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May 17, 1979 - Image 12

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1979-05-17

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Page 12-Thursday, May 17, 1979-The Michigan Daily

i

Harvard revamps undergrad curriculum
CAMBRIDGE, Mass. (AP) - Har- U.S. Commissioner of Education Er- educated. .. It's not just whatever you will be used by all students by 1982
vard's first major overhaul of its un- nest Boyer said in Washington that he want to do for four years." As under the current system, al
dergraduate curriculum in 34 years - had long held the position that there is a Harvard Associate Dean Phyllis each student's 32 courses requir
requiring graduates to prove they can certain "core" of knowledge that Keller said the purpose of the highly graduation will be in their major
write, do math and read a foreign should be part of an undergraduate focused courses is to show students how of study and a fourth will be consi
language - was greeted en- education. scientists and historians think, rather "electives."
thusiastically yesterday by the nation's COLLEGES must make "some than giving them a smattering of The students will have to ts
top education official. judgments about what is important and knowledge about a general subject. semester-long courses in the
The core curriculum unveiled unique about human knowledge," "THE EMPHASIS is more on ap- curriculum's five areas - liter
Tuesday also abolishes required Boyer said. "There is no absolute core. proaches to knowledge than on facts and the arts, history, social
general survey courses in favor of Judgments must be made. A college and information," said Mrs. Keller, philosophical analysis, science
highly-focused subjects that stress the that fails to make those judgments is wvho helped develop the new program math, and foreign culture.
process of thinking. Instead of taking left bankrupt - it has no ideas." with Henry Rosovsky, dean of arts and AMONG OTHER core course
such courses as "Survey of American "I never felt that every course we sciences. "Turn-of-the-Century Aus
History," next fall's Harvard freshmen taught was as good as every other one. The change is likely to be imitated by Culture," "Space, Time and M(
will fulfill their history requirements by That's not to deny the value of glec- planners at other colleges. Several and "The Concept of the He
picking from "The Christianization of tives. But some courses are much more other large universities, such as the Hellenic Civilization."
the Roman World," "The Eman- valuable in terms of the goal of an University of Chicago, the University of Until now, students chose req
cipation of the Jews" and "The Dar- educated person," he said. "We must Missouri and Northwestern, have courses from Harvard's ge
winian Revolution." be able to say what it means to be already set up new core programs. education program, which wass
The only courses required of all by President James Bryant Con,
students in the new program at Har- 1945 and which had a great imps
H vard are writing and a new course that American higher education.
ouse me1 ers repori emphasizes the application of "The general education prograi
mathematics, including how computers become very diffuse," said Mrs. K
L i i i 1 @ * work. "There were so many choices
S OcK no din gs in energy AT A FACULTY meeting Tuesday, there was no coherent program."
officials revealed the first 84 core cour- Broad survey courses, sucha
ses, 55 of which will be available to in- troduction to chemistry or psych
WASHINGTON (AP) - As Congress reported $1,000,376 in business income coming freshmen. Students will choose will still be available as elective
debates the lifting of oil price controls and honoraria, and the report indicated about one-quarter of their courses from students cannot use them to fulfill
and other energy issues, more than two at least $299,000 in interest and capital the core curriculum. The new program basic requirements.

2.
half of
ed for
r area
idered
ake 10
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rature
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J

dozen House members disclosed
yesterday that they had financial in-
terests in oil and natural gas in 1978,
according to newly-released documen-
ts.
Seven other congressman listed
honoraria from oil companies in their
disclosure statements for last year.
The statements, required by the new
Ethics in Government Act and by
existing House rules, are the first to
cover a complete year. Reports issued
in May 1978 covered only the last three
months of 1977.
SOME CONGRESSMEMBERS listed
stock portfolios so diversified that their
votes on a whole range of issues could
potentially affect their financial in-
vestments. Many, however, showed lit-
tle income except for their $57,500
congressional salary.
Earlier statements also released un-
der terms of the Ethics in Government
Act showed-that Chief Justice Warren
Burger of the Supreme Court owns
stock worth more than $500,000 in the
Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing
Co. and in Woodale Hillside Inc.
The initial filings by presidential
candidates showed former Texas Gov.
John Connally as the wealthiest. He
GET COOL
FOR
THE SUMMER
U-M Stylists
Dave & Chet
at the U N ION

