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June 08, 1979 - Image 2

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Michigan Daily, 1979-06-08

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Page 2-Friday, June 8, 1979-The Michigan Daily
Muzorewa blasts Carter Rhodesia policy
SALISBURY, Zimbabwe Rhodesia from your country," said Muzorewa, The Post report said Carter might Salisbury office he inherited only a
(AP) - Bishop Abel Muzorewa, the who had five years of religious training reconsider his decision if the new week ago from Ian Smith and seven
Methodist clergyman who is this in the United States. government gained a wider base of other white prime ministers before
nation's first black prime minister, said "To be honest and frank with you, it's support. him, Muzorewa defended the
yesterday a decision by President Car- very unfortunate and most disappoin- legitimacy of his government and spoke
ter to continue economic sanctions ting if that's going to be his decision," THE CARTER administration rejec- harshly of his critics.
against Zimbabwe was an "inhuman Muzorewa said. ted the April elections which
decision" by a "committed Christian." Muzorewa's United African National THE PRIME minister, dressed in a
Muzorewa, who took office last THE PRIME Minister, a bishop of the Council won a majority of seats in the blue suit and tie, in contrast to his usual
week, discussed the future of his em- United African Methodist Church, said new 100-member Parliament. U.S. ob- clerical collar, lashed out with strong
battled southern African land in an in- he was most disappointed that "a servers endorsed the election, which criticism for another clergyman, An-
terview with The Associated Press. committed Christian like him (Carter) brought an end to almost a century of drew Young, the U.S. ambassador to
... would reach this unfortunate dec- white-minority rule. the United Nations.
HE EXPRESSED disappointment ision, one I would almost call inhuman Black nationalist guerrilla leaders Muzorewa said Young, the Carter
about a newspaper report quoting in the same sense this country is suf- operating from guerrilla bases in Zam- Administration's most outspoken op-
congressional sources as saying Carter fering because of sanctions against its bia and Mozambique were invited to ponent of the new Salisbury regime, is
would recommend against lifting the people." join negotiations for transition to black "absolutely out of base, just intoxicated
economic sanctions. Later, Carter an- The sanctions against economic majority rule, but refused. They have with emotionalism."
nounced he would keep the sanctions in dealings with Rhodesia were imposed vowed to topple the government "I extend the hand of friendship to
force because he did not believe the by the United States and other coun- because it reserves more than one- my neighbors and say, 'Let us live
recent Rhodesian elections "were tries after the all-white Salisbury quarter of the Parliament seats for peacefully.' The response I get is inten-
either fair or free." government unilaterally declared in- whites and leaves whites in control of sification of attacking my people, who
The Carter administration's decision dependence from Britain in 1965. The the security forces, courts, and civil have got their elected government, so I
"seems to discourage the democratic U.N. Security Council called on all service. find myself in the position of self-
way of life which I believe I learned nations to impose such embargoes. Seated at a table in the large defense," he said.

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Carter to retain economic
sanctions against Rhodesia

(Continued from Page 1)
Zimbabwe Rhodesia.
VANCE SAID HE will testify on Car-
ter's decision next week before House
and Senate committees.
Members of the House and Senate
have expressed strong sentiment for lif-
ting the sanctions since the newly elec-
ted Zimbabwe Rhodesian government
took power last week.
The president declared that his
decision "is a matter of principle to
me" and added: "I intend to do
everything I can within my power to
prevail on this decision. It means a lot
to our country to do what is right, what
is decent, what is fair."
CARTER SAID elections in Zimbab-
we Rhodesia were held under a con-
stitution drafted and approved by the
white minority and that black citizens
never had a chance to vote for or again-
st the connstitutionn.

The president said the constitution
preserves "extraordinary power" for
the white minority, giving it continued
control of the army, police and civil
service. At the same time, Carter said,
the constitution banned opposition from
the political process.
"I cannot conclude that the elections
were either fair or free," Carter said.
"We will of course continue to keep the
observance of sanctions under review. I
sincerely hope progress can be made
rapidly-toward more legitimate
majority rule."
CONGRESSIONAL sources had said
earlier the president would try to
forestall congressional pressure to lift
the sanctions immediately by
promising to reconsider the matter
later this year.
The decision against lifting the em-
bargo is likely to result in an immediate
effort by Senate conservatives to
remove them without further delay.
Led by Sen. Jesse Helms (R-N.C.)
these senators contend that the new
biracial government headed by Prime
Minister Abel Muzorewa has met the
test imposed by law for the lifting of the
trade embargo.
CARTER IS required by the Case-
Javits amendment, adopted in 1978, to
lift the sanctions if he determines that
free and fair elections have been held in
Zimbabwe Rhodesia and that a good-
faith effort has been made to negotiate
a peace settlement at a conference at-
tended by all of those involved in the
strife there.
The sources said word of the Carter
decision was passed on Capitol Hill by
White House officials who said the
president will adopt a wait-and-see at-
titude pending further developments in
Zimbabwe Rhodesia,
(USPS 344-900)
Volume LXXXIX, No. 27-S
Friday, June 8, 1979
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