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February 28, 1976 - Image 4

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1976-02-28

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Eighty-Six Years of Editorial Freedom
420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, MI 48104
Saturday, February 28, 1976 News Phone: 764-0552
Edited and managed by students at the University of Michigan
Preserve student court

Sino-Soviet border tensions mount

IT IS QUITE LIKELY that the ad-
ministration will make a decision
this week on the question of whether
or not there is a legitimate court on
this campus. But at the present time
it is not even clear that the adminis-
tration has the authority to make
that decision.
Earlier this month, the Michigan
Sudent Assembly (MSA) recalled all
ten justices of the Central Student
Judiciary (CSJ) at a series of special
meetings. MSA claimed that the move
was not political but rather an at-
tempt to start off with a clean slate.
This claim is hardly credible because
MSA includes most of the former SGC
members, in an expanded, restruc-
tured body.
MSA sees the situation as a fight
for survival. It claims the recall of
the CSJ justices was its only viable
defense against a small group bent
on disrupting student government. It
doesn't want to destroy the court, but
merely slow it dowry long enough to
establish MSA.
On the other hand LSA students
Irving Freeman, David Schaper, and
their a $ s o c i a t e s, whose lawsuits
brought about the recall of the court,
claim that they are trying to force
the government to obey its own laws.'
Purporting to d e f e n d the student
body against MSA members allegedly
cut from the same political cloth as
Richard N i x o n and Indira Ghandi,
they say they are fighting for student
rights and for equal protection under
the law. Their claims are dubious.
IN THE MIDDLE is the court, which
is supposed to be above politics. The
justices feel that the court cannot be
made an object of political conven-
ience and still retain credibility or
It is this position that seems the
least suspect. While its intentions may
not have been malicious, MSA's ac-
tion was certainly unwise. A govern-
ment can't wipe out a court and hand
pick a set of replacements and then
expect anyone to believe that the
new court's subsequent decisions are

renewed prospects for a U.S.-
Sovietarms accord - under-
lined by the ouster of anti-de-
tente Defense Secretary James
Schlesinger - have fueled Chi-
nese worries that Soviet hands
will be freer for a move against
A look at how Soviet divisions
are positioned on the border of
China's northeast industrial
heartland, Manchuria. tells why.
Forty-five Soviet divisions -
90,000 men - are deployed in
a wide arc from China's far
west Sinkiang province to the.
Pacific coast, with the bulk pois-
ed just as they were in August
1945 when they took Japanese-
held Manchuria in a ten-day
Twenty divisions are on Man-
churia's easternmost borders,
ready to strike westward to-
wards the key industrial city
of Kirin. These divisions also
shield Vladivostok, the Soviet
Pacific naval base and com-
mand headquarters for the So-
viet Maritime provinces, and
the airfield complex around
Khabarovsk: both uncomfortably
close to the Chinese frontier.
massed in the Trans Baikal Mil-
itary District further to the
west that overlaps into the Mon-
golian Republic. Four more
are stationed in this Soviet-al-
lied republic. As in 1945, both
are positioned to mount simul-
taneous attacks against Man-
churia's central plain - one
moving eastward through the
Khingan mountains, and the
second striking southward from
Khabarovsk towards Harbin.
The rest of the Soviet divisions
are grouped along the Sinkiang
border with Soviet Central Asia
where they could launch a
strike against the Chinese nu-
clear testing ground at Lop Nor.
The Soviet ground forces are
backed by 1,200 tactical air-
craft. New airfield construction