gains for a total of $1,299,976.
THE HOUSE disclosure statemen
showed that Rep. S. William Green, (I
N.Y.), is one of the wealthier membe
of Congress, owning large enoug
blocks of Allis Chalmers and Starre
Housing stocks to be earning dividen(
of between $15,000 and $50,000 fro
each, and lesser amounts in other cor
panies.
FIgures are not exact because ti
disclosure form indicates only rang(
in which amounts fall instead of givin
specific amounts.
Green and his wife also reporte
holdings in several oil companiesi
1978, including Atlantic Richfield, Del
International Oil, Clark Oil, and Butte
Oil and Gas.
REP. JOHN DINGELL (D-Mich.),
leading opponent of last year's oil pric
decontrol bill, reported receiving $5,85
in honoraria from oil companies an
industry associations. Dingell has sul
ported President Carter's recent decoi
trol decision.
Rep. James Cleveland (R-N.H.), sai
he received dividends for stock froi
Standard Oil of California worth be
ween $2,500 and $5,000 and dividend
from Gulf Oil, Mobil Oil, and Exxo
Corp. of between $1,000 and $2,50
apiece. Cleveland said he had holding
in all four companies worth betwee;
$15,000 and $50,000 apiece.
The Senate is expected to formall3
issue its financial disclosure statemen
ts for 1978 later this week.
Burger was among eight of the nin
Supreme Court justices to fil(
disclosure statements, Justice Lewi;
Powell has received permission to fil(
his statement one month late.

its
R-
rs
gh
tt
ds
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he

25 years after Brown:.
Critics claim segregation
continues to exist in U.S.

s COLUMBIA, S.C. (UPI) - The
ng promise of integration spurred by the
landmark Brown vs. the Board of
ed Education desegregation case 25 years
in ago has not been met, particularly in
hi the North, the executive director of the
es NAACP said yesterday.
"We note that the commitment has
not been fulfilled," Benjamin Hooks
a told a news conference. "We note that
e blacks and other minorities are still
i0 faced with resistance to meaningful in-
id tegration."
p- The New York attorney is in Colum-
n- bia for the NAACP's quarterly board of
directors meeting, being held in South
d Carolina this year because one of the
m companion suits to the Brown case
t- came from Clarendon County.
Is TH 9
in THE 1954 U.S. Supreme Court
0 decision ordered an end to the long-time
)0 "separate but equal" school facilities
'sthat existed in the South.
" Hooks cited the Bakke reverse
discrimination case; the recently
dismissed Sears, Roebuck and Co. em-
ployment discrimination challenge and
- California's tax-cutting Proposition 13
as issues that show blacks a "mean and
e pervasive spirit is gaining momentum
e in this country."
s "Black people have had to fight for
e elementary rights that others take for
granted," he said. "I don't think it will
lessen in the next 20 years."
HOOKS, A FORMER Federal Com-
munications Commission member, said
the south has made more progress in in-
tegration than other parts of the nation
"because it had further to go and the
resources of the NAACP and the federal
government were concentrated in the
South."
But Topekans who fought the lan-
dmark legal battle in Brown vs. the
Board of Education 25 years ago say
full racial equality has still not arrived.

Vestiges of segregation remain in this
city today, they insist, even though the
court decreed on May 17, 1954, in the
Brown vs. Board of Education of
Topeka decision that children of all
races had the right to attend the school
of their choice.
CHARLES SCOTT, one of the attor-
neys who represented Linda Brown and
11 other black Topeka children and
their parents 25 years ago, said in a
recent interview there has been some
progress in school desegregation here,
but not as much as he would have liked.
"I guess I could say that there has not
been the rapid progress that we had ex-
pected in-the span of 25 years," Scott
said.
The schools in the heavily minority
east' side of Topeka do not have the
same quality facilities or curricula as
schools in the more affluent western
and southern parts of the city, Scott
said.
"WHETHER THAT is due to race, I
don't know, but that is certainly a
suspect," he said.
The Brown decision struck down a
1949 Kansas law which allowed racial
segregation of school children in some
cities. In the early 1950s, Kansas was
one of four states which permitted
segregation, while 17 states and the
District of Columbia required
segregation.
In the decision, then-Chief Justice
Earl Warren wrote, "Separate
educational facilities are inherently
unequal." Therefore, the doctrine
violated the equal protection clause of
the 14th Amendment

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