps are
Outside N.Y. State
TO 1-800-223-7676
"Ie Center for Student gave'
1140 BROADWAY. N Y C., N Y

Officials say JOLT not working

LANSING (UPI) - A program aimed
at detering young toughs from commit-
ting more crimes by showing them
prison life was suspended because it
didn't work, state corrections officials
said yesterday.
An evaluation of JOLT - Juvenile Of-
fenders Learn Truth - showed "no
measureable benefit" for those youths
who toured the prison.
JOLT has been in operation at
Southern Michigan Prison at Jackson
since May 1978. It was sponsored by the
prison chapter of the Jaycees.
THE IDEA OF JOLT was to show
juvenile delinquents what prison life is
like and persuade them to change. It
was similar to the "Scared Straight"

program in New Jersey.
Male youths convicted of offenses
which would be criminal if committed
by an adult were eligible for the
program and were accompanied by a
A six-month follow-up was done on
youngsters assigned to JOLT by the end
of September 1978 and those assigned
by the end of 1978 were followed for
three months.
A TOTAL OF 227 cases were involved
in the experiment. Half were assigned
to the JOLT program and the other half
were used as a control group.
JOLT participants did not commit a
significantly lower number of crimes,
the state report said.

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