throughout Siberia now allows
for rapid air reinforcement
from European Russia. A quar-
ter of the Soviet long range
bomber force is also stationed
there, along with Russian
ICBMs targeted on Peking and
military sites throughout north-
east China.
Finally. Soviet forces are
equipped, and have been since
1969, with tactical nuclear weap-
ons such as the formidable
Frog 7 missile. Helicopters and
full mechanization give the So-
viets a mobility they did not
possess in 1945.
THE CHINESE have counter-
deployed their forces in obvious
anticipation that if the Soviets
attack, they will follow the 1945
blitzkrieg strategy.
China's main defense forces-
20 armies, with 800,000 men -
are concentrated far from the
borders, around its industrial
.southeast and along the ap-
proaches to Peking to the south-
west. The frontier itself is
guarded by token units which
would be swiftly swept aside.
Bigger but still nominal military
forces are stationed in lightly
populated central Manchuria.
where units could be quickly
cut off and destroyed by bet-
ter - equipped Soviet troops.
Along with guerrillas operating
in the countryside, these forces
would fight holding operations
on the central plain before fall-
ing back southwards towards
Korea and the coast.
In fact, these forces would
play a key role in China's stra-
tegy of bogging down the Soviet
forces in protracted war.
The 1945 Soviet blitzkrieg was
predicated on -three factors -
surprise, assurance of supplies
to rapidly advancing units and
absolute air control. The Chi-
nese aim to check the Russians
on all three grounds.
mate any Soviet invasion de-
ployment would require a mini-
mum of three weeks. That alone

eliminates the element of sur-
While terrain favors the So-
viets as it did 30 years ago, the
supply of food and fuel remains
a chronic Soviet logistical bot-
tleneck. With its central Man-
churian forces, China is deter-
mined to bog down the advanc-
ing Soviet troops, and launch
heavy counter-attacks with its
powerful troop concentrations
further south just as the Soviets
become exhausted, equipment
shows signs of wear, and supply
lines are stretched to break-
ing point.
Now, too, China, with one of

the largest air forces in the
world, can seriously challenge
the Soviets in the air. Unlike
the Japanese in 1945, China has
avoidedtcommitting its main
fighter strength to forward air-
fields. It also deploys a limited
number of intermediate range
missiles with nuclear warheads
within target range of Soviet
These problems have already
prompted somevU.S. military
experts to believe that the mo-
ment for a successful Soviet
attack has passed. In fact, the
Soviet build-up along the border
against China over the past two

years has levelled off, and while
some units continue a slow ex-
pansion, most divisions remain
between 60 to 70 per cent of
combat strength.
NONETHELESS, hostility and
fear remain acute, as evidenced
not only by the sharper verbal
polemics but by the continuing
military confrontation along the
border - the most intense be-
tween neighbors anywhere in
the world.
Russell Spurr is regional edi-
tor of the Far Eastern Econom-
ic Review.


Letters to The Daily


Freeman and his friends are cor-
rect in saying that the Court should
not have been abolished, even though
their motives for filing suit in the
first place may have been self-serv-
The removal of a court, any court,
for political reasons cannot be con-
doned. If a court can be removed for
political reasons, one can be installed
for political reasons. And once that
happens, there's not much point in
having any court at all.
Editorial Staff
JEFF RISTINE ................ Managing Editor
TIM SCHICK .................. xecutive Editor
STEPHEN HERSH . Editorial Director
JEFF SORENSEN ................... Arts Editor
CHERYL PILATE .............. Magazine Editor
'STAFF WRITERS: Susan Ades, Tom Allen, Glen
Allerhand, Marc Basson, Dana Bauman, David
Blomquist, James Burns, Kevin Counihan,
Jodi Dimick, Mitch Dunitz, Elaine Fletcher,
Phil Foley, Mark Friedlander, David Garfinkel,
Tom Godell, Kurt Harju, Charlotte Heeg,
Richard James, Lois Josimovich, Tom Kettler,
Chris Kochmanski,,Jay Levin, Andy Lilly, Ann
Marie Lipinski, George Lobsenz, Pauline Lu-
bens, Teri Maneau, Angelique Matney. Jim
Nicoll, Maureen Nolan, Mike Norton, Ken Par-
sigian, Kim Potter, Cathy Reutter, Anne
Marie Schiavi, Karen Schulkins, Jeff Selbst,
Rick Sobel, Tom Stevens, Steve Stojic, Cathi
Suyak, Jim Tobin, Jim Valk, Margaret Yao,
Andrew' Zerman, David Whiting, Michael Beck-
man and Jon Pansius.
sports Staff
Sports Editor
MARCIA MERKER ......... .. Executive Editor
LEBA HERTZ ... ... Managing Editor
JEFF SCHILLER ............... Associate Editor
Liebster, Ray O'Hara, Michael Wilson
NIGHT EDITORS: Rick Bonino. Tom Cameron,
Tom Duranceau, Andy Glazer, Kathy Henne-
ghan, Ed Lange, Rich Lerner, Scott Lewis, Bill
Marcia Katz, John Niemeyer, Dave Wihak
DESK ASSISTANTS: Paul Campbell, Marybeth
Dillon, Larry Engle, Aaron Gerstman, Jerome
Gilbert, Andy Lebet, Rick Maddock, Bob Miller,
Joyce Moy, Patrick Rode, Arthur Wightman

CDU der to defeat Japan - Japan
To The Daily: was already beaten - but in
order to terrorize the Soviet
Ron Jones' second attempt to Union and the independence'
demolish CDU through the pow- movements active around the
er of his pen (letter to THE world. The Truman / Acheson
DAILY, February 18, 1976) falls attempt to "police the world"
as flat as his first attempt. The led inevitably to their futile and
"Unity" Caucus is sorely in criminal war in Korea; just as
need of a new knight-errant, the same policy a dozen years
preferably one who is a bit less later led to the equally futile
wordy and tilts at issues rath- and criminal Kennedy / John-
er than windmills, son war in Indochina. It was
the Truman government which
In his one attempt to come to conducted the Smith Act trials
grips with an issue, Jones and initiated the judicial mur-
writes: "As a social psycho- der of the Rosenburgs. Compar-
logical phenomenon, McCarthy- ed with this record of "ration-
ism is an expression of an in- al" liberals, the "excesses" of
secure and paranoid view of the "paranoid" Joe McCarthy were
world in which one must'isolate mild. As with Watergate, the
and persecute an alleged ene- cold war liberals began to
Iny for totally irrational rea- squawk about civil liberties on-
sons." Jones is wrong. McCar- ly when the rightwing repres-
thyism is not a "social psycho- sion began to, touch them.,
logical phenomenon" but rather
a specific historical form of cold McCarthyism was and is an
war ideology. extension of the cold war liberal
American policy during the ideology needed to gain support
immediate post-war period was for the "containment" (i. e.,
formulated by liberals. It was destruction) of political move-
the liberal Truman who order- ments at home and abroad and
ed the atomic massacre of Hiro- for the expansion of the power

shima and Nagasaki, not in or-
and wealth of American corpor-
ations. Jones' formula should
be revised: "As an historical
phenomenon, McCarthyism is
an expression of an insecure
and expansionist view of the
world in which the privileged
class of a nation must isolate
and destroy its enemies for to-
tally self-interested reasons."
McCartyism is not new to
the UAW bureaucrats who di-
rect and control the "Unity"
Caucus. The late Walter Reu-
ther rose to power in the UAW
bureaucracy, along with the en-
tire present UAW leadership, in
a vicious smear campaign of
rightwing McCarthyism. Once
the likes of Walter Reuther had
managed to confuse union mem-
bers and terrorize or isolate
union militants, the likes of
Joe McCarthy had an easy time
terrorizing liberal academics
with the same tactic. This is an
historical lesson we must not
Chrisell Ames
for Clericals for a
Democratic Union
Feb. 26, 1976 ,

A to Z


Arts & Entertainment




Editorial positions represent
consensus of the Daily staff.
News: Phil Foley, Rob Meachum,
Maureen Nolan, Ken Parsigion, Jeff
Ristine, Tim Schick
Editorial Page: Marc Basson, Michael
Beckman, Stephen Hersh, Stephen
Kursman, Jon Pansius, Tom Stevens
Arts Page: Jeff Selbst
Photo Technician: Ken Fink

mature at

Hill Aud.

By abandoning her usual con-
cert format of mixing old hits
with current favorites and ex-
perimenting with the largely new
material she did present, Joni
Mitchell delighted, confused and
finally exhausted a sell-out
crowd at Hill Auditorium Thurs-
day night.
After a generally-enjoyable
hour-long set by the L. A. Ex-
press, Mitchell came on for a
marathon session that lasted
over two hours during which she
freely made use of every pos-
sible band combination--from
full group backing to various
one-man accompaniments and
solo spots. Concentrating on
acoustic guitar, Mitchell played
only two songs on the piano
and none whatever on the dul-
cimer-a development that lim-
ited her.musical scope and dis-

appointed some fans-though she
compensated greatly by introdu-
cing five new songs that were
definitely among the best and
most upbeat selections of the
The final result was contrasted
markedly with her last two con-
cert tours with the L. A. Ex-
press (appearing this time with-
out founder and former leader
Tom Scott), and her live record-
ings on Miles Of Aisles. Instead
of employing the band-soloiband
format she has in the past, she
changed her backup every couple
of tunes in haphazard sequence.
The situation gave her the free-
dom to try out novel and in-
teresting arrangements, which
though not always achieving the
intended effect, were surprising-
ly assertive and refreshing ver-
sions of tracks from her last
two studio albums.


*fs p~~ idJ in the FIRST TEN AMEND3MEN THl
Tise cnntentimugg: aolme an Ste
exprssed a dtee, ti order to ent
and resticive chaises shoo dde
Government, rill best a the 6

JONI MITCHELL assesses the audience with confidence at
her Thursday night concert at Hill Auditorium.

Even her appearance and
stage manner revealed a more
confident, worldly image. She
began the concert dressed in a
black Spanish, '30's-fashion coat
and pants complete with hat
projecting a somewhat forbid-
ding and severe expression. As
the set progressed, she let down
her hair, took off her coat, put
on a long string of feathers and
became visibly more open and
relaxed in the process.
Though she maintained a cer-
tain distance and r e s e r v e
throughout, Mitchell did warm
up enough to relate some enter-
taining stories about her songs
including a rather sad footnote
to her classic "For Free." She
stopped playing to describe how
the street musician who inspired
the song had fallen into some
bad habits which she felt dem-
onstrated how contrary "ro-
mance and reality" can be in
her music.
Her more recent works ("Free
Man In Paris," "Shades of Scar-
let Conquering," "Love 'Or'
Money" and "Raised On Rob-
bery") were definitely the best
performed and probably the
most well-received. Her very
newest songs, like "Coyote" and
"Don Juan's Reckless Daugh-
ter," were especially captivat-
ing for their vivid images and
energetic vocals.
But the carefully-calculated
gamble of her new approach
didn't pay off as well as it should
have. "Edith And The Kingpin"
and "Harry's House-Center-
piece" were interesting though
in a simpler context, but didn't
match the strengths of her re-
corded interpretations. ,
The success of the concert
basically depended on an indi-
vidual's taste and expectations.
If one went to see the updated
greatest-hits presentation she
has offered before, then it might



PDQ Bach: Pun for the money

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T1HE OBSCURE WORKS of P.D.Q. Bach were hilariously ex-
posed to the public once more at Power Center Thurs-
day night. Having bought out the house in September, the audi-
ence was ready for a good show: what they saw was a great
Professor Peter Schickele, who calls himself a "musicolologist
from the University of Southern North Dakota at Hoople," is
responsible for the "unearthing" of these parodies of the late
Baroque and Classical style and presides over the program
with a dry narration that belies his ingenious humor, which
originally prompted him to compose the works. He is aided by
"bargain counter" tenor John Ferrante and keyboardist David
Oei, who are as skilled in comedy as in music.
Over the ten years that Schickele has been recording and
touring, he has employed several means of performing the works
of P.D.Q. Bach. Most familiar are his early orchestral parodies,
which victimize the local orchestra and provide endless oppor-
tunity for laughs through satire of form, famous themes, and

named Alice Uberdeutschland) and broad word-plays (a monk
chants "qui tollis peccata ra ra boom di ay") as well as some
less elaborate music which served basically as a vehicle for
funny lyrics.
Among the standard keyboard works performed (selections
from the Notebook For Betty-Sue Bach and the Toot Suite for
calliope four hands), the Erotica Variations were particularly
well done. Directly plagiarized from the theme of Beethoven,
PDQ added several "banned instrucents" which were performed.
by Schickele. These included a windbreaker, balloons, slide whis-
tle, fog horn, and the "lasso d'amore," each of which was given
visibly serious artistic attention by the performers.
"PDQ Bach; His Life and Times," a lecture with illustra-
tive slides, was a different segment of the show, using a medium
naturally unsuited to Schickele's well-known recording style.
IT INVOLVED A PROFESSORIAL narrative wherein Sch-
ickele defined the four periods of PDQ's life: the Initial Plunge,.
during which he learned all he could about music in six days,
and the Soused or Brown Bag period, which involved most of

